Different Types of Eye Disorders & Their Various Treatments
There are various different types of eye disorders from which lots of people are suffering and
facing various different associated problems. One of the most common eye diseases is
Glaucoma, which is an eye disease in which the optic nerve is damaged. One of the main
causes of this disease is when too much fluid pressure builds up within the eye. The nerve that
is damaged includes a loss of retinal ganglion cells in a characteristic pattern.
There are two main types of Glaucoma; open angle and angle closure. One of the main
symptoms of this disease is a loss of peripheral vision and it is often, but not always, associated
with increased intraocular pressure within the eye. When medications fail to control the
symptoms then the surgical management of this eye disease is required in order to treat the
problem. A small drain hole is created, using a special laser, to drain away the increased fluid
from the eye to effectively lower the eye pressure back to normal levels once again.
It is estimated that there are currently 60.5 million glaucoma sufferers worldwide and this figure
is set to increase to 79.6 million by 2020. In America, there are 2.3 million sufferers aged 40
years of age and over.
Let’s discuss the different types of glaucoma in detail:
Open Angle: This type of open angle glaucoma is extremely common among adults who are
over the age of 35. It affects approximately 1 percent of all of the people in the United States.
Open angle glaucoma is often not detected until the time that it has already started doing
damage to the optic nerve which is why regular eye examinations are of such paramount
Angle Closure: This type is a lot less common as compared to open angle glaucoma as it
differs in that the symptoms begin in a sudden, violent attack. The fluid at the front of the eye
cannot pass out through the angle and leave the eye and so the intraocular pressure within the
eye rises rapidly. The usual symptoms of this type are nausea, extreme pain and redness in the
eye. Those people who are suffering from this type of sudden pressure increases in the eye are
treated as a medical emergency and they must seek immediate medical attention to avoid optic
nerve damage and ensuing blindness.
Low Tension: In this low tension type, the optic never becomes damaged and peripheral vision
is impaired. Its features are identical to those of open angle glaucoma, including the
characteristic optic disc cupping and loss of visual field, but without any increase in intraocular
pressure within the eye.
Congenital: This type refers to glaucoma in children between the ages of when they are born to
the age of three years old and who have a defect in the angle of the eye which slows down the
normal drainage of fluid from the eye. It is quite rare and only affects about 1 in every 10,000
children. It is usually diagnosed between the ages of three to six months old, but it can be
diagnosed as late as three years old.
Glaucoma is one of the most common of Eyes Disease which occurs in various people across
the world. There are various other eye disorders that occur in people such as cataracts and
age-related macular degeneration (AMD). One can easily treat their eye disorder by consulting
an experienced eye doctor or by seeking alternative natural treatments like Ethos Bright Eyes
Drops which are available from http://ethos.ag. It is one of the world’s largest websites
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