Kazakhstan by cZT8I2x

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									           Republic of Kazakhstan
Ministry of Education and Science of the RoK
        Foster Care Implementation:
        Experience, Lessons Learnt




                                               1
                   There are
             4 mln. 922 thous. 647
             children at the age of
             0 to 18 in Kazakhstan

1 mln. 824 thous. 608
children of preschool age


    2 mln. 554 thous. 136 –
    children of school age



       543 thous. 903 –
      studying youth



          including 46 126 children
          deprived of parental care
                                      2
     Organizations for orphaned children and children
    deprived of parental care (total of 204 organizations
      with subpopulation of 16 thousand 008 children)
26 orphanages in public health
system (1 820 children)              159 children’s homes and
                                     boarding schools in educational
                                     system (13 156 children)




19 children’s homes and boarding
schools in social safety net (1032
children)




                                                                  3
4
    Data on revelation and placement of street children


  Every year we reveal about 10
  thousand street children
  among whom:
• 10% go back to their families

• 60% are resigned under
  guardianship (kinship),
  adoption, patronat

• 25% are put into institutions




                                                          5
  Data on placement of orphaned children and
       children deprived of parental care

of which:
• resigned to families under
   guardianship or kinship – 28
   113 children

• put under patronat
  - 2 005 children

• put into different
  organizations - 16 008
  children
                                               6
Implementation of the Law on Marriage and Family of the Republic of
    Kazakhstan in terms of children’s placement under patronat

      Abundance change of orphaned children and children deprived of parental care,
                             who were put under patronat


   3000

          2813
   2500


   2000
                                                                            2005
                         1928
                                          1791               1823
   1500


   1000


    500


      0
             2004г       2005г         2006г         2007г          2008г



                                                                                      7
Appropriation of funds from local budgets for
                   patronat
              (in thous. tenge)




                                                8
                          Family support services
                                                    Tasks:
Objective – protection of rights, rendering of
                                                    • Provision of complex approach in solving
   timely assistance to children who require
                                                       problems of children requiring state
   state protection, including orphaned
                                                       protection
   children, children deprived of parental care,
   children in difficult reality situation, their   • Formation of data base on children, foster
   parents and foster homes; realization of the        homes, blood families, families from risk
   right or children for upbringing in a family        groups
                                                    • Preventive and rehabilitation work with
                                                       family and child in order to reunite the child
                                                       with his/her blood family
                                                    • Development of family forms to place
                                                       children deprived of parental care
                                                    • Preventive work with families from risk
                                                       groups in order to maintain family for a child
                                                    • Creation of child friendly environment in
                                                       children’s homes
                                                    • Public information about forms of placement
                                                       and possibilities to take a child into a family




                                                                                                  9
Results obtained


        Number of children resigned
        under guardianship and kinship
        increased by 61%

        Number of children put under
        patronat increased by 12%

        Number of adopted children
        increased by 3%

        Number of Kazakh citizens
        willing to adopt children
        increased by 33 %


                                         10

								
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