"Chapter 9 Section 1 and 2"
Chapter 9 Section 1 and 2 Presidential Powers It is the Presidents right to: “do anything that the needs of the Nation demanded, unless such action was forbidden by the Constitution or by the laws.” ~ Theodore Roosevelt, 1908 Define 5 Terms (Pg. 245,250,252, or 259): 1) Reprieve * 2) Amnesty * 3) 4) 5) I. A Brief History 1) The Articles of Confederation were weak and lacked a strong central government. 2) With no strong executive it would be hard to respond quickly to problems and enforce laws. * THUS- A need for a strong Executive II. Increase of Presidential Power A. 1803 – Thomas Jefferson Louisiana Purchase from France (This expanded the Territory of the United States) Def: Inherent Powers Powers that were not specifically defined in the Constitution, but implied. B. Abraham Lincoln - 1861 1) Suspended the writ of Habeas corpus (jailed opponents of the Union without a trial) 2) Raised an army without Congress’s approval 3) Blockade Ports in South Did this to preserve the Union!!! C. Franklin D. Roosevelt - 1933 1) Expanded role of Federal Govt in the nation’s economy 2) New social and economic programs (Fireside Chats) 3) Created Federal jobs III. Limits on Presidential Power A. Power for Congressional Override The Constitution gives congress the power to override a president’s veto. IE. 1973 Congress overrode President Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Act. Limits: B. Senate’s confirmation power C. The power of the Purse D. Power to impeach the President E. Public Opinion Lyndon Johnson * Section 2 Roles of the President: I. Roles of the President A) Head of State 1) More than just a Politician 2) The President is the United States. 3) The image of the United States. B. Chief Executive 1) Sees that the laws of congress are carried out. “The laws be Faithfully Executed.” 2) Uses Tools a) Executive Order b) Presidential Appointments c) Removal of Appointments d) Impoundments of Funds 3) Amnesty can be granted C. Economic Planner 1) Council of Economic Advisors: They study the economy and help prepare the report for the president. 2) Since 1946 Congress has continued to pass laws giving presidents more power to deal with economic problems. 3) Prepares the Federal Budget every year. D. Commander in Chief 1) Power to make war (Needs congressional approval) 2) Responsible for key military decisions 3) Has the authority to order the use of atomic weapons