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					                              INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER




                                     NOTICE:

This material has been developed by the National Fire Academy (NFA) of the United
States Fire Administration (USFA) for use by State and metropolitan fire-training
programs. NFA endorsement of this material is conditional on use without
modification. NFA material, whether printed text or software, may not be used in any
manner that would mislead or that would suggest or imply endorsement by NFA of any
commercial product, process, or service.




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                                       INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



                        FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

                             UNITED STATES FIRE ADMINISTRATION

                                      NATIONAL FIRE ACADEMY


                                              FOREWORD

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was established in 1979. FEMA's mission is to
focus Federal effort on preparedness for, mitigation of, response to, and recovery from emergencies
encompassing the full range of natural and manmade disasters.

FEMA's National Emergency Training Center (NETC) in Emmitsburg, Maryland, includes the United
States Fire Administration (USFA), its National Fire Academy (NFA), and the Emergency Management
Institute (EMI).

To achieve the USFA's legislated mandate (under Public Law 93-498, October 29, 1974), "to advance the
professional development of fire service personnel and of other persons engaged in fire prevention and
control activities," the U.S. Fire Administration has developed an effective program linkage with
established fire training systems which exist at the State and local levels. It is the responsibility of the
USFA to support and strengthen these delivery systems. The field courses of the USFA's National Fire
Academy have been sponsored by the respective State fire training systems in every State.

In recent years increasing responses to a wide variety of emergency situations have raised the fire service's
awareness of the need for safety programs dramatically. These programs are crucial for all firefighters who
respond to emergency situations. Today, this is potentially any firefighter, whether in a large department or
in a small, rural fire company.

The NFA believes that the Safety Officer's responsibilities fall into two clear-cut categories: those
associated with responding at the incident scene, and those associated with managing the day-to-day affairs
of the department. Therefore the NFA has developed two courses, one called Incident Safety Officer and
the other called Health and Safety Officer.

The new courses go beyond the scope of two existing NFA courses in the areas of health and safety. These
are Firefighter Health and Safety: Program Implementation and Management (FHSP) and Firefighter
Safety and Survival: The Company Officer's Responsibility (FSCO). The new courses are aimed at the
incident scene Safety Officer and the departmental Safety Officer.

The staff of the National Fire Academy is proud to join with State and local fire agencies in providing
educational opportunities to the members of the Nation's fire services.




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                                                             TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                                                                                                     PAGE

Foreword .........................................................................................................................................      iii
Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................            v
Course Goal .....................................................................................................................................       vii
Scope of the Course .........................................................................................................................           vii
Target Audience ..............................................................................................................................          vii
Acknowledgments ...........................................................................................................................             vii
Instructional Aids ............................................................................................................................          ix
Directions for Reporting ..................................................................................................................              xi
Course Schedule ..............................................................................................................................         xiii
Examination and Examination Answer Key ....................................................................................                             xv



             UNIT 1:              INTRODUCTION .....................................................................................                 IG 1-1

             UNIT 2:              ROLE OF THE INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER ..................................                                             IG 2-1

             UNIT 3:              REGULATIONS, STANDARDS, AND POLICIES ...............................                                               IG 3-1

             UNIT 4:              RECORDKEEPING AND DOCUMENTATION ..................................                                                 IG 4-1

             UNIT 5:              RISK MANAGEMENT ............................................................................                       IG 5-1

             UNIT 6:              INCIDENT CONSIDERATIONS: COMMUNICATIONS AND
                                  MONITORING ..........................................................................................              IG 6-1




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     INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER




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                                       INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



                                             COURSE GOAL

To provide the Company Officer (CO) with skills to function effectively as the Safety Officer at fire
department incident operations. The primary focus shall be on developing decisionmaking skills through
the recognition of cues that affect personal safety (safety cues).


                                       SCOPE OF THE COURSE

The Safety Officer's responsibilities fall into two clear-cut categories: those associated with responding at
the incident scene and those associated with managing the day-to-day affairs of the department. This
Incident Safety Officer course focuses on the former. It is an incident-specific, scene-oriented course
designed to teach what a Safety Officer at an incident needs to know, using scenarios to convey
instructional points.


                                           TARGET AUDIENCE

CO's who are experienced in firefighter safety issues and are familiar with an Incident Command System
(ICS), hazardous materials management, applicable National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
guidelines, and Federal regulations.


                                        ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We wish to express our most sincere thanks to the following individuals and organizations for their
voluntary contributions to this course.

Virginia Beach Fire Department, Virginia

         Chief Harry Diezel, Master Firefighter Robert M. Anderson, Master Firefighter Martin Grube

Phoenix Fire Department, Arizona

         Chief Alan V. Brunacini, Assistant to the Chief Stephen Jensen, Fire Photographer Paul Albertson,
         Fire Photographer Jack Jordon, Videographer Paul Williams. (Copies of the "Engine 37
         Collision" video are available for a nominal charge from the Phoenix Fire Department. Call (602)
         262-6002 and ask for Video Services.)

Milton Fire Department, West Virginia

         Chief Laymond R. Conrad

Fire and Emergency Television Network

         Executive Producer Ron Moore, Assistant Producer Randy Mace

Spokane Fire Department, Washington

         Chief Bobby Williams, Audiovisual Tech Jeff Allenton

Fort Lauderdale Fire Department, Florida

         Chief Donald W. Harkins, Jr., Lieutenant Dick Ramsey




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                                      INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



Las Vegas Fire Department, Nevada

        Chief Clell West, Video Production Manager Brian Willett, Videographer Dan Mastroluca

Rochester Fire Department, New Hampshire

        Mark Dellner, Chief of Department

WCPO Television, Cincinnati, Ohio

        News Director Jim Zarchin

Rockville Fire Department, Maryland

        Lieutenant Sheldon R. Levy

Cross Video Productions, Orlando, Florida

        Bob Cross, Bob Dzambo

Photo 1 Fire Services, Honolulu, Hawaii

        Paul G. Fox

International Fire Service Training Association

        Senior Editor Mike Wieder

Ponderosa Volunteer Fire Department, Texas

        Mary J. Myers

Cincinnati Fire Department, Ohio

        Chief Thomas Steidel, Firefighter Ted Jackson

Tenafly Fire Department, New Jersey

        Chief Harvey Eisner

New Jersey Metro Fire Photographers Association

        Bill Tompkins

Northern New Jersey Emergency Services News

        Ronald Jeffers, Editor

Austin Fire Department, Texas

        Chief Robin Paulsgrove, Captain Bob Parker, Lieutenant Erwin Haddon, Lab Technician Carri
        Bostrom, Fire Protection Engineer Scott Stookey




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                                       INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



                                        INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS

Equipment needed

         35mm slide projector and screen
         VCR and color monitor
         Flipcharts and markers

Slides

         UNIT 1:          Slides 1-1 to 1-24       24

         UNIT 2:          Slides 2-1 to 2-56       56

         UNIT 3:          Slides 3-1 to 3-20       20

         UNIT 4:          Slides 4-1 to 4-48       48

         UNIT 5:          Slides 5-1 to 5-99       99

         UNIT 6:          Slides 6-1 to 6-56       56

                                Total Slides      303


Videos

Unit 4: "The Postincident Analysis--Positive Actions and Areas for Improvement"

Unit 5: "Engine 37 Collision"
         Activity 5.4 video segments

Unit 6: Activity 6.3 video segments




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                                       INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



                                    DIRECTIONS FOR REPORTING

                        For Those Who Purchase These Materials Through
                                The National Audiovisual Center

These course materials were developed by the NFA for your use, to enhance and supplement State and
local training of the nation's fire and rescue services. Under the mandate of the Fire Prevention and Control
Act of 1974, the NFA is dedicated to the support of State and local training programs through the national
Train-the-Trainer Handoff Program. This program calls for a collaborative effort between national, State,
and local fire and rescue training organizations to achieve delivery of NFA-developed course packages to
fire and emergency management personnel.

To provide us with data as to how frequently these course materials are being used by the Nation's fire and
rescue services, it is requested that you make a short report on each of your course deliveries. Addressed,
postage-paid postal cards are provided for this purpose. If the cards are not in this course package, or if
you have used your supply, you may request additional cards from:

         Technical Programs Branch
         National Fire Academy
         National Emergency Training Center
         16825 South Seton Avenue
         Emmitsburg, Maryland 21727

Please indicate the course title, dates held, location (city and State), course sponsor or host organization,
instructor's name, instructor's affiliation, and the number of volunteer and career fire service personnel and
others attending. Any comments you have regarding the material also would be appreciated.

Thank you for your cooperation in this important matter.



                                                Important

          It is critical to this program that you provide feedback about your use of these
          materials. We want to continue to provide national support for your training effort
          through development of course packages for you, but we can only do so with your
          help. The effectiveness of this program can be measured only in terms of its impact
          on your training efforts, and so it is imperative that you provide this important
          information about your use of the materials.




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                              INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



                                 COURSE SCHEDULE

UNIT                                                                       TIME

Unit 1:   Introduction                                                        55 min.

Unit 2:   Role of the Incident Safety Officer                                    4 hr.

Unit 3:   Regulations, Standards, and Policies                                   2 hr.

Unit 4:   Recordkeeping and Documentation                               2 hr., 10 min.

Unit 5:   Risk Management                                               3 hr., 50 min.

Unit 6:   Incident Considerations: Communications and Monitoring        2 hr., 25 min.


                                                         Total Time:   15 hr., 20 min.




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      EXAMINATION
          AND
EXAMINATION ANSWER KEY




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      INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER




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                                      INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



                                                                         FEMA/USFA/NFA-ISO-Exam
                                                                                    January 1999


Name:                                                                    Date:


                                                  EXAMINATION


Multiple Choice Directions: Read each question carefully, choose the best answer from the four choices,
and circle the letter next to the answer.

1.      The Incident Safety Officer (ISO) is a member of what staff?

        a.       General.
        b.       Command.
        c.       Support.
        d.       Management.

2.      The overall responsibility for incident safety rests with

        a.       the ISO.
        b.       each individual responder.
        c.       the Incident Commander (IC).
        d.       all supervisors within an Incident Management System.

3.      At incidents requiring specialized knowledge, the ISO should

        a.       delegate the ISO position to a more knowledgeable individual.
        b.       refuse the position if assigned by the IC.
        c.       use a technical specialist.
        d.       limit his/her activity to areas of expertise.

4.      During an emergency, the ISO should

        a.       also act as the Health and Safety Officer (HSO).
        b.       fill the role of the safety enforcer.
        c.       maintain constant communications with the IC.
        d.       focus solely on the safety of the responders.

5.      Regulations or rules are created by

        a.       the U.S. Congress.
        b.       State legislative bodies.
        c.       Federal administrative agencies.
        d.       judges.

6.      The requirement that ISO's be present at hazardous materials calls is mandated by

        a.       Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA).
        b.       department Standard Operating Procedures (SOP's).
        c.       Department of Transportation.
        d.       case law.




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                                         INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



7.      Which one of the following does not provide free information for a reference library?

        a.       United States Fire Administration (USFA).
        b.       National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
        c.       OSHA.
        d.       Legislative bodies.

8.      Which one of the following organizations mandated recordkeeping for personnel injuries?

        a.       NFPA.
        b.       National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
        c.       OSHA.
        d.       National Fire Academy (NFA).

9.      For an extended investigation process, the ISO will need assistance from which one of the
        following?

        a.       Industrial hygienist.
        b.       Mechanic.
        c.       Law enforcement officer.
        d.       HSO.

10.     In the event of a firefighter injury in which personal protective equipment (PPE) failure is
        suspected as a cause, what should the ISO do with these items?

        a.       Nothing.
        b.       Impound the PPE and have it tested by a certified laboratory.
        c.       Discuss what should be done with the manufacturer.
        d.       Destroy the PPE that failed.

11.     Nonemergency risk management is primarily the responsibility of the

        a.       fire chief.
        b.       ISO.
        c.       HSO.
        d.       IC.

12.     The classic risk management method includes risk

        a.       sorting.
        b.       cost calculation.
        c.       class identification.
        d.       identification.

13.     The nonemergency situation where emergency risk management is used is

        a.       classroom training.
        b.       live structural fire training burns.
        c.       apparatus pump testing.
        d.       SOP development.




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                                       INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



14.     Risk management at emergencies is

        a.         a fast-moving, rapidly changing activity.
        b.         a slow process that requires the input of many people.
        c.         predictable.
        d.         not necessary.

15.     Which one of the following incidents would require an ISO?

        a.         Department vehicle collision with minor damage and no injuries.
        b.         Technical rescue incident.
        c.         An EMS incident.
        d.         Room and contents fire.

16.     During an incident, the ISO maintains communication with the IC

        a.         during the response.
        b.         upon arrival at the incident.
        c.         throughout the incident.
        d.         no communication is needed during the incident.

17.     Who has the primary responsibility to ensure the safety and health of personnel operating at an
        incident?

        a.         ISO.
        b.         IC.
        c.         Immediate supervisor.
        d.         Firefighters.

18.     The ISO will monitor which one of the following at an incident scene?

        a.         Use of PPE and personnel accountability.
        b.         Evacuation of civilians.
        c.         Location of Command Post (CP).
        d.         Apparatus placement.


True or False Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully; decide if the statement is true
or false. Place a T in the blank space if it is a true statement, an F if it is a false statement.

             19.   The immediate supervisor is not an important part of the accident investigation process.

             20.   The ISO is needed at working structural fires only.

             21.   Upon arrival at a working incident, the ISO needs to establish face-to-face
                   communication.

             22.   Within the parameters of the Incident Management System, the ISO is a Command Staff
                   position that reports directly to the IC.

             23.   The role of the ISO includes the review of the SOP's to determine if they contain safe
                   work practices.

             24.   At a highrise fire or hazardous materials incident, more than one ISO may be required.




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                               INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



     25.   The ISO may take command of an incident if there is imminent danger to responders.

     26.   The ISO must consult with the IC prior to terminating an accountability operation.




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                                      INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



                                                                         FEMA/USFA/NFA-ISO-Exam
                                                                                    January 1999

                                                  EXAMINATION

                                                  ANSWER KEY


Multiple Choice Directions: Read each question carefully, choose the best answer from the four choices,
and circle the letter next to the answer.

1.      The Incident Safety Officer (ISO) is a member of what staff?

        a.       General.
        b.       Command.
        c.       Support.
        d.       Management.

2.      The overall responsibility for incident safety rests with

        a.       the ISO.
        b.       each individual responder.
        c.       the Incident Commander (IC).
        d.       all supervisors within an Incident Management System.

3.      At incidents requiring specialized knowledge, the ISO should

        a.       delegate the ISO position to a more knowledgeable individual.
        b.       refuse the position if assigned by the IC.
        c.       use a technical specialist.
        d.       limit his/her activity to areas of expertise.

4.      During an emergency, the ISO should

        a.       also act as the Health and Safety Officer (HSO).
        b.       fill the role of the safety enforcer.
        c.       maintain constant communications with the IC.
        d.       focus solely on the safety of the responders.

5.      Regulations or rules are created by

        a.       the U.S. Congress.
        b.       State legislative bodies.
        c.       Federal administrative agencies.
        d.       judges.

6.      The requirement that ISO's be present at hazardous materials calls is mandated by

        a.       Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA).
        b.       department Standard Operating Procedures (SOP's).
        c.       Department of Transportation.
        d.       case law.




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                                        INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



7.     Which one of the following does not provide free information for a reference library?

       a.       United States Fire Administration (USFA).
       b.       National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
       c.       OSHA.
       d.       Legislative bodies.

8.     Which one of the following organizations mandated recordkeeping for personnel injuries?

       a.       NFPA.
       b.       National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
       c.       OSHA.
       d.       National Fire Academy (NFA).

9.     For an extended investigation process, the ISO will need assistance from which one of the
       following?

       a.       Industrial hygienist.
       b.       Mechanic.
       c.       Law enforcement officer.
       d.       HSO.

10.    In the event of a firefighter injury in which personal protective equipment (PPE) failure is
       suspected as a cause, what should the ISO do with these items?

       a.       Nothing.
       b.       Impound the PPE and have it tested by a certified laboratory.
       c.       Discuss what should be done with the manufacturer.
       d.       Destroy the PPE that failed.

11.    Nonemergency risk management is primarily the responsibility of the

       a.       fire chief.
       b.       ISO.
       c.       HSO.
       d.       IC.

12.    The classic risk management method includes risk

       a.       sorting.
       b.       cost calculation.
       c.       class identification.
       d.       identification.

13.    The nonemergency situation where emergency risk management is used is

       a.       classroom training.
       b.       live structural fire training burns.
       c.       apparatus pump testing.
       d.       SOP development.




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                                         INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



14.       Risk management at emergencies is

          a.         a fast-moving, rapidly changing activity.
          b.         a slow process that requires the input of many people.
          c.         predictable.
          d.         not necessary.

15.       Which one of the following incidents would require an ISO?

          a.         Department vehicle collision with minor damage and no injuries.
          b.         Technical rescue incident.
          c.         An EMS incident.
          d.         Room and contents fire.

16.       During an incident, the ISO maintains communication with the IC

          a.         during the response.
          b.         upon arrival at the incident.
          c.         throughout the incident.
          d.         no communication is needed during the incident.

17.       Who has the primary responsibility to ensure the safety and health of personnel operating at an
          incident?

          a.         ISO.
          b.         IC.
          c.         Immediate supervisor.
          d.         Firefighters.

18.       The ISO will monitor which one of the following at an incident scene?

          a.         Use of PPE and personnel accountability.
          b.         Evacuation of civilians.
          c.         Location of Command Post (CP).
          d.         Apparatus placement.


True or False Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully; decide if the statement is true
or false. Place a T in the blank space if it is a true statement, an F if it is a false statement.

      F        19.   The immediate supervisor is not an important part of the accident investigation process.

      F        20.   The ISO is needed at working structural fires only.

      T        21.   Upon arrival at a working incident, the ISO needs to establish face-to-face
                     communication.

      T        22.   Within the parameters of the Incident Management System, the ISO is a Command Staff
                     position that reports directly to the IC.

      F        23.   The role of the ISO includes the review of the SOP's to determine if they contain safe
                     work practices.

      T        24.   At a highrise fire or hazardous materials incident, more than one ISO may be required.




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                                 INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER



  F    25.   The ISO may take command of an incident if there is imminent danger to responders.

  F    26.   The ISO must consult with the IC prior to terminating an accountability operation.




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