broiler contest 2011 by N2WnXf

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									                               FFA BROILER PROJECT 2010-15
                                 (Updated September 2, 2011)

The primary goal of the Michigan FFA Broiler Project Program is to enhance students’ knowledge
in animal husbandry, science, mathematics, English, and other academic subjects. Moreover, in
this academic achievement endeavor, students participate in real world experiences by raising the
biggest birds possible in the shortest period of time using safe and ethical industry
recommendations. Agriscience and natural resources education programs throughout Michigan
have found that this innovative and creative educational thrust adds enormous value to FFA
chapter program of activities. The Michigan FFA Broiler Project Program has been a hallmark and
signature thrust in Michigan because it has assisted students in developing skill sets in problem-
solving, working in teams, managing time, and other personal development areas.

Key elements in the projects are:
             a. Five weeks in duration.
             b. Features a final conclusion that incorporates management skills, mathematics
             and English.
             c. Three types of graphs and a chart will be prepared: bar, line and pie.
             d. A minimum of 25 birds (cockerels) is needed for each broiler project (flock).
             e. Three to five (3-5) birds per entry will be brought for judging on evaluation day.
             After processing, members and teams will select three (3) birds to be evaluated.
             f. Birds that are found dead will need to be weighed to calculate adjusted feed
             efficiency.
             g. Each entry must have one or two representatives that can answer up to five oral
             questions posed by a judge after the birds are evaluated.
             h. Three (3) photographs, with a 50 word caption for each are required of the
             flocks throughout the contest period.


An additional incentive for participating in the activity is the Zindel Memorial Trophy. This
traveling trophy is awarded to the chapter with the most gold, silver and state winner awards in the
poultry program each year.

Poultry Extension, Dr. Darrin Karcher, will be responsible for:

           a.   Visits during growing period as requested
           b.   Reference material to keep records
           c.   Source of information at any time (management, nutrition, disease, etc.)
           d.   Personnel for judging
           e.   Contact Dr. Karcher for question pertaining to your flock:
                        dkarcher@msu.edu or 517-775-0485

Each teacher of a participating school will be responsible for:

           a. Accuracy of records and entries from his/her school
           b. Supervising program and selection of birds to bring to evaluation day
          c. Setting up any supplementary studies to augment teaching during the growing
             period

The program regulations require that these rules be followed.

          a.     Broiler chicks must be received no earlier that the starting date on the official
                 state FFA calendar.
          b.     All birds/flock will be sourced from the same hatchery as determined by MSU
                 poultry staff. For the 2011 contest Townline Hatchery will be the source.
          c.      Each flock shall consist of a minimum of 25 broiler (cockerels).
          d.     The actual number of chicks that are alive 24 hours after they are received from
                 the hatchery shall be used in computing records (for example, if you receive 26
                 chicks your mortality will be based on 26 if none die within the first 24 hours).
          e.     After processing, members and teams will select their best three (3) birds to be
                 evaluated.
          f.     No more than one (1) entry per flock. Students can raise birds individually, in
                 partnership or as a class but, there will be no more than one entry allowed per
                 person, partnership or class.
          g.     The total live weight of all birds shall be taken on Monday, of the finishing
                 week.
          h.     When figuring the records, compute the cost per pound of live bird based on
                 that flock’s total cost of production.
          i.     No more than one entry from each flock will be selected and brought to contest
                 for evaluation.
          j.     Three to five (3-5) birds per entry will be brought for judging on evaluation
                 day. After processing, members and teams will select three (3) birds to be
                 evaluated.
          k.     At the contest, all of the birds, three to five (3-5), will be weighed after
                 processing; their weight averaged and assigned points for average weight.
          l.     Birds are to be ready to cook (fully processed) with the feet remaining on the
                 carcass for judging. Emphasis will be placed on entry uniformity. Uniformity is
                 defined as width and length of breast and extent of muscling. Carcasses will be
                 evaluated for defects including bruises, broken bones, blisters, dented or
                 crooked keel bone, carcass cleanliness, etc.
          m.     Each entry will be required to prepare three (3) different charts: bar, line and
                 pie.
          n.     Three (3) photographs are required of the flocks throughout the contest period.
                 When submitting their report contestants are to write a caption for each
                 photograph that will not exceed 50 words.
          o.     Contestants will have no more the two (2) minutes to hang and select the three
                 (3) birds for evaluation. At the end of the two (2) minutes the first three (3)
                 birds left to right will be evaluated.
          p.     Weigh any birds that are found dead so you can calculate the adjusted feed
                 efficiency on the broiler project report sheet.
          q.     Must show all work for full credit on all problems.
    r.    Each entry must have one or two representatives that will be asked up to five
          (5) oral questions posed by a judge after the birds are evaluated for a total of ten
          (10) points.
    s.    Water cost will be charged at a rate of $.01 per pound. This price is based on
          the cost of bottle water. Birds will drink twice the amount of water as feed
          consumed: two (2) pounds of water for each pound of feed.
    t.    If students are engaged with any type of research related to the Broiler Project,
          it is expected that they will follow the “Guide for the Care and Use of
          Agricultural Animals in Agricultural Research and Teaching”
          (http://www.fass.org/page.asp?pageID=216).



  ADVISORS: IT IS IMPORTANT TO BRING COOLERS WITH EXTRA ICE FOR
TRANSPORTING POULTRY HOME. THIS IS A GOOD FOOD SAFETY PRACTICE.
                              BROILER CONTEST SCORING

   1. Birds will be dressed and scored on the following basis:

              Weight (to be weighed at the contest)                      225
              Breast                                                     150
              Legs                                                        75
              Thighs                                                      75
              Conformation & Fleshing (Finish)                           100
              Uniformity                                                 125
              Oral Questions                                              10
              Defects (lose points based on defect)                      _?__
                                                                         Sub Total      760

     (JUDGING OF THE BIRDS WILL ACCOUNT FOR 75% OF THE TOTAL SCORE.)

  2. Records of weight, feed consumption, livability, and the story will be scored as follows:
            Feed Conversion Ratio (See line 12)                           20
            Percent Livability (See line 15)                              20
                                                                          Sub Total      40

 3. Report Scoring                                                       Sub Total      55
 4. FFA Broiler Project Written Report Scoring:
             Feed Program
             Ventilation, Temperature, and Litter Condition
             Disease-Mortality Reasons and Vaccination Program
             House & Equipment Description
             General Management Description
             Marketing Plan
             Written Report Total Score                                  Sub Total      100
             Photographs                                                 Sub Total      15
             Graphs and Chart                                            Sub Total      30

Total Possible Score                                                                     1,000
                                      BROILER SCORE SHEET

                 Exhibitor’s Name


                                                  Bird #1   Bird #2   Bird #3
Breast (50 pts per bird; 150 total)
Legs    (25 pts per bird; 75 total)
Thighs (25 pts per bird; 75 total)
Confirmation & Finishing (100)
Defects*     (—0)                                 —         —         —
Total per bird
Total for All birds
Pen Uniformity (125)
Pen Weight            (225)
Oral Questions (10)
GRAND TOTAL
 * Defects
     Blisters Bruises
     Sores
     Scabs
     Cuts
     Infected follicles
     Broken bones
     Manure burns
     Carcass cleanliness
     Other areas that lower carcass quality
                                            BROILER PROJECT REPORT SHEET

1.   Entry owned by _______________________________
     Team Members:_____________________________________________________________________________
              _____________________________________________________________________________________
2.   FFA Chapter _________________________________
3.   Source of chicks _______________________________
4.   Number of all birds started with ................................................................................................................. ______
5.   Number of all birds alive on weigh date (including cripples and deformed birds) .................................... ______
6.   Complete the chart below related to mortality.
              Date                                    Number                                     Cause                                    Weight




                                           Must show all work for full credit on all problems.

7. Total pounds of feed consumed (including home grown grains and feed additives) ................................. ______
(To arrive at an answer add total amount of feed and additives fed the flock and subtract any feed and additives
remaining i.e. spoiled feed in feeders, removed feed from feeders, feed left in bags, etc)


8. Total live weight (pounds) of all birds on weigh date (Note: You must weigh all birds.) ......................... ______

9. Feed Conversion Ratio =                  pounds of feed consumed
                                              total live weight (pounds) ......................................................................... ______




10. Adjusted Feed Conversion Ratio =          pounds of feed consumed
                                    total live weight (pounds) + weight of mortalities .............................. ______




11. Percent Mortality =                100 X       number of birds that died
                                                    number of birds started ...................................................................... ______
12. Percent Livability =                 100 X number of birds on weigh date
                                                 number of birds started ...................................................................... ______
                                    (Percent mortality plus percent livability should equal 100 percent)




13. Average weight =                           total live weight (pounds)
                                        number of live birds on weighs date .................................................................... ______




                                          Costs associated with raising the entire flock of chickens:
14. Cost of chicks ............................................................................................................................................ $______
15. Total cost of feed consumed...................................................................................................................... $______
    (Note: Include all home grown grain and supplements – added to feed or water)
16. Energy costs (gas, electricity, etc.) ............................................................................................................ $______
17. Medication costs ....................................................................................................................................... $______
18. Litter costs ................................................................................................................................................. $______
19. Building and equipment costs ($0.25 per bird) ......................................................................................... $______
20. Water cost ($0.01 per pound) ................................................................................................................... $______
21.     Projected processing costs ....................................................................................................................... $______
22. Other costs ................................................................................................................................................ $______
23. Total costs for project................................................................................................................................ $______


24. Cost of production per pound of chicken =                           total cost of production
                                                                            total live weight ............................................................ $______


25. Average cost of production per bird =                         total cost of production
                                                             number of live birds on weigh date ............................................... $______


26. Production efficiency factor =                     livability percentage X ave live weight (kg) x 100
                                                        age in days X feed conversion ratio ..................................................... ______


27. Total value of all birds produced= ............................................................................................................ _______


28. Total Profit or (Loss) ................................................................................................................................. ________



Total Scoring: Lines 7 -13 and 23 – 26 are each worth 5 points for a total possible of 55 ....................... _______
                                                FFA BROILER CONTEST
                                               WRITTEN REPORT SCORING

STUDENT____________________________                                   CHAPTER____________________________

                                                      GUIDE FOR SCORING

DIRECTIONS: The report must answer each of the questions below. The reports MUST be typewritten to receive full
points. All handwritten reports will receive 50% of the points awarded. Each entry must type its own report and all of the
questions must be answered in a complete sentence that is grammatically correct. Reports should be stapled in the upper left-
hand corner and not submitted with folders, page protectors, or 3-ring binders. Duplicate reports will receive zero points for
the report score.

Feed Program (3 points each)
         1-   Where did the feed come from? (Elevator, feed store, home grown, etc.)
         2-   What brand of feed was used? (Please attached a copy of the feed label.)
         3-   What is the percent of protein, fat and fiber of all feeds used?
         4-   Describe any changes in your feed program from start to finish and how long the birds were fed each type of feed?
         5-   Did you use any supplemental vitamins, minerals, feed supplements or water supplements?
         6-   How often did you feed the birds and how full was the feeder?

Ventilation, Temperature, and Litter Condition (3 points each)
         1-   Describe the type of ventilation system that was used?
         2-   Why is proper ventilation important?
         3-   What was the beginning temperature in the pen and was it adjusted as the birds grew? If so, how?
         4-   What type of litter was used and how was the litter managed?
         5-   What type of litter was used for the first few days?

Disease-Mortality Reasons and Vaccination Program (3 points each)
         1-   How many chickens were lost and why did they die?
         2-   How much did each chicken weigh when they died?
         3-   What is coccidiosis?
         4-   How can coccidiosis affect a flock of birds and how can it be prevented?

House & Equipment Description (3 points each)
         1- Describe the house (coop) and how was the equipment set-up in it? Please provide a diagram with the beginning and ending
         coop set-up along with dimensions. Also, describe the type of building where your birds were housed.
         2- What heat source did you have?
         3- What size and type of feeders were used, how many were used and how many lineal inches of feeder space were provided?
         4- What size and type of waterers were used, how many were used and how many lineal inches of waterer space were provided?
             (If using nipple waters, how many chicks per nipple?)
         5- How did the set up that was used compare to industry recommendations relative to feeder and waterer space requirements per
            bird? (Provide your values and the industry recommendations.)

General Management Description (3 points each)
         1- What steps were taken to clean and prepare the house and equipment prior to the chicks arrival?
         2- Were the feeders and waterers adjusted as the birds grew? If so, how were they adjusted?
         3- Describe the lighting system used and any changes made from the start to finish of the contest?
         4- How did the lighting program used compare to industry recommendations? (Provide your values and the industry
            recommendations.)
         5- How were sick birds identified and managed?
         6- What things might you do differently if you were to participate in this contest again?

Marketing Plan (3 points each)
         1- When will the remaining birds in this entry be processed?
         2- Where will these birds be processed and how much will it cost?
         3- Was the availability of the birds advertised and if so, how?
         4- What did it cost per bird to raise them?
         5- How much will the birds be sold for? (Per bird or per pound)
         6- Who will the birds be marketed to?

Grammar and Spelling – 4 points total
Report Sheet                                                                          55                ______

Written Report Total                                                                  100               ______

Feed Efficiency                                                                       20                ______

Livability                                                                            20                ______

Graphs and Chart (All charts must be correctly labeled in grams)                      30                ______
        1- Prepare a line graph showing average weight per week compared to the broiler performance guidelines.
                 (Two lines)
        2 - Prepare bar graph showing average feed conversion per week.
        3 - Prepare a pie chart showing average weekly intake of feed per bird.

Photographs – 3 photographs with captions not exceeding 50 words each                 15                ______

GRAND TOTAL                                                                           240               ______

								
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