ASSET BASED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

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					ASSET BASED COMMUNITY
     DEVELOPMENT
        (ABCD)
                                      by Peter Kenyon
                                              Director
                                        Bank of IDEAS
       (Initiatives for the Development of Enterprising
                                 Action and Strategies)
                                        14 Bird Road
                                 Kalamunda WA 6076
                                Phone: 08 6293 1848
                                   Fax: 08 6293 1137
                     email:   pk @ bankofideas.com.au
                   web:       www. bankofideas.com.au
  'Every single person has
capacities, abilities and gifts.
Living a good life depends on
whether those capacities can
 be used, abilities expressed
        and gifts given'

          (John McKnight,
 Asset Based Community Development
Communities
have
deficiencies
and needs
Communities
and it’s
citizens have
capacities
and assets
                             COMMUNITY NEEDS MAP



UNEMPLOYMENT                                                             TRUANCY


               DYSFUNCTIONAL                                WELFARE
                  FAMILIES                                 DEPENDENCE



                               CHILD            BULLYING
                               ABUSE
                                        CRIME                           ILLITERACY

                               MENTAL           GRAFFITI
                               HEALTH

                ALCOHOLISM
                DRUG ABUSE

HOMELESSNESS                                               EARLY SCHOOL LEAVERS
                             COMMUNITY ASSETS MAP

                            LOCAL INSTITUTIONS
BUSINESS                                                             SCHOOLS

                          COMMUNITY ASSOCIATIONS


            CLUBS           GIFTS OF INDIVIDUALS

                       YOUNG                   ARTISTS
                       PEOPLE
                                   SENIOR                             LOCAL
                                  CITIZENS                           COUNCIL
                         ALL                   LABELLED
                      RESIDENTS                 PEOPLE

           SPORTING                                       CHURCHES
            TEAMS

HOSPITAL                          FACILITIES              GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
      ASSET AND RESOURCE MAPPING

   A systematic process for identifying and
    detailing resources (individual skills
    and organisational resources) and
    strengths in a community.


   Focuses on identifying and using the
    assets and strengths in the community
    rather than emphasising the problems
    and deficits.
    Inherently optimistic and rests on the
     assumption that everyone has a gift to
     give.


    Mapped assets are connected and
     mobilised for action.

TRADITIONAL COMMUNITY        ABCD
      DEVELOPMENT
Top down, outside in                Inside out
Weaknesses                   Strengths
Deficiencies, needs       Assets,
opportunities


Disabilities              Abilities,
capacities

Silo provision            Collaboration,
                        Relationships,
                        networking

Consumers of services     Producers of
services


Dependence on outside     Importance of
Professional’s                        community
initiative
                                   And relationships



  SOME CONSEQUENCES OF NEEDS AND DEFICIENCY FOCUS

 1.   INTERNALISATION OF DEFICIENCY IDENTITY BY LOCAL
      RESIDENTS.
 2.   DEPENDENCE ON OUTSIDE RESOURCES / PROFESSIONALS
      TO FIND AND FIX.
 3.   OUTSIDE RESOURCES GO INTO ‘NEED’ BOXES.
 4.   FOCUSES ON ‘LEADERS’ WHO MAGNIFY DEFICIENCIES.
 5.   REWARDS FAILURES AND ABILITY TO ‘TALK-DOWN’
      COMMUNITIES.
 6.   PERPETUATES DEPENDENCY AND HOPELESSNESS.
STRENGTHS OF COMMUNITY ASSET MAPPING

   A strong community building initiative
   Identifies the community’s individual and
    organisational skills and capacities
   Connects resources to community initiatives
   Mobilises residents to address critical community
    issues
   Strengthens belief in building community from
    inside out
   Builds bridges between groups
                   COMMUNITY ASSETS

 1. TALENTS AND SKILLS OF RESIDENTS
 2. ASSOCIATIONS AND NETWORKS
 3. INSTITUTIONS
 4. PHYSICAL ASSETS – LAND, BUILDINGS, EQUIPMENT
    ETC
 5. ECONOMIC ASSETS E.G. LOCAL BUSINESS BASE,
    CONSUMER SPENDING POWER ETC
 6. HERITAGE AND LOCAL STORIES



      MAPPING INDIVIDUAL SKILLS AND CAPACITIES

1. Skills information
2. Community experiences
3. Employment/business interests and
   Experiences
4. Gifts/assets
5. Dreams
6. Personal information
                    COMMUNITY SKILLS REGISTER


Within all communities there lies an untapped pool of skills,
knowledge and work experiences that can be used in local
development efforts.


A simple skills audit has been used in many communities to
identify these latent skills and interests of residents and their
willingness to share it. Such information needs systematic
recording and can be used to fulfil community needs or to
investigate new initiatives.


The following page provides a simple form for collecting this type of
information. This information then needs tabulating via a
                      Community Skills Register
computer, preferably on a program capable of responding to
keywords.
Our community is rich and diverse in terms of the skills, interests and work experiences of its
residents. As a first step to identifying what skills and talents actually exist we need your help to
complete this form.


Please note: Filling out this form is optional. The information you provide will not be shared
with other people without your permission.


Name: ______________________________________________


Postal Address: ________________________________________


___________________________________________________


Telephone: ________________________


Fax: _____________________________


Current Occupation: _____________________________________


Previous occupations: ____________________________________


____________________________________________________


Hobbies: ______________________________________________
Special interests: ________________________________________


____________________________________________________


Other languages spoken besides English: ________________________


Other special skills: _______________________________________


             Are you willing to share any of the above skills with others? YES/NO/MAYBE
                       Thank you for taking the time and effort to complete this form.
                If you have any questions or concerns please call (name) on (telephone no)
                                         NEW PROSPECT BAPTIST CHURCH
                                                Cincinnati, OH
                                                       Survey Guidelines


INTRODUCTION
My name is ___________. What is your name?


Thank you for coming over. Did someone talk to you about what the ‘Gift Exchange’ is all about?
What do you understand it to be? Basically, we believe that everyone has God-given talents and
gifts that can be used to benefit the community. I’d like to spend a few minutes talking to you
about your gifts and skills.


GIFTS
Gifts are abilities that we are born with. We may develop them, but no one has to teach them to
us.
1.    What positive qualities do people say you have?
2.    Who are the people in your life that you give to? How do you give to them?
3.    When was the last time you shared with someone else? What was it?
4.    What do you give that makes you feel good?


SKILLS
Sometimes we have talents that we’ve acquired in everyday life such as cooking and fixing things.
1.    What do you enjoy doing?
2.    If you could start a business what would it be?
3.    What do you like to do that people would pay you to do?
4.    Have you ever made anything? Have you ever fixed anything?


DREAMS
Before you go, I want to take a minute and hear about your dreams – those goals you hope to
accomplish.
1.    What are your dreams?
2.    If you could snap your fingers and be doing anything, what would it be?


CLOSING
First, I’d like to thank you. We’re talking to as many people as we can and what we’d like to do is
begin a Wall of Fame here in the Soup Kitchen highlighting the gifts, skills and dreams of as many
people as possible. The ultimate goal is to find a way to use those gifts in rebuilding the
community.
Before you go, can I get your full name? Address? Age?




       APPRECIATIVE INQUIRY IS A POSITIVE
   FOCUSSED OPERATION TO CHANGE THAT
      CAN BE USED BY INDIVIDUALS, TEAMS,
        ORGANIZATIONS AND COMMUNITIES,
   THROUGH AN INTERVIEW PROCESS THAT
   FOCUSES ON STRENGTH AND HIGH-POINT
      EXPERIENCES. APPRECIATIVE INQUIRY
       HELPS PARTICIPANTS DISCOVER AND
     CREATE A DESIRED FUTURE BASED ON
    IDENTIFIED STRENGTH BY LOOKING FOR
      STRENGTHS TO ENHANCE INSTEAD OF
  PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED, APPRECIATIVE
        ASSUMPTIONS OF APPRECIATIVE INQUIRY

   Work in the affirmative, continuously seeking to
    discover what has and gives life to the community
    and it’s members – instead of working from a
    problem solving and deficiency paradigm. People
    can plan best using the best of what has worked in
    the past.
   Communities grow toward what they persistently
    ask questions about,
   Importance of narrative rich communication – A1
    works through story telling, testimonials and large
    group forums,
   Our future images guide our present performance –
    positive images enhance community’s performance
    and personal motivation. Where images are
    depressed or deficient, morale tends to be low,
   Inquiry is inseparable from action. A1 articulates
    tomorrows possibilities rather than explains
    yesterdays world,
   Inquiry and change are not separate moments. A1
    generates conversations about what has worked,
    the good, the better and the possible.


                    SELECT READING LISTS
Kretzman J. R and McKnight J. L (1993) Building Communities
From the Inside Out – A Path Toward Finding and Mobilising a
Community’s Assets, Chicago: The Asset Based Community
Institute.


Snow (2001) The Organisation of Hope – A Workbook for Rural
Asset – Based Community Development, Chicago: The Asset -
Based Community Institute.


Oklahoma Community Institute (2001), Community Resource
Mapping – Mining Local Resources, Oklahoma City.


Mellish E (2001) The Appreciative Series Chelmer: Mellish and
Associates.


Annis S (2000), The Thin Book of Appreciative Inquiry, Planto:
Thin Publishing Co.
  THE BANK OF I.D.E.A.S
   PH: (08) 9433 2222
E-MAIL: pk@bankofideas.com

				
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