Sufficiency Economy By Mrs. Srinuan Boontham Sansaiwittayakom School Chiang Mai Educational Office Area 2 Sufficiency Economy Time : 2 hours Level : Mathayom Suksa 4 -6 Objectives: 1. Students are able to read aloud and read for the main idea correctly. 2. Students are able to answer the questions correctly. 3. Students are able to write a short report. 4. Students are able to have their self-directed learning. "Sufficiency Economy" is a philosophy bestowed by His Majesty the King to his subjects through royal remarks on many occasions over the past three decades. A philosophy that stresses the middle path as the overriding principle for appropriate conduct by the populace at all levels. This applies to conduct at the level of the individual, families, and communities, as well as to the choice of a balanced development strategy for the nation so as to modernise in line with the forces of globalisation while shielding against inevitable shocks and excesses that arise. The new Theory Agriculture is a practical example of applying the philosophy of Sufficiency Economy’ His Majesty the King has developed systematic guidelines for proper management of land water resources, based on His experiments with integrated agriculture over the years. The new Theory Agriculture is based on the fact that an average farmer owns farm land, this total amount of land should be divided into 4 parts for the following functions: Part I : 30% of the total farm area is reserved for water reservoir. This amount of water would be enough for agricultural use all year. The pond itself could be used not only for agriculture but for aquaculture as well to add more income to the farmers. Part II : 30% of the total farm area is for rice cultivation. Part III : 30%+ of the total land area is for field and garden crops. Part IV : The remaining 10% of the total farm area will be used as residential area, roads, dikes, draining canals, as well as for family gardening and animal husbandry. 1. Sufficiency at the household level The first stage of New Theory Agriculture allows farmers to be at least self- sufficient in terms of food, and can create proportionate income from selling extra crops and products beyond necessary consumption of the household. This way, it provides basic self-immunity for farmers against diverse adversities. 2. Sufficiency at the community level The second stages aims to create sufficiency at the community or organization level. It is based on cooperative activities with their neighbors within community based on a concept of sharing excess resources of each household. The activities can be different for each community depending on their conditions; there is no blueprint of activities. 3. Sufficiency at the national level In the third and most advanced stage, the community is encouraged to expand their activities through reaching out to co-operative firms, banks, and other outside sources. The expansion across different levels of organizations or activities can be compared to developing a value-chain in production. The expanded activities include raising fund, creating direct sales channel, seeking fund for establishing community rice mill or cooperative stores, for example. 1. What is the philosophy of Sufficiency Economy ? a. Live well with wealthy. b. Enough to live on c. Develop and modernize d. To apply the theory to the real life 2. HM King Bhumibol ………………………….. The Sufficiency Economy. a. allowed b. presented c. collected d. bestowed 3. How many stages are there in the New Theory Agriculture ? a. 5 b. 4 c. 3 d. 2 4. Which is not the stage of New Theory Agriculture ? a. Sufficiency at the world level b. Sufficiency at the house level c. Sufficiency at the community level d. Sufficiency at the nation level 5. What does the proportion of land 30/30/30/10 refer to ? a.housing/rice cultivation/field and garden crops/pond b.Pond/housing/rice cultivation/field and garden crops c. rice cultivation/ field and garden crops/ housing/ Pond d. rice cultivation/ field and garden crops/ Pond/ housing 6. If you have land 15 rais, how many rais are for housing ? a. 5 b. 4 c. 3 d. 2 7. If you have land 15 rais, how many rais are for rice cultivation ? a. 6 b. 5 c. 3 8. What is the objective of the first stage of New Theory Agriculture ? a. To expand activities among firms, banks and other outside sources b. To create sufficiency at the organization level c. To create sufficiency at the community level d. To create self-reliance and self-sufficient at household level 9. Which is the stage of the banks and funding companies could buy the consuming products ? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 10. Which is the stage of a group of farmers work together to form a co- operative for production, marketing ? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 References http://info.tdri.or.th http://www.Sufficiency Economy.org. http://www.chaipat.or.th. http://ldd.go.th. Nation Junior (1996). Vol 8.Issue 176. Dec.1-15.
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