SAT Vocabulary for Freshmen - Download as PowerPoint by CrIBc0s


									SAT Vocabulary for Freshmen

 Lesson #4: Quiz October. Your completed
 packet is required in order to earn the quiz. If
 you lose yours, you may download and print
 another from my website.
1. Denizen. n. an occupant; inhabitant
syn: resident / ant: emigrant; alien
  Fierce and beautiful, the blue
    shark reigns as a powerful
    denizen of the deep.
  “The cries of the gorilla
    proclaimed that it was in
    mortal combat with some
    other denizen of the fierce
    wood.” from Tarzan of the Apes
   by Edgar Rice Burroughs
2. Blight. n. anything that destroys, prevents growth, or
causes devaluation. syn: affliction; disease /ant: enhancement

   Bigoted people are a blight
     on a civilized society.
   “O King of blight and sorrow,
     send me not away till I have
     brought back the light and
     joy that will make your dark
     home bright and beautiful
     again.” from Flower Fables by
     Louisa May Alcott
3. Gratify. v. to please
syn: satisfy; indulge / ant: displease; disappoint
                 Evita gratified her gym teacher
                   by climbing the rope up to the
                   ceiling without using her legs.

                 "Of ONE thing, my dear sister,"
                   kindly taking her hand, and
                   speaking in an awful whisper,--
                   "I may assure you;-- and I WILL
                   do it, because I know it must
                   gratify you.” from Sense and
                   Sensibility by Jane Austin
4. Elude. v. to escape notice; to get
away from. syn: avoid; evade; lose / ant: attract

 Construction workers posted a warning sign about the
  fresh cement, but it eluded the clueless pedestrian who
  stepped right into the new sidewalk and ruined it.
 “I was willing to encounter some risks in order to
    accomplish my object, and counted much upon my
    ability to elude these prowling cannibals amongst the
    many coverts which the mountains afforded.”
    from Typee by Herman Melville
5. Gambit. n. maneuver or action used to gain an
advantage. syn: strategy; ploy; maneuver / ant: blunder

   1. In chess, a gambit occurs when a
     player tries to gain a strategic
     advantage over an opponent by
     sacrificing a pawn.
6. Obsequy. n. a funeral rite or ceremony

 He was the chief          The Funeral Procession
                           by Ellis Wilson
 mourner at his friend’s
 “His silver head was
 bowed in obsequy and
 intense concentration.”
 from Sunday Worship
 by Jeremy Clarke
7. Entice. v. to attract by offering reward or
pleasure. syn: tempt; lure / ant: discourage

 Big, splashy ads entice gullible readers
  into making unwise purchases.
 “Entice the tyrant back with fair
  promises, kill him and enthrone.” from
  Fantastic Fables by Abrose Bierce
8. Fallow. Adj. inactive; unproductive
syn: idle; barren / ant: fertile; productive
  The farmer plows a fallow field but leaves it
    unseeded during the growing season.
  “The two years during which his mind had
    lain fallow had refreshed him, he fancied,
    and he was able now to work with
    energy.” from Of Human Bondage by W.
    Somerset Maugham
9. Fealty. n. obligated loyalty or faithfulness
syn: devotion; fidelity; allegiance / ant: disloyalty; treachery

        uncritical fealty to
   AnCharacterize a dictator has led many
   citizens into tragic decisions.
      thissmiled upon us all, and I had no chance
   “But he
   to distinguish myself from the rest by any act of
   devotion before the blessed vision faded, though
   for long afterwards, in impassioned reveries, I
   accosted him and claimed him kindred because
   of my fealty, and because I would have been
   Spanish if I could.” from My Literary Passions by
   William Dean Howells
10. Laggard. n. a slow person, especially one
who falls behind. syn: straggler; dawdler /ant: leader

   Laggards always dally.
   “It awaited the family laggard, who
      found any sort of inconvenience (to
      others) less disagreeable than getting
      up when he was called.” from
      Middlemarch by George Elliot
Lesson #4 Exercise 2
1. The manager gratified the complaining
  customer by...
2. The oil spill was a blight that caused...
3. The villagers had limited fealty for the
new king because he...
4. Tim tried to elude the mosquitoes by...
5. Mikhail’s gambit during the chess game
cost him...
6. Many denizens of the beach community
  like to...
7. The laggard didn’t get tickets to the
concert because he...
 8. The brochure enticed Annette to visit the
 island because...
 9. The fallow economy forced many investors
10. Instead of a typical obsequy, the dying man
Lesson #4 / Exercise III
 1. Word Parts: Chroma,
    Mono, Poly, and Morph
 E. monorail
 F. monosyllabic
Lesson #4 Exercise IV
1. The team would have won the
  relay race if it had not been for
  the laggard who…
2. The coach’s gambit left his
players vulnerable, but the bold
3. If Lonnie tried to elude his friends
in the mall, then he probably...

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