DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND NATURAL RESOURCES by 12dgRVD2

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 16

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Purpose:

The following information is intended to provide applicants with

useful tips on how to answer questions on the selection or rating

criteria listed in the grants manual on pages 15-20 for the three

major project types, acquisition, planning and development. The

information contained in this handout will give you more insight

into how we think and what makes a good project.



General Tips That Apply To All Project Types
And Selection Criteria:
 Quantify when possible (population and growth statistics, ages,
  income levels, other demographics)

 Be clear and concise (avoid wordiness and extensive
  narratives)

 Avoid unnecessary information

 Reference sources and dates




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                                          PLANNING
Selection Criteria: Needs and Benefits
Tips:

   Include both needs and benefits.
   Did the need exists before the plan or study? How and when was the need identified?
   Will the benefits come as a result of the plan or study? If so, describe how.
   Reference previous studies or planning sources (extracts of pertinent sections only).

Examples (Needs):

   Community purchased undeveloped site and needs to design new park.
   Community experiencing population increase must determine future open space and facility
    needs and locations.
   Community survey points to demand for new pool and construction. Operating and sustainment
    costs are unknown.
   Community comprehensive recreation and open space plan is over five years old and needs to be
    updated/revised.
   Railroad right-of-way being abandoned and must evaluate cost to acquire corridor, rehab two
    bridges and construct trail.
   Regional swimming pool association is defunct and service-area municipalities must determine
    ability to assume ownership, operation and sustainment of pool.
    Community has been given environmentally sensitive site and needs to determine appropriate
    development.
   Community with fee-based recreation program needs to determine impact on all socio-economic
    levels.
   A school district and two townships wish to pursue creating a regional parks and recreation agency.

Examples (Benefits):

   Design a new park which is safer by reducing user conflict.
   Design a park which is cost effective to maintain.
   Creation of a full time professionally staffed recreation and park agency.
   Plan guides municipality in making an informed decision on a public investment.
   Plan will guide an agency in making conservation oriented land development decisions.
   Study that defines the role of a public recreation and park department as compared with the school
    district and YMCA in the same service area.
   Plan which directed critical open space protection before being consumed by sprawl.
   Community open space, schools, and commercial areas linked by greenways and trails.
   Community whose parks are all handicapped accessible.
   A borough, township and school district executed an interagency agreement creating a regional
    recreation and park department.


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____________________________________________________________________________________
Selection Criteria: Partnerships/Intergovernmental Cooperation
Tips:

   Does the project include more than one municipality or organization/s?
   Does the project include public, private or nonprofit support?
   Is there a formal intergovernmental agreement established?
   Do you have letters of commitment from partners who are providing a contribution (monetary or
    inkind services)?
   Do you have letters of support from the municipal government(s) where the project is located? How
    about from surrounding municipalities or the county?
   Have there been any partnerships established for use of the planned facility?

Examples:

  We have a signed agreement with the local high school tennis team to use the planned courts during
   their season for practice. The school district is providing $25,000 toward the project.
 The X Recreation Commission was established in 1984, which consists of Y Township, Z Borough,
   and W School District (Agreement Attached).
 Enclosed are letters of support from the ABC Foundation, DEF Construction, and GHI Fire
   Department for commitments totaling $35,000.
 We have established an ‘adoption’ program to enlist groups to help maintain various portions of the
   planned park.
____________________________________________________________________________________
Selection Criteria: DCNR Recreation and Conservation Priorities

Tips:

   Does your project involve/relate to any of the following programs, initiatives or topic areas:
    Chesapeake Bay Initiative
    Green construction/technology
    Important bird areas
    Sound land use
    Maintain biodiversity/PA Natural Diversity Inventory
    Restore riparian areas (stream relief)
    Conserver river corridors
    Protect floodplains and wetlands
    Enhance natural and cultural heritage conservation
    Create greenways
   Contact Western PA Conservancy to review your County Natural Heritage Inventory
   Contact your local and county planning commissions to discuss consistency with existing county
    comprehensive plans




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Examples:

   This project is located in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed and will reduce non- point source
    pollution.
   Our facility will be built with certified lumber from PA forests furthering green construction.
   The park is located in the 100-year floodplain thus promoting sound land use.
   This plan calls for planting vegetation and shrubs along the entire streambank for 30 feet parallel to
    the stream, restoring the streambank.
   This project will study ways to create a greenway between the X Park in Y Township and the X Park
    in Z Borough.
   Creation of this new park will meet the need identified in the FGH County comprehensive plan,
    completed in 2001. An extract identifying this need is enclosed.

References:
1. Chesapeake Bay Initiative- http://www.chesapeakebay.net
2. Green Construction/Technology- http://www.usgbc.org
3. Important Bird Areas- http://www.audubon.org
4. Sound Land Use- http://www.dced.state.pa.us
5. Maintain Biodiversity/PA Natural Diversity Inventory- http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us
6. Restore Riparian Areas (Stream Relief)- http://www.dep.state.pa.us
7. Conserve River Corridors- http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us
8. Protect Floodplains and Wetlands- http://www.fema.gov
9. Enhance Natural and Cultural Heritage Conservation- http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us
10. Create Greenways- http://www.natlands.org/
11. Contact Western PA Conservancy to review your County Natural Heritage Inventory-
    http://www.paconserve.org
________________________________________________________________________
Selection Criteria: Planning

Tips:

   Cite the qualifications of the planning firm, organization or consultant that completed the plan if
    available.
   Is there a documented need to do this plan or study? If so, how and when was it identified?
   Demonstrate public involvement in the planning process.

Examples:

   County Comprehensive Plan
   Natural Areas Inventories
   Municipal or regional plan
   Feasibility studies
   Conservation plan
   Comprehensive recreation ,park and open space plan


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 Public hearings and meetings
 Citizen surveys (telephone, questionnaires, etc. ; should be statistically valid)
 Proof of public notices and advertisements
 Petitions
 Key person interviews
 Focus group discussions
 Roundtable discussions
 Greenway studies
____________________________________________________________________________________
Selection Criteria: Site Compatibility/Environmental Impact

Tips:

   Indicate existing conditions by describing the characteristics of the site that warrant the need for
    planning. Emphasize wetland areas, steep slopes, waterways, rock outcroppings to determine the
    environmental character. Solicit expertise by consulting with the regional recreation and park
    advisor, conservation district office, consulting firm, environmentalist, landscape architect, local
    planning firm, or other qualified individuals/groups.
   Refer to county Natural Areas Inventory and/or comprehensive plan.
   Refer to statewide or regional plans.
   Provide a thorough description of unique features of the site/study area.

Examples:

   Do a feasibility study to determine most appropriate location for proposed plan
   Master site plans
   Identify man-made safety features (i.e. wires, landfills, etc.)
   May need a ‘phase 1’ environmental study per the ‘National Environmental Protection Act’ (NEPA)



                                        ACQUISITION
Selection Criteria: Needs and Benefits

Tips:

   Needs are present prior to the acquisition
   Benefits are the results that will be realized after completion of the acquisition
   Consider benefits the project provides to: environment, education, safety/security, local/regional
    heritage and culture, tourism, recreation services, economy, job creation, health…
   Sources of “needs” and “benefits” information are referenced by source and date in the application
   Needs and benefits information is quantified
   Needs and benefits information is related to the project



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   Address “service area” the project will serve instead of “political subdivision” in which the project is
    located to increase resources for the project
   Incorporate demographic information for which the acquired property will provide services
   Address the market area to which the site will provide services
   Indicate other sites within or with overlapping service areas to the site and its intended use
   Address the percent of the market share this site occupies in the region
   Indicate the existence of any rare threatened or endangered species on the site (world, national, state,
    county) and the importance of the species
   Address the need in relation to the timing of the acquisition project

Examples:
   Valid survey results
   Study recommendations
   Research findings
   Case studies
   Marketing data
   Trend analysis
   Census data
   User counts and attendance rates
   Citizen outreach efforts and participation
   Reference to planning documents (local, county, regional, watershed, state, federal, etc.)
   Consideration of the carrying capacity of the project site in relation to the intended use(s)
   National governing bodies
   Sporting goods manufacturers
   Open space plans (regional, county, municipal)
   National Associations (National Recreation & Park Association, Little League Inc, American Youth
    Soccer Organization, etc.)
   (Need) This acquisition will provide active and passive recreation services to a service area which
    includes six municipalities (list the municipalities) (population 17,095 – US Census 2000). There is
    currently only one 2.2 acre public park, 2.2 acres in this service area. The closest public parks are 23
    miles east, 21 miles west, 25 miles north and 18 miles south from the proposed acquisition.
   (Need) It is the intent of this acquisition project to provide a location to address the regional need for
    bike paths, picnic areas, hiking trails, jogging/fitness trails, natural/wild areas, and an outdoor
    amphitheatre facilities as listed as the top six southeast PA regional needs in the PA Recreation Plan
    (1990) to over 17,000 persons.
   (Benefit-Environmental) This acquisition will preserve 50 acres with ¼ miles of stream for ground
    water storage and recharge.
   (Benefit-Economic) Upon acquisition the borough will hire an additional public works staff to
    maintain the site.
   (Benefit-Recreation-Health-Economic) Upon acquisition one of the intended uses of the site will
    include walking facilities and recreation programs for adults and seniors which make up 56% of the
    population (US Census) of the service area. Each additional mile walked or run by a sedentary
    person would save U.S. society an average or 34 cents in medical and other costs (RAND
    Corporation, 1993).



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   (Benefit-Safety Security-Recreation) Police chiefs reported in 2000 most teen related crime in the
    service area of the project occurred between 3:00PM and 6:00 PM. Upon acquisition the high
    school key club has pledged to operate positive alternative recreation programs for teens on the site
    during those hours (see pledge letter attached).
 Projects that describe individual benefits which include: psychological well being, fun, pleasure,
    self esteem, stress reduction, creativity, and life satisfaction.
 Projects that describe community benefits which include: reduces crime and substance abuse,
    reduces alienation, promotes ethnic and cultural harmony, connected families, strong communities,
    sense of community, increased access, stress reduction, community pride, provide space to
    rehabilitate athletic fields to safe standard size and orientation, promotes consistency with county
    and neighboring municipal comprehensive planning.
 Projects that describe economic benefits which include: economic stimulant, health care cost
    reduction, catalyst for tourism, revenue generation, vandalism and crime reduction, land value
    increase, productive workforce, and “sound land use”.
 Projects that describe environmental benefits which include: Open space, reduces pollution,
    promotes physical health, increases property values, catalyst for relocation, clean water, clean air,
    ecosystem, habitat improvement, park/trail/greenway connections and enhancements, habitat
    connections, storm water control and flood reductions, improved water quality and quantity,
    protection of riparian forest buffers, rivers conservation, protection of wild and scenic rivers, scenic
    vista protection, protects wetlands, protects rare / threatened / endangered species habitat.
 ___________________________________________________________________________________
Selection Criteria: Partnerships/Intergovernmental Cooperation

Tips:

   Letters of support from adjacent land owners or municipalities
   Describe the relationship of this acquisition to adjacent lands and how the uses would be
    complementary
   Describe how the use of the property would benefit the public

Examples:

  One that shows a commitment of time and/or cash match to the project
  Partners who have a vested interest in the ecosystem of the region
  Partners who will utilize and/or benefit from the property
  Show how the public will benefit from the use of the parcel
  Describe the specific contractual arrangements of the partners
  Letters of support showing exact amount of cash commitment for the acquisition or for the
   development of the property
 Letters of support describing the financial commitment to the operation and/or maintenance of a
   facility following development
____________________________________________________________________________________




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       Selection Criteria: DCNR Recreation and Conservation Priorities

       Tips:

   Include documentation (Natural Areas Inventory, PNDI sites, watershed area, etc.)
   Check with county planners about their priorities
   Contact potential partners (land trusts, watershed groups etc.)
   Identify plans that property is listed (local open space, county open space, regional, or national plans)
   Identify the geography of the property and area
   Locate sources of information on internet
   Does it connect to other greenways

Examples:

   Creating greenways: Property will help link existing trails to other greenways in neighboring municipalities
    and beyond
   Protecting watersheds: Area is located in the Chesapeake Bay watershed
   Protecting endangered species: Property is listed on the Pennsylvania Natural Diversity Inventory
   List what plans property may be included in (just reference the plan-detail will be included in planning
    section)
   Our community has 200 acres of brownfields and this project will revitalize 50 acres into parkland
   T Scout Camp, S County protect high quality R creek; also contains four critical habitat areas, and part of
    largest contiguous forest in southeastern PA
   XYZ Battlefield Park is protecting heritage and cultural land
   Complements other local/regional recreation and conservation initiatives
   Generates economic development
   Environmental education
   Accessibility for disabled (exceeds law requirements)
   Expands an existing park or recreation facility
   Linear connections of trails and parks
   Advances sound land use planning
   Long term conservation of open space
   Considers community and regional land use planning
   Amount of natural habitat protected
   Promotes conservation orientated land development
   Riparian forest buffers preserved
   Riparian forest buffers restored
   Safe recreational opportunities
   Varied recreational opportunities
   Water quality improvement
   Wetlands maintained




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References:
1. Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission: www.dvrpc.org
2. Alliance for the Chesapeake, Inc.: www.acb-online.org
3. PA Resources Council: www.prc.org
4. Rails to Trails Conservancy: www.railstrails.org
5. Growing Greener: www.GrowingGreener.org
6. Pennsylvania Natural Diversity Inventory, DCNR's Bureau of Forestry: www.state.pa.us.
7. Montgomery County Natural Areas Inventory Summary, Montgomery County Planning
   Commission
8. Creating An Open Space Legacy, Montgomery County Open Space Plan 1996, Montgomery
   County Planning Commission.
9. Montgomery County Trail Plan 1996. Montgomery County Planning Commission.
10. Bucks County Park and Recreation Plan Update 1998, Bucks County Planning Commission.
11. Bucks County Natural Resources Plan 1999, Bucks County Planning Commission.
12. Delaware River Basin Commission: www.state.nj.us/drbc/
13. Growing Smarter: Land Use in PA: www.landuseinpa.com
14. PA Organization for Watersheds and Rivers: www.pawatersheds.org
15. PA Farmland Preservation Association: Agland@acc.pa.net
16. Natural Lands Trust: www.natlands.org
17. PA Environmental Council: www.pecpa.org
18. PA Land Trust Association: Palta@earthlink.net
19. PA Urban & Community Forestry Council: http://4trees.cas.psu.edu
20. PA Audubon Society: Cdunn@audbon.org
21.Preservation Pennsylvania: www.preservationpa.org
22. Wildlands Conservancy: Dcollins@wildlandspa.org

_______________________________________________________
Selection Criteria: Planning

Tips:

   Reference local, county, regional, watershed state, federal plans that recommend the project.
   Provide the title, author and date of the plan(s) referenced.
   Refer to comprehensive, park, recreation, conservation, open space plans at the local, county, regional
    levels.
   Refer to other plans that may help your project (water authority, crime reduction, education, health
    improvement, flood impact reduction, etc.).
   Ensure the plan referenced is timely.
   Plans older than 5 to 10 years old may not be valid.
   Consult your local, county, regional planning departments/commissions.
   Note the level of priority assigned to the project in the recommending plan(s) in the application.
   Note and emphasize consistency among multiple plans that recommend the project.
   Prepare your plans for the acquisition – Note how you have thought through: cash flow timing, second
    appraisal, survey, environmental impact, maintenance, closing costs, legal fees, timing of the acquisition,
    rolls of partners and project partner(s) time lines, public involvement, etc.
   Choose the site for the project because it has the physical/environmental requirements for the intended use.
   Reference plans that show the site is part of a larger scale greenway, trail, heritage, river conservation,
    habitat conservation effort.
   Credible plans reference substantial public outreach and involvement in the planning process.
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   Relate the plan(s) referenced to the project.

Examples:

   Valid survey results
   Study recommendations
   Research findings
   Case studies
   Marketing data
   Trend analysis
   Census data
   User counts and attendance rates
   Citizen outreach efforts and participation
   Reference to planning documents (local, county, regional, watershed, state, federal, etc.)
   Consideration of the carrying capacity of the project site in relation to the intended use(s)
   National governing bodies
   Sporting goods manufacturers
   Open space plans (regional, county, municipal)
   National associations (National Recreation & Park Association, Little League Inc, American Youth Soccer
    Organization, etc.)
   Site is noted as a critical bird habitat in “A guide to Critical Bird Habitat in Pennsylvania” compiled by
    George J. Crossley
   PA Department of Community and Economic Development “Land Use Planning” recommendations apply
    on the project site
   Site is listed in your county’s “Natural Areas Inventory”
   Site is listed in the PA Natural Diversity Inventory (PNDI) Registry maintained by the DCNR Bureau of
    Forestry
   Reference to municipal and county comprehensive plans
   The PA Recreation Plan 1990 Regional Appendix for Southeast PA notes “… the most needed recreation
    facility is the provision for more bicycle paths.” This acquisition is intended to provide property for a
    critical link to implement the regional, county trail plan (1996) and municipal bike network plan.
   The proposed acquisition site is located adjacent to Pennsylvania Important Bird Area Site #66 (XYZ
    Swamp), and contains similar wetland habitat types. American Bitterns, a species recommended as a PA
    breeding bird of special concern, have been reported on the site (A Guide to Critical Bird Habitat in
    Pennsylvania, Crossley, April 1999).
   The current “Xxxxx County Comprehensive Plan Summary” notes, “ Natural resources are important to the
    sustained economic vitality and the quality of life of the county”.
   The Xxxxxx County Natural Resources Plan (March 1999) recommends a policy to “preserve and manage
    the wetlands of Xxxxxx County”.
   This site was listed as one of the counties wetlands with ten acres or greater, and is located in a ground
    water protection area designated by the UVW River Basin Commission.
   This site is listed in the County Natural Areas Inventory of Xxxxxx County PA (June 1999) as a number
    one priority site for preservation. (Copy of map attached) The plan notes the site “…provide(s) habitat for
    91 bird species, including 14 rare breeders”.
   This site is listed on a map in Creating an Open Space Legacy, Xxxxx County Open Space Plan 1996 as in a
    recommended greenway by the county and the nine county regional planning commission (1995).
   The project site contributes to providing a vista listed as one of the top five to be protected in the Xxxxxx
    County Vista Protection plan (1992).


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   The Yyyyyy Township police chief, in his “Yyyyyyy Township Annual Crime Statistics Report” (2000),
    noted the adjoining neighborhood is one of the top three locations in the township in which teens arrested
    for misdemeanor crimes reside. The report notes most teen crime takes place between 3:00 PM and 6:00
    PM . Upon the acquisition of this property the local police chief, in cooperation with the local civic
    association, has pledged 100 man-hours and $450.00 to utilize the site to develop and provide recreational
    teen programming between 3:00 PM and 6:00 PM as a alternative to the negative behavior. This site is the
    closest available to the target neighborhood to provide such a program. The next closest park location to
    provide such a program is more than a 30 minute walk from this neighborhood.
   The ABC Borough anticipates closing on the property in the fall of next year, and has set aside $100,000 to
    assist the acquisition expenses. The ABC Borough has earmarked $5,000 per year for maintenance
    expenses of the site in their five-year budgeting plan. The ABC Borough five-year budget plan also allows
    for the hiring of a full-time staff person to maintain this site once acquired.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
Selection Criteria: Site Compatibility/Environmental Impact

Tips:

   Provide information on the site-Describe natural and man-made attributes of the site and surroundings:
    Acreage, topography(flat, level, steep), cleared or wooded, streams, wetlands, floodplain or zone, scenic
    area or viewsheds, unique or important flora or fauna, adequacy of access to and within the site, structures if
    any.
   Describe why the site being proposed is suitable for the use contemplated: Expands an existing park or
    recreation facility, location meets the need of a particular service area, linear connection to trails or parks,
    natural area to be used for environmental education, site will accommodate future development while
    meeting at least minimum facility space requirements and orientation standards, will remain open space
    because site contains areas or habitat that needs protection.
   Describe all environmental intrusions on the site and their impact: Dumps, junkyard, mines, quarries, utility
    lines, drainage.
   Describe how any proposed future use of the site will have on: Drainage, water resources, wetlands,
    agricultural lands, topography, required grading, clearing of trees.
   Are you purchasing the land solely for open space and leaving it as a natural area or are you thinking of
    developing it into an active recreation area?
   Will natural areas be protected or preserved? Will the site be used for environmental education?
   Have you conducted a search for parcels of land that have the potential to be developed as recreation areas?
   Some sites should not be considered due to things such as limited road access, steep slopes, the owner’s
    unwillingness to sell, or possibly the site is not near the area you wish to serve.
   Does the site allow you to have future efficient development?
   Would grading or other costs be excessive on this site?
   Will future development be consistent with site capabilities?
   Is the site large enough for the construction of a variety of recreation facilities that will meet minimum
    space requirements and orientation standards without crowding or compromising standards?
   Please think before you say this is the only site available. Maybe what you would like to see the site
    developed into would be better suited somewhere else. Better sites can be found and should be found in
    such cases.

Examples:

   Given the gently sloping site topography, a minimal amount of grading will be required to build any proposed
    park improvements.
   Site drainage would not be adversely affected by the future construction of a park.
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   The 35-acre ABC tract is large enough to allow for construction of a variety of recreation facilities that will
    meet minimum space requirements and orientation standards.
   The acquisition of the ABC property is essential, as it is a natural area with significant river frontage, riparian
    forest buffer, and historic ruins. This area must be preserved as a passive recreation park.
   There are no environmental intrusions on the site, and as the proposed future use of the property is passive
    recreation; there will be no negative impacts on the site.
   Prior to selecting the proposed park site, ABC Township conducted a search for parcels of land that had the
    potential to be developed as recreation areas. This search evaluated six different properties. Five of the parcels
    were eliminated as possible park sites due to limited road access, steep slopes, and the fact that these tracts were
    not in a central location within the township.
   This site was chosen because it was ideally located, did not have significant site limitations, and possessed
    attractive wetlands. These features allow the proposed park site to be used for educational purposes as well as
    active and passive recreation activities.
   Several reasons why the ABC tract was viewed favorably as a park land acquisition project were: location, size,
    natural features, man-made attributes, environmental impacts, safety, and convenient access (a description of
    each follows).


                                            DEVELOPMENT
Selection Criteria: Needs and Benefits

Tips:

   Include both needs and benefits
   Need that existed before project
   Benefits that come as a result of the project

Examples:

   Study recommendations
   Research findings ( NRPA, NCAA, CPSC, ASTM)
   Citizen outreach efforts and participation
   Referencing a plan, but don’t go into detail about the plan because the information falls under another
    category
   The project service area floods; this project will help reduce flooding
   The project service area has high crime rate; this project will reduce the crime rate
   The project area has poor water quality; this project will help improve the water quality
   The project service area has 6000 children but no playground ; this project will provide two playgrounds
   The project service area has 500 children asking for a place to skateboard; this project will provide a
    skatepark
   Our community has 200 acres of brownfields; this project will revitalize 50 acres into parkland
   Compliments other local/regional recreation and conservation initiatives
   Generates economic development
   Environmental education
   Accessibility for disabled (exceeds law requirements)
   Expands an existing park or recreation facility
   Linear connections of trails and parks
   Advances sound land use planning
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 Long term conservation of open space
 Considers community and regional use planning
 Lower operation and maintenance cost
 Amount of natural habitat protected
 Promotes conservation oriented land development
 Riparian forest buffers preserved
 Riparian forest buffers restored
 Safe recreational opportunities
 Varied recreational opportunities
 Water quality improvement
 Wetlands maintained
 Compliments other community building
______________________________________________________________________________
Selection Criteria: Partnerships/Intergovernmental Cooperation

Tips:

   Any involvement with council of governments
   Any municipal/school cooperation
   Regional recreation commission or recreation authority involvement
   Cite articles and reports demonstrating partnerships and/or cooperative efforts
   Reference past efforts to work with other individuals and groups
   Does the project include more than one municipality
   Public/private venture

Examples:

  Study recommendations
  Research findings ( NRPA, government associations, colleges and universities)
  Citizen outreach efforts
  Examples of actual agreements or contracts with individuals and groups
  Talk about other efforts to bring people together to accomplish a goal
  The COG in our area helps promote cooperation
  Our united way works with us to promote partnerships
  Enclosed are letters from the BCD Foundation and the W Area School District pledging money to develop
   the park
 Enclosed is an agreement with the W Area School District to maintain the tennis courts
______________________________________________________________________________
Selection Criteria: DCNR Recreation and Conservation Priorities

Tips:

   Quantify if at all possible the instances that you intend to use smart growth, good land use, green
    construction, etc.

Examples:

   Study recommendations
                                                        14
   Research findings (NRPA, conservation books and periodicals, colleges and universities)
   Citizen outreach efforts and participation
   The boy scouts will be planting trees along the stream
   We have three bird watching events planned for the coming year
   The elected officials will be adopting planning and zoning ordinances to protect floodplains and wetlands
   Our facility will be built with certified lumber from Pa. forests furthering green construction

References:

1. Chesapeake Bay Initiative- http://www.chesapeakebay.net
2. Green Construction/Technology- http://www.usgbc.org
3. Important Bird Areas- http://www.audubon.org
4. Sound Land Use- http://www.inventpa.com
5. Maintain Biodiversity/PA Natural Diversity Inventory- http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us
6. Restore Riparian Areas (Stream Relief)- http://www.dep.state.pa.us
7. Conserve River Corridors- http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us
8. Protect Floodplains and Wetlands- http://www.fema.gov
9. Enhance Natural and Cultural Heritage Conservation- http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us
10. Create Greenways- http://www.natlands.org/
11. Contact Western PA Conservancy to review your County Natural Heritage Inventory-
    http://www.paconserve.org
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Selection Criteria: Planning

Tips:
   Have you completed a municipal/organization comprehensive plan? If so, when?
   Has the community been surveyed using a random survey instrument/questionnaire?
   Is this project part of a master site plan ? If so, have you included an extract from the plan?
   Is the project consistent with a local and/or county comprehensive plan? Have you included an excerpt?
   Have you considered all costs (maintenance, repair, and upkeep)?
   Have you considered compliance with the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) and safety surfaces
    under the play equipment?
   Has the solar orientation of the proposed facilities been considered (north/south for court orientation,
    northeast for ballfields)?
   Does the project include necessary amenities?
   Has both short term and long term maintenance of the project been considered?

Examples:

  The soccer field is oriented north/south for optimal use of the facility.
  Generally for every 25 parking spaces, one handicap space is provided.
  Creation of this playground was listed in GHI’s master site plan completed in May 2000. An extract
   identifying this need is enclosed.
 This ballfield was the number one need recommended in GHI survey, completed in May 2000.
 A maintenance fund has been established to cover current and future upkeep costs.
 A scheduled playground safety audit has been incorporated in our routine maintenance schedule.
 Creation of this new little league ballfield will meet the need identified in the LMN County Comprehensive
   Plan, completed in 2001. An extract identifying this need is enclosed.
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Selection Criteria: Site Compatibility/Environmental Impact
Tips:

   Applicants should provide commentary about the site, describing both the natural and man-made attributes
    of the site and its surroundings and provide commentary about why the site being proposed is suitable for
    the use contemplated.
   Indicate whether the site contains environmentally sensitive areas such as floodplains, wetlands,
    watercourses and riparian areas, ridgetops, steep slopes that the proposed project would impact.
   Indicate whether the site contains woodlands, meadows, important habitat, and other natural areas that may
    need protection.
   Indicate that there will be no impact on archaeological sites, historical areas, culturally significant areas.
   Indicate that no large vegetation or old-growth forests will be removed or that construction equipment,
    material or debris will be allowed to constitute a hazard or nuisance.
   Benefits that can result from good site compatibility and no environmental impact include environmental
    education opportunities, safe recreational opportunities, wetland maintenance, preservation of forest and
    riparian buffers, sound land use planning and protection of natural habitat.

Examples:

   Buffer areas (for visual, noise, safety, critical-habitat protection)
   Perimeter areas that do not affect play (e.g. foul ball impact area, passive area)
   Areas that provide access for emergency and maintenance equipment, and areas that do not have intrusions
    such as overhead wires, utility corridors, landfills, etc.




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