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					                                                             Emission Factors for Fuel Combustion



Fuel Type                                                         CO2            CH4         CH₄ (CO₂e)             N 2O
Natural Gas - Producer Consumption                               2,151           6.5             136.5              0.06
Natural Gas – Industrial Consumption¹                            1,916          0.037            0.777             0.033
Natural Gas – Pipelines                                          1,916           1.9             39.9               0.05
Natural Gas – Vehicles at STP                                    1,890            9               189              0.06
Natural Gas – Vehicles, Compressed²                              2,723            13              272              0.086
Gasoline – On Road Vehicles³                                     2,289           0.12             2.52             0.16
Gasoline – Off-Road                                              2,289           2.7              56.7             0.05
Gasoline – Boats                                                 2,289           1.3              27.3             0.066
Diesel – Industrial Consumption                                  2,663          0.133            2.793              0.4
Diesel – On Road Vehicles³                                       2,663           0.12             2.52             0.082
Diesel – Off-Road Vehicles                                       2,663           0.15             3.15              1.1
Diesel – Train                                                   2,663           0.15             3.15              1.1
Diesel – Ships (including MGO)                                   2,663           0.15             3.15              1.1
Light Fuel Oil – Ships                                           2,725           0.26             5.46             0.073
Light Fuel Oil – Industrial4                                     2,725          0.006            0.126             0.031
Heavy Fuel Oil – Ships                                           3,124           0.28             5.88             0.079
Heavy Fuel Oil – Industrial4                                     3,124           0.12            2.52              0.064
Aviation Gasoline                                                2,342           2.2             46.2              0.23
Aviation Turbo Fuel                                              2,534           0.08            1.68              0.23
Kerosene4                                                        2,534          0.006            0.126             0.031
                                      4
Coal – Canadian Bituminous                                       2,070           0.03            0.63               0.02
                             4
Coal – Sub-Bituminous                                            1,770           0.03            0.63               0.02
                                  4
Coal – Foreign Bituminous                                        2,430           0.03            0.63              0.02
Coal Coke                                                        2,480           0.03            0.63              0.02
Petroleum Coke – Upgrading Facilities                            3,494           0.12            2.52             0.0231
Petroleum coke – Refineries and Others                           3,826           0.12            2.52             0.0265
Propane – Residential5                                           1,510          0.027            0.567             0.108
Propane Vehicles                                                 1,510           0.64            13.44             0.028
Butane                                                           1,730          0.024            0.504             0.108
Ethane                                                            976              0               0                  0
Coke Oven Gas                                                    1,600          0.037            0.777             0.035
Still Gas – Upgrading Facilities                                 2,140             0               0             0.000022
Still Gas – Refineries and Others                                1,750            0               0              0.000022
Wood Waste                                                        950            0.05            1.05               0.02
Spent Pulping Liquor (i.e. Black Liquor)                         1,428           0.05            1.05               0.02
¹ Emission factors are applicable to manufacturing and other industry and vary slightly for other sectors – including electric utilities, construction, commer
² Density of natural gas is 0.694 kg/m3 at STP
³ Emission factor varies slightly for different vehicle types and technologies – refer to the national inventory report for specific values
4
    Emission factor for industrial use. Emission factors for other uses may vary slightly – refer to the national inventory report for these values.
5
    Emission factor varies slightly for other uses of propane – refer to national inventory report for these values
                 N2O (CO₂e)         Total CO₂e           Units
                                                                 3
                     18.6               2,306             g/m
                    10.23               1,927             g/m3
                     15.5               1,971             g/m3
                    18.6                2,098             g/m3
                    26.8                3,023             g/kg
                    49.6                2,341              g/L
                    15.5                2,361              g/L
                    20.46               2,337              g/L
                     124                2,790              g/L
                    25.42               2,691              g/L
                     341                3,007              g/L
                     341                3,007              g/L
                     341                3,007              g/L
                    22.63               2,753              g/L
                    9.61                2,735              g/L
                    24.49               3,154              g/L
                    19.84               3,146              g/L
                    71.3                2,460              g/L
                    71.3                2,607              g/L
                     9.61               2,544             g/kg
                      6.2               2,077             g/kg
                      6.2               1,777             g/kg
                     6.2                2,437             g/kg
                     6.2                2,487              g/L
                    7.161               3,504              g/L
                    8.215               3,837              g/L
                    33.48               1,544              g/L
                    8.68                1,532              g/L
                    33.48               1,764              g/L
                       0                 976              g/m3
                                                                 3
                    10.85               1,612             g/m
                   0.00682              2,140             g/m3
                   0.00682              1,750             g/m3
                      6.2                957              g/kg
                      6.2               1,435             g/kg
uding electric utilities, construction, commercial/institutional, residential and agriculture. Refer to the national inventory report for other sectors


eport for specific values
ventory report for these values.
                                                     Emission Factors for Industrial Processes



              Industrial Process²                                               Activity                                        Emission
                                                                                                                      CO2
                                                     Underground Coal Production                                            0
Coal Mining                                          Surface Coal Production                                                0
                                                     Glass production, non-ferrous metal production,
                                                     pulp and paper mills, other chemical uses
Limestone Use                                                                                                            418
Soda Ash Use                                         Glass manufacturing                                                 415
Cement Production                                    Limestone calcination                                               507
                                                     Limestone calcination (high calcium lime)                           751
Lime Production                                      Limestone calcination (dolomitic lime)                              889
                                                     Electrolysis - Side-worked pre-baked                              1,600
                                                     Electrolysis - Centre-worked pre-baked                            1,600
                                                     Electrolysis - Horizontal stud Søderberg                          1,700
Primary Aluminium¹                                   Electrolysis - Vertical Stud Søderberg                            1,700
¹ Emission factors are average factors and are not used for developing emission estimates for recent years
² Refer to the national inventory report for emission factors pertaining to “other and undifferentiated production”
      Emission Factors                            Unit
CH4       CF4        C2F6       Total CO2 e
   4.1          0           0          86.1      kg/tonne coal
  0.58          0           0          12.2      kg/tonne coal



      0         0         0             418      kg/tonne feed
      0         0         0             415      kg/tonne feed
      0         0         0             507   kg/tonne product
      0         0         0             751   kg/tonne product
      0         0         0             889   kg/tonne product
      0       1.6       0.4          15,680   kg/tonne product
      0       0.4      0.04           4,568   kg/tonne product
      0      0.04      0.03           2,236   kg/tonne product
      0       0.8      0.04           7,268   kg/tonne product
                                                     Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in B.C.



                                              Year     1990          1995            2000     2001   2002
Category                                                                                      Electricity Generation (GWh)
Refined Petroleum Products                                 100            30       50         60           70
Natural Gas                                              1 260         4 670    3 890      5 390        2 210
Hydro                                                   46 400        38 900   50 800    41 500       49 600
Total                                                   47 800        43 600   54 700    47 000       51 900
                                                                           Greenhouse Gas Intensity (tonnes GHG per GWh electricit
CO2 Intensity (tonnes/GWh)                                   17           51       33         50           13
CH4 Intensity (tonnes/GWh)                                0.004         0.01    0.008       0.01        0.003
N2O Intensity (tonnes/GWh)                                0.001        0.001    0.001      0.001      0.0004
Overall Intensity (tonnes CO2e/GWh)                        17.4          51.5          33.5       50.5          13.2
Source: Environment Canada's National Inventory Report: Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada, 1990-2007
Note: "GWh" means a gigawatt-hour, equivalent to one million kilowatt-hours or kWh
eration in B.C.



               2003       2004      2005     2006      2007
ctricity Generation (GWh)
                     70        60        30       40        50
                  2 380     2 940     3 010    2 690     2 950
                47 000     45 000    50 300   44 500    54 700
                49 500     48 000    53 400   47 200    57 700
ty (tonnes GHG per GWh electricity produced)
                     14        17        16       18         17
                 0.004      0.004     0.004    0.004      0.002
                0.0004     0.0005    0.0004   0.0005   0.00014
                14.2       17.2      16.2      18.2       17.1

				
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