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									The recent WCO agenda and
the Framework of Standards

          GFP meeting
     20 September 2005, Geneva


         Kunio Mikuriya
    Deputy Secretary General
World Customs Organization (WCO)   1
          The recent WCO agenda
   Security and facilitation of supply chain
    • WCO Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate
    Global Trade (the Framework)

   WTO negotiations on trade facilitation

   Capacity building

   Combat against counterfeiting


                                                            2
          Framework of Standards
   Adoption at the Council in June 2005
    • Framework
    • Letter of Intent to implement the Framework

   Letter of Intent
    • 95 written letters received, as of August 31
    • EU and its 25 member states expressed their intention
      to join in the near future

   Implementation of the Framework
    • Self-assessment checklist sent to 95 administrations
      to assess their CB needs
                                                             3
                          Introduction
   Secure & facilitate trade, improve customs operations
   Modern customs principles
    • Risk management, technology, partnership etc.
    • Inclusive of the existing WCO instruments, incl. Revised
      Kyoto, improved to address security and facilitation

   Avoid unnecessary burden
    • Different sets of requirements
    • Duplication with other agencies’ requirements
 Modernize customs and prepare for the 21st Century
       Security and facilitation as two sides of the same coin –
        efficient & effective customs                               4
                Four core elements
   Use of harmonized, advance electronic
    information to identify high-risk cargo
    • Inbound, outbound, transit
   Consistent risk management
    • Security threats
   Inspection on outbound cargo, using non-
    intrusive detection technology
    • At the reasonable request of receiving nation
    • Comparable risk targeting methodology
   Benefit of facilitation for legitimate trade
                                                      5
                          Benefits

   Nation/governments
    • Security and facilitation – economic growth & development
    • Improve revenue collection, proper application of national
      laws and regulations
    • Economic & social protection, support foreign investment

   Customs
    • Exchange of timely and accurate information
    • Improve control, better allocation of resources
    • Customs reform

   Business
    • Secure, facilitate and promote international trade
                                                            6
    • Authorized Economic Operators
                        Two pillars
   Customs-to-customs network arrangements
    • 11 standards
    • Encourage cooperation among Customs administrations
      on the basis of common and accepted standards
    • Use of advance electronic information to identify high-
      risk cargo
   Customs-to-business partnership
    • 6 standards
    • Establish partnership
    • Identify business with a high degree of security
      guarantee as “Authorized Economic Operator” (AEO)
    • Tangible benefits to AEO
        Quicker movement of low-risk cargo, uniformity and
                                                              7
         predictability, etc.
         Enhanced risk management
   Shift from 100% physical inspection to intelligence-
    based selective approach
   Advance data – pre-arrival risk assessment
    • Reduction in clearance time
    • Time Release Study
   A consistent risk management
    • WCO Global Information and Intelligence Strategy
   Harmonize advance electronic information (security)
    • Contained in the Customs Data Model


                                                         8
                Customs Data Model
   A maximum framework of standard datasets /
    electronic message formats for border procedures
   B2B, B2G, G2G exchange of information
 UN/EDIFACT – interoperable with trade/transport
 Current work for regular update
    • Information requirements of other agencies
    • Single Window

 Unique Consignment Reference (UCR)
    • Bring together information to monitor and facilitate trade
    • Electronic staple – access key to tracking, audit,       9
      reconciliation
Implementation of the Framework
   Phased approach
        In accordance with each administration’s capacity
        and legislative authority
   A holistic approach
       Political will and integrity

   Involve other border agencies – integrated
    border management and control
   WCO Capacity Building
       Replies to checklists
       Donor meeting – 3 Oct.
       High-Level Strategic Group – 10,11 Oct.              10
                   WTO proposals
   Art V (transit) – simplified, transparent transit
   Art VIII (fees and formalities) – risk management,
    automation, electronic submission, single window,
    border agency coordination, clearance time etc.
   Art X (publication and appeal) – website, advance
    rulings, consultation, appeal procedures etc.
   Customs-related proposals are basically covered by
    Revised Kyoto Convention
    • WCO instruments included in some proposals

 WTO agenda: an opportunity for customs/business
     Political attention                               11

     Support implementation of RKC, Framework
                  Capacity Building
   A comprehensive approach based on inte’l standards

   WCO’s role
    • Assist members in ownership for modernization
    • Intervention at early stage (diagnostic, program planning)
      and evaluation stage
    • Enhance political awareness and coordination
    • Diagnostic tools and developing a pool of experts
    • Regional approach
    • Research, partnership with universities

   Establishment of WCO Capacity Building Directorate

                                                             12
                   Counterfeiting
   G8 statement (June 2005)
    • Enforcement of IPR protection
    • WCO, Interpol to play an active role

   WCO activities
    • Awareness raising for political support
    • Model legislation and other tools to assist customs in
      enhancing enforcement

   Way forward
    • IPR Task Force on 26, 27 October to formulate a strategy
    • Customs legal authority
    • Capacity building                                    13

								
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