Animal Farm - DOC by 2510O6T


									                                              Animal Farm

#1 Reflect on the quotation below. Do you agree/disagree? Write a one-page reflection on
the nature of power and how and why it might corrupt the minds of men and women? In
which contexts can power be defined and understood? Be sure to type!

“Power corrupts; absolute power corrupts absolutely.”
-Lord Acton (John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton, first Baron Acton (1834–1902). He was a historian and
moralist, who was simply known as Lord Acton).

#2 Reflect on the following quotations about a utopian world. Choose one and write a .5
to 1 page reflection on the notion communicated and how this fits in with your view and
an ideal world. Do you think it is possible to reach a utopian society?

       In the next few years the struggle will not be between utopia and reality, but between different
        utopias, each trying to impose itself on reality ... we can no longer hope to save everything, but ...
        we can at least try to save lives, so that some kind of future, if perhaps not the ideal one, will
        remain possible. (ALBERT CAMUS, Between Hell and Reason)
       Nearly all creators of Utopia have resembled the man who has toothache, and therefore thinks
        happiness consists in not having toothache.... Whoever tries to imagine perfection simply reveals
        his own emptiness. (GEORGE ORWELL, Why Socialists Don't Believe in Fun)
       All paradises, all utopias are designed by who is not there, by the people who are not allowed in.
        (TONI MORRISON, Online NewsHour interview, Mar. 9, 1998)
       I can imagine no man who will look with more horror on the End than a conscientious revolution-
        ary who has, in a sense sincerely, been justifying cruelties and injustices inflicted on millions of
        his contemporaries by the benefits which he hopes to confer on future generations: generations
        who, as one terrible moment now reveals to him, were never going to exist. Then he will see the
        massacres, the faked trials, the deportations, to be all ineffaceably real, an essential part, his part,
        in the drama that has just ended: while the future Utopia had never been anything but a fantasy.
        (C.S. LEWIS, The World's Last Nigh)t
       A map of the world that does not include Utopia is not worth even glancing at, for it leaves out the
        one country at which Humanity is always landing. (OSCAR WILDE, The Soul of Man Under
       In Utopia, where every man has a right to everything, they all know that if care is taken to keep the
        public stores full, no private man can want anything; for among them there is no unequal
        distribution, so that no man is poor, none in necessity; and though no man has anything, yet they
        are all rich; for what can make a man so rich as to lead a serene and cheerful life, free from
        anxieties. (THOMAS MORE, Utopia)
       Utopia is that which is in contradiction with reality. (ALBERT CAMUS, Between Hell and
       The history of any nation follows an undulatory course. In the trough of the wave we find more or
        less complete anarchy; but the crest is not more or less complete Utopia, but only, at best, a
        tolerably humane, partially free and fairly just society that invariably carries within itself the seeds
        of its own decadence. (ALDOUS HUXLEY, Grey Eminence)
       Human beings will be happier — not when they cure cancer or get to Mars or eliminate racial
        prejudice or flush Lake Erie — but when they find ways to inhabit primitive communities again.
        That’s my utopia. (KURT VONNEGUT, JR.)
Pre-reading Questions:
    1. After the Communists took control of the government, what leader died? There followed a power
        struggle between two men, thereafter. Who were they and why?
    2. Who won the struggle and what happened to the loser?
    3. How did Orwell’s being called a “charity case” at his private school in England influence Orwell’s
    4. What was Orwell’s purpose in writing Animal Farm?
    5. Why was it hard for Orwell to get Animal Farm published?

Read chapter one. Respond to the following. You must type as well. Be sure to
include the class period.
    1.  Who owns Manor Farm?
    2.  Who is Old Major?
    3.  Why does Old Major assemble the animals?
    4.  Describe life on the farm for the animals? How is type of life similar to that led by farm laborers
        who work on someone else’s land?
    5. To what does Old Major point to show that there are opportunities for the animals to run the farm
        on their own?
    6. List the ideals outlined by Old Major that should prevail after the rebellion.
    7. Reread “Beasts of England”. Which things do the animals want to vanish? Which things do they
        see as an important part of the utopia to come?
    8. What broke up the meeting?
    9. What political idea in Russian history does Old Major represent? What about Jones?
    10. Translate Old Major’s speech into human terms. If Lenin had been speaking to a gathering of
        human farm workers, what would he have said?

The Internationale
    1.   What does the song ask of the “wretched of the earth?”
    2.   Find three examples of hyperbole.
    3.   What rhetorical and propagandist devices are used to call the workers to action? Use the link to
         help you. Find two examples from the list.


                 Name Calling Device
                 The Glittering Generalities Device
                 The Transfer Device
                 The Testimonial Device
                 The Plain Folks Device
                 The Card Stacking Device
                 The Band Wagon Device
                 The Missing Information Device

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