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Timeline of Tanzania Date 1498 1503 1506 1698-1701 1699 1840 1858 Feb 13 1863 Feb 15 1870-1888 1871 Nov 10 1873 May 1 1873 Jun 5 1882 1883 1884 1886 1896 1887-1891 1901 1904 1905 - 1906 1907 1911 1913 1916 1919 1929 1946 1946-1961 1954 1960 1960 1961 1961 1962 1963 1963 Jun 24 1964 1964 Jan 12 1964 Feb 23 1964 Apr 22 1965 Feb 26 1967 1967-1977 1967 1968 1977 1978 1978 Oct 30 1978 Nov 1 1979 Apr 11 1979 1979 1985 1985 1992 1993 1993 1993 1994 Apr 29 1995 1995 1995 Nov 1996 Jan 25 1996 May 21 1996 Aug 1996 Dec 14 1997 Jan 1997 Mar 22 1998 Apr 13 1998 May 15 1998 Jun 27 1998 Aug 7 1998 Aug 8 1998 Sep 21 1998 Sep 23 1998 Oct 24 1998 Nov 11 1998 Dec 16 1998 1999 Jan 19 1999 Mar 30 1999 Sep 1 1999 Oct 14 1999 Nov 22 1999 Dec 6 2000 2000 Feb 21 2000 Oct 5 2000 Oct 29 2000 Nov 6 2000 Nov 8 2000 Nov 22 2001 Jan 2001 Jan 3 2001 Jan 15 2001 26 January 2001 27-28 January 2001 Jan 28 2001 Jan 29 2001 March 2001 April 2001 Jun 15 2001 22 July 2001 November 2001 December 2002 June 2002 Jun 20 2002 Jun 24 2002 Jul 5 2002 August 2002 Nov 17 2003 Mar 3 2003 Jul 7 Event Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama visits Tanzanian coast. Zanzibar became a Portuguese colony. Portuguese succeed in controlling most of the East African coast. The Portuguese built the Old Fort in Stone Town on Zanzibar to defend against the sultan of Oman. Portuguese ousted from Zanzibar by Omani Arabs. Zanzibar became the capital of Oman and the sultan ruled from Stone Town. Sir Richard Burton and John Speake explored Lake Tanganyika, Africa. Samuel and Florence Baker encountered John Speke and James Grant at the frontier village of Gondokoro (southern Sudan). Missionaries settled in Zanzibar following a call by David Livingstone for volunteers to fight the slave trade and help spread Christianity across Africa. Journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley found missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone in Central Africa at Ujiji near Unyanyembe on Lake Tanganyika. Stanley delivered his famous greeting: "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" Livingstone replied: "Yes, and I feel thankful that I am here to welcome you." The two explored Lake Tanganyika, but did not find the source of the Nile. When Stanley left on March 14, 1872, he begged the doctor to return to England with him, but Livingstone refused. He died in May 1873. Stanley returned to Africa a year later, the first of May 1, David Livingstone (60), British physician, explorer (Africa), died in Chitambo, Zambia. His body passed through Zanziba Sultan Bargash closed the slave market of Zanzibar. Missionaries bought the site and began building an Anglican In Zanzibar the Maruhubi Palace was built for the Omani Sultan Barghash. It burned down in 1899. In Zanzibar the Beit-el-Ajaib, House of Wonders, was built in Stone Town by an Omani sultan. German Colonisation Society begins to acquire territory on the mainland. Britain and Germany sign an agreement allowing the Germans to set up a sphere of influence over mainland Tanzania, except A renegade cousin of the deceased sultan attempted to wrest power from British colonialist and the Zanzibar House of Wonders was bombed by the British. German colonial administrators made Bagamoyo, Tanzania, their capital. Britain and Germany agreed on a boundary between German East Africa [later Tanganyika, Rwanda and Burundi] and Nyasala Market Hall was built in Zanzibar City. Indigenous Maji Maji revolt suppressed by German troops. The British forced the abolition of slavery on the new Sultan of Zanzibar. The British took over the Zanzibar House of Wonders for government offices. The German Tendaguru expedition to East Africa (later Tanzania) yielded a huge collection of dinosaur bones from the late Jur British, Belgian and South African troops occupy most of German East Africa. League of Nations gives Britain a mandate over Tanganyika - today's mainland Tanzania. Tanganyika African Association founded United Nations converts British mandate over Tanganyika into a trusteeship. The Tanganyika Territory was a British trusteeship. Julius Nyerere and Oscar Kambona transform the Tanganyika African Association into the Tanganyika African National Union. Archbishop Trevor Huddleston (d.1998 at 84) was made Bishop of Masasi, Tanzania, and spent 8 years there. Jane Goodall began her study of chimpanzees in the Gombe reserve of Tanzania. The British Trust Territory of Tanganyika became independent. It became the mainland part of Tanzania. The first president wa Tanganyika becomes independent with Julius Nyerere as prime minister. Tanganyika becomes a republic with Nyerere as president. Zanzibar becomes independent Zanzibar was granted internal self-government by Britain. Sultanate of Zanzibar overthrown by Afro-Shirazi Party in a violent, left-wing revolution; Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to bec Leftist rebels in Zanzibar, soon joined with Tanganyika to form Tanzania, began their successful revolt against the government. The U.S. and Britain recognized the new Zanzibar government. The islands of Zanzibar and Pemba joined the former British colony of Tanganyika to form the republic of Tanzania. Zanzibar consists of the Pemba and Unguja islands. It has its own president and legislation but also votes in the Tanzanian presidential and National Assembly elections. West Germany ceased military aid to Tanzania. An Indian geologist identified a local gemstone from the Mererani region near Mount Kilimanjaro as a rare form of the mineral z The East African Community of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda established a common shilling that lasted only a decade as cooperation fizzled. Nyerere issues the Arusha Declaration, which calls for egalitarianism, socialism and self-reliance The nation’s founder, Mr. Nyerere coined the economic policy called ujamaa, a Swahili word for togetherness or family. He fuse The Tanganyika African National Union and Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi Party merge to become the Party of the Revolution, which i Ugandans temporarily occupy a piece of Tanzanian territory. Uganda troops attacked Tanzania. Uganda under Idi Amin went on to annex a 700-square-mile section of Tanzania. Pres. Nye Uganda invaded Tanzania Idi Amin was deposed as president of Uganda as rebels and exiles backed by Tanzanian forces seized control. Amin fled into e Two new varieties of cassava root were introduced. They were more resistant to draught and more poisonous in Tanzanian forces invade Uganda, occupying the capital, Kampala, and help to oust President Idi Amin Pres. Nyerere retired and left his chosen successor, Hassan Mwinyi, winner of a one party election, to open the economy. Nyerere retires and is replaced by the president of Zanzibar, Ali Mwinyi. Constitution amended to allow multiparty politics. The government invited Ocelot and TransCanada Pipelines to transport natural gas from the Indian Ocean island of Songo Son In a privatization drive part of the government stake in Safari beer was sold to a South African company. Monique A. Maddy (31) launched her African Communications Group. The plan was to establish a voice-mail only communicat Hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing the terror of ethnic massacres in Rwanda were pouring into Tanzania. The ruling party faced its first big challenge in 30 years. 1999 October Pres. Benjamin William Mkapa took office after being elected president for 5 years in the country’s first multiparty vote. 12,000 Rwandan refugees fleeing army attacks in Burundi allowed to enter. A Tanzanian ferry sank on Lake Victoria and more than 500 passengers, many of whom were students, were killed. Pres. Mka After the Burundi coup of Jul 25, former Tanzanian Pres. Julius Nyerere led East African leaders to impose sanctions on Burun Rwandan refugees who previously refused to return home began re-entering Rwanda after 2 1/2 years in Tanzania. It was reported that the lion population had fallen by about a third in the Serengeti National park due to distemper in dogs that tr The worst draught in 40 years was reported. It was reported that at least 90 miners were feared dead after heavy rains the previous week caused 14 pits to collapse near Ar Three African nations, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, announced plans for an economic, political and social union. It was reported that some 22,000 Indian house crows had been trapped and killed over the past year. They were introduced into Two powerful bombs exploded at the US embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. At least 147 people were A group called the Liberation Arm of the Islamic Sanctuaries claimed responsibility and threatened more attacks. Israeli troops In Dar es Salaam Mustafa Mahmoud Said Ahmen of Egypt and Rashid Saleh Hemed of Tanzania were charged with murder in connection with the bombing of the US Embassy. Transparency Int’l, an int’l. good-government advocacy group, said that Cameroon is viewed as the most corrupt of the 85 coun A shipment of 10,000 books bound for Tanzania and Zanzibar left SF. The shipment was based on a donation by Berkeley Pro It was reported that Pfizer and the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation initiated a $66 million effort to attack trachoma, a disease Federal prosecutors in NYC charged 5 men in the Aug 7 bombing of the American Embassy in Tanzania. Mustafa Mohamed F Rick Ridgeway authored “The Shadow of Kilimanjaro,” an account of his trek from the top of the mountain, through the Tsavo n In Burundi rebels based in Tanzania killed 59 civilians in Makamba. In Muresi Hill 76 civilians were killed. Tanzania arrested a former Rwanda army officer suspected in the killing of 10 Belgian peacekeepers in 1994. The officer was f In Tanzania a charter plane carrying 10 American tourists from Serengeti National Park crashed on Mount Meru. 12 people wer Former Pres. Julius Nyerere (77) died in London from a massive stroke. He was called Mwalimu, the Swahili word for teacher. In Tanzania it was reported that some 500 people per day were fleeing into the country from Burundi as fighting in Burundi intensified In Tanzania a UN court convicted Georges Rutaganda on 3 of 8 charges of genocide against Tutsis committed when he was vi Mkapa elected for a second term, winning 72% of the vote. In Tanzania African presidents and European ministers appealed to Burundi's leaders to negotiate a swift end to the civil war. In Tanzania 18 people died and 39 were injured as a bus swerved to avoid a presidential motorcade and hit a crowd of people. Elections were held. The leader of Zanzibar charged that ballots were kept from opposition strongholds. Police later fired on pro In Zanzibar the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi won 34 of the 50 seats in the House of Representatives. The opposition Civic Uni In Tanzania the National Electoral Commission announced that Pres. Benjamin Mkapa had won the Oct 29 multi-party election In Tanzania the state power company, Tanesco, announced rationing measures with power cuts 8-16 hours per day until March CUP chairman Ibrahim Lipumba charged with unlawful assembly and disturbing the peace In Tanzania 6 armed men attacked a ferry with 50 passengers in Lake Tanganyika and 3 were shot to death including a 3-year- In East Africa the presidents of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda formed a regional partnership, reviving one that collapsed in 1978 Tanzanian police shoot dead two people in Zanzibar while raiding the offices in Zanzibar town of the Civic United Front party At least 31 people are killed and another 100 arrested in Zanzibar in protests against the government's banning of opposition ra Weekend clashes in Zanzibar killed at least 37 people as protesters demanded new elections. Tanzanian police regained control in Zanzibar following weekend street battles that left 40 people dead. The governing party in Tanzania, Chama Cha Mapinduzi, and the main opposition party in Zanzibar, the Civic United Front, agr Tens of thousands of opposition supporters march through the commercial capital, Dar-es-Salaam, in the first major joint demo The US cancelled $16 million of Tanzania’s debt and committed to canceling the remaining $10 million by the end of the year. Huge new gold mine, the Bulyanhulu mine, opens near the northern town of Mwanza, making Tanzania Africa's third largest pro The presidents of Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya launch a regional parliament and court of justice in Arusha. The assembly will Britain approves a controversial deal to sell a British-made military air traffic control system to Tanzania. Critics describe it as a Nearly 300 people are killed in the country's worst train disaster after a passenger train loses power on a hill and rolls into a frei In northern Tanzania more than 30 people may have suffocated deep inside a tanzanite mine in northern Tanzania after an oxy In central Tanzania a passenger train rolled backward into an oncoming freight train, killing at least 288 people. The United States has forgiven all of the remaining $21.3 million in debt owed by the Tanzanian government, the U.S embassy said. Opposition criticises the president for ordering a presidential jet costing $21m (£14m). The World Bank asks President Mkapa f In the Mbeya region of southwestern Tanzania at least 19 prisoners died from suffocation in an overcrowded jail cell. In Tanzania a new U.S. Embassy opened in Dar Es Salaam, replacing the one destroyed 4 ½ years ago when terrorists launch In northwestern Tanzania a bus rolled several times after one of its front tires burst, killing at least 19 people and injuring 23 oth LINKS Africa Index: http://www.africaindex.africainfo.no/pages/Country_pages/Tanzania/ CIA Factbook: http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/tz.html Emulate: http://www.emulateme.com/tanzania.htm GHIE Profile: http://188.8.131.52/HORN/tanzania/tanzania.html Travel Docs: http://www.traveldocs.com/tz/index.htm okoro (southern Sudan). Speke and Grant said they had found the Nile’s headwaters at a lake they named Victoria (Kenya, Tanzania, Ugand y passed through Zanzibar for a funeral in London in Apr 18, 1874. ainland Tanzania, except for a narrow piece of territory along the coast which remained the authority of the sultan of Zanzibar, while Britain e and Burundi] and Nyasaland [later Malawi]. ur bones from the late Jurasic. The collection was taken to the Berlin Museum of Natural History. a African National Union. nia. The first president was Julius Nyerere. He resigned in 1985. nd Zanzibar merge to become Tanzania, with Nyerere as president and the head of the Zanzibar government and leader of the Afro-Shirazi P t against the government. The socialist uprising unseated Sultan Jamshid and was fatal to thousands of Indian and Arabian gentry. rare form of the mineral zoisite. He determined that it turned blue at 400 degrees F. Tiffany & Co. named it “tanzanite.” herness or family. He fused the country’s 120 tribes into a cohesive state. of the Revolution, which is proclaimed as the only legal party. n of Tanzania. Pres. Nyerere sent Tanzanian soldiers and Ugandan exile volunteers to push back Amin's forces. d control. Amin fled into exile in Saudi Arabia. open the economy. cean island of Songo Songo. It was to be completed in 1998. ce-mail only communications system using wireless hardware. By 1998 the operation grew to 1,000 wireless phones and 55 employees with t multiparty vote. ts, were killed. Pres. Mkapa called the sinking a national disaster. The ferry, MV Bukoba with capacity for 441, was traveling from Bukoba to pose sanctions on Burundi and force Buyoya to restore democratic rule. s in Tanzania. o distemper in dogs that transmitted up the food chain. More than 1,000 lions had died over the last 2 years. 14 pits to collapse near Arusha. They were mining for tanzanite, a gem used in jewelry. social union. They were introduced into East Africa in the late 19th century and had become a significant pest. At least 147 people were killed and over 4,800 were injured. 11 of the dead were Americans. In Nairobi at least 53 buildings were damaged. ore attacks. Israeli troops began to arrive to assist in rescue efforts. ost corrupt of the 85 countries rated. Nigeria, Tanzania, Honduras and Paraguay filled out the bottom five. Denmark, Finland and Sweden w donation by Berkeley Prof. Ed Ferguson with help from the Int’l. Longshore and Warehouse Union. tack trachoma, a disease of the eye caused by chlamydia. A one-gram dose of zithromax given once a year would treat the disease. Focus w nia. Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil of Egypt, Khalfan Khamis Mohamed and Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani of Tanzania, and Fahid Mohammed Ally Ms ntain, through the Tsavo national park and to the shores of the Indian Ocean. in 1994. The officer was freed Mar 29 by a UN war crimes tribunal. ount Meru. 12 people were confirmed dead. Swahili word for teacher. ommitted when he was vice president of the Interhamwe death squads in Rwanda in 1994. wift end to the civil war. nd hit a crowd of people. s. Police later fired on protesters and officials agreed to rerun voting in 16 of 50 districts. The opposition Civic United Front took the remaining 16 seats. Oct 29 multi-party elections with 71.7% of the vote. In Zanzibar Amani Karume was declared president. hours per day until March. $61 million in bills were unpaid, mostly from government offices. death including a 3-year-old girl. Male passengers were ordered to jump into the lake and 5 bodies were later recovered. 20 were feared dro one that collapsed in 1978. Civic United Front party s banning of opposition rallies calling for fresh elections; Tanzanian government sends in troop reinforcements. he Civic United Front, agree to form a joint committee to restore calm to the islands, and also to encourage the return of around 2,000 refuge the first major joint demonstration by opposition parties in decades. n by the end of the year. ia Africa's third largest producer of gold. rusha. The assembly will legislate on matters of common interest such as trade and immigration rules. a. Critics describe it as a waste of money which won't help alleviate poverty. n a hill and rolls into a freight train at high speed. ern Tanzania after an oxygen pump failed. k asks President Mkapa for an explanation. owded jail cell. go when terrorists launched attacks. people and injuring 23 others. med Victoria (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda). he sultan of Zanzibar, while Britain enjoys a protectorate over Zanzibar. ment and leader of the Afro-Shirazi Party, Abeid Amani Karume, as vice-president. Indian and Arabian gentry. d it “tanzanite.” eless phones and 55 employees with plans for expansion to Ghana and Sri Lanka. or 441, was traveling from Bukoba to Mwanza. 563 of the 663 aboard were presumed dead. at least 53 buildings were damaged. The adjacent Ufundi Cooperative House was demolished and the 22-story Cooperative Bank House ha e. Denmark, Finland and Sweden were seen as having the cleanest political systems. year would treat the disease. Focus was to be on Ghana, Mali, Morocco, Tanzania and Vietnam. zania, and Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam and Sheik Ahmed Salim Swedan of Kenya. A 6th man, “Ahmed the German,” detonated the explo e later recovered. 20 were feared drowned. 5 gunmen were later arrested age the return of around 2,000 refugees who have fled to Kenya. 22-story Cooperative Bank House had all its windows shattered. ed the German,” detonated the explosive device and was killed.
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