SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND INVOLVEMENT OF THE YOUTH ON SRI LANKAN by WE2lkD

VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 27

									       11th International Conference
      World Assembly of Muslim Youth
                  (WAMY )
      Youth and Social Responsibility




SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND INVOLVEMENT
  OF THE YOUTH ON SRI LANKAN CONTEXT -
       CHALLENGES AND RESPONSES




        BY: AS-SHEIKH SEYED MOHAMED MOHAMED MAZAHIR
      (Senior Lecturer and Head of Department of Islamic Studies,
    South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Oluvil # 32360, Sri Lanka)
                                                             Jakarta 2010
01. INTRODUCTION TO SRI LANKA

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (formerly known as

Ceylon), an island in the Indian Ocean, is situated about 28 kilometers off

the southeastern coast of India. Sri Lanka is famous for its; golden beaches,

gem stones, top quality tea, national cricket team, beautiful and dense

forests.


Sri Lanka is ethnically, linguistically and religiously diverse. Of the

country’s population of about 20 million, Sinhalese represent 74% and are

concentrated in the southern and southwestern parts of the island. Tamils

constitute about 12% of the population, whose South Indian ancestors have

lived in the island for centuries, are living predominantly in Northern and

Eastern Provinces.     Plantation Tamils, a distinct ethnic group, represent

about 5% of the population, were brought from South India by the colonial

British, to work in tea estates in the central hills. Other minorities, Muslims

(both Moors and Malays) constitute about 8 - 9% of the population and

negligible percentage of Burghers and the aboriginal Veddahs.


Most Sinhalese are Buddhist and most Tamils are Hindus. The majority of

Sri Lanka's Muslims practice Sunni Islam. Sizable minorities of both

Sinhalese and Tamils are Christians, most of whom are Roman Catholic.

                                  Page 2 of 27
The 1978 constitution--while assuring freedom of religion--grants primacy

to Buddhism. Sinhala, an Indo-European language, is the native tongue of

the Sinhalese. Tamils and most Muslims speak Tamil. Both Sinhala and

Tamil are made as official languages. English is still commonly used in most

government departments and spoken widely among the population.


Muslims live scattered all over the island among the other two communities,

except in the South Eastern part of the country, where Muslims live as

majority in certain pockets. Muslims have depended too much on commerce

over the last many decades and thereby ignored the importance of education.


02.THE POPULATION AND THE BASIC INFORMATION OF THE

   YOUTH IN SRI LANKA

   According to a survey carried out in year 2007, of a population 19.3

   million nearly 5.5 million (28.49%) are youth. Furthermore, population

   growth rate had declined from 1.6% during the period 1970 - 1990 to

   0.7% between 1991 – 2007

   (www.unicef.org/infobycountry/sri_lanka_statistics.html   21-01-2010)




                                 Page 3 of 27
Life expectancy and literacy rate among youth in Sri Lanka


               SUBJECT                        DURATION       NOS/PERCENT

                                                   2007          72

    Life expectancy at birth (years)               1990          70

                                                   1970          65

        Total adult literacy rate              2000 - 2007       92

 Youth (15-24yrs) Literacy rate - male         2000 - 2007       97

Youth (15-24yrs) Literacy rate -female         2000 - 2007       98

                                      Table 2.1

   (www.unicef.org/infobycountry/sri_lanka_statistics.html    21-01-2010)


According to different studies, adolescents (aged 10-19 years) comprise 17 -

19 percent of the total population of Sri Lanka.


(www.unescap.org/.../population/.../Sri%20Lanka_country_report.doc

21-01-2010).


We all agree that youth are a dynamic force, and an important segment of

any society. They are in constant search of an unchallenged identity and a

dignified place in today’s society.


(www.un.org/events/youth98/speeches/098sri.htm 30-03-2010)


                                    Page 4 of 27
Different scholars have provided different ways of defining youth. Curtain

(2002), quoted in the U.N. World Youth Report 2003, defines it as a phase

when a person moves from a time of dependence (childhood) to

independence (adulthood).



World Health Organization (WHO) defines adolescents as persons between

10-19 years of age, Youth as those between 15-24 years and young people as

those between 10-24 years. Many studies throughout the world have adopted

these WHO definitions.


03. SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES


Allah has said in the Quran “Verily never will Allah change the condition

of a people until they change what is in themselves...(Surah Al-Ra’d - 11).

It is well accepted that youth are a dynamic force and are the backbone of

any society. They are in constant search of an unchallenged identity and a

dignified place in today’s society. Youth have been responsible for many

changes in the societies, from time to time. This is evident throughout the

entire world history in general, and in the history of Muslims in particular.

Most of the companions (SAHABA) of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) who

helped the last messenger and fought with him to achieve justice,

brotherhood, equality are youth. The closest friend of the Prophet
                                 Page 5 of 27
Muhammed (SAW), later he became the first khalifa of the Muslim Ummah,

Abu Bakr (RA) was the only one, who was two years younger than the

prophet. All others were much younger to him. They changed their own

lives, based on commandments of Allah and teachings of Prophet

Muhammed (SAW). They took the responsibilities on their shoulders with

the guidance of the messenger, to change the community from that of

ignorance (Jahiliya) to righteous societies, by propagating Islam. Due to the

same reason, many eminent Muslim scholars are of the opinion that, there

would not be another society resembling it, till the Day of Judgment.



It is worth recalling the exemplary roles played by Muslim youth during

Hijrath- the famous journey made by Prophet Muhammed (SAW), during

the early days of Islam. This particular journey required much planning,

conviction and courage. Four young people who played major roles in this

mission were, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Amir ibn Fuhayrah, Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr

and Asma' bint Abi Bakr.



Indeed, the circumstances surrounding the Prophet Muhammed 's migration

serve as an inspiration for Muslim youth, for generations to come. These

young individuals realized the significance of the “Message” of the Prophet


                                 Page 6 of 27
and importance of his personal safety merely, for the very own survival of

Islam. They, therefore contributed significantly towards the success of

establishing Islam, under very trying circumstances. The sacrifice each one

of them made reveals, the love and loyalty they had for the Prophet and

hence they could be considered as role models for all Muslims youth to

emulate.

Role of youth in a society

Prophet Muhammed (SAW) said there will be seven groups of people living

under the shade (Arsh) of Allah (SWT) on the Day of Judgment, and one of

those groups will be youth, who spent their youth, in remembrance of Allah

(Sahih Al- Bukhari)



Therefore, Muslim youth of today should realize their role towards Muslim

society, and they should contribute effectively to the advancement of the

Muslim Ummah. Prophet Muhammed (SAW) said that among the things for

which every person will be held accountable on the Day of Judgment is

his/her youth and how he/she spent it. (Jami ut – Tirmithi) The Muslim

youth should therefore rise to the occasion and shoulder their responsibilities

towards their communities. They must also have the courage and foresight to

help shape the future of the Muslim Ummah.


                                  Page 7 of 27
The youths must engage in social activities, with a view to helping the

development of the society. Educating only the youth, while the rest of the

society remains illiterate is not going to produce a healthy society. The

youth must make efforts to teach the other illiterate people in the same

society.   With their knowledge, skills and facilities, they should train the

unemployed masses. They should get involved in conducting awareness

programs related to Health, Education, Religious activities, Peace and Social

Harmony.



Out of all the meritorious acts, what is loved by Allah (SWT) most is the

one, which is beneficial to the entire society. Islam, as an international

religion, states that any contribution towards the society is a meritorious act

i.e Ibadah. Eg.; Removing harmful materials off the road, Greeting

another brother with a smile, Enjoining what is right and forbidding

what is wrong etc., (Jami ut – Tirmithi). These hadiths reveal that every

individual in the society can, serve the society in several ways. Everyone is

an important part of the society and as stressed by Prophet Muhammed

(SAW), should realize what his/her duties and obligations are towards the

advancement of a community. Specially, the Muslim youth should ponder




                                  Page 8 of 27
upon their responsibilities and work on it, by undertaking social

responsibilities with a view to fulfilling their obligations towards the society.

Young people are the parents, decision-makers and leaders of tomorrow.

Investment in today's youth is actually, an investment for the future of our

nation.



04. PRESENT STATUS OF YOUTH

The primary objective of this survey was to collect, latest, reliable

information about opinions, values, perceptions, concerns, grievances and

aspirations of the Muslim youth in Sri Lanka. Further, it is also aimed at the

identification and better understanding of the main issues facing young

people regarding, the social responsibilities and of their own potential,

commitment and ideas to solve problems.



Methodology:

                                                100 Muslim Students from three
 University
              Percentage from
 of Jaffna     Universitywise                   Universities of Sri Lanka have been
    1%
                                                taken as sample for this study. This
 Eastern
University                                      number consists of 62 candidates
  37%
                                  South
                                 Eastern
                                University
                                   62%

                                        Page 9 of 27

                Chart- 4.1
from South Eastern University (where the majority students are



Muslims) and 37 candidates from Eastern University and one (1) candidate

from University of Jaffna. Only the educated, under graduate Muslim

students are taken as samples for this research.

                                           The demographic characteristics of the
         Demographic
                                           sample population could be explained as
         Characteristics
                                           follows:
           23-25
           Years           20              45% belonged to the age of 20 - 21
            33%           Years
                          45%
                                           years; while 22% were between 21-22
              21-22
              Years                        years of age, and the balance 33%
               22%
                                           belonged to the age from 23-25 years.

            Chart – 4.2


The gender composition of the sample was selected, in the ratio of 70% to

                                               30%      males      and      females

                                               respectively. This is purposely done,

                                               as male youth have a higher
                              Female
                               30%
                                               responsibility in shaping the society

                                               and hence should be trained to hold
          Male
          70%


                                       Page 10 of 27

            Chart - 4.3
   social responsibilities compared to female youth.


The candidates in the sample were chosen to cover 16 out of 24 districts in Sri

Lanka and the details of the distribution

            Districts informations
       27
                                                        Res

            17
  13                 12

                 6                        5
                          3 3     3 2 3       2 1 1 1
                                1
    Kurunagale
           Galle

         Matale




    Monaragale
       Puttalam

        Kalutura
    Tincomalee




     Ratnapura
         Amprai




  Anuradhapura
         Matara




         Kegalle
    Polanaruwa




      Gampaha
      Baticoloa

         Kandy




                          Chart - 4.4

Results and Discussion:

The first six points/questions in the questionnaire (Annex 1) deals with general

information regarding the candidates.

The responses to question number 07 of the questionnaire, are summarized in

Chart no: 4.5




                                                 Page 11 of 27
                  Responses to Question No: 07
          100

           80

           60

           40

           20
                                                                          Yes
            0
                                                                          No




                                     Chart – 4.5

The responses to the questions posed could be summarized as follows:

a. Most of the educated youth accepted that, they have a responsibility towards

   their society. 93% of students said that they have a responsibility towards

   their community, while the rest 7% are of the strong opinion that they do not

   have any responsibility towards their society. This is indeed very alarming,

   although the number is small.




                                    Page 12 of 27
b. 96% of the students expressed that they have strong responsibility towards

   their society.




c. It is encouraging that 62% of the youth stated that, although they have their

   own family/personal problems they do not and cannot forget their role

   towards the Muslim community. However, 38% of the youth students

   expressed the opinions that, they have their own problems/issues, which

   prevent them in getting involved in social activities.    In fact, most of the

   Muslim Youth in Sri Lanka are facing personal problems related to their

   education, employment, income, health etc., as a result of not so healthy

   social structure prevailing. The time spent on sorting such issues leaves them

   without much time to involve/concentrate on social activities. 2% of them

   said that they have to decide later.



d. 78% of the students indicated that they will not expect any benefits from

   their society, on behalf of their services towards the society. But, 20% of the

   students said that the society does not care about their problems. Hence they

   seem to take a negative attitude towards the society, with regard to their role

   and commitment. This attitude will affect the society, in a great deal.



                                      Page 13 of 27
e. It is indeed pleasing to note that 79% of the students believe that they will

  get lot of benefits from social activities and they do not anticipate rewards

  from the society, but only from Allah Subahanahu wa thaala. However,

  20% of the students believe that the social activities do not give them any

  benefits, in-spite of them providing their energy, knowledge, money, time

  and other resources to the community. They feel that the community does

  not reward them or recognize their contributions and their commitments.

  Indeed, this thought is basically wrong. Every individual of the youth is a

  member of the society. If the society is strong, every individual of the

  respective society is benefited. But on the other hand, if the society is not

  healthy, it will affect every individual in the same society.



f. 60% of the students believed that, getting involved in social work does not

   affect their lives. This positive thinking is good for shaping the future

   society. However, a significant number of students articulated the view that,

   holding social responsibility, could affect their own lives or well being,

   which could be considered as a common view in the Sri Lankan Muslim

   Society. Any one taking responsibility of a social work does not get support



                                    Page 14 of 27
 from his family, friends, society or the government. He or she has to fulfill

 the responsibility himself /herself. It is not at all a healthy situation.



g. 68% of the students were of the view that, their family back ground is not

   a hindrance to them getting involved in social activities, probably because

   they do not have serious issues in their family life. However 31% of the

   students said that, their family background does not, permit them to

   involve in social works. This is also a reality, considering the fact that a

   large number of families are facing social and economical issues.

   Therefore, the members of those families do not have opportunity to

   involve in social activities.




h. Out of the sample students, 71% of them did not feel the financial burden

   of the family, affecting them getting involved in social activities. This

   may be either due to good financial position of the families or they were

   reluctant to admit that there are financial problems, but they do wish to

   contribute to the development of the society. But 27% of the students felt

   that their family financial burden does not permit them to engage in social

   activities.



                                    Page 15 of 27
i. With regard to the involvement of students in social organizations

  (Institutions, Societies, and Movements etc.,) it is pleasing to note that the

  majority (83%) of the students have been involved in these Social

  Institutions, Societies, and Movements etc. Some of them have membership

  in two or three Social Institutions, Societies, and Movements etc. But 17%

  of the students are not involved with any Social Institutions, Societies, and

  Movements etc. - not even in a sports club. This is an unhealthy indication

  of the non-realization of educated youth towards their responsibility towards

  the society. It will affect the future community, immensely.


  The following Chart (4.6) describes the distribution of students among

  Social Institutions, Societies, and Movements etc;




                                   Page 16 of 27
                       Institutional participation
                                         Mosque
                                          3%

                                     Social       Religious       Jamaatha-
             Jamaath Tabliq,        Services        14%           e- Islami 7
                    7                 11%                              Children
           Muslim Welfare                                              welfare, 3
              Women
                 5%                                           Sports
                                General                        12%
                               Welfare, 21
                                                   Education
                                                     11%

                        Student Union                Jamaath
                             8%                    Thowheedh, 3

                                         Chart – 4.6



Service Periods from                                   The special characteristic of the
    Institutions
                                   Over 10             members of Social Institutions,
                                    Years
                                     3%
                                                       Societies, and Movements etc. is

         4-7 Years                                     that 98.71% of them do offer
           24%
                                                       their services free of charge, not
                          1-3 Years
                            73%                        receiving a single rupee as salary

                                                       or payment for their contribution

                                                       in Social Institutions,
                 Chart – 4.7




                                        Page 17 of 27
Societies, and movements etc. This has positive and negative indications. It

indicates that the youths are ready to offer their knowledge, energy, time for

the sake of the betterment of their society, free of charge. The negative

aspect of this is, how long can they be expected to provide their efforts

                                                    effectively,        free      of        any
         Position/Designation       Vice
                      President   President         remunerations?             If they were
                         7%          3%
                                  Secretary
                                     9%
                                                    paid    a    good      salary      or     a
            None
                                         Asst.
            21%
                                       Secretary
                                          3%
                                                    reasonable         allowance,       they
                                      Treasurer
                                         5%         could       work    efficiently         and

                                                    freely. It will benefit the society
            Members
             52%
                                                    in long term process.


               Chart – 4.8

72.97% of the members of Social Institutions, Societies, and Movements etc.

have been working for a period of 1-3 years, duration while 24.32% and

2.70% of them are working as members for 4-7 years and over 10 years,

respectively. These figures also indicate that there should be a mechanism to

pay salary/payment/allowance for them, to assist them and in return the

organization, could expect better inputs/contribution.




                                    Page 18 of 27
The survey also indicated that many of them are holding high positions in

these social organizations viz., 8.53% of them are presidents; 3.65% of

them are vice presidents; 12.13% of them are Secretaries; 3.65% of them

are Assistant Secretaries and the remaining 65.85% of them are general

members. These figures show that 34.15% of the students who are members

of the Social Institutions, Societies, and Movements etc. are holding key

post in those Social Institutions, Societies, and Movements etc. This will

have a good impact for the betterment of future society. It will give the

Students experience, training, leadership qualities which are very essential to

undertake social responsibilities.

 05. REASONS FOR NON INVOLVEMENT OF YOUTH IN SOCIAL

    ACTIVITIES

    Constraints faced by Muslim youths in Sri Lanka regarding the social

    responsibilities are as follows:

          i. A large number of the students indicated that they did not get

             any opportunities to get involved in the social organizations. If

             they got chance to engage they would have worked in those

             Social Institutions, Societies, and Movements etc.

          ii. Being away from home – spending fair amount of time in

             traveling attending classes and research works,

                                     Page 19 of 27
         iii. Lack of time by being undergraduate students – most of them

               making use of their time for undergraduate studies.

         iv. Unhealthy family background – due to financial and social

               issues

         v. Generally, the following statistics teach us another reason is

               lack of employment opportunities for not taking part in social

               activities.


Share of youth unemployed to youth population, both sexes


Year    1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 1998 1999 2000 2003 2004 2005

        17.4                   18.2           13.8           10.3          12.8   10.9
Value           15.9    15.9          14.2            12.7          12.4



                                       Table – 5.1


Share of youth unemployed to youth population, men


Year    1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 1998 1999 2000 2003 2004 2005

Value 13.6 16.8 17.4 16.9 13.9 14.1 15.1 11.2 12.5 12.4 10.9


                                       Table – 5.2




                                      Page 20 of 27
Share of youth unemployed to youth population, women

 Year     1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 1998 1999 2000 2003 2004 2005

 Value 21.2 14.9 14.6 19.4 14.4 13.6 10.2 9.4                            12.3 13.2 11


                                          Table – 5.3


Source: United Nations Statistics Division

(www.indexmundi.com/sri_lanka/share-of-youth-unemployed-to-youth-population.html (21-01-2010)




Small portion of those students stated that, they have no idea and no interest

in these endeavors. This reveals that some of the undergraduate Muslim

Students do not even know the need to serve the society. This further points

out to the fact that there are no programmes to motivate and create

awareness for the youth to get involved in social activities.




                                         Page 21 of 27
06. Conclusion

      The collected opinions, thoughts, aspirations, concepts through the

      questionnaire distributed among the Undergraduate Muslim Youth Students

      who are currently studying at three state Universities of Sri Lanka made us

      to come to the following findings:


 i.    Most of the students have realized that they do have social responsibilities

      towards the betterment of the society.

ii.   A small percentage of the students are not aware that, they do have a

      responsibility towards the Muslim community they live in.

iii. Lack of time, poverty, lack of awareness, poor family background,

      unemployment, being away from the hometown and financial burden are the

      main constrains, which prevents or discourages the Muslim Youth of Sri

      Lanka to get involved in social activities.

iv. The main reason for non-involvement of remaining Students in these

      institutions, movements, clubs etc. is unavailability of opportunity for them

      to engage themselves in such organizations. If the atmosphere is made

      suitable for them, they could be expected to contribute a lot towards the

      community.
                                        Page 22 of 27
v.    The majority of the youth students are already involved in various

      institutions, religious movements, associations, boards, unions, circles and

      clubs.

vi.   Most of the under graduate Muslim Students are prepared to make use

      their valuable knowledge, energy, time, commitments for the betterment of

      the Muslim Ummah as commanded by Almighty Allah . They are ready to

      shoulder responsibilities, expecting only the reward from Allah Subhanahu

      wa ta’ala in this world and the world hereafter.




                                       Page 23 of 27
REFERENCES:

  01. Sri Lanka and Family Planning – an overview , Dept. of Family and

     Community Health, World Health Organization, New Delhi.

     (www.whosea.org)


  02.Sri   Lanka      Country     Report, Fifth   Asian   and   Pacific

     Population Conference 11 – 17 December, 2002) Bangkok, Thailand,

     Population Division, Ministry of Health, Nutrition and Welfare,

     Colombo, Sri Lanka. December, 2002.

  03.Hettige S.T. and Makus Mayer, (2002) Sri Lankan Youth –

     Challenges and Responses, Colombo: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.

     (www.fessrilanka.org)

  04.Encarta, world English Dictionary (North American Edition) (2009)

     Microsoft Corporation.

  05.Indralal De Silva, W, Aparnaa Somanathan and Vindya Eriyagama,

     (2003) Adolesent and Youth Reproductive Health in Sri Lanka,

     Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka.




                                Page 24 of 27
06. ‫عبد العزيز الغازي, (2220) مشاكل الشباب في العالم االسالمي, المنظمة االسالمية للتربية‬

   .‫والعلوم والثقافة‬


07. :‫محمد بن عبد هللا الدويش,(1414ه) شباب الصحابة رضي هللا عنهم مواقف وعبر, الرياض‬

                                                                             .‫دار الوطن‬

08.Abdi Salam Adam “Role Models for Muslim

   Youth” Manar As-Sabeel magazine

09.www.satp.org/satporgtp/publication/faultlines/.../Article5.htm

   (30-03-2010)

10.www.indexmundi.com/sri_lanka/share-of-youth-unemployed-to-

   youth-population.html (21-01-2010)

11.www.unicef.org/infobycountry/sri_lanka_statistics.html (21-01-2010)

12.www.un.org/events/youth98/speeches/098sri.htm (30-03-2010)

13.web.worldbank.org › Topics › Children & Youth (24-03-2010)

14.www.satp.org/satporgtp/publication/faultlines/.../Article5.htm

   (30-03-2010)

15.www.ansarportsaid.net (25-03-2010)




                                   Page 25 of 27
Appendix:

                          QUESTIONNAIRE FOR RESEARCH
  01. Name with initial (Optional): ………………………………………………………………………………………..

  02. Sex             :                   M                    F

  03. Date of Birth   :
                                Year      Month        Date


  04. Age on 2010.01.01
                               Years     Months        Days

  05. District :      ……………………………………..

  06. University:     ………………………………………

  07. Your opinion in following matters regarding Muslim Society in Sri Lanka:

                                                                             Yes No Yet to decide
      I have a responsibility towards it
      I have strong responsibility towards it
      I have my own problems. Hence, I have no time to deal with society
      My society does not care on me, I do so
      Social works do not give me any benefits
      Holding social responsibility effects my life
      My family background doesn’t permit me to involve
      My family financial burden doesn’t permit me to involve


  08. Are you a member in the following institutions, societies, movements etc.?

                                                                           Yes     No   Yet to decide
      Da’wa Movements
      Educational institutions
      Mosque Trustee Board
      Welfare Associations
      Religious Societies
      Sports Clubs
      Students Union
      Any other
      ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
      ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

                                       Page 26 of 27
                                                                                  Contd.. 02

   09. If you say “Yes” to number 08;
       - Name the organizations, societies or movements
           ……………………………………………………………..................................
       - Period of membership : ……………………………………………………….
       - Your position/designation: …………………………………………………..
       - Are you paid for this? :       yes         No

       *If yes, Monthly Salary:                                    Amount: …………………
                                         yes           No
               Annual Payment:                                     Amount: …………………
                                         yes           No
               Allowances (if any):      yes           No          Amount: …………………

               Extra payments for        Yes                       Amount: ……………….
                                                       No
               works (If any):




   10. If you say “No” to number 08;
       Reasons for why not being a member of any organizations, societies or movements etc.
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

   11. Any other opinion you wish to say:
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Date                                                                Signature (Optional)



                                               02

                                       Page 27 of 27

								
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