Extensive Reading A - Word List
WORD PARTS DEFINITION SAMPLE SENTENCE
the representation of a subject, not directly The author’s statement about knights and chivalry was
stated, through another similar subject to it allegorical to Arthurian legend.
The old man felt whimsical as he swayed back
whimsical adj quaintly humorous, odd
and forth on the children’s swing.
a man subject to uncontrollable amorous The hopeless romantic satyr thought about the
passion woman all day long.
The sword exemplifies the meaning of duty and
exemplifies v explain or illustrate by an example
honor in the medieval ages.
Old fables dealt with morality and the correct
morality n quality of being virtuous
behavior for life.
a system or body of myths concerning a Ancient stories usually contain many mystical ideas
particular person or race about dragons and gods.
The depressed man was on the brink of suicide after
brink n on the verge
surviving the car accident.
able to cause action, belief, or feeling (syn. well
The novel was so compelling that I decided to find
compelling adj supported, forceful, persuasive / ant. weak,
more books by the same author.
The cave is inhabited by bats. They come out in
inhabit v to live in (syn. reside in)
the evenings and eat all the bugs.
George Washington is lauded as the Father of the
laud v praise highly
Shakespeare is considered to be one of the greatest
playwright n a writer of plays; dramatist playwrights in modern history, having written
numerous plays and poetry.
a dramatic composition, often in verse, dealing Othello is a tragedy about the destructive nature
with a serious or sombre theme of human distrust.
one of a class of supernatural beings, generally
conceived as having a diminutive human form The fairy was so small it could not be seen, even
and possessing magical powers with which they when it was playing tricks on humans.
intervene in human affairs
haunt v to disturb or distress There is an old ghost that haunts that house.
broad comedy characterized by boisterous The Three Stooges were professional comedians that
action specialized in slapstick comedy.
To strive for excellence is seen as a virtue in
virtue n moral excellence; goodness; righteousness
His only vice was gambling large sums of
vice n an immoral or evil habit or practice.
money on payday.
The great earthquake was a strong testament
testament n strong evidence for something
to the power of nature.
The chess master was a genius, always
genius n an exceptional natural capacity of intellect
thinking ahead of his opponent.
the contemplation or consideration of Through speculation we are able to come up
some subject with a hypothesis.
The story about the man that was trying to
humor that takes its effect from stating
irony n compliment his boss but somehow kept
the opposite of what is meant
insulting him was full of irony.
Young people who are exposed to the negativity
cynical adj incredulous of the goodness of people of the world usually become very cynical
The theme of the shoe advertisement is to show
theme n the topic discussed how buying new shoes will help one run
Working on tough projects usually takes
considerable adj notable; important
considerable amounts of time.
Many romantic writers write poetic literature
poetic adj befitting or pertaining to poetry
which shows their feelings.
romanticized v given to sentimental or amorous feelings I romanticized the idea of getting married.
Children tend to be more liberal than adults,
liberal adj not strict
for who likes to be bound by rules?
a figure of speech, based on some Jane’s father used the metaphor of a rose to
resemblance of a literal to an implied subject compare his daughter to great beauty.
scientist had a profound thought that helped
profound adj deep, thorough
him understand the equation.
The relationship between the defendant and the
tenuous adj slight , flimsy, weak
crime was tenuous at best.
evoking or attracting interest, desire, The short-cut dress is very appealing to many
curiosity, sympathy men.
All this intellectual discussion of philosophy
intellectual adj appealing to or engaging the intellect
makes me feel curious to learn more.
having the form and musical quality of a
lyrical adj The song had wonderful lyrical value.
The maze was inextricably challenging for the
inextricably ad hopelessly intricate, involved, or perplexing
The clergyman consoled the members of the
clergyman n an ordained Christian minister
congregation with quotes from the bible.
the state or condition of being subject to We are all subject to mortality for we eventually
death; mortal character, nature, or existence come to a point in our life, when we must die.
We have many issues and complaints with the
issues n a point, matter, or dispute
human resource department.
Many people who want to work with different
priesthood n the condition or office of a priest members of society choose to live a life of
an excessively favorable opinion of one's The egotistical man was full of conceit when it
own ability came to his perceived abilities.
to be more important or significant by The main theme overshadows all the other
comparison lesser themes.
to take in; to retain (syn. ingest, soak up / The new paper towels I bought were easily able
ant. discharge, repel) to absorb the spilled water.
with strong interest (syn. enthusiastic, Paul is an avid tennis fan. He likes to play tennis,
eager / ant. indifferent) watch tournaments, and read tennis magazines.
liking routine; afraid of change (syn.
My grandfather is so conservative that he hasn't
conservative adj old-fashioned, traditional / ant. liberal,
bought new clothes in twenty-five years.
The girl’s provocative dress caught the attention
provocative adj to arouse or stimulate
of many men in the club.
The performance of the sports player was poor
performance n the act of performing, executing
after he sprained his ankle.
The drunken man’s behavior was intolerably
bawdy adj lewd, indecent
After we started our project, we picked up good
momentum n the quantity of motion of a body
momentum on our way to completing it.
We had to apply for a patent for the new
patent n an official document granting a privilege invention so that no one else could steal our
The boy’s good manners gave him a sense of
propriety n the quality of being proper or appropriate
I was frantic to find out if we were going to
frantic adj frenzied, wild with excitement
have a child.
The senator made a call to illegalize dangerous
illegalize v outlaw
The dictator’s regime held the people of the
regime n a government with power
country virtually powerless.
We can find recent trends in music, clothing,
trends n current style
The merchant city burgeoned as shipments of
burgeoned v to grow or develop rapidly
valuable goods came in.
We need to get the demographics of the city to
demographics n a portion of a population
predict how much it will expand in several years.
The movie critics sensationalized the movie so
sensationalized v to make sensational
that people would be encouraged to go watch it.
The pattern of events or main story in a The general plot of the book describes how the
narrative or drama hero rescues the princess from danger.
When eating with distinguished guests, it is
prim adj particular
important to be prim about your attire.
At times, language can be the basis of racy
racy adj slightly improper or indelicate
comments between culture.,
notions n a general understanding We had the notion that you were taking charge.
My friend’s action was absurd when he reacted
absurd adj contrary to common sense
irrationally in public.
violent and without compassion (syn.
There was a brutal fight last night between two
brutal adj ferocious, vicious / ant. humane, civil,
angry men in the casino parking lot.
The simple idea of the wheel was seminal to
seminal adj being the inspiration for future development
the development of the car.
pertaining to the native or common The vernacular language in South Korea is
language of a place or group Korean.
inhabit v live or dwell in Cavemen were known to inhabit caves.
After completing the project successfully, Jeff
advancement n make progress, improve
was up for advancement in the company.
The practical use of a hammer is to use it to put
practical adj inclined to action rather than theory
a nail in the wall.
The king needs to practice subjugation if he is
subjugation n make subservient
to have servants take care of his castle.
Sustainable living and economic cooperation are
a basic, fundamental idea or belief (syn.
premise n the premises of our plan for an intentional
Shakespeare used many satires in his plays to
satire n the use of irony in writing
ridicule human error.
degree n extent, measure, scope I was only angry with you to a degree.
Acceptance or belief based on reasonable To be a good judge, one must consider all
evidence presumptions in a court case.
offensive adj unpleasant or disagreeable to the sense Your profane language is very offensive to me.
My mom was a homebody when I was young.
a person who prefers pleasures and
homebody n She was always taking care of the chores in the
activities that center around the home
The UN created a resolution to do away with
resolution n a resolve or determination
Birds are said to be reptiles, but they are
disparate v distinct in kind; essentially different disparate from other reptiles since birds have
A person needs to have the proper mindset to
mindset n an attitude, disposition, or mood
play well in certain sports.
The founding fathers made the constitution that
transcended v to pass beyond the limits of
transcended all other governments of its time.
The character wasn’t aware of his enemies’
ironically adv contrary to plan or expectation behavior, while ironically, the listening audience
remarkable adj notably or conspicuously unusual Life in itself is a remarkable miracle.
As soon as the driver saw the cars stop in front
abrupt adj changing or terminating suddenly
of him, he too came to an abrupt stop.
There were many rich aristocrats that lived
aristocrat n one who behaves like a nobleman
during the French renaissance.
engage v to bind to do something (syn. pledge) The opposing warriors engaged in battle.
My great-grandfather grew up on a farm and
siblings n a sister or brother had twelve siblings: nine brothers and three
Frankenstein is said to be the first science
a long narrative portraying fictitious
novel n fiction novel about a mad scientist creating a
characters and events in a realistic manner
monster out of dead body parts.
The first publication of that book was made so
publication n the act or business of publishing
If you pull on the string, you can feel the
tension n the state of being strained or tense
tension build up in the middle.
canon n any rule, law, or body of law Hammurabi’s Code is a canon of ancient law.
There are a lot of cultural differences between
cultural adj to develop or refine
After reading so much, I felt I was a literary
literary adj engaged in writing
As teenagers going into a university, they are
careers n a profession or occupation
faced with the task of choosing their careers.
upbringing n the care and training of young children Poor children come from humble upbringings.
madwoman n a woman who is or behaves as if insane She was raving like a madwoman.
crippled v a lame or disabled person The car accident crippled the victim.
Please come to the manor and have dinner with
manor n the main house or mansion on an estate
The widow was forlorn with the passing away
forlorn v lonely and sad
of her husband.
estate n a piece of landed property We bought a nice estate outside the city.
tormented v Great physical pain or mental anguish The man was tormented with guilt.
The governess was in charge of the town when
governess n a woman who is a ruler or governor
the governor was away.
There was a multitude of people who showed
multitude n a great number
up for the event.
He was one many advocates of health care reform
a person who actively supports or favors
advocate n to make health care more affordable for the
a cause (syn. exponent)
Having tried all forms of standard medicine for
different than a standard (syn. another,
alternative adj my headaches, I decided to try some alternative
substitute / ant. standard)
I don't like his approach to management. He
a method used to complete a task; a
approach n doesn't understand that we are working as a
manner of working or behaving
The defender ran to pursue the receiver who
pursue v follow with intent to catch
had the ball.
The Asian culture strongly promotes the aesthetic
aesthetic adj the philosophy of beauty or good taste way of living life, which is to see the beauty of
duty and life in all things.
The manager was slow to espouse the
espouse v adopt or advocate as a cause
recommendations of the employees.
the doctrine that pleasure or happiness People who do things for the sake of personal
is the highest good desire are very hedonistic.
The lawyer scrutinized the criminal investigators
scrutinize v observe or investigate closely
role in the court case.
Two intelligent men battled it out with their wits
wit n cleverness, intelligence, sense
as they played chess.
The traitor was lucky – he was simply exiled from
exile n expulsion from one’s country
The President must be a socialite if he is to take
socialite n a socially prominent person
on a bigger role in international affairs.
of or pertaining to a college, academy, I received an academic scholarship for my good
school, or other educational institution grades.
The villain dressed decadently to humiliate his
decadent adj corrupt, immoral, degenerate, debased
A conception of something in its absolute It is good to have ideals so we can strive for
denounced v to condemn or censure openly or publicly The law denounced thieves for their acts.
sexual desire or behavior directed toward Homosexuality and marriage rights is a topic
a person or persons of one's own sex constantly debated in politics.
ugliness n very unattractive or unpleasant to look at The ugliness of the crime was evident to everyone.
gross v to earn as a total before deductions The company grossed a million dollars last year.
The indecency of the comment is what most
indecency n impropriety or immodesty
shambles n the result of destruction The bomb’s explosion left the house in shambles.
exclusive adj reserved for certain people only The party was exclusive to those who were invited.
to help or assist someone (syn. assist / We need to raise funds to facilitate the start-up of
ant. hinder) the business.
Adolescence is a confusing time as you are trying to
identity n the awareness of who you are figure out your identity and your place in the
very important; necessary (syn. vital,
integral adj The engine is an integral part of a car.
integral / ant. superfluous)
important; of consequence (syn. useful / There are two main factors that are relevant to t
ant. irrelevant) he geologist: pressure and time.
Greek and Roman mythology was created to
a body or system of myths concerning a
mythology n explain certain human flaws and supernatural
particular person or race
studio n a place for painting, broadcasting, etc.. The painter worked all night in his studio.
I was in deep contemplation when the professor
contemplation n view or reflect upon attention
asked a difficult philosophical question.
revere v regard with deepest respect and awe As a Christian, I deeply revere God.
When it comes to religion, one must be attuned to
spirituality n pertain to the soul or spirit
their own spirituality.
regaled v to entertain lavishly or agreeably The king regaled his guests at the party.
My childhood was full of wonderful memories of
childhood n the state or period of being a child
trips to the park.
folklore n the traditional beliefs, legends The story of Paul Bunyan is folklore.
a natural liking for or attraction to a person, The parasite had an affinity to water as it
thing, idea flourished in it.
We all pooled our money together so we
pooled v To put into a fund for use by all
could buy her a new purse.
The revival of the church in the 1970s
revival n an awakening
continues strong today.
a person known to one, but usually not a I’m not really familiar with that person. He is
close friend just an acquaintance.
title of respect accorded a person who is The Texas Senator came to our school to
or has been a member of the Senate discuss politics with us.
The government is supposed to maintain a
secular adj of or pertaining to worldly things
secular world view.
Many religions emphasize the immortal characteristic
of the human spirit.
spirit n the incorporeal part of humans
Many people admit their indiscretions when they
indiscretion n error of judgment
are found guilty.
Many historians believe the civil war was inevitable
inevitable adj unavoidable when the population of the United States
The witness was very insightful in the criminal
insightful adj penetrating discernment
the act of revealing through supernatural Benjamin had a revelation when he discovered
means. lightning was electricity.
following after in time (syn. succeeding, next / The first time he flew by himself he felt OK, but on
ant. previous, prior) subsequent flights he felt more nervous.
I wonder who the architect was who built the
architect n one who designs buildings White
There is usually a clear resemblance between
resemblance n similar in appearance
children and their parents.
Once a woman is impregnated the child develops
impregnate v make pregnant, fertilize in
Mother Theresa was sympathetic towards the poor
sympathetic adj feeling compassion towards else
Fatalism is very dangerous to believe in because
the belief that all events are predetermined and
fatalism n it says we are helpless to the natural order of
the view of the world that takes account only of Science can take a form of naturalism when it
natural elements and forces observes nature in itself.
I could hear the child’s footsteps as he was
footsteps n imitate what someone else is doing
sneaking to the bathroom.
mason n a person who dresses stones or bricks The mason started loading the bricks at the house.
being within certain limits that define the range
normalcy n Any hope for normalcy was gone after the protest.
of normal functioning
Surrealists have a mind-expanding way of
an artist who is a member of the movement
surrealists n viewing
prevalent adj widespread Food culture is prevalent in every population.
The American middle class is considered the
bourgeois n a member of the middle class
a woman who has a continuing,extramarital The man committed adultery with his mistress when
sexual relationship with one man his wife wasn’t around.
created, taken, or assumed for the sake of Many science fiction novels deal with fictitious
portions n A section or quantity within a larger thing Portions of the meat are still undercooked.
Will you accompany me to my car? I don't like to
accompany v to go with; to be connected with (syn. join)
walk alone at night.
a disagreement; a state of disharmony (syn. The various conflicts around the world must be
argument, clash / ant. agreement, amity) resolved through peaceful measures.
in opposite to what was stated or expected Everyone thought the team would win, but contrary
(syn. contradictory) to expectations, they lost the championship.
Abstract concepts like happiness or love are difficult
to tell exactly what something is (syn. to define, even though people generally know
explain, describe) what
It may be today, or 100 years from now, but
in the end; after a period of time (syn.
eventually adv eventually we will have to make some difficult
choices on this issue.
Edgar Allen Poe wrote a lot of poetry on the
macabre n gruesome, as suggestive of death
macabre, particularly when his wife died.
As soon as the man breathed his last breath, Death
bereave v take away from by death
bereaved him of his physical life.
The anonymous caller inexplicitly gave away
inexplicit adj not intentionally clear or expressed
certain information about a crime.
drugs can make you hallucinate and cause a
an apparent perception of something not
hallucinate v person
to see things that really are not there.
After being scared by my friend, I had paranoia
paranoia n nervousness, sometimes extreme
that my friend would do it again.
any person, contingent, or force that leads The founder of the bill spearheaded the vote in
an attack, undertaking Congress.
a line of verse consisting of five metrical Middle English literature was mostly written in
feet iambic pentameter form.
repetition n the act of repeating The music had a lot of repetition of the lyrics.
dreadful adj extremely bad, unpleasant, or ugly The catastrophe was absolutely dreadful.
excruciating or acute distress, suffering,
anguish n The torture brought much anguish to the inmates.
The human sexuality book was written in such a
Directed away from what is right or good;
perverse adj perverse way that many of the students were
disgusted by it.
Of or relating to a style of fiction that
Edgar Allan Poe was one of the greatest gothic
gothic adj emphasizes the grotesque, mysterious,
writers of his time.
The villain met his demise when he accidentally
demise n death or decease
lament v To express grief for or about It is understandable to lament over the dead.
The people entombed their dead ruler in his
entombed v To make a tomb for proper
to believe without evidence (syn. suppose, I haven't seen or read the report yet, but I assume
presume) that everything in there will be correct.
easily distinguished from others (syn. This civilization's 3rd dynasty was quite distinct,
distinct adj unique, clear, manifest, marked / ant. exhibiting many differences from the 2nd and
indistinct, vague, fuzzy) 4th dynasties.
a standard or acceptable behavior (syn. Not talking loudly in a movie theater is the norm.
custom) People who do it are considered rude.
a way of doing something (syn. procedure, A new technique has been developed that will
method) greatly improve artificial heart valves.
The man gave an undeniable offer that I could not
undeniable adj cannot be rejected
Having experienced a similar situation, my intuition
intuition n comprehension without effort of reasoning
told me how to go about it.
After being in office for two weeks, the President
encumber adj burden with obligations or difficulties was encumbered with all the obligations of the
The movie star gained recognition for his part in
recognition n the act of acceptance or notice
the famous movie.
When you partake of the fruit, it will give you
partake v have or take a share
facet adj aspect; or phase That is only one facet of many other situations.
prior adj preceding in importance or privilege Prior to the test, the student studied.
proscribed by society as improper or It is taboo to speak about religion and politics to
a well-known, customary, or obvious Talking about sports or the weather is commonplace
remark in conversation.
If you are to persuade your opponent, you must try
asserting v To state or express positively
to be assertive.
The difference between the wars projected in a
unlimited adj boundless; infinite simulation and the real thing is you have unlimited
resources in the simulation.
Boundless possibilities are gained when one is
boundless adj limitless, endless
granted great power.
The teacher underscored all the important
underscores v To emphasize material
on the review.
I volunteered myself to help give out food for
a person who voluntarily offers himself or
volunteer n the
herself for a service or undertaking
a person formally educated and trained in The nurse went through the war-torn field and
the care of the sick or infirm helped the injured.
Any of the parts into which something can It’s impossible to memorize the whole thing. So
be divided why not break it into segments?
We affect those around us with the decisions we
affect v to produce change
It was apparent that the student had not studied
easily seen or understood (syn. evident, for
visible, obvious / ant. obscure, hidden) the test since she could not answer any of the
The controversy over moving the capital caused
controversy n public disagreement
years of arguments in the legislature.
After his exposure to music at an early age via
the state of being shown or witnessing his
something grandfather's piano, Daniel showed great interest
in saxophone lessons.
The subconscious was fundamental to Freud's
fundamental adj basic (syn. essential / ant. superfluous) theory on personality development and his
approach to therapy.
I wrote a poetic ballad about a knight saving the
ballad n a simple narrative poem
princess from a fiery dragon.
The song had a straight forward cadence for the
cadence n rhythmic flow
soldiers to march to.
Irrespective of his opinion, I am going to carry
irrespective adj regardless, independent one
with my plan.
recluse n a person who lives in seclusion The hermit lived as a recluse in the mountains.
a person who is chiefly concerned with his The girl was very introverted as she kept to herself
or her own thoughts during lunch.
advocate v to speak or write in favor of We must advocate peace in the negotiations.
A book, document, or other composition There are few remaining written manuscripts from
written by hand the medieval era.
a person who has withdrawn to a solitary
hermit n The hermit lived in a desolate place by himself.
Something that conceals, protects, or
shrouded v The dark castle was shrouded in mystery.
The investigators had a list of inquiries for them to
inquiry n an investigation, as into an incident
The evidence was circumstantial because it didn’t
circumstantial adj pertaining to conditions of material welfare
necessarily pertain to the case.
For all my hard work and studies, I received a
scholarship n learning; knowledge acquired by study
For their honeymoon, they went to a reclusive
reclusive adj shut off or apart from the world
Authors usually capitalize all their letters to
capitalized v to write or print in capital letters express
security n freedom from danger, risk Security was tight when the celebrity arrived.
The student passed the class albeit by a very small
albeit conj although, not withstanding that
A person who speaks ambiguously will be difficult
ambiguous adj open to various interpretation
We had a limited budget because of the money
constraints n bind and confine
to assume; to believe without strong Where's Gary? I presume he's at work, but I don't
evidence really know for sure.
Letters recently uncovered have revealed new
to show something previously hidden (syn.
reveal v details
on the life of the former president.
Even famous people become subject to obscurity
obscurity n lack of fame or recognition
when time rages on.
The enemy tried their best to thwart the hero’s
thwart v prevent from accomplishing a purpose
advancement to victory.
The painters stood on a scaffold as they painted
scaffold n a temporary supporting platform the
Love is more prevalent in the spring for some
prevalent adj of wide use or occurrence
The husband and wife communed before the altar
commune v interchange thoughts and feelings
when they got married.
The evil sin of one man affected everyone around
sin n transgression of divine law
the state or condition of having little or no
poverty n Poverty is prevalent in low-income areas.
money, goods, or means of support
a feeling of responsibility or remorse for She felt an incredible sense of guilt for telling the
some offense lie to her mother.
After the murder of his son, the father sought
revenge n to take vengeance for
departure n The act of leaving The departure time for the airplane is 5:15.
The man committed adultery with a woman he
voluntary sexual intercourse between a
adultery n met
infamous adj having an extremely bad reputation Serial killers are infamous for their crimes.
During the tornado, the locals sought refuge from
refuge n shelter or protection from danger
Feminists usually believe in stronger
A person whose beliefs and behavior are
feminist n independence
based on feminism
for the female gender.
mysterious adj of obscure nature, meaning The mysterious man walked quietly in the shadows.
to leave behind (syn. discard, forsake / ant. The man abandoned his wife and children to go
keep, rescue) off in search of adventure.
to make complete; to make harmonious She looked very nice, but still needed a few
(syn. harmonize / ant. clash) accessories to complement the outfit.
The decline in the value of the US dollar means
a lowering in worth (syn. drop, fall / ant.
decline v that
the Korean won is worth a lot more now.
The findings in the experiment were insignificant.
very small; not important (ant. crucial, They didn't indicate a relationship between the
His instructions were not completely clear, but I
to construe or take a certain meaning from
interpret v interpret his words to mean he wants us to work
until the project is completed.
The Native Americans were the indigenous people
indigenous adj originating from a particular region
of North America.
The federal government overarches the state and
overarch n to span with or over like an arch
By the late 1800’s, the United States had become an
organizing manufacturing capabilities of a industrialized nation manufacturing every
within its domestic regions.
quest n search, pursuit King Arthur was on a quest for the Holy Grail.
The scrivener recorded all that happened in the
scrivener n a scribe days
of the king.
Going through hardships is one of the many
hardships n Extreme privation; suffering
realities of life.
formative adj giving form or shape The rectangle could be seen as a formative square.
the associated or secondary meaning of a The author had sophisticated connotation, using
connotation n word or expression in addition to its explicit advanced vocabulary to give his words an
or primary meaning underlying meaning.
noteworthy adj worthy of notice or attention Abraham said a lot of noteworthy quotes.
For many years, my mind wandered with vagrancy,
vagrancy n mental wandering
in search of answers.
The new tenants that will be living here will arrive
tenants n A dweller in a place; an occupant
in a couple hours.
An absurdist believes in some of the most
absurdist n an adherent of absurdism unusual
The love-struck man ambitiously sought out the
ambitious adj requiring exceptional effort
love of his woman.
an economic system based on private Capitalism is the economic basis for the United
ownership of capital States’s economy.
It was seemingly possible that what his friend
seemingly adv apparent; appearing was
saying was true.
The scientist will conduct research on the matter
to direct or take part in the operation or
conduct v of
This civil case will create a new precedent for those
precedent n an identical previous example
who go through an in-just arrest.
manufacture v the making of goods Chevrolet manufactures cars.
a state in which light rays exhibit different The design of the new pair of sunglasses polarizes
qualities in different directions the light away from the eyes.
President Lincoln inspired many to push forward
inspire v stimulate to activity
during difficult times.
Many candidates have to appease their constituents
bolster v prop up or support
to bolster their popularity among the populace.
relating to behavior in accordance with an
The committee is in place to ensure the ethical
ethical adj idea of right conduct (syn. moral / ant.
treatment of all research animals.
Some countries are imposing economic sanctions
impose v to force upon
the nation to pressure them to comply with
international standards for human rights.
to spend money with the expectation of We're going to invest some money into a college
earning more money back (ant. divest, sell) savings plan for our son.
the larger part; more than half The majority of the class wanted the professor to
(ant. minority) delay the exam by a week, but she refused.
raging adj angry fury A raging tsunami struck the southeast coast.
Many people got together to protest the new bill
protests n To object to that
Slavery in some countries still exists today
slavery n the condition of a slave; to be in bondage because it
provides an inexpensive labor force.
viable adj capable of living It is still viable that he will recover.
to move or pass in a swift but stately She was swept away by the man’s handsome
horrific adj causing horror The death scene was horrific.
There have been reported many unjust police
brutality n the quality of being brutal; cruelty brutality against normal civilians in high-crime
Stealing and murdering are both considered conducts
immorality n immoral quality, character, or conduct
sole adj being the only one He was the sole beneficiary of his parents will.
The United States in the past century illegalized
segregation n the act or practice of segregating segregation, so that whites and other ethnic
minorities can live together.
to gain use of (syn. enter / ant. forfeit, After a lot of searching, I was finally able to access
depart) the correct file.
an interactive system or process; the
My financial success has added a new dynamic to
dynamic adj workings and structure of a relationship
my relationships with my old friends.
contrary to the law; against the rules (ant. It is illegal to operate a vehicle while under the
legal) influence of alcohol.
When she started vomiting blood after the accident,
acting or effective within the body I suspected internal bleeding and rushed her to
(syn. inner / ant. external) the
lecturer n one who delivers a speech Our lecturer spoke with a clear voice to us.
With so many problems to deal with, the people
strife adj conflict or discord
had much strife.
traverse v pass across, over, or through The horse traversed the shallow waters.
Baptism ranges from a sprinkle on the head to total
immersion n the act of plunging into
native or indigenous to the region in
vernacular adj The Texas accent is vernacular to native Texans.
relevance to language
With such a difficult math problem, I was at a state
quandary n a state of bewilderment or perplexity
Authors used pen names so they could hide their
pen name n A pseudonym used by a writer
The kid was a runaway, when they found him
runaway n a person who runs away; fugitive
sleeping on the park bench.
Steamboats were the most effective means of
steamboat n a steam-driven vessel
on water, when the fuel powered engine didn’t
something that binds a person or persons
bond n The bond between the two friends was unbreakable.
to a certain circumstance
He was very reserved when it came to money,
reserve n the act of keeping back always
putting aside some money into savings.
The drunken man spouted many derogatory words
tending to lessen the merit or reputation to
of a person or thing the people that were dragging him out of the
We banned the toys because they were
banned v to prohibit, forbid, or bar dangerous to
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of The topic was still controversial despite it being
controversy argued for many hours.
Since the scientists didn’t have enough evidence,
quandaries n a state of perplexity or uncertainty
they had many quandaries about their theory.
There are many famous people that wrote their own
marked by or dealing with one's own
autobiographical adj autobiographical experiences about the times
experiences or life history
they lived in.
The number one movie showed much acclaim by
acclaim n with general approval
a certain quality or feature (syn. trait, One interesting aspect of the zebra is that no two
characteristic, facet) have exactly the same stripe pattern.
to cause to feel certain; to remove doubt I felt better because he assured me that I would
assure v (syn. encourage, soothe / ant. worry, get
doubt) paid on time this month.
One's first high school reunion usually takes place
decade n a period of ten years
one decade after graduation.
The secret agent had a device that would allow him
device n a tool; an instrument (syn. gadget)
to listen through walls.
The President of the United States has a prominent
prominent adj standing out
role in international affairs.
We need a formative way to create a computer
formative adj shaping, forming language so anyone can understand its
The professor was very adamant, maybe to the
adamant adj hard-hearted, unyielding
point of stubborn, about his answer.
one living, as though permanently, away Many ambassadors have to live as expatriates for
from his or her country the purpose of better foreign relations.
My depiction of death is a skeleton wearing a
depiction n portray by picture or words black
cape holding a big scythe.
All his nerves sensitized when she stroked him
sensitized v to render sensitive with
honing v To perfect or make more intense With good practice, one can hone his skills.
latter n being the second mentioned of two The latter half of the speech concluded his message.
democratic adj pertaining to or of the nature of democracy We must all do our democratic duty and vote.
Michelangelo created many masterpieces, both in
masterpiece n An outstanding work of art or craft
art and architecture.
A woman noted for courage and daring The Valkyrie is known as the heroine in Norse
the ordinary form of spoken or written In poetry, one doesn’t necessarily have to make
prose n language, without metrical structure, as every piece of prose rhyme. It can be written in
distinguished from poetry or verse free verse.
subtlety n the state or quality of being subtle The loud obnoxious man lacked any subtlety.
brash adj impertinent; impudent; tactless The crude comment was a bit brash.
forte n a strong point The kind man’s compassion was his forte.
To maintain a proper collection of anything, one
accumulation n collect or bring together must have a large accumulation of the thing they
attain v reach or achieve A student must work hard to attain good grades.
The temperature fluctuated in the room as the
fluctuate v change continually little
child played with the thermostat.
The witness’s testimony was valid considering the
valid adj well supported by fact
evidence produced by the police.
The school curriculum has to encompass every
encompass v contain
subject the school board requires.
During birthing inception, the mother must
inception n initiation breathe
and push to help get the baby out.
The guy was so embarrassed; his psyche regressed to
regress v to return
an infantile state.
in accordance to a proposition that Most of what philosophy describes is purely
describes an operation and cause theoretical for it lacks empirical evidence.
Med students must follow strict curricula by
curricula n a regular course of study
studying intensively the art of biology.
The satellite orbited around the earth
a device designed to orbit around a celestial
satellite n transmitting
data from one end of the country to the other.
The professor oversimplified the situation, which
oversimplified v to simplify to the point of error in
turn made the entire experiment a failure.
discipline n training to act in accordance with rules Practicing daily takes a lot of discipline.
countless adj too numerous to count There was so many of them; they were countless.
contribution n the act of contributing The people gave their contributions to the church.
any remains, impression, or trace of a
fossil n They found dinosaur fossils in the European region.
living thing of a former geologic age
the person or persons controlling and Money management is crucial when it comes to
directing the affairs of a business financing.
a science concerned with using The class learned about geomatics as they saw
geomatics n mathematical methods on data about the math
earth's surface equations to interpreting the earth’s crust.
the handing down of statements, beliefs, Bowing to your elders is a timeless tradition among
legends, customs, information Asian cultures.
Money just doesn’t materialize from trees. You
materialize v To cause to become real or actual have
to work for it.
the process by which the surface of the
The water’s force can create erosions to the earth’s
erosion n earth is worn away by the action of water,
surface, thus creating rivers.
glaciers, winds, waves
The archer shot his arrow at the target with great
accuracy n correctness, precision
Since I had nothing to do during the weekend, I was
available adj obtainable, at one’s disposal
available to work an extra shift.
The author used a lot of descriptive words to express
imagery n imaginative thought or expression
thoughtful imagery in his writing.
With the turning of the modern century, math
teachers saw the importance of incorporating the
incorporate v combine or introduce as an integral part
standard usage of calculators into their
curriculum, as the difficulty of math increased.
I had to survey the land before I could get my
survey n determine the boundaries of a piece of land client
to make a purchase.
navigation n sail over or on The navigation by the captain was expert.
The stars and the moon were known as celestial
celestial adj pertain to the sky
beings to the ancient astrologers.
density n thickness and compactness We can measure density by calculating volume.
The function of the word-processing program is
proper action in which anything fulfills its
function n for
unknown adj not discovered, determined, or identified The cause of the disease is unknown.
Water is ubiquitous; however, drinking water is
ubiquitous adj existing or being everywhere
cartography n the production of maps Mapsco is one company that deals with cartography.
It was merely a coincidence that both people met
merely adv only as specified and nothing more
We ran around the circumference of the circle
circumference n the outer boundary of a circular area
Before an actual car model is put into mass
the original or model on which something production, companies create a prototype to see
is based or formed how
well it might do on the market.
One can use a sextant to find the position of
an astronomical instrument used to where
sextant n determine latitude and longitude at sea by they are at in the middle of the ocean by angling
measuring angular distances it
of or pertaining to a movement espousing
a broad range of philosophies and practices The new age movement de-emphasizes research
new age n
traditionally viewed as occult, and experiments.
metaphysical, or paranormal
to impose, place, or set over, above, or on The President superimposed the law so that
something else everyone would know and abide by it.
a comprehensive view of the world and The worldview on international conflict leans
human life generally towards peaceful diplomacy.
atlas n a bound collection of maps The atlas showed every place on the continent.
benefit v advantage or profit It was to our benefit that we studied before the test.
Handheld games are becoming quite the commodity
commodities n an article of commerce
among children these days.
The computer is comprised of many parts that
comprise v consist of
simultaneously work together.
Among the human species, you can easily see a
diverse adj essentially difference
diverse mixture of cultures and races.
It is very unique to find the perfect diamond that
unique adj unusual, rare is
grown straight from nature.
Human beings come from the same homogeneous
homogeneous adj having the same origin
The gold mine had a plethora of the valuable
plethora n superabundance
I was mesmerized by the necklace because it had
mesmerize adj hypnotism
such a beautiful lustre to it.
Be careful not to replete the water container. You
replete adj completely filled
might spill it when you pick it up.
Hawaii, because of its tropical climate, is considered
exotic adj of foreign origin or character
one of the exotic locations for tourists to go.
figured or expressed on the basis of a rate They say that ten percent of your paycheck should
or proportion per hundred always go towards savings.
The outdoor landscape was beautiful with all the
landscape n a section or expanse of rural scenery
mountains and lakes.
steep adj having an almost vertical slope or pitch The steep mountain side was difficult to climb.
to change continually; shift back and forth;
fluctuate v The inconsistent student had fluctuating grades.
a small drum consisting of a circular frame
with a skin stretched over it and several
They used tambourines to maintain the beat
tambourine n pairs of metal jingles attached to the frame,
played by striking with the knuckles,
shaking, and the like
an art of sound in time that expresses ideas
and emotions in significant forms through
music n We listen to music.
the elements of rhythm, melody, harmony,
a reed instrument consisting of a melody
pipe and one or more accompanying drone
The Scottish people use bagpipes to perform songs
bagpipe n pipes protruding from a windbag into
of the dead.
which the air is blown by the mouth or a
A thick, flammable, yellow-to-black
mixture of gaseous, liquid, and solid
petroleum n We use petroleum as fuel source.
hydrocarbons that occurs naturally beneath the
The oil reserves are there in case the main
reserves n something kept or stored for use or need supplies
The failure of the potato crop lead to widespread
famine n extreme and general scarcity of food
famine in Ireland.
Despite her nervousness about bungee jumping,
in contrast to what might be expected (syn.
despite prep looked quite calm as she stood on the edge of
in spite of, although, even though)
As soon as the miners discovered ore, they
extraction n a point of forceful removal immediately searched for an extraction point to
Despite his sickness, Ralph persisted to learn in
persist v to endure
The cowboy woke up early and went to the stable to
stable adj a building for horses and cattle.
get his horse ready for the days work.
the process in which one reaps, gathers, In ancient times, farmers would manually garner all
and stores. the wheat by hand.
stellar adj starlike The actor performed a stellar audition for the part.
European and Japanese vehicles are usually imported
import v bring in as wares from another country
from their respected countries to the US.
Shakespeare’s portrayal of Julius Caesar is quite
portrayal n describing vividly
different from what actually happened in real life.
The sprain seriously hindered the athlete from
hinder v preventing from acting
running as fast as he could.
Early colonialism proved very useful to many
the idea of settling into a new country but
colonialism n growing empires, such as the UK because many
remain subject to the mother country
valuable trade items made them very prosperous.
mainland n the principal land of a country, region Australia’s mainland contains mostly desert.
the people who read or are thought to read The magazine went out of business because the
a particular book, newspaper, magazine readership base dwindled to almost nothing.
an area of land almost completely
The southern landmass of Florida is a peninsula to
peninsula n surrounded by water except for an isthmus
the United States.
connecting it with the mainland
isolate v to set or place apart; detach or separate We isolated the bacteria so that it wouldn’t spread.
using or able to speak several or many The person was multilingual. He spoke four
languages with some facility languages.
New York is said to be the most cosmopolitan area
sophisticated as to be at home in all parts
in the US as it contains many shopping centers
cosmopolitan n of the world or conversant with many
spheres of interest
I can’t see the two lines. I think they are
overlap v to cover and extend beyond
render v to cause to be or become The poison rendered the victim paralyzed.
We use the printing press to mass produce the
a machine, as a cylinder press or rotary
press n daily
press, for printing on paper
commendation or honor given for some
credit n We will give him credit for his good deeds.
I had to confirm the facts with three different
confirm v establish more firmly
people before I could believe my friend.
If I study, the consequence is a good grade;
that which follows as the result of some
consequence n however, if I don’t study, the consequence is a
The displacement of the people was caused by
displacement n the state of being out of place. the
a washing or wearing away of the earth’s A water path has enough power to create erosions,
surface. eventually turning that path into rivers.
The scientist hypothesized that the two liquids
hypothesize v A testable assertion to a problem would
create another chemical.
The wedding is one of the oldest ceremonial events
ceremonial adj pertains to a ceremony or formal ritual
arid adj lacking moisture, parched with heat The desert is naturally an arid habitat.
Two rivalling nations usually have adverse goals
adverse adj contrary in purpose
towards dealing with each other.
rural adj country life The rural farm life can be quite calming and quiet.
My grandparents bought a small tract of land so
tract n an expanse of land or water
they can live quietly and settle down.
one of the original or earliest known The Native Americans were aboriginal people
inhabitants of a country or region before the discoverers found the Americas.
otherwise adj under other circumstances Press the blue button, otherwise, press the yellow.
the contemplation or consideration of My views are only speculation because they are
some subject based only on my observations.
Deforestation was a big issue when paper
deforestation n to divest or clear of forests or trees destroyed entire forests to keep up with the
the introduction of harmful substances or
pollution n Car exhaust emits a lot of pollution.
products into the environment
Every year, the grazier will select the choice cattle
grazier n a person who grazes cattle for the market
and take it into market.
outback n located in the back country The outback of Australia is nothing but desert.
a method for removing a person or thing Because the injured victim was surrounded by water,
by air we needed an airlift to get him out of there.
Texas land has so many nutrients in the soil that
capable of producing crops; suitable for
arable adj farmers considered Texas one of the most arable
lands in the US.
gatherers n a person who gathers, collects We need gatherers to collect the material.
external adj located outside and apart Skin is external to the inner organs of the body.
Supermodels usually have very delicate, yet beautiful
feature n a distinctive or prominent characteristic
phenomena n an odd or notable thing Shooting stars are a wonderful phenomena to see.
It’s very predictable that the mouse will come
predictable adj foretell, prophesize after
the cheese, if I leave the cheese on the floor.
a hot spring that periodically spouts hot
geyser n Old Faithful is the most popular geyser.
water and steam
awe v fear mingled with admiration The father looked at his newborn in awe.
King Arthur and his knights make up the Celtic
myth n a legendary story
The beautiful sculpture of David was sculpted by
sculpt v to carve or shape
the hands of Michelangelo
Intense geothermic heat provokes volcanoes to
geothermic adj to create heat from the earth
fantastic adj unreal and hardly possible Pigs flying?! That is absolutely fantastic!
The Grand Canyon has many spectacular steep
canyon n a deep valley with steep sides
a land area having a relatively level surface
plateau n considerably raised above adjoining land We’ll land on the flat plateau over there.
on at least one side
With no rain for several months, we were facing a
drought n a period of dry weather
Before they went public, the scientists had to do
extensive adj of great extent; wide
extensive research to make sure they were right.
the place to which a person or thing travels
destination n The train’s final destination is Dallas, Texas.
or is sent
Because of the interruption, I had to recount the
recount v to count again
entire thing over again.
I was astounded by the number of people that
astound adj to overwhelm with amazement
showed up for his birthday party.
flora n Plants considered as a group Flora is the term that relates to plants and flowers.
In the woods, many types of fauna can be found,
fauna n all the animal life in a particular region
such are squirrels, and birds.
treasure n wealth or riches stored or accumulated The pirate hid his treasure.
To create a good research paper, I must collect and
compile v collect from various sources
compile my resources and thoughts onto paper.
As age progresses, the body slowly diminishes to a
diminish v make less or smaller by any means
weaker state as well.
The guide indicated where the tourist would go
indicate v to point out; direct attention to on
Some say love is the only factor to a relationship.
factor n any contributing cause or element
I think there are many others.
Soldiers in the army need great persistence to
persistence n to endure
endure the rigorous training.
In San Francisco, the hills have a high gradient,
gradient n the amount or angle of slope
making it very difficult to build houses.
The weather forecast predicted three days of
forecast n prediction straight
Because Houston is located close to the ocean, the
humidity n dampness, amount of moisture in the air
city has much humidity.
The math pattern was easy to pinpoint. It was
pattern n a model to be copied going
up by even numbers.
With so much pollution, global warming is
global adj worldwide
the ensemble or effect created by such
makeup n We need to see the genetic makeup of his DNA.
Spring, summer, fall, and winter constitute the four
season n one of the four periods of the year
The airplane travelled faster thanks to some
jet stream n A high-speed stream of air
powerful jet streams.
pronounce v to enunciate or articulate I pronounce you husband and wife.
an interface or zone of transition between
front n The cold front is coming in soon, so dress warmly.
two dissimilar air masses
A common burrowing rodent of northern When the groundhog sees his shadow, spring is
and eastern North America right around the corner.
any instrument that measures atmospheric Go grab the barometer to see if the air pressure is
an instrument that is carried aloft by a
balloon to send back information on
The radiosonde gave the weather crew all the
radiosonde n atmospheric temperature, pressure, and
weather information they needed.
humidity by means of a small radio
You’ve got a 103 temperature on the thermometer.
thermometer n an instrument for measuring temperature
You’re definitely sick.
all the parts of a thing taken together, so We collected the ensemble and put it in the
ensemble n that each part is considered only in relation garage
to the whole to work on it.
English, French, and Spanish are all analogous to
analogous adj corresponding; similar
collapse v break, fall in, or give way Since the bridge was built incorrectly, it collapsed.
The Michelangelo da Vinci art exhibit was open to
exhibit v offer to view
the public at the museum.
Because all of the players in the game were strong,
intense adj existing in high degree
the game was very intense.
After bothering him so much, he finally erupted in
erupt v burst forth suddenly
a fit of rage.
I had to wear a mantle to shield myself from the
mantle n a cover
a mass of molten material below the earth’s Once magma flows out of the earth’s surface, it
crust turns into lava.
I can’t believe the earth’s continents are supported
slablike sections of the earth that support by eight tectonic plates that are constantly
with each other.
seismic adj an earthquake California experiences a lot of seismic activity.
The fork on the road created a divergent crossing
divergent adj branch off in different directions
between two different paths.
an opening or passage by which anything We all need emotional outlets, because bottling
is let out; vent; exit those feelings can do more damage sometimes.
hotspot n areas of intense pressure The new jazz café was the hotspot for the teenagers.
The train remained stationary until all the guests
stationary adj standing still
were on board.
That piece of wood was a fragment chipped off
fragment n a part broken off or detached
from the coffin.
The ideas of the man and his wife typically are
convergent adj tending to come together
hardened v made or become hard or harder The water will harden when it’s cold.
a vast area of ancient crustal rocks which,
The shield volcano forms with layers upon layers
shield n together with a platform, constitutes a
of molten lava.
a large, basinlike depression resulting from The scientist went to the caldera to do some
caldera n the explosion or collapse of the center of research to see what caused the volcano to
a volcano explode.
composed chiefly of fragments of volcanic The volcano’s explosion was so massive,
origin huge pyroclastic pieces flew for miles.
lessened v To make less; reduce I lessened my grip knowing it was okay.
Eating right, and exercising is beneficial for a
beneficial adj helpful, profitable
healthy style of living.
Having a degree in computer programming made
capable adj having the ability
Ryan capable of doing his job.
Due to the number of flaws, the detective requested
investigation n examine in detail
a more thorough investigation.
The two lovers had a mutual affection for each
mutual adj reciprocated respect for the other
Martin Luther King Jr. envisioned a less prejudice
envision v contemplate in imagination
and less racial America
The northwest US experiences a lot of precipitation
precipitation n rain, sleet, or snow
during its rainy season.
Working out your body is ultimately working out
vascular adj pertain to bodily ducts that convey fluid
your vascular system.
pollinate v fertilize Bees and other insects help pollinate flowers.
severe adj serious, austere Watch out for severe thunderstorm.
Many organisms use their unique camouflage to
camouflage n disguise of objects
hide from predators.
The wind in the desert shifts the sand turning them
sand dune n a ridge of sand created by the wind
into hills and sand dunes.
The scorching heat of the sun made the travel
scorching v burning; very hot
all the plants or plant life of a place, taken
vegetation n Plant vegetation in Africa is extraordinarily diverse.
as a whole
Of or relating to a temperature scale that
registers the freezing point of water as 32° The normal body temperature is about 98.7 degrees
and the boiling point as 212° at one Fahrenheit.
atmosphere of pressure
Motor oil is a viscous substance that prevents car
viscous adj Having relatively high resistance to flow
engines from overheating.
The small piece of bread was sparsely distributed
sparse adj thinly scattered or distributed
among the eight kids.
The cactus is a wonderful example of the
xerophytes n A plant adapted to living in a dry arid habitat xerophytes, as they can survive the hottest days
of the desert.
resilient adj springing back; rebounding He was resilient to the opposing team’s force.
quenching v To put out Water quenches one’s thirst on dry hot summer days.
Coaches are advised to pay attention to
thermoregulation among their players, so that
thermoregulation n the regulation of body temperature
of them faint from dehydration.
The car mechanic accidentally displaced the oil with
displace v to put out of place
The student formulated his reply in his head
formulate v put into definite words before
induce v lead by persuasion or influence The people were easily induced by the propaganda.
The man that was found with the bloody shirt was
prime adj of highest quality
the police’s prime suspect.
My best friend is very reliable with even the menial
reliable adj reliable, trustworthy
tasks I ask him to do.
The magnitude of the earthquake was so
magnitude n physical greatness powerful
it destroyed tall buildings.
catastrophe n a sudden disaster The US experienced a huge catastrophe on 9/11.
a sea wave caused by a submarine
tsunami n Tsunamis show the destructive power of water.
The atomic bomb decimated the population of
decimate v destroy a great number of
Japan during World War II.
With modern physics and technology, we have
devastating adj lay waste
invented some devastating weaponry.
existing, situated, or operating below the They built subterranean tunnels, so the enemy
surface of the earth wouldn’t see them in the air.
importance or significance attached to a I cannot stress to you how important this next
thing objective is.
a scale, ranging from 1 to 10, for indicating The horrific earthquake measured a 7.2 on the
Richter scale n
the intensity of an earthquake Richter scale.
The extent of the damage was severe. It would
the space or degree to which a thing
extent n take
many years to rebuild.
detected v To discover or ascertain the existence We detected other life forms in space.
tidal adj of or relating to or caused by tides Surfers use small tidal waves to ride on their boards.
The number of soldier fatalities during the war was
fatalities n a disaster resulting in death
pummeled v to beat or thrash with or as if with the fists The man pummelled his opponent to the ground.
The lawyer scathed the witness with all sorts of
scathed v to attack with severe criticism
To set down for preservation in writing or
recorded v The recorded message was from my mom.
other permanent form
The insurance agent came out and assessed the
assess v estimate the value of
damage from the car accident.
I had to clarify my main point to the puzzled
clarify v make clear to the sight or understanding
The knight equipped himself with armor and a
equip v fit out for what is needed
sword for combat.
pose v propound as a question I will pose the first question, and you shall answer.
Through process of elimination, I concluded that
process n a series of operations C
was the correct answer.
The disease was widespread and everyone at
widespread adj covering a great area school
Topography allows for the creation of maps
topography n the surface configuration of anything
bumps on them to signify an increase in
The hero did so many amazing feats, I’m sure he’ll
legendary adj a widely accepted but unverified story
Many people in the medieval era feared deep holes
abyssal adj bottomless pit
fearing that the hole might be abyssal.
The movie star was allegedly spotted at the local
alleged adj declare positively
I don’t think you understand the immensity of
immensity n vastness; enormous extent
damage you caused for that family.
a scientist who studies physical and
oceanographer n The oceanographer charted the undersea life forms.
biological aspects of the seas
something that causes wonder, admiration,
marvel v People marvel at the beauties nature presents.
a person who directs or assists in the
mariner n The mariner travelled all over the earth on his ship.
navigation of a ship
a specialist in the branch of biology dealing
zoologist n The zoologist is now studying monkeys.
a part or an individual taken as exemplifying
specimen n This particular specimen is the leader of the herd.
a whole mass or number
angler n One who fishes with a hook The angler caught one of the biggest fish.
Check the salinity of the soup. If it’s too salty, add
salinity n the relative proportion of salt in a solution
a little bit more water.
the act or process of forming or the state The soldiers went into formation as they did
of being formed inspections.
a substance produced by or used in a We use this chemical to neutralize any toxic
chemical process substances.
alter v make some change in One can alter bad habits through hard to work.
We all came to a consensus that we would all go
consensus n agreement in opinion to
McDonald’s for lunch.
the means of proving or disproving an There was much evidence against the suspect that
alleged fact made him look guilty.
The beginner’s orchestra played at a steady interval
interval n the time between two events
so that they could all play together.
The counselor closely monitored the camper’s
monitor v to oversee a particular activity
Good catches and strong offensive line were few
proponent n the one who proposes of the proponents to why the team won the
exacerbate v embitter My sister’s constant naggin exacerbated my mother.
Due to the rain, there were many water deposits in
deposit n lay down, precipitate
We turned on the flashlight to illuminate the dark
illuminate v furnish with a light
tropic adj the region among the equator Hawaii’s hot weather is due to its topic location.
A cold period marked by episodes of
The ice age supposedly killed off the dinosaurs
ice age n extensive glaciation alternating with episodes of
because they could not preserve their own heat.
the act of defining or making definite, In order to use the word properly, you must
distinct, or clear understand its definition.
a fact, occurrence, or circumstance The creation of life is a phenomenon which even
observed or observable scientists don’t fully understand.
a colorless gas (O3) soluble in alkalis and
cold water; a strong oxidizing agent; can The ozone is vital to our health because it
ozone n be produced by electric discharge in prevents
oxygen or by the action of ultraviolet radiation UV rays from hitting our skin.
on oxygen in the stratosphere
The blockages in the toilet made the water come
blockage n an obstructed condition
To change from a frozen solid to a liquid Don’t cook the frozen meat. I’m thawing it so
by gradual warming it’ll be easier to cook later.
to move or travel around in an orbital or
orbit v The satellite orbits around the earth.
contend v to struggle in opposition The teams will contend for the title and trophy.
The ice age brought a huge climatic change in
climatic adj of or pertaining to climate
glacier n a slowly moving mass of ice The huge glacier melted its way to the ocean.
My friend and I debated over the topic of abortion
debate v to engage in discuss or argument
The liar denied any claim that was brought upon
deny v refuse to admit the truth
him and his crime.
We had to eliminate the possibility of failure,
eliminate v get rid of when
we began to get the machine to work.
As soon as the dye touched the water, a color
reaction n a response
reaction took place.
The cat survived the jump that was three stories
survive v continue to live
The child put an odd trinket on top of the drawer.
trinket n a trifling ornament
It was his sister’s lucky rabbit foot.
fatal adj causing death The car accident was fatal to the driver.
Due to viral adaptation, it is getting more difficult
immunity n exempt from a disease
for humans to develop natural immunities.
Committing petty crimes is a serious disservice to
disservice n opposing a duty or service
Before church service starts, the clergy will produce
knell n the sound of a bell
the knell with the church bell.
Undoubtedly adv not called in question I undoubtedly believed you.
The lingering ghost scared the guests of the
lingering v To be slow in leaving
Joe was cleaning the rooms. Meanwhile, Julie
meanwhile adj in the intervening time
was washing the dishes.
a person who conducts explorations by
navigator n The navigator directed the ship to the port.
The seafarer recorded his logs on what went on
seafarer n a traveller on the sea
during the sea voyage.
nearby adj close at hand; not far off Japan is nearby the coast of Korea.
hereditary or natural character, tendency, We need to get a clear DNA strain to get a genetic
or trait makeup.
disregard v to pay no attention to The mother disregarded her son’s constant nagging.
ownership n the state or fact of being an owner I claim ownership of the vehicle after I buy it.
Polynesian adj A native or inhabitant of Polynesia Polynesians have a tropical way of life.
The human body is very complex because it has so
complex adj composed of many intricate parts
many parts that work differently.
His friend had a very dynamic personality because
dynamic n full of force and energy he approached people with a smile and
suggest or indicate without expressing I didn’t directly tell him that I liked him, but with
directly my actions, I might have implied it.
move from one region to another
migrate v Birds migrate when the climate begins to change.
Helping the sick and needy was completely
voluntary adj done from one’s free choice
After hearing his powerful speech, I was impelled to
impel v drive onward
help out the community.
the study of structure and development of To understand the acoustics of the vocal signal,
language one must study linguistics.
Because the water was running, the rate of diffusion
diffusion n pour out and spread
of the dye was faster than expected.
A person who is flexible can assimilate to a new
assimilate v take in or incorporate
culture more quickly.
Military armor has evolved over the centuries,
mobility n easily moveable allowing the soldier to have more mobility in
transplant v to move from one place to another The man with a bad heart needs a heart transplant.
Because the business is setup in many locations,
relocation n to move to a different location
you will be susceptible to relocation.
We transposed the locker combination so that
to change the relative position, order, or
transposed v no
one would steal it.
food and drink considered in terms of its
We need to consider your diet before we place you
diet n qualities, composition, and its effects on
on an exercise routine.
assortment n a collection of various kinds of things He had an assortment of various collectible cards.
tinged v to impart a slight taste or smell to Blood has a slight tinge of iron.
continuing without termination or
ongoing adj It was an ongoing tradition.
host n One that furnishes facilities and resources He was a good host at the party.
vanish v to disappear from sigh The magician vanished inside the box.
Wheat products are usually the staple diet for
staples n A basic or principal element or feature
When teaching science, it is more productive to
demonstrate v describe or explain by use of example
demonstrate than it is to teach.
We had to give even distributions to the hungry
distribution n spread out
because we were low on food rations.
Food, water, and air are a means to subsistence,
subsistence n have the means to live but there is also the will to want to survive that
helps as well.
I was stricken with love at first sight when I saw
stricken v strongly affected
her walking into the room.
Due to political chaos, the government had a lot
instability n unsteadiness, lack of firmness
Before getting to the main piece of music, the
interlude n an episode of such time
orchestra played the interlude.
We must eradicate all dangerous parasites from
eradicate v pull out by the root
I was ladened with the most difficult task of
laden v load or burden
carrying huge blocks of wood.
Genesis accounts the telling of the deadly plagues
plague n a pestilential epidemic
that brought disaster to Eygpt.
Modern prisons put more restrictions on food
restriction n to attach restrictions utensils for fear of violent breakouts and
a personification of the forces of nature
mother nature n as a controlling and regulating maternal Mother Nature takes care of the circle of life.
There was slight rainfall as the monsoon season
rainfall n a fall or shower of rain
came to a close.
an act or instance of failing or proving
failure n When he didn’t pass the test, he felt like a failure.
pertaining to meteorology or to phenomena Determining weather patterns is a meteorological
of the atmosphere or weather study.
wreak v to inflict or execute The monster wreaked destruction among the city.
There was great havoc as the monster destroyed
havoc n great destruction or devastation
the careful utilization of a natural resource We need to have a conservation stance on fuel as
in order to prevent depletion it is a limited resource.
breed n to produce (offspring); procreate; engender Animals breed to continue the process of life.
protract v to draw out or lengthen He protracted the song to the point of exhaustion.
the act of combining or the state of being
combination n I’ll have the chicken and steak combination.
The two equations were written differently, but the
equivalent adj the same in magnitude, meaning, and effect
answers were equivalent .
opposing v set against or opposite to The two opposing teams battled it out on the field.
The teacher accidentally wrote on the soft erase
board with the permanent marker. The mark
permanent adj lasting, and fixed
The father thought the responsible young man was
suitable adj appropriate, becoming
a suitable guy to go out with his daughter.
tend v be inclined or disposed; to work with The doctor tended to the sick patients needs.
thrive v prosper, flourish Plants thrive with proper care.
barren adj incapable of producing offspring The desert is a barren place to plant crops.
Humans are terrestrial beings in that we survive
terrestrial adj pertain to earth and land
through the fruitfulness of the earth.
Through animal husbandry, humans were able to
domesticate certain animals for their own
husbandry n farming, agriculture
The lawyer’s conjunction was dismissed as soon
an opinion not founded on sufficient as
evidence the judge figured out his theory lacked sufficient
The human chocolate consumption rate is about
consumption n the act of consuming 45
lbs. in a year.
In central and south America, the Native Americans
maize n corn
depended on their maize supply for food.
manure n excrement, or other refuse used as fertilizer We use cow manure to fertilize the plants.
the aggregate of passively floating, drifting,
There is one species of whales that eat plankton by
plankton n or somewhat motile organisms occurring
the tons everyday.
in a body of water
hatcheries n a place for hatching eggs Hen’s have a hatchery to lay their eggs.
We have formulated a way to convert heat into
formulated v to express in precise form
mutton n the flesh of sheep If we charbroil the mutton, it will taste soft.
A wind system that influences large
We had a great deal of rainfall during the monsoon
monsoon n climatic regions and reverses direction
An artificial waterway or artificially We need to use canals to spread the water to
canals n improved river used for travel, shipping, areas
or irrigation. where water is lacking.
aquaculture n the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants Aquaculture is important to grow aquatic life.
The Titanic was the greatest ship ever assembled
assemble v bring together or fit together
Since there were so many different kinds of birds,
category n a comprehensive division or class scientists had to put them into categories according
to their species.
To convert water into ice, one must simply put
convert v change into another form ice
in the freezer.
The burly man remained rigid, as the small boy
rigid adj stiff and inflexible
pushed against him.
The spy was out of the visible scope of the enemy
visible adj capable of being seen
The thin membrane filtered the water from any
membrane n a sheet of thin tissue
cells that create energy through consuming Most bacteria are prokaryotic as they feed off of
other cells other cells.
Plants cells are all eukaryotic because they get
eukaryotic adj cells that can create its own energy
their energy from the sun.
a cell that unites with another for The sperm and egg are perfect examples of sexual
reproduction reproductive gametes.
A city without walls is susceptible for an enemy
susceptible adj capable of being affected
A large mass of similar cells that make up
We can grow skin tissue to help burn victims
tissues n a part of an organism and perform a
recover their skin.
multicellular adj composed of several or many cells Animals are multicellular creatures
the colloidal and liquid substance of which
protoplasm n Extract the protoplasm before the cells form.
cells are formed
A soft, semisolid food substance with a Fruit jelly makes a good dessert because its fun
resilient consistency squishing it around your mouth.
the cell substance between the cell
cytoplasm n The cytoplasm gives the space for all the organelles.
membrane and the nucleus
being in a position or direction
Vertically adv The elevator goes up vertically to the next floor.
perpendicular to the plane of the horizon
The process in which to one-celled
The conjugation of the two organisms allowed
conjugation n organisms unite to transfer nuclear
them to reproduce.
the cell produced by the union of two Zygote needs to further fertilize in order to be
gametes an embryo.
We need a stable medium to keep the variable
medium n a middle state or condition
identical or consistent; without variations The cells are aligned in a uniform manner to be
in detail shaped as skin.
The president’s decision was crucial to the overall
crucial adj decisive, critical
plan of the company’s growth.
The internet was a new innovation in the
innovation n introduce something new
The chameleon, when camouflaged, appears
invisible adj not be seen
invisible to the naked eye.
The wine connoisseur was extremely specific in
specific adj a particular kind
picking the next wine to be tasted.
The airline controller transmitted the new
transmit v communicate or emit
coordinates to the flight pilot.
Washing your hands helps a lot when being exposed
microbes n a germ or bacteria
The land was fertile with vast plains of green
fertile adj abundant, fruitful grass,
The product we are selling is the new improved
product n the result from something produced
smaller sized laptop.
a substance that tends to destroy harmful We treat bacteria diseases with an antibiotic
The rainbow has a nice array of colors in its
array adj regular order or arrangement
A three-dimensional surface, all points of The game of pool requires 12 spheres, including
which are equidistant from a fixed point the cue ball.
rod n a stick, wand, staff, or the like We used the rod to measure how deep the water was.
a plane curve generated by a point moving
spiral n around a fixed point while constantly The rotating spiral made all of us dizzy.
receding from or approaching it
Cockroaches are ubiquitous because they can
ubiquitous adj existing or being everywhere adapt
quickly to any environment.
Any of a large group of single-celled,
protozoan n I believe the paramecium is a protozoan.
usually microscopic, eukaryotic organisms
The reed is an instrumental piece that allows the
instrumental adj serving or acting as an instrument or means
player to blow on the oboe.
any large, brown, cold-water seaweed,
kelp n used as food and in various manufacturing Kelp feeds many aquatic herbivores in the ocean.
primitive chlorophyll-containing mainly
Some forms of algae produce vast amounts of
algae n aquatic eukaryotic organisms lacking true
chemicals that are beneficial for humans.
stems and roots and leaves
We must watch out for dangerous microbes that
microbe n a microorganism
enter the body.
capable of being transmitted by bodily His sickness was contagious to the people around
contact with an infected person or object him.
Cancers cells are cells that are abnormal in genetic
abnormal adj not ordinary, unusual
acquire v obtain, gain The millionaire acquired a lot of material wealth.
attach v fasten, affix The man attached the name tag to his shirt.
At the same time, the man inserted the electrical
insert v to put in
plug into the socket.
transform v change in form, appearance, or condition The caterpillar transformed into a butterfly.
We encased the diamond in a bulletproof case
encase v enclose in so it
would be well protected.
After the hero manifested himself with the ancient
manifest v readily perceived art of warfare, he was unstoppable in the
If we don’t neutralize the acid, it will start eating
neutralize v render inactive
away everything around it.
Airborne combat was discovered as soon as
airborne adj supported by the air man
began to conquer the skies.
The time my sister was bitten by a dog was an
incidence adj frequency of occurrence
isolated incident. .
the central, innermost, or most essential We must setup a core system of knowledge for
part of anything people to understand better.
We must lysing cancer cells so they do not
the dissolution or destruction of cells by
lysing v spread
throughout the body.
Some scientists believe we can use viruses for our
the transfer of genetic material from one benefit. We need to go through a transduction
cell to another by means of a virus. process so the genetic material to something
built so as to be an integral and permanent It’s hard to change the part because it’s already
part of a larger construction built-in the device.
an assembly of moving parts performing a I don’t know what triggered the mechanism to
complete functional motion work all of a sudden.
We localized the number of incidents to this
to gather, collect, or concentrate in one
localized v general
any preparation used as a preventive
vaccine n inoculation to confer immunity against a specific We prepared a vaccine to cure the disease.
The patient with scurvy is suffering from vitamin-c
deficiency n lack; incompleteness; insufficiency
Small, rounded structures along the small
vessels of the lymphatic system that
When lymph nodes develop, it shows the body is
lymph nodes n produce disease-fighting white blood
battling hard against a disease.
cells and filter out harmful microorganisms
and toxins from the lymph
the blood flowing through a circulatory When we breathe in air, the oxygen flows through
system the bloodstream.
The main dish was served adequately with the
adequate adj equal to requirement
proper dishes and utensils.
The laptop consists of many components. Some of
component adj forming a part
these are the hard-drive and the mother-board.
Many wonderful musicians compose beautiful
compose v form by putting parts together
School grades no longer consist of just behavior
consist v be composed of
and work, but also attendance as well.
a substance that causes injury or death The rat died as soon as it ate the poisonous
upon contact mushrooms.
These organic vegetables have a better taste
organic adj derived from plant or animal matter than
the factory-cleaned brand.
an organism that lives off the nutrients The parasitic worm gave a lot of health problems
from a host to the cow.
germinate v begin to grow, sprout We must wait for the wheat to germinate.
maturity n complete in natural growth The horse has grown to maturity over the years.
The car’s trunk made it easy to compartmentalize
compartmentalize v divide into compartments
dissolve v to break up The alka-seltzer dissolved in water.
a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, Insects have a hard chitin armor that encases
related chemically to cellulose the organs.
germinate v to begin to grow or develop The seed germinated to a flower.
a growth of minute fungi forming on Leaving bread out too long may cause mold to
vegetable or animal matter grow.
a fungus that produces a superficial
mildew n Mildew grew from the dead carcass.
growth on organic matter
any of several subterranean, edible,
truffle n Many people enjoy eating mushrooms and truffles.
any of several antibiotics of low toxicity,
penicillin n produced naturally by molds of the genus Penicillin was one of first bacterial vaccines.
Any of various chiefly aquatic, eukaryotic, Algae grew from the ocean surface to capture
algae n photosynthetic organisms, ranging in size the
from single-celled forms to the giant kelp sunlight.
A fungus, usually of the class Ascomycetes, that
Lichens latched onto the algae so that it would
lichen n grows symbiotically
flourish with it.
a system formed by the interaction of a The ecosystem is a complex system of all
ecosystem n community of organisms with their mammals
environment. and nature working together.
Mixing two or many elements together will
compound v form by mixing and joining
eventually create a new compound.
suggest or indicate without expressing The professor seemed to imply the answer in his
the relation of one thing to another in respect to The circle, when cut in half, is proportional on
size, degree, or quantity both sides.
In Free Willy, the young boy released the shamu
release v set free or unfasten
whale into the open waters.
As I placed the mirror against the sun, the light
reflect v throw back as rays of light
was reflected off the mirror.
abundant adj copious in supply We have an abundant amount of grain to trade.
pigment n coloring matter His skin pigment was light brown.
molecule n the smallest possible physical unit These molecules make up the water atom.
After we got into that fight, he dissociated himself
dissociate v sever the connection of
not contingent on something else for After living by myself for many years, I’m quite
existence independent on household chores.
photon n a quantum of electromagnetic radiation Plants use light photons to convert it to energy.
the distance, measured in the direction of
Depending on the wavelength, you can manipulate
wavelength n propagation of a wave, between two successive
the pitch of the sound.
points in the wave
the green coloring matter of leaves and Within the chlorophyll, the light photons are
chlorophyll n plants, essential to the production of converted into energy packets for the plant to
carbohydrates by photosynthesis use.
As soon the chemical hit the reactant, it triggered
trigger v to initiate
Chloroplast contains the chlorophyll of which
chloroplast n a plastid containing chlorophyll
energy is made.
Sunlight is the most abundant source of energy
sunlight n the light of the sun
an elementary particle that is a fundamental
electron n constituent of matter, having a negative Electrons are present outside of the atomic nucleus.
the act of reducing or the state of being When people are situated in one place, muscles go
reduced through reduction to minimize the use of energy.
pertaining to or characterized by cellules or There was a lot of cellular activity as soon as we
cells fed him vitamins.
Our atmosphere is what helps us survive the
atmosphere n the gaseous envelope surrounding the earth
The Native American’s utilized every part of the
utilize v make use of, put to service
buffalo to make efficient use of it.
burst v break from internal pressure The bomb burst as soon as the fuse shorted.
When the sperm meets the egg, they both unite to
fertilize v make productive
fertilize in creating life.
The cookie dough was edible enough to be eaten,
edible adj fit to be eaten as food
but we all waited for the real cookies.
evolve v form gradually Scientists believe apes evolved into humans.
secrete v produce by glandular activity The duck-billed platypus secretes a deadly poison.
The scientific method ensures a consistent and
method n systematic procedure
accurate result with each test.
The bee flies into the flower and, while doing so,
stigma n part of the flower that receives pollen touch the stigma to spread the gametes for
The common seed that falls on the ground from trees
ovules n a rudimentary egg or seed
can be called ovules.
emergence adj rise out, or become apparent The dying man was sent to the emergency room.
interrelated v to bring or enter into reciprocal relation. Food and exercise are interrelated to our health.
The carpel supports the pistil for insects and
carpels n One of the structural units of a pistil birds
the enlarged lower part of the pistil in The ovary is where the fertilization of eggs or
angiospermous plants seeds takes place.
grain n any small, hard particle Grain of sand
Angiosperms are the biggest phylum in all living
angiosperm n a plant having its seeds enclosed in an ovary
plants. They are your typical flowering plants.
an extensive, continuous part of a surface, There are many regions in the world that have
space, or body diverse cultures.
the saccharine secretion of a plant, which
nectar n attracts the insects or birds that pollinate the Insects love to feed off the nectar.
A minute structure in seed plants, containing the
embryo sac and surrounded by the nucellus that The ovules of angiosperms are contained in a
develops into a seed structure called the ovary within in the flower.
The filament of a flower is what extends the
the stalklike portion of a stamen, supporting the
filament n sperm
to touch the insect when it pollinates.
the fine, soft, thick, hairy coat of the skin of a
fur n The dog’s fur was soft.
The extra large hallway made it more accessible
accessible adj means of approach and admission
for people to walk through.
We first explored the school grounds to see
travel through a region for purpose of
explore v where
observation and discovery
our classes were.
We walked through shallow waters for we were
shallow adj not deep
scared of drowning in the deep waters.
The wonders of the universe are fascinating
fascinating v attract irresistibly
to learn about.
nourishment n feeding The mother cow provided nourishment to her babe.
The marine life is full of fish and oceanic
marine adj pertain to the sea
Most polar animals have a thick layer of blubber,
blubber n fat
so they can survive the bitter cold.
Polar animals also have natural antifreeze so
a substance that reduces the freezing point of
antifreeze n their blood can be constantly warm and
scavenge v devouring refuse Rats love to scavenge through trash.
tubular adj being or pertaining to tubes The huge sewer pipes were shaped in a tubular way.
thrive v to grow or develop vigorously Bacteria thrive in damp, warm places.
The anemone look beautiful, but it has
marine polyps that resemble flowers but have
anemone n dangerous
oral rings of tentacles
Any of various marine crustaceans of the
subclass Cirripedia that in the adult stage form a Many ships that stay in the water have barnacles
hard shell and remain attached to submerged on the hull.
Any of various marine fishes of the order
Rajiformes or Batoidei, having cartilaginous
rays n Sting rays seem to glide underwater.
skeletons, horizontally flattened bodies, and
The thorns on the rose are meant to sting anyone
stinging v to prick or wound with a sharp-pointed
that tries to touch it.
An elongated flexible unsegmented extension
Tentacles have many functions. They can secrete
tentacles n used for feeling, grasping, or
poison or help an animal grasp onto something.
Krills and planktons are what make up the diet
shrimp-like planktonic crustaceans; major source
krill adj for
of food for baleen whales
the baleen whales.
pertaining to, dependent on, or accompanying
Some types of seafood are seasonal because they
seasonal adj the seasons of the year or some particular
are not available all year long.
The man grabbed the hatchet to go cut some
hatchet n a small, short-handled ax wood
for the fire.
habitat n the natural environment of an organism Every animal lives in its own particular habitat.
dominate v govern, control The winner dominated the losers in the game.
emerge v come forth from something that conceals The resurrected hero emerged from the ashes.
Some scientists theorize that human beings
originate v begin, initiate
originated in Africa.
The submarine submerged as it approached the
submerge v sink below the surface
The magician vanished out of thin air as he
vanish v fade from sight, disappear covered
himself with his cape.
When the moon isn’t shining above, the water
recede v withdraw, fall away
The stone axe is considered one of the most
primitive adj simple, crude
primitive human weapons.
We can elongate the tape measure to measure
elongate v extend the
corners of the hall.
Kings and emperors can identify their ancestry
ancestry n line of descent easier than most people because they usually
had scholars recording their reign.
larval adj the youngest stage in metamorphosis The caterpillar is the larval stage of the butterfly.
Any of various warm-blooded vertebrate Humans are mammals because we create our own
moist adj moderately or slightly wet The towel was moist after putting it in water.
tadpoles n The limbless aquatic larva of a frog or toad Tadpoles turn into frogs when they mature.
reptilian n belonging or pertaining to the Reptilia. Birds are said to be of reptilian descent.
The respiratory organ of most aquatic
gill n The fish has gills to breathe underwater.
animals that breathe water to obtain oxygen
A person, animal, or plant whose descent
The Arabs and Jews are both said to be descendents
descendents n can be traced to a particular individual or
from Abraham in the bible.
having a space or cavity inside; not solid;
hollow adj The dead tree was hollow inside.
wingspan n the distance between the wing tips The eagle’s wingspan is incredibly long.
An organism in its early stages of The embryo must be kept safe if the mother is to
development give birth to it.
Any of various extinct, often gigantic,
carnivorous or herbivorous reptiles of the
Dinosaurs are said to have died due to a great
dinosaur n orders Saurischia and Ornithischia that
were chiefly terrestrial and existed during the
Since the U.S. has abundant resources, it is able to
abundant adj copious supply or quantity
enjoy many luxuries.
The little kid contrived a clever way to building
contrive v devise or bring about with clever planning his
Because hunters killed so many buffalos all at once,
deplete v exhaust by drawing away the buffalo population was depleted to near
resemble v have similarity to The child resembled his parents in appearance.
I roamed the uncharted territories for years, and
roam v travel aimlessly
still I found nothing.
You must grip the ball tightly so that you won’t
grip v a firm grasp
Monkeys have prehensile hands and feet so they
prehensile adj fitted for grasping
can easily hold onto trees.
grasp v seize or hold Climb up the tree, and grasp the fruit.
The dog’s behavior is very interesting because
behaviour n manners, habits, or tendencies most
animals do not exhibit loyalty to humans.
The American buffalo is endangered. It may be
endanger v expose to loss or injury
completely wiped out.
Humans have opposable thumbs to help grasp
capable of being placed opposite to
opposable adj onto
Monkeys love manipulating twigs so they can use
to manage or influence skilfully, esp. in
manipulating adj it
an unfair manner
to scratch themselves.
Bats are nocturnal creatures as they come out
nocturnal adj Most active at night
during the night.
a person or thing that protects; defender; The female plays both the motherly role and a
guardian protector of her children.
a thing with the will, courage,
The male usually plays the role as the fighter,
fighter n determination, ability, or disposition to
fending off his possession.
fight, struggle, resist
to dwell permanently or for a considerable
reside v We reside in that house over there.
upright adj erect or vertical, as in position or posture Humans walk upright.
Our ancient ancestors are said to have been cave
dweller n a person who inhabits a particular place
The gypsy population is considered a nomadic
nomadic adj migratory
culture for they can never settle in one place.
We ensured our financial success by carefully
ensure v make certain
analyzing the stock markets.
We gave forage to the cows, because the grass in
forage n food for livestock
the field was gone.
The man gulped down the water quickly after
gulp v swallow hastily
being left in the desert for 3 days.
Injecting a needle is no easy task. You have to
injecting v put in by driving force
first find the vein.
The spear pierced the enemy so quickly, he died
pierce v force a way into
We put a strainer on the water so we could get
strainer n a filter or sieve
The armadillo has a natural armor to cover from
armour n anything that protects
The lawyer made a good defense for his defendant
defense n resistance against assault
in the trial.
routine n course of procedure It is routine for us to eat at least three meals a day.
prefer v choose rather than the other I prefer the red shoes, over the black ones.
One who habitually takes advantage of the
The worm parasite is dangerous when it makes its
parasites n generosity of others without making any
nest in your intestines.
Cows are the best examples of herbivores for all
herbivores n An animal that feeds chiefly on plants.
they eat is grass.
As you can see, cows are constantly grazing the
grazing v to feed on growing grass and pasturage
grass for food.
Any of various predatory, flesh-eating However, the tiger is a carnivore, as it loves the
mammals taste of meat.
An organism that eats both plants and We humans are omnivores because we consume
animals. both meat and vegetation.
An animal that lives by capturing and
predators n The predator flew down to catch its prey.
eating other animals.
nests n A place affording snug refuge or lodging The birds built a nice nest to grow their young.
Any small, leafless branch of a woody The male bird went out to find little twigs to build
plant. its nest with its spouse.
I was just free-floating in the water because the
free-floating adj capable of relatively free movement. water on my back and the sun shining down felt
scalding adj Causing a burning sensation The coffee was scalding hot.
descend v move downward Rain descends from the clouds above.
Food, water, and air are essential to the well-being
essential adj absolutely necessary
of a human.
harmful adj physical or moral injury Drinking poison is definitely harmful to your body.
There are few people in the world that can write
simultaneously adv operating at the same time
simultaneously with both hands.
Spraying cold water on someone will stimulate them
stimulate v excite to action
There is a necessity for humans to not only
necessity adj something essential to existence survive,
but to thrive as well.
hormone n any substance secreted from glands Hormones help regulate some of the bodily functions.
When you do crunch exercises, you are working out
abdomen n the part between the thorax and pelvis
After your stomach digests all the food, it then
intestine n the bowel pushes the food to the intestines for disbursement
throughout the body.
You saliva is an enzyme that immediately starts
enzyme n a catalyst to metabolism
breaking down food,
a soft, fatty, vascular tissue in the interior
The bone marrow transplant is critical for people
marrow n cavities of bones that is a major site of
who can’t produce their blood cells quickly.
blood cell production.
either of a pair of bean-shaped organs in
the back part of the abdominal cavity that The two kidneys are found opposite from each
kidney n form and excrete urine, regulate fluid and other
electrolyte balance, and act as endocrine among the abdominal region.
a large, reddish-brown, glandular organ
located in the upper right side of the The liver cleans out all the impurities of the
liver n abdominal cavity, divided by fissures into blood,
five lobes and functioning in the secretion which is a very arduous task.
of bile and various metabolic processes.
the main trunk of the arterial system,
conveying blood from the left ventricle of The main artery that’s connected to the heart is
the heart to all of the body except the the aorta.
part or member of an animal body distinct The child hung on to his father’s limb like a
from the head and trunk monkey on a tree.
One of the small terminal branches of an
The blood flows to the arterioles which lead to the
arterioles n artery, especially one that connects with
one of the minute blood vessels between The capillaries are the conversion point from
capillaries n the terminations of the arteries and the artery
beginnings of the veins. to vein.
The venules are small veins that are connected to
A small vein, especially one joining capillaries to
venules n a
either of the two upper chambers on each
The two atriums of the heart pump the blood
side of the heart that receive blood from
atrium n from
the veins and in turn force it into the
ventricles. the vein to the other two chambers of the heart.
The blood system is often called the circulatory
move or pass through a circuit back to the
circulatory adj system in which the blood flows in a circular
The stomach has many digestive acids that break
digestive adj act or process of assimilating food
The man elongated the rope so that his partner
elongate v make longer, extend
could climb it up.
Many ancient gods were depicted from animals
entity n something that has real existence
and other entities.
It is always wise to have a diverse set of nutrients
nutrients n nourishment, food
for the body to maintain itself.
Thermos bottles insulate hot water from getting
insulate v to shield a material from heat, sound, etc..
If you apply electricity to a neuron, you will see
neuron n a nerve cell
The lazy boy really needs to make a conscious
conscious adj aware of one’s existence, feelings, and thoughts
effort to apply himself.
We bought facial makeup for Sally so she can
facial adj of the face
look pretty for the prom.
a vital part of a microscopic organism that does The mitochondrion is an organelle in the cell
vital work that produces power.
disposal of waste matter from an organic
excrete v Animals excrete waste everyday.
a substance thought to be the essential
Chicken meat has high amounts of protein for
protein n nitrogenous component of all organic
the body to process.
a person who is in charge of the records,
correspondence, minutes of meetings, and
secretaries n I left a memo for your secretary to give to you.
related affairs of an organization, company,
an attorney's assistant, not admitted to the
The paralegal informed the lawyer of all his
paralegal n practice of law but trained to perform certain
any animal tissue that covers a surface, or lines a
cavity or the like, and that, in addition, performs
The epithelial skin was moist from all the sweat
epithelial adj any of various secretory, transporting, or
the boy released.
cavities n A hollow; a hole. The kid had a cavity from eating too much candy.
a highly vascular, glandular, ductless organ,
situated in humans at the cardiac end of the
stomach, serving chiefly in the formation of The man ruptured his spleen when he got tackled
mature lymphocytes, in the destruction of worn- by his son.
out red blood cells, and as a
reservoir for blood.
a pear-shaped, muscular sac attached to the
One should drink plenty of water to clean out the
gallbladder n undersurface of the right lobe of the liver, in
gallbladder to avoid developing gallstones.
which bile is stored and concentrated.
the comparatively straight, terminal section of You store all the bodies waste in the rectum before
the intestine, ending in the anus. you release it out.
The soft, yet hard part of the tip of each bone
cartilaginous adj of or resembling cartilage. contains cartilaginous tissue, so that movement
would be smoother.
clear yellowish, slightly alkaline, coagulable fluid,
containing white blood cells in a liquid
resembling blood plasma, that is derived from
lymph n Lymph’s are large groups of white blood cells.
the tissues of the body and conveyed to the
bloodstream by the lymphatic
Without any measuring tool, we can approximately
approximately adv nearly correct or precise
guess how much there is.
Larger animals tend to eat enormously to maintain
enormously adv greatly exceeding the usual size
their large size.
flexible adj easily bent The gymnast was very flexible.
We had to terminate the program because it
terminate v bring to an end
contained many flaws.
the part of the leg that is between the hip and The thigh is responsible for lifting the leg to the
the knees body.
The 13” laptop is miniscule compared to the 17”
miniscule adj small to relevance
permeate v seep through pores Sweat permeates from the skin when the body is hot.
After falling in an awkward way, the player was
ligament n a band of tissue that connects body parts told he tore his ligament. He couldn’t run for the
rest of the game.
tendon n a band of tough fibrous tissue A torn tendon can take months to recover.
The processor of a computer is intricately made.
intricate adj perplexingly tangled
It’s impossible to create with just bare hands.
As soon as you are 18 years old, you have reached
adulthood n having attained full size and strength
mandible n the bone of the lower jaw. Insect mandible
a bone in the human leg extending from the
pelvis to the knee, that is the longest, largest,
femur n The large bone in your thigh is called the femur.
and strongest in the body;
We need to make a perforation through the bone
so that we may put a bolt to sustain the position
perforation n a hole made or passing through a thing.
the bone itself.
The pelvis holds the bottom part of the
the basinlike cavity in the lower part of the
pelvis n abdominal
sturdily adv strongly built; stalwart; robust The tree grew sturdily in size and in grandeur.
I cracked my scapula when the hammer hit my
scapula n shoulder blade
The girdle supports both the lower and the
the bony framework that unites the upper or
girdle n upper
lower extremities to the axial skeleton
region of the abdominal area.
skullcap n the dome of the skull The skullcap protects the brain.
Any of the bones or cartilaginous segments Humans have long vertebrae that contain the
forming the spinal column. peripheral nervous system.
analyze v examine critically We already got a fax and he is analyzing it.
Blood circulates across the blood vessels in the
circulate v to move amongst a route
He had to elaborate so that we could get a better
elaborate adj worked out with great care
picture of his idea.
Every organ integrated becomes the body as
integrate v form into a whole
I had to locate the school on the map before I
locate v discover or describe the place
could drive over there.
The sensory security system picked up on the
sensory adj pertain to sensation
movement of the intruder.
The woman goes through contractions when she
contraction n a shrinkage
delivers the baby.
hemisphere n half of a sphere The brain has two hemispheres: Left and right.
The person with the heart problem went through
cardiac adj pertain to the heart
rhythm n a movement characterized by equal beats The song had a typical rhythm and beat.
a building of exceptional height completely New York has many skyscraper buildings that
supported by a framework seem to reach the sky.
The cerebral part of the brain is the biggest part
cerebral adj of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain.
of the brain.
The outer layer of gray matter that covers the The cerebral cortex uses surface area to maximize
surface of the cerebral hemisphere. brain effectiveness.
A subdivision of a bodily organ or part bounded
There are four different lobes of the brain that
lobes n by fissures, connective tissue, or other structural
deal with different bodily activities.
sudden, involuntary inclination prompting to I had an impulse to call you to see how you were
The trilobed structure of the brain that is
responsible for the regulation and coordination
Without a cerebellum, we would not be able to
cerebellum n of complex voluntary muscular movement as
maintain our balance.
well as the
maintenance of posture and balance.
It is important for doctors to understand the
anatomical adj of or pertaining to anatomy.
anatomical structure of their patients.
something that incites to action or exertion or We fed the brain some electrical stimuli to see how
quickens action, feeling, thought it would respond.
ring of interconnected structures in the midline
of the brain around the hypothalamus, involved The limbic system is important for storing
limbic system n with emotion and memory and with memor,
homeostatic regulatory and expressing emotion.
The part of the brain that lies below the
thalamus, functioning to regulate bodily A lot of the automatic functions of the body are
temperature, certain metabolic processes, and controlled by the hypothalamus.
other autonomic activities.
enable v make able The switch enables the light to come on.
In order to maintain a car, one must care for the
maintain v preserve, keep in condition
engine and interior.
In order to neutralize an acid, one could simply
neutralize v render inactive
add some base.
The fencer made a series of successive thrusts at
successive adj following in order
renew v make new again A good night’s sleep helps renew our strength.
We must grind the blocks of salt so we can
grind v subject to friction, to wear away
distribute them more easily.
A person who has a runny nose will produce a lot
mucus n the fused secreted from mucous membrane
dehydrate v to deprive of water After sweating so much, I felt dehydrated.
The scientist analyzed the fecal matter to
fecal adj pertains to feces
understand the diet of rabbits.
When heat increases, the absorption rate increases
absorption adj act of assimilation
the opening at the lower end of the alimentary
anus n canal, through which the solid refuse of We release all of our bile through the anus.
digestion is excreted.
We lubricated the engine so that it would run
lubricated v to make slippery or smooth
a muscular passage connecting the mouth or
The food, after being swallowed, travels down the
esophagus n pharynx with the stomach in invertebrate and
esophagus into the stomach.
vertebrate animals; gullet.
a gland, situated near the stomach, that secretes
a digestive fluid into the intestine through one People who have diabetes have a damaged
or more ducts and also secretes the hormone pancreas.
Any of numerous proteins or conjugated
The enzymes help break down protein and other
enzymes n proteins produced by living organisms and
functioning as biochemical catalysts.
chiefly adv primarily; essentially He was chiefly appointed to the high position.
an extended pouch found within the large Many scientists are still perplexed by the appendix.
intestines It technically serves no real purpose.
semi- adj Partial; partially He drew a semi-circle.
When we eat cellulose, our bodies cannot digest
a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of it,
all plant tissues and fibers so it just passes right through our digestive
a way for passing into, through, or out of I found a passageway that leads to another room
something behind the fireplace.
adjacent adj lying near or contiguous The store was adjacent to the street corner.
My three day absence was due to the fact that I
absence n period of being away
His information ceases to exist on the computer.
cease v stop doing an action, come to rest
I can’t find it anywhere.
parallel adj in the same direction of The two roads run north, parallel to each other.
If you don’t have food, your chances for survival
survival n continuing to live
The railroad was the power of locomotion during
locomotion n the power to move from place to place
the industrial era.
Tires have striate patterns to grip the ground
striate adj a groove or ridge
during precipitous weather.
Ligaments are connective tissue that connect bone
connective adj establish a junction
Material for clothes is interwoven during
interweave v to combine through various fibers, and strands
The light bulb has a fine filament so the electricity
filament n a fine threadlike fiber
can burn to create light.
involuntarily adv independent of one's will When the doctor hit my knee, it jerked involuntarily.
membranous sac or organ serving as a Before I use the restroom, I store all the urine in
receptacle for a fluid or air. my bladder.
the enlarged, muscular, expandable portion of
the oviduct in which the fertilized ovum
The fetus is developed inside the uterus, until it
uterus n implants and develops or rests during prenatal
is ready to come out.
development; the womb of certain
The police officer was regulating the flow of
regulating v to adjust so as to ensure accuracy of operation
traffic at the busy intersection.
the act of combining parts or elements to form a The composition of an atom consists of protons,
whole. neutrons, and electrons.
a mass of nerve cells in the brain or spinal cord
The nuclei interpret the electrical message before
nuclei n in which nerve fibers form
sending it off to the next nerve cell.
Any of the threadlike fibrils that make up the
Myofibrils are cylindrical organelles found within
myofibrils n contractile part of a striated muscle
sacromere n smaller units of myofibrils Sarcomeres are divided into bands of filaments.
Myosin is important for your muscle to move
myosin n the principal contractile protein of muscle. and
lengthwise n in the direction of the length. The pants have to be shorter lengthwise.
The archer shot his arrow with great accuracy at
accuracy n correctness
The two children on the see-saw alternated the up
alternate v following by turns
and down motion.
The numbers are clearly discrete. That’s a six and
discrete adj separate
the other is a 9.
At school the ratio between males to females was
ratio n the relation between two quantities an
astounding two males to every five girls.
Any physical traits children have are hereditary,
hereditary adj passing naturally from parent to offspring
given from their parents through genetic mixture.
The eldest son was given all of his father’s
inheritance n to acquire by gift from succession
inheritance when he passed away.
The younger sibling is usually recessive to the
recessive adj tending to yield
The survival principle simply states you either live
principle n a fundamental truth
or you die.
The probability that the ball will land on the red
probability n likelihood
square is very slim.
The modern car is now equipped with a radio
modern adj the present or recent time and
The genetic transmission of characteristics from Physical appearance is a hereditary trait that’s
parent to offspring. passed from their parents DNA.
He used his brother’s leadership to govern the
govern v control
newly created city.
a right, immunity, or benefit enjoyed only by a
Getting an education is a privilege not many people
privilege n person beyond the advantages of
can enjoy later in life.
the act or an instance of disappearing; a ceasing The disappearance of their daughter shocked the
to be seen or to exist. entire community.
capable of being easily perceived or
apparent adj It is apparent that you did not read the book.
constantly adhering to the same principles, Times are consistently changing due to
course, form technological advances.
The product is still in its experimentation phase.
the act, process, practice, or an instance of
experimentation n We found there were more variables we had to
To produce by the mating of individuals of One could crossbreed to create completely
crossbreeding v different breeds, varieties, or species; different
You’ll have to finish the book to know the outcome
outcome n a final product or end result
The body of rules and principles governing the It is clearly written in the law that you shouldn’t
affairs of any form or system have done that.
Many cult and extremist movements usually come
distort v twist out of shape, severely misinterpret
about because someone distorts a doctrine.
I picked the colors randomly without paying
randomly adv out of casual selection
attention to detail.
In kung-fu, it is more important to know the
sequence n order of succession sequence of attacks than trusting in single
Since my friend wasn’t there to teach class, I was
substitution n in place of another
here for substitution.
There are many variant changes that occur when
variant adj tending to change
a caterpillar turns into a butterfly.
Opera and such arts were the primrose to upper
primrose n devotion to pleasure
The word digital was originated from the Greek,
digital adj a finger or toe as children would count with their fingers and
webbed adj the skin connecting the toes Ducks have webbed feet.
Cancer cells are the mutagen comparative to
mutagen n the changed substance
Cancer is normal cells that have changed in their
cancer n a malignant tumor
I had to abruptly stop his speech because of an
abruptly adv sudden or unexpected
The dog put his paw in my hand as a sign of
paw n the foot of any animal.
Any alterations to the system can cause a
alteration n a change; modification or adjustment
Any of various compounds consisting of a
nucleoside combined with a phosphate group The different combinations of nucleotides create
and forming the basic constituent of DNA and different strands of DNA.
constructive adj Serving to improve or advance We must be constructive to excel.
Excessive exposure to the sun can be dangerous
exposure n the act of exposing. to
your skin’s health.
Of or relating to the range of invisible radiation
The ultraviolet rays from the sun can cause skin
ultraviolet adj wavelengths from about 4
the process in which energy is emitted as The radiation leak from the nuclear power plant
particles or waves. almost killed the local residents.
My dad used the insecticide to kill the ants in the
insecticides n A chemical substance used to kill insects.
We placed the heart in a preservative so that it
preservatives n Something used to preserve
could be cleaned and replaced.
measure in one direction, length, breadth, or
dimension n A rectangle has two dimensions: length and width.
Steroids enhance muscle growth in humans by
enhance v raise to a higher degree
increasing the recovery rate.
link n something that connects The fingerprint was the final link to the puzzle.
The company made radical changes because it
radical adj drastic
wanted a fresh start.
Honda’s have high reliability because they seldom
reliability n dependability, trustworthy
Let’s put up the Christmas ornaments on the tree,
ornament n anything that beautifies or adorns
Santa Claus is symbolic to children in that he
symbolic adj an object representing something else represents the gift giver of those who have been
Cell phones are transmittal devices that send voice
transmittal adj send onward or along
information through waves.
forefront n foremost place or front The brave warrior was at the forefront of the fight.
The scary thing is most instantaneous food is
instantaneous adj done in a short interval of time
It’s hard to analyze something when it is not
analyze v to examine critically
willing to interact.
capable of being heard; loud enough to be
audible adj Yes, you’re speaking loud enough to be audible.
I must convey a clear message to the members
convey v to carry, bring, or take from one place to another
Symbols are easy to comprehend and even
Something that represents something else by
symbols n easier
association, resemblance, or convention
The European immigrants set up settlements to
settlements n A small community
fend off the natives.
of or pertaining to the post office or mail
postal adj We dropped our mail at the local postal service.
century n a period of 100 years We live in the twenty-first century.
We sent vital transmissions over the radio so
transmission n the act or process of transmitting people
would know of what happened.
subsequent adj occurring or coming later or after Eating is subsequent to preparation.
the action or process of moving or of changing The automobile goes into motion as soon as I hit
place or position the accelerator.
Building a concept is usually the first step to
concept n a mentally conceived image
making the real thing.
The teacher asked us for the context in which the
context n setting in which something occurs
author was writing.
We had to evaluate the damages from the car
evaluate v ascertain the value accident before we gave her the reimbursement
something suggested or indicate without She finally understood my body language as an
expressing directly implication to flirting.
Instead of being selfish, why don’t you look at it
standpoint n point of view
from your brother’s standpoint?
crucial adj decisive, critical It is crucial that we do well on this test.
When we are debating over a topic, it is required to
semantic adj pertains to meaning of language have a good sense of semantic knowledge of your
Since we were underground, my cell phone had a lot
interference n act of being obstructive
I checked my inbox to see if I had any emails sent
inbox n where one’s electronic mail is kept
presuppose v assume in advance I presuppose we’ll be having spaghetti for lunch.
a band of frequencies for sending or receiving We went through the TV channels for something
signals interesting to watch.
a social scientist who studies the Sociologists have theorized the problems that
sociologist n institutions and development of human drive
society modern day society.
a social scientist who specializes in The anthropologist found traces of an ancient
anthropology tribal civilization in Africa.
The candidate ran for a political campaign for
political adj of, pertaining to, or concerned with politics
The psychologist came in to analyze the mentally
psychologist n a specialist in psychology.
The spy decoded the message and sent his
to translate from a code into the original
decoded v findings
language or form.
back to headquarters.
relying on someone or something else for aid, She was dependent upon her parent’s finances,
support when she went to college.
consideration or examination by argument,
discussion n We led a long discussion on the topic of abortion.
The recipient of the prize goes to a person
recipient n a person or thing that receives named
We incorporated the new computer system in
incorporate v to take in or include as a part or parts the
appropriate v take possession of We gave the dog back to its appropriate owner
If we change one variable in a science experiment,
circumstance n factors influencing a decision there is a possibility that we have changed the
circumstance as well.
Since I didn’t understand the teacher, I asked her for a
clarification n become clear
clarification to the question.
I had to derive my hypothesis from my simple
derive v draw from a source
She placed a lot of emphasis on specific topics,
emphasis n stress laid upon anything
such as greed, and corruption.
Deciding when our next appointment will be is a matter
temporal adj pertains to time
of temporal judgement.
Analyzing art through aesthetics increases your spatial
spatial adj pertains to existing in space
Cars have gone through tremendous evolution
evolution n continuous modification seeing that companies are constantly upgrading
the design and engine.
It is wise to have a bigger scope in life so that
scope n outlook, intellectual range
you’ll have more opportunities.
cluster n a closely grouped number of things My mom brought home a cluster of grapes.
fashion v to give a particular shape or form to It was cut in a V-shaped fashion.
To express or pronounce with a broken,
gurgle v The baby gurgled happily.
irregular, bubbling sound
to utter the deep, guttural sound characteristic
grunt v He grunted in agreement..
of a hog.
We took body supplements to maintain all the
supply a deficiency, or reinforce or extend a
supplement n vitamins and minerals our body needed to be
It was instinctual for us to look for food, when
instinctual adj of, pertaining to, or of the nature of instinct.
we were hungry.
Since we were tight on time, we were all pretty
impatience n lack of patience.
highly excitable; unnaturally or acutely uneasy He was overwhelmed with nervousness as he stood
or apprehensive up on stage.
apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or He abstracted the evidence from the overall
actual instances. report to create his own theory.
incomprehensible adj impossible to understand or comprehend He spoke so fast that is was incomprehensible.
Something that exists as a particular and Persons and corporations are equivalent entities
discrete unit under the law.
The internet is slowly becoming a conventional
conventional adj conforming to custom
means to global communication.
equate v state the equality of You can equate five pennies to one nickel.
The computer programmer was an expert in
expert adj having great knowledge or skill
analyzing computer codes.
It was obvious the fault lied in the foundation of
obvious adj plainly seen or understood
the house when the earthquake hit.
primary adj coming first The primary objective to a game is usually winning.
suffice v be enough, adequate The paper sufficed in meeting all the requirements.
authority n the right to control or command The president has much authority over the company.
the relation between a pitch and the accepted The intonation of the instrument sounded like it
musical standard was out of tune.
a system of government to which things are Our federal government is known for its
operated through administrators bureaucratic method of administration.
The history of our presidents and their written
archive n a place where documents are kept documents are placed in the national archives in
dispute n to engage in argument or debate. We must dispute the nature of the crime.
We need to get a transcription of today’s court
transcription n a transcript; copy.
any system of characters or signs with which a
alphabet n Every language has a basic format of an alphabet.
language is written
any sound other than the sound of greatest All the other letters besides the vowels are
sonority in the syllable considered consonants.
A, E, I, O, U are the five common vowels in the
vowel n the sound of greatest sonority
the practice or system of using certain
conventional marks or characters in writing or We use punctuation to emphasize the flow of the
printing in order to separate elements and make writing.
the meaning clear
designating or pertaining to a pictographic
script, particularly that of the ancient Egyptians,
The Egyptians used hieroglyphics as their written
hieroglyphics n in which many of the symbols are
system of language.
conventionalized, recognizable pictures
of the things represented.
the process or technique of improving or The study of mnemonics is important to the
developing the memory. development of intelligence among humans.
The tribe of Levi was of the lineage of priesthood
priesthood n the condition or office of a priest.
in the bible.
You can manipulate your tongue to produce
tongue n manner or character of speech
Sign language is a form of code used by the
code n a system of signals for secret communication
listening impaired to communicate with others.
The goal statement constituted the prospect of
constitute v form as a necessary part
the company for the future.
Before we start building the table set, we read
manual adj a book of instructions
the instruction manual.
any evidence of someone or something formerly
trace n I found no trace of evidence at the crime scene.
My friend has a very versatile personality. He
versatile adj having ability in many different fields
can approach all kinds of people.
The police officer gestured us to keep moving
gesture n something said or done for effect only
The airplane landed on the tarmac as it arrived
tarmac n a paving substance used for roads
at the airport.
Listening to very loud music can make a person
deaf adj unable to hear
mute adj unable to speak I was mute from yelling so much the other day.
There were a lot of onlookers as the magician
onlooker n spectator
performed on the street.
to emit air or breath suddenly, forcibly, and
sneeze v audibly through the nose and mouth by His allergic reaction caused him to sneeze.
involuntary, spasmodic action.
to raise and contract the shoulders, He shrugged because he didn’t have a clue what
expressing indifference, disdain was being asked of him.
to contract the brow, as in displeasure or deep
frown v He frowned at the idea of pain.
There was a barrier between the girl and boy.
barrier n any natural bar or obstacle
That barrier was the girl’s father.
a person who travels or has travelled in distant
traveler n The traveler visited all different kinds of places.
places or foreign lands.
The gorgeous woman was desirable to just about
desirable adj worth having or wanting
every man in the room.
You need the technical skills to operate that piece
technical adj skilled in or familiar in a practical way
The scientific method is a systematic way of
systematic adj given to or using method
cued v anything that excites to action The director cued the stage men for the next scene.
A unit of sociopolitical organization
consisting of a number of families,
The tribes met together once a year as a sign of
clans, or other groups who share a
tribes n good friendship, and to honor their similar
common ancestry and culture and
among whom leadership is typically ancestry.
neither formalized nor permanent.
After my sister scared me, my awareness to my
awareness n to be alert
surrounding shot up.
I use to go to the beach and create sand castles
create v bring into being
in the sand.
that of which anything is in party Creeping up on someone silently is the basic
composed element of surprise.
to a people distinguished by race,
ethnic adj My ethnic race is Korean.
Older people almost always think the younger
ignorance n having little or no knowledge
generation is suffering from ignorance.
The tone of the opera singer was beautiful as she
tone n any resonant sound
sang her song.
She deliberately spilt her milk just to grab her
deliberate adj reflect carefully, considerably
stereotype n something conforming to a standard pattern Asian people having small eyes is a rude stereotype.
One aspect to looking at the current war is to
one way in which a thing may be viewed
aspect n see
how your enemies view it.
tendency adj disposition to act in a particular way He has an outgoing tendency when he’s in public.
I observed the little child’s behavior to determine
observe v to see, watch, perceive, or notice
what psychological disorder he might have.
to derive by reasoning; conclude or judge I can only infer from the evidence that you are
from premises or evidence correct.
Everyone paid their respects to the man who
esteem for or a sense of the worth or
respect n saved
excellence of a person
nonverbal communication consisting of
Public speakers know how to use kinesics to their
kinesics n body movements, gestures, facial
expressions, and eye contact
Sometimes nonverbal expressions are more
nonverbal adj without speech powerful
than spoken words.
They’ve been married for 20 years now. I would say
marital adj pertain to marriage
their marital status is healthy.
the state of being a member, as of a As the club got popular, membership shot up as
society or club. well.
He had a speech impediment that made it difficult
impediment n obstruction; hindrance; obstacle
for him to speak in public.
While the main group has a broad objective, each
subgroup n a subordinate group subgroup works on different parts of that broad
The Nazi party, during World War II, believed in
the belief in the inherent superiority of a strong sense of ethnocentrism, thinking that
one's own ethnic group or culture. blonde hair, blue eyes were the superior genetic
a position or manner indicative of feeling,
Exercising in the morning can change your attitude
attitude n opinion, or intention toward a person or
for the rest of the day.
Honesty is always a good attribute to have in a
attribute v consider as belonging
You can only circle male or female when you get to
gender n the classification of sex
the gender question.
illustrate v make clear with example Can you illustrate for me a cat on the blackboard?
We must facilitate all prison inmates with a
facilitate v make easier decent
way of living.
multiple adj having many parts There are multiple flavors to that candy bar.
ensue v follow in order Two must ensue after one.
My mother always tells me to have good body
posture n bodily position
The scared man feigned death as the bear
feign v pretend
aggression adj an act of hostility Most angry people have problems with aggression.
awareness n alert; knowledgeable Once you feel scared, your awareness shoots up.
the condition of a person or thing, as
state n I am in a state of peril. The enemy is all around me.
with respect to circumstances or attributes
the position of an individual in relation to
status n What is your status soldier? Is everyone else ok?
another or others
You need to do your tire alignment so that the tires
alignment n An arrangement or positioning
won’t lose their tread.
stock n investment It is wise to save your money and invest in stocks.
The stubborn man’s unwillingness made it hard for
unwillingness n not willing; reluctant; loath; averse
people to befriend him.
to rise above or go beyond; overpass;
transcend v His wise words transcended our hearts.
Warring nations usually show large amounts of
aggression n hostile or destructive behavior or actions.
aggression towards each other.
The big man put the drunken person in submission
submission n an act or instance of submitting
so that he wouldn’t hurt anyone.
to open the mouth somewhat involuntarily
with a prolonged, deep inhalation and The bear let out a big yawn, showing that he was
sighing or heavy exhalation, as from tired.
drowsiness or boredom.
I had to acquaint myself with my new team mates
acquaint v make familiar with
before I could start working with them.
After graduating with a computer science degree,
adept n one who has attained proficiency
Chris was adept at programming.
The lawyer had to ascertain the suspect’s story
ascertain v find out by examination with
questions to pry at the truth.
The mother had a disdained look on her face when
disdain v look down upon she saw her little son rummaging through the
Sex is always a subtle topic when it comes to
subtle adj delicate refined parents
talking about it to children.
They say the sword was forged in the mystical
forge v shape out in any way realm
of the elves.
The civil court cannot place judgment on criminal
venue n the jurisdiction of a court
cases. It’s out of their venue.
trivial adj of little importance Don’t worry. That trivial fact won’t be on the test.
The two opponents exchanged pleasantries before
pleasantry n banter
they met in the ring.
It is wise for actors to rehearse their parts before
rehearse v practice for public performance
the actual performance.
happening v of occurrence or event. I happened to turn around when you showed up.
a person who is receiving the benefits, The client paid for his benefits through the
services insurance company.
His argument was so engaging that everyone felt
engaging v to occupy the attention or efforts
compelled to speak.
diner n a person who dines. The waitress served food to the two diners.
freedom from the demands of work or
leisure n We watch TV at our leisure.
steady adj even or regular in movement We talked in a slow steady pace.
a fixed compensation periodically paid to a His salary increased as his performance at work
person for regular work or services. improved.
a person with the ability or power to use,
master n The master taught his pupils all he knew.
control, or dispose of something
In the past decade, we faced some of the most
decade n a period of ten years
difficult human conflicts.
the ceremony of conferring degrees or His graduation ceremony congratulated over a
diplomas hundred students.
I appreciate my mother taking care of me so
appreciate v recognize the worth of many
On one instance, the girl leaned over and kissed
instance n an event that is one of many
I had to perceive more than that met the eye
become aware of through the senses or
perceive v when
it comes to solving riddles.
This work project took a lot of time and energy
project n a plan or scheme
The answer was derived from another similar
derive v deduce, infer
hysterical adj one subject to violent emotional outbreaks The man laughed hysterically and scared us.
sensual adj carnal, pertains to the senses Sex is a very physical and sensual activity.
discord n lack of agreement After a long battle, a discord still existed.
July 4th is celebrated to commemorate the
commemorate v honor the memory of in a formal manner
independence of this country.
It is an art to be able to understand the process
art n the application of knowledge and skill
utilized v to put to use; turn to profitable account We utilized all the resources for our profit.
the sum total of the physical, mental,
His personality was quite eccentric when it came
personality n emotional, and social characteristics
to interacting with others.
of an individual
a period of time marked by distinctive This marked the end of the disastrous era in human
character, events history.
Something that occupies a position or
His brother wore a small while his other brother
medium n represents a condition midway between
wore a large. He wore a medium.
storytelling v the telling or writing of stories. He was good at storytelling to young kids.
cinema n A film or movie. We went to the cinema to watch the new movie.
the purging of the emotions or relieving of You must be at a state of catharsis when you’re
emotional tensions dealing with the judgement of others.
The sport of golf can be quite elitist at time,
elitist n practice of or belief in rule by an elite.
because only certain members can play.
evoke v to call up or produce It is dangerous to evoke the dead spirits.
of, pertaining to, or concerned with the
We must strive to be moral beings so that we can
moral n principles or rules of right conduct or
all live peacefully.
the distinction between right and wrong
When approaching an intersection, one must
differentiate v make or observe a difference
differentiate the green light to the red light.
significant adj the real or implied meaning His girlfriend had a significant place in his heart.
Apparently, the king has a higher status than his
status n relative standing
To clean your teeth properly, you must undergo
undergo v be subjected to
an intense brushing process.
There was a lot of note variation in Beethoven’s
variation n the act of change or modification
When women reach a certain age, they feel the urge
espouse v take in as a spouse
In the medieval era, power was exchanged not
kinship n of family relationship through a democratic method, but through blood
a matter used to change the color of
dye n I used dye to turn my hair from black to blonde.
tense n stretched tight When I get nervous, my muscles tense up.
the vocabulary of terms peculiar to a The old college professor used difficult
particular subject terminology. I couldn’t understand him.
acquaintance with facts, truths, or
In school, we gain the knowledge to become
knowledge n principles, as from study or investigation;
something believed; an opinion or
belief n It is my belief that God exists.
The role of the parents is to take care of the
role n a part or character played
custom n a habitual practice It is custom for males to pursue the females.
an acquired behavior pattern regularly
habit n followed until it has become almost Some habits are hard to overcome.
the study of the way the sentences of a Using proper English grammar is difficult because
language are constructed of all the exceptions and rules.
The young boy aspired to become a doctor like his
aspire v to long, aim, or seek ambitiously
the habits, attitudes, tastes, moral
standards, economic level that together His lifestyle was horrible. His room was trashy,
constitute the mode of living of an and he didn’t take care of himself well.
individual or group.
the surroundings or environment of
setting n The setting of the play was downtown London.
It is important to have a good vocabulary when
vocabulary n the words of a language.
discussing in depth topics.
You have to be very accurate if you want to hit the
accurate adj correct, true
center of the target.
Abraham Lincoln achieved greatness for the deeds
achieve v execute successfully
he accomplished as president.
We must define our terms so that we can
define v sets the limits of understand
the same in magnitude, meaning, and
equivalence n Four quarters has the equivalence of a dollar.
There are so many nuances to fashion. It’s hard to
nuance n shade of difference
keep up with it.
When you read this book, don’t analyze it for its
overtone n additional meaning face value you. Try looking for the overtone in
which the author is conveying.
Your brother is disparate from you because he’s
disparate adj essentially different
quiet and you’re loud.
‘He kicked the bucket’ is an idiom for someone
idiom n a form of expression peculiar to a language
who just died.
Silk is a fine material that is easily interwoven into
interwoven v to weave together
imitation n the act of counterfeit It’s not real gold. It’s only an imitation.
to change something into a different form How can we convert this into efficient usable
or properties energy?
in accordance with, involving, or being the
literal adj primary or strict meaning of the word or I was shocked that he took my words literally.
a grayish red-brown to dark blackish-
burgundy adj The burgundy colored bag.
mauve adj a pale bluish purple. The mauve colored dress.
intent n purpose; intentional What is the intent of the author when he wrote this?
esulting from originality of thought,
creative adj We need to be creative when we’re creating art.
corresponding v similar in position, purpose, form He was corresponding the information to his leader.
the ability, coming from one's knowledge,
skill n He had a lot of skill in his job.
practice, aptitude to do something well
We need to judge the sensitivity of the equipment
sensitivity n The quality or condition of being sensitive. to
get an accurate reading.
Consequently, the result from his actions weren’t
consequently adv as a result, effect, or outcome
Modern military is organized with a hierarch of
hierarchy n a body of persons organized by rank
higher and lower ranks.
We must identify the problem so that we can
identify v recognize as being particular come
to a solution.
As the teacher, I initiate the conversation with a
initiate v begin
question so my students can discuss.
The advertisement tried to promote the latest cell
promote v encourage the growth
The wise man had great perception in dealing with
perception n the act of perceiving
The ‘thumbs up’ gesture is a universal sign for
universal n pertains to the universe
making musical notes by forcing air
whistle n Whistle while you work. It’ll help pass the time.
through a pursed area
The class was silent because no one knew the
silent v making no sound right
foreign adj relating to other countries Sony is a foreign electronics company.
The framework for the Constitution was set up
framework n an outline or basic plan so
that no one branch had too much power.
There were many categories of classes to choose
categories n any general or comprehensive division
anchored v A source of security or stability. His thoughts were anchored by the truth.
The political parties are set up so the voice of
a group gathered for a special purpose or
parties n many could be represented rather than the
conveying, or representing in words, art, I could understand the pain he was going through
music, or movement by his facial expressions.
The professor used many pauses so that the
pauses n To cease or suspend an action temporarily. students
could digest what he was telling them.
Only fate can tell if he was destined for the
fate n something that unavoidably befalls a person
receiving, enduring, or submitting without He stood passively. Many thought it was a sign
resistance of weakness.
compassionate or kindly forbearance
mercy n He showed mercy to the losers.
shown toward an offender
foster v to promote the growth or development of We must foster the growth of the smaller nations.
He addressed some of the issues the company
address v to direct to the attention was
Cockroaches adapt very quickly to their
adapt v make suitable surroundings, hence, why you can find them just
The professor demonstrated circular motion by
demonstrate v describe by visual example
swinging a rope around.
generate v bring into life The body naturally generates a lot of heat.
The criminal was so hungry that was enough of a
motive n a mental force that induces an act
motive for him to steal.
He has so much potential, but he just doesn’t
something that has the possibility of
potential n apply
something undertaken: a project, a mission, Microsoft has become a huge enterprise for
etc.. businessmen to invest in.
The injury is detrimental to your health if you
detrimental adj an injury or loss
don’t try to fix it.
Schools are getting expensive for one person to pay
financial adj management of monetary affairs
for their own. So try looking for financial help.
The number one movie was popular among the
popular adj generally liked
The romantic guy brought a rose to his lover
romantic adj given into sentimental or amorous feelings
the legislature of certain British colonies The British parliament is setup in two houses: the
and possessions house of commons, and the house of lords.
The governor gave licensing rights to the bureau
licensing adj permission to do or not to do something.
to allow the rights to hunting.
You have to pay a small fee in order to drive on
fee n a sum paid or charged for a privilege
the toll way
The time span in which he was late was about an
span n to extend or reach over
The advent for Christ’s return is often viewed as
advent n a coming into place, view, or being; arrival
the apocalypse in some Christian circles.
Some of this new age stuff doesn’t make any sense.
classics n basic; fundamental
The best comes from the classics.
Some national holidays originated from some
religious adj imbued with or exhibiting religion
a story or account of events, experiences,
narrative n I wrote a narrative about a young boy and his dog.
or the like
the action or process of forming such
imagination n Use your imagination when you draw.
images or concepts.
any comic or humorous incident or series Comedies are nice to watch when you want
of incidents. something to perk up your day.
animate v give life to I animated a character as I drew him on paper.
Two cars going fast can create enough impact to
impact n the striking of one body against another
kill the drivers.
We must analyze every perspective before we can
perspective n point of view
revolve v move about the center The Earth revolves around the Sun.
The student surpassed the teacher, when the
surpass v be greater than student
beat him at his own game.
King George’s coronation was beautiful. All of
coronation n the crowning of a king or queen
England watched him become king.
axis n the line about which a rotating body turns The earth spins on its axis in 24 hour increments.
The death of the great leader was broadcasted on
broadcast n widely published
The moon landing was a great feat for the US
landing n a place where persons or goods are landed
The audience applauded as the show came to an
audience n an assembly of spectators
An event, usually for the benefit of a
The county fair is a wonderful event where the
fair n charity or public institution, including
entire county gets together in celebration.
entertainment and the sale of goods
hundredfold n a hundred times as great or as much. What you did for me, I will return a hundredfold.
the person responsible for the interpretive
The director based the film on a tragic event in
director n aspects of a stage, film, or television
The sitcom was based on the humorous events
a humorous drama based on situations
sitcom n of
that might arise in day-to-day life
hand clapping as a demonstration of
They applauded the orchestra for their beautiful
applause n approval, appreciation, acclamation, or
Characterized by or expressive of the He magician had a dramatic entrance so he could
action or emotion grab the audience’s attention.
The Olympic Games are the perfect time for
countries to show off the best talents their
Olympic adj of or pertaining to the Olympic Games
has to offer.
A soccer tournament held every four years
Every four years, all the nations get together to
world cup n in which qualifying national teams compete
play the universal game of soccer in the World Cup.
to determine a world champion.
The student surpassed the teacher after many
surpass v to go beyond in excellence or achievement years
The soundtrack to the movie is available at your
soundtrack n the sound recorded on a motion-picture film
nearest music store.
diversity n variety There’s a lot of diversity at a multi-ethnic school.
If you drink a lot of water, you can expand the
expand v increase in extent
size of your stomach.
objective n goal The objective to this game is to win.
The neighbourhood was restricted to watering their
restrict v attach limitations to
plants to only Sundays.
It is vital that your grandfather receives a heart
vital adj essential to existence
transplant. He has a weak heart.
The pamphlet that was being passed around told
pamphlet n a small printed tract
us how to get rich in 2 months.
The marbles disseminated across the deck of the
disseminate adj scatter abroad
ship when the child dropped them.
All the affairs in the white house are being
affair n a matter requiring attention or effort recorded
so the public will be aware of what goes on.
detention n prevent from proceeding The inmate was put in detention for starting a fight.
The word that there would be no school tomorrow
circulate v move amongst people
circulated among the students quickly.
After a full recovery, the man decided to live a more
vibrant adj vigorous; energetic
vibrant life than being bed-ridden.
a small, temporary structure used by During the fair, there were many booths setup for
voters at elections. people to be entertained.
attest v to bear witness to The witness attested to the murder.
To protect children from harmful media, the
censorship n deleting parts of publications
government called for media censorship.
the state, condition, or quality of being The problem was so large that it created a sense of
not aligned with or supporting any side or Many countries want to remain neutral when other
position in a controversy nations go to war with each other.
mere adj being nothing more nor better than It was a mere diversion.
the return or yield from any kind of We must generate more revenue if the company is
property, patent, service to run efficiently.
an investigation of the component parts of
With a body analysis, we may now know what is
analysis n a whole and their relations in making up
wrong with you.
a form of government in which the supreme
power is vested in the people
The United States government is setup as a
democracy n and exercised directly by them or by
their elected agents under a free electoral
There were many sponsors that contributed to the
contribute v give with others as a charity
Knowledge is infinite. There is always something
infinite adj without limit
new to learn.
The dating service allows people to interact with
interact v act on each other or one another
It is standard procedure that we take our shoes
procedure n customary process
when we go into the metal detector in the
His suit case was transferred to the next flight
transfer v move or convey from one place to another
because the carriers missed it the first time.
The department of transportation is responsible
department n a separate part of division of a complex system
for your driver’s license renewal.
The computer network consisted of four
network n anything of intersecting lines resembling a net computers
commercial n suitable or designed for sale The program is now available for commercial sale.
route n a course or line of travel We took the quicker route through the highway.
The reason why your internet is not working is
connection n a state of being associated closely because there is no connection between your
computer and the router.
The physicist measured the velocity of the
physicist n a scientist who specializes in physics.
spacecraft that was heading to space.
A collection of data arranged for ease and The company has vast amounts of databases to
speed of search and retrieval. store information.
a computer that makes services, as access to We have to run the server 24 hours because
data files, programs, and peripheral devices,
server n people
available to workstations on a
network. go online at different times of the day.
to bring to or make of an established standard The standardized test reflects the status quo of
standardize adj size, weight, quality, strength, or the
the like nation’s intelligence.
query n a question; an inquiry. We have a query for you.
A set of coded instructions that enables a
There are many programs that let you do all sorts
programs n machine, especially a computer, to perform a
of different things on your computer.
desired sequence of operations.
A collection of related data or program records
files n Search your hard drive for your lost files.
stored as a unit with a single name.
a software program that allows the user to find
The browser allows you to venture through the
browser n and read encoded documents in a form suitable
A computer or program that can download files
for manipulation, run applications, or request You need to subscribe as a client to use that
application-based services from a servers services.
a document connected to the World Wide Web
There are many webpages with useful information
webpage n and viewable by anyone connected to the
on the internet.
internet who has a web browser
curiosity n a state of being inquisitive The cat’s curiosity caused it to wander off again.
excavate v dig into The scientists excavated the area for dinosaur bones.
We made an inquiry to the oracle in hopes of a
inquiry n search for information
Nations go to war so that they can preserve their
preserve v keep safe or free from harm
The waiter was prompt to bringing out our drinks
prompt adj quick to act
because we were really thirsty.
We had to censure the rough draft because there
censure n reprove
were a lot of mistakes.
canine n a long, pointed tooth Dogs have canines to bite their victim.
We bought a bulk set of toilet paper to last us the
bulk adj a large quantity
The wedding dress code is formal: Business suit
formal adj adhearing to establish form
proof n evidence that establishes a fact I need proof that you did not commit that crime.
not hesitating or fearful in the face of actual or
boldly adv He boldly stated his own ideas for the project.
possible danger or rebuff
a natural process resulting in the evolution of Natural selection states that the strong survive,
natural selection n organisms best adapted to the and
environment the weak are killed off.
A mammal of the order Primates characterized
by refined development of the hands and feet, a Evolution states that humans evolved from
shortened snout, and a primates.
replace organic with mineral substances in the The pressure of the earth fossilized the dinosaur
remains of an organism. remains in good condition.
bipedal adj Having two feet; two-footed. Human are bipedal walking mammals.
Genus is another classification method to get
a class or group of individuals, or of species of
genus n more
specific about a group of living things.
The portion of the vertebrate central nervous
system that is enclosed within the cranium. It is
the primary center for the regulation and control
of bodily activities, receiving and interpreting The brain is responsible for all of the body’s
sensory impulses, and transmitting information activity.
to the muscles and body organs. It is also the
seat of consciousness, thought, memory, and
Palaeontologists discovered some remains of
palaeontologists n a specialist in palaeontology what
looked like the first human tribe.
When he hit his head against the rock he created
cranial adj pertaining to the cranium or skull.
some cranial damage.
of or pertaining to Neanderthal man or the They found the first traces of the Neanderthal man
ancient ancestor of humans. in a frozen cave in Europe.
There are a lot of criteria to be met when it comes
criteria n a standard for comparison
to getting an A in the class.
We have to work efficiently if we want to make a
efficiently adj adequate in performance
lot of cars in one day.
Scaring little babies can permanently damage their
permanently adj lasting
behavior towards strangers.
My grandmother’s necklace is the only remnant I
remnant n a small reminder
have of her after she died.
You need to stave off the grass because the sign
stave n avert, keep off
We acquired a lot of money through our last
acquire v obtain, gain
wild, undomesticated animals living in their We need to try to preserve the wildlife because all
natural habitat this pollution will eventually kill off everything,
Humans have lived long because of their intelligence
has caused them to adjust to their surroundings. And
adaptation n alter to fit
to believe intelligence is in itself an adaptation
capability, who would have thought?
ritual n a prescribed form or manner It is a Catholic ritual to attend Mass.
Many ancient civilizations believed in a fertility
fertility n producing offspring
god who would grant them children.
the total number of persons inhabiting a The population of the United States is growing
country, city, or any district or area. rapidly.
The physiological adaptation of an animal or Cockroaches have an amazing acclimatization to
plant to changes in climate or environment, such
acclimatization n their surroundings. They can survive just about
as light, temperature,
or altitude. anything.
overworking v To force to work too hard or too long. Workaholics have a bad tendency of overworking.
not having enough food to develop or function Being abandoned by his owner, the sick dog had
normally a long list of malnourishment.
Because he hadn’t eaten in several days, the man
starvation n the act or state of starving; extreme hunger
was facing starvation.
a certain quantity or amount of one thing
I don’t want a credit card because of the high
rates n considered in relation to a unit of another thing
and used as a standard or measure
I extended his warranty just in case something
extended v continued or prolonged
happened to it.
period n any specified division or portion of time We had to wait for a long period of time.
impulse n a psychic drive or instinctual urge. I had a sudden impulse to buy that $300 bag.
feminine adj having qualities traditionally ascribed to women The gay man had many feminine traits about him.
ignore v pass by without notice Just ignore my sister when she bothers you.
Many governments use propaganda to manipulate
the populations mind to however the
manipulate v handle with skill
My mom cooked the most delicious meal. I wonder
replicate v to reproduce with an exact copy
if my wife can replicate it just the same.
Agriculture has been an important part of
agriculture n cultivation of the ground to raise food
life because it provided humans with a consistent
means of food.
The straight A student received the scholastic
scholastic adj pertains to education
award in school.
It was painstaking to do, but it had to be done
painstaking adj very careful
right the first time.
If you do research in biology, in the end all humans
an element in a cell, that deals with the
gene n are made up of genes handed down from their
transmission of hereditary material
one versed in the principles and practices of
The engineer found a new way of burning fuel
engineer n making practical application of scientific
Our predecessors contributed much to the
one who preceded another in the same
predecessor n expansion
of the country.
The chemical gave a creepy mutation where
mutation n a sudden change in characteristic
humans turned into monsters.
advances v to move or bring forward He advanced rapidly in the company.
The man downtown looked sophisticated but was
humble adj low in rank, importance, status, quality
actually very humble.
We will go to the village and see what we can do
village n A small group of dwellings in a rural area
the study of the microscopic appearance of In order to understand cells, one must study
an extremely long macromolecule that is the
DNA main component of chromosomes and is the DNA evidence is the strongest evidence in a
(deoxyribonucleic acid) material that transfers genetic characteristics in criminal investigation.
all life forms
of the nature of a problem; doubtful; uncertain;
problematic adj If we don’t fix this now, it will be problematic later.
curing v To restore to health. The doctor is curing his health.
to deteriorate, disintegrate, fall, or become weak
rotting v Time is slowly rotting away my life.
due to decay
conviction n a fixed or firm belief. I have a strong conviction that this is the truth.
to clear, as of an accusation; free from guilt or The wrongfully accused man had been granted
blame exoneration for the crime.
acknowledge v admit the existence of The U.S. acknowledges the problem of terrorism.
We had to distribute life jackets to the boat
distribute v spread out or give out accident
The survivors endured a lot of hardships out in
endure v undergo, sustain the
I showed a lot of prejudice when I approached him
prejudice n an opinion formed without adequate reason thinking he was stupid and dumb, when in fact
he was very intelligent..
The mother scorned her son for digging through
scorn n contempt, disdain
the messy trash.
Quantitative measurements analyze how much
quantitative adj relating to quantity of measurement of
something you have.
justifiable adj defensible His reasoning made his actions justifiable.
I had a dialogue with my teacher because of my
dialogue n conversation between two or more people
Climbing the mountain was a great endeavor for
endeavor v exert oneself to do something
In the mid 1900’s, the US Supreme Court reviewed
treat differently on the basis of race, class, sex,
discriminatory adj many discriminatory civil cases in regards to
The angry wife was acting contentious towards her
contentious adj tending to argument or strife
Proceeding from or taking place in a person's
Many people never subjectively see past their own
subjectively adv mind rather than the external
The murderer was notoriously written about in
notoriously adv widely and unfavorably known
the news column.
My mother, who loves gardening, is a natural
botanist n a specialist in botany.
Furthermore, I would like to add that pizza is
furthermore adj moreover; besides; in addition being
served in the cafeteria.
an advantage or source of pleasure granted to a
privilege n It was a privilege to meet you, Mr. Mayor.
The man vilified his enemy by shouting insults at
vilified v to speak ill of; defame; slander
forum n A public meeting place for open discussion. We opened the forum for debate.
to behave or perform in a particular way
handle v Can you handle that much work?
when handled, directed, managed
An especially significant or interesting detail or The teacher highlights all the important clues in
event. the text.
My teacher must be very coherent if he is to teach
coherent adj be logically consistent
children in a clear manner.
The judges all had a concurrent opinion because
concurrent adj agree in opinion
they all cast the same vote.
I encountered many difficult challenges in the
encounter v meet by chance
King Arthur and his knights had many exploits.
exploit n a notable achievement These included saving damsels in distress, and
slaying beasts and monsters.
There was a substitution of players when the star
substitution n in place of another
player got injured.
Since the discovery of the prehistoric human
anthropology n the general science of human beings skeleton, anthropology has become a science of
interest among many people.
To solve this mystery, the investigation team had to
interconnect adj to connect with one another
interconnect all the evidence to find a solution.
Dolphins are one of the most intelligent marine
intelligent adj quick to understand
creatures. It’s easy to train them.
It is paramount that we find the lost victims
paramount adj superior to all others
before it becomes too late.
I didn’t plan on a public speech, so I had to
improvise v act without preparation
to fail to understand or interpret rightly the
misunderstood v The lonely boy was misunderstood by his peers.
words or behavior of.
His encouraging words had a binding affect on
binding v To tie or secure
the once resenting crowd.
to declare or tell in advance; prophesy;
predict v I predicted the outcome accurately.
He reacted joyfully to the news of his new born
react v to act or perform again.
accordingly adv in accordance; correspondingly. He waited accordingly for his wife’s instructions.
Caucasian adj peoples having light to fair skin Most Americans are Caucasian.
exemplified v to show or illustrate by example. His good deeds exemplified his great personality.
to assist to travel through, or reach a destination
in, an unfamiliar area, as by accompanying or
guide n He guided the tourist through cave.
giving directions to the
His moves seemed natural, as if he were made to
natural adj existing in or formed by nature
move that way.
worship n to pay great honour to I will worship and give praise to my God.
There is written document of the existence of
document n a written record of statement
Science is empirical in that, through its methods,
empirical adj derived from experience
we are able to visibly see fact from fiction.
There are some scientists that say humans evolved
evolve v form gradually
We have to all participate in the school’s
participate v take part in something
There was sufficient evidence to send the
sufficient adj adequate enough
criminal to prison.
Colonial life was rough in the early 1700’s.
colonial adj pertains to a colony Then again, living in a place far from civilization
has to be difficult in general.
one sent to spread a religion or philosophy in a
Spain sent many missionaries to present day
missionary n foreign land or to persons not of the same
Mexico to convert the natives to Christianity.
The soldier, during combat, has much fieldwork,
fieldwork n work done in the field; research, surveying, etc.. whether it be actual combat, or neutralizing a
During the peace negotiations, mediators from
mediator n one who effects agreements between others both sides came up for resolutions to ending the
The man wanted to revenge on the man who killed
revenge v inflict punishment because of
Will the new participants wait for the next event
participant n someone who takes part in an activity to
We compared our observations about the eating
observation n an act or instance of noticing or perceiving.
habits of children.
centralized v to draw to or gather about a center. In a dictatorship, power is centralized in one person.
We need a strong leadership to guide us through
leadership n the position or function of a leader
rough or injurious physical force, action, or
violence n He used violence to force people to do his bidding.
That school has strong rivalries with the other
rivalries n The act of competing or emulating. school in the same district, to see who is better
in every aspect.
armed conflict between two massed enemies,
warfare n Nuclear arms are used in modern warfare.
armies, or the like.
to present, execute, or do in a poor or tasteless The perpetrator was apprehended for stealing
The problem escalated into a bigger problem
escalated v to increase in intensity, magnitude when
we didn’t fix it the first time.
We have many conflicts with children who are
conflicts n A state of open, often prolonged fighting
The consultant came to the company to make
consultant n a person whom one advises
everything work more efficiently.
The two witnesses said two different stories, both
contradiction n assert the contrary of
in contradiction to the other.
precisely adv exactly defined Thank you for precisely understanding me.
The wise man had many insights to my spiritual
insight n penetrating discernment
You must suspend the project until we have more
suspend v interrupt, decay
money to fund it.
an excursion made by a company of persons for The explorers went on an expedition to the new
a specific purpose world.
The rock was in total immersion at the bottom
immersion adj act of immersing
of the lake.
The singer did a collaboration song with two
collaboration n work with another
any opinion, principle, or doctrine held to be The supreme courts judicial review is considered a
true tenet to modern law.
The rat was in great peril as the hawk swooped
peril n danger, risk
down to catch it.
derived from or guided by experience or
empirical adj Science deals with empirical data.
articulated v made clear, distinct The teacher articulated the instructions for the test.
commitment n The act or an instance of committing Marriage is a life long commitment.
islander n a native or inhabitant of an island. Hawaii has many native islanders.
belief in oneself and one's powers or
confidence n I have confidence you will do well on your exam.
a person engaged in work that requires bodily
laborer n The laborers toiled under the sun.
The informant informed me of the message you
informant n a person who informs or gives information
We took a survey to see how kids reacted to the
survey n taking a comprehensive view of something new
a set or system of methods, principles, and rules
The scientific method is a methodological way of
methodological adj for regulating a given discipline, as in the arts or
receiving consistent results of nature.
unflattering v showing or representing unfavourably His harsh words were unflattering.
Contemporary artists stress more on
contemporary adj living or occurring at the same time individualism.
Ancient artists believed more in the community.
You can contrast the two paintings by how
contrast v compare by showing differences
different the artist used different colors.
Dogs are domestic animals, where humans can
domestic adj relating to the household
train it to live inside the house.
In order for your body to be fit, you must go
intensive adj extreme, very acute
through an intensive workout.
Garden growers constantly practice horticulture
horticulture n the science or art of growing plants
in their backyard.
A church pastor watches over their congregation
pastor n one who shepherds
in his or her church.
settlement n the act or result of settling The divorced couple came to a 50/50 settlement.
Since many places do not get water, farmers often
supple with water through artificial
irrigation n use irrigation techniques to get water to those
places through channels.
Hunter civilizations usually turn out to be nomads
nomad n a wanderer
because they follow where the animals go.
the seasonal migration of livestock, and the
Mountain herders practice transhumant to
transhumant n people that tend them, between lowlands and
maintain their livestock and their own livelihood.
bands n A group of people The band of thieves met late at night.
migratory adj periodically migrating Birds are migratory animals.
regular adj usual; normal; customary I’ll have the regular coffee with a little bit of sugar.
Alexander the Great was a conqueror who won
conqueror n a person who conquers or vanquishes most of the upper, middle-eastern region many,
many years ago.
far apart; far distant in space; situated at some In the remote places on earth, you’ll find some
distance away very odd looking animals.
adaptation to association with human
domestication n Dogs are easy to be trained for domestication.
a succession or progression of steps or
scale n We must climb the corporate scale to be successful.
To move or transfer from one place or position
shifting v The shifting formation of the line confused many.
The farmer left the piece of land fallow, so that
fallow adj plowed and left unseeded for a season or more
he wouldn’t exhaust the ground.
I’m going to specialize in certain areas of medicine
specialize v to pursue some special line of study, work
after I graduate.
absolute adj perfect, complete God’s law is absolute, for who can challenge God?
a coming together so as to form a group, sum, The meal comes with a combination of both
etc.. chicken and beef.
decay v decompose or deteriorate to dead matter After a person dies, their body slowly decays.
We must establish a strong foundation before
establish v setup on a firm basis
attempting anything else.
I occupied the bathroom when I went to do my
occupy v become established in
the science of determining the dates or Historians often debate over chronology of certain
historical order of past events events that happened long ago.
assemblage n persons or things assembled The robot was an assemblage from many lego parts.
The sponge waterlogged as it soaked up all the
waterlog adj saturated as to sink in water
spontaneously radiating energy in atoms or Uranium is the most well known radioactive
particles of atoms element.
a chemical element nearly identical, but with Isotopes are usually elements with more or less
differing weights neutrons in them.
The scientist looked at the stratigraphic findings
stratigraphic adj The study of rock strata
and determined it was hardened lava.
relative adj considered in relation to something else You ideas are relatively in agreement with mine.
We need pinpoint accuracy because we can’t
pinpoint v to locate or describe exactly or precisely
afford any errors.
costly adv resulting in great expense The great project was costly to many investors.
The average or maximum length of time an
lifespan n organism, material, or object can be expected to The lifespan of a mayfly is only a couple of days.
survive or last.
a pyramidal fir of southwestern California having The bristlecone tree can be found in some parts
bristlecone n spiny pointed leaves and cone scales with long of
With radiocarbon dating, we can get an accurate
radiocarbon n a radioactive isotope of carbon
age of the subject.
Dating specific times in history is important to
dating n to have or bear a date
any of two or more forms of a chemical element,
having the same number of protons in the
nucleus, or the same atomic number, but having These two elements are the same but this isotope
different numbers of neutrons in the nucleus, or has a greater mass than the other.
of or pertaining to the time or a period prior to
prehistoric adj The dinosaurs lived in prehistoric times.
The young businessman had the ambition to
ambition n eager desire for distinction
make lots of money.
Diamonds have become a valuable commodity
commodity n an article of commerce
among future marriage couples.
You must construct the table so that we can eat
construct v build, make
on top of it.
Sparta was a fierce warrior nation among the
fierce adj eager to kill or injure
Many things discovered in Greece are antiquities
antiquity n ancient times
of the past.
succession of rulers of the same line or The Chinese dynasty left a remarkable significance
family to the people of China.
His reputation of his good deeds was affluent
affluent adj flowing freely
among the common people.
The Romans showed remarkable masonry with
masonry n stonework
The canvas painting was very picturesque to
picturesque adj colourful, vivid
the dream I had last night.
blossom v develop or mature The flowers blossom during the spring and summer.
BCE n abbr. before the Common Era All pre-Socratic philosophers lived BCE.
impressive in size, appearance, or general
grand adj The grand staircase
biblical adj of or in the Bible Jesus spoke in biblical parables.
a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle
The Fertile Crescent was once fertile, but now its
fertile crescent n East stretching in a broad semicircle from the
Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
an intricate combination of paths or passages in
labyrinth n which it is difficult to find one's way or to reach I got lost inside the labyrinth.
a monster that had the head of a bull on the The Minotaur chased the scared man down the
body of a man corridor.
very many; being or existing in great There were numerous complaints made because
quantity of the loud party on the street.
vessels n A hollow utensil used as a container Put the wine in those vessels over there.
The wealthy owner went to a retreat to relax from
retreat n a place to withdraw, retire, or draw back
the heavy work.
an area in which excavating has been done or is We did some excavation around the area, yet we
in progress found nothing.
aggravate v intensify for the worst Some people aggravate their skin by tanning.
convince v cause to believe I must convince the jury that my client is innocent.
We hastened to the next town, because we were
hastened v move or act quickly
getting restless in the car.
It is in our highest priority that we see our son
priority n arrange in order of importance
do well in school.
Many people speculate which team will end up
speculate v theorize, conjecture
in the playoffs during regular season.
rubble n rough, broken stones The war turned huge towers into broken rubble.
Before going into the meeting room, please
antechamber n a chamber or room that serves as a waiting room
wait in the antechamber until we call you.
Ancient China was known for their artistic
porcelain n a fine, white, translucent china
Something bizarre happened this morning. I
bizarre adj odd, whimsical thought it was the weekend when it was clearly
The researcher was meticulous in following the
meticulous adj extremely careful
The veteran worker knew all there was to his job
veteran n experienced through long service or practice
than the rookie.
a person skilled or engaged in managing large The financier dealt with the corporation’s total
financial operations revenue.
Call it a hunch, but I think something bad is going
hunch n a premonition or suspicion; guess
It is good if we built the foundation on the bedrock,
bedrock n unbroken solid rock
because that’s solid rock down there.
Many great pharaohs and leaders were buried in a
sarcophagus n a stone coffin
to make solid; make into a hard or compact
solidified v The water solidified in the freezing weather.
Many millennia ago, the Chinese discovered
millennia n a period of 1000 years.
By discovering a new alternative source of energy,
monumental adj of historical or enduring significance it was a monumental step to better and safe
priceless adj having a value beyond all price The memories we have are priceless.
the expression of a wish that misfortune, evil,
curse n The woman spout curses at the ill-gotten man.
In the old way of combat, each soldier stood next to
abreast adj side by side each other abreast so that they worked as one
There were so many people doing so many different
chaotic adj the absence of form or order
things that it was extremely chaotic.
durable adj lasting, longwearing Although titanium bends, it is very durable.
magnificent adj splendid, brilliant The king wore a magnificent crown on his head.
The basketball star sold miniature versions of
miniature n anything small
himself on poster to the crowd.
govern adj rule with authority It takes a wise ruler to govern a vast city.
Imperial Britain stretched from the island itself to
imperial adj pertains to an empire, or emperor
parts of the Pacific and Atlantic.
The terra-cotta army that the Chinese emperor
terra-cotta n a hand earthenware created contains more than several thousand
We went through a long corridor to get to the
corridor n a narrow passageway
The artist made many replicas of the original so
replica n an exact copy that he could sell them at the same original
He was an exceptional artist, creating many works
exceptional adj unusually excellent; superior
the straight stalk of any of various tall
reed n We gathered long reeds to create a mat.
The partition served as a wall separating the two
partition n an interior wall or barrier dividing a room
An ancient horse-drawn two-wheeled
chariots n vehicle used in war, races, and The chariots are like tanks of ancient warfare.
the part of a military force composed of troops
cavalry n Before cars, the cavalry was the fastest war unit.
that serve on horseback.
infantry n soldiers or military units that fight on foot The infantry walked to the battlefront.
ranking adj occupying a specific rank, position The next ranking title above colonel is a general.
the time that the life of someone or something It would take a lifetime to understand the universe
continues in all its entirety.
The scientists went to the necropolis to study the
necropolis n a large cemetery of an ancient city
ancient civilizations deceased.
rammed v to strike with great force We rammed the door down to barge in.
The fireworks display was amazing. It literally lit
display v show, exhibit
up the sky.
We used the dredge to make a hole in the
a scooping machine used to dig up river
dredge n channel
so that water could pass through.
encircle v form a circle around, enclose The lions encircled the deer as it was slowly dying.
The bullet grazed my shoulder. If it was any
graze v brush lightly in passing closer,
I would have died.
inter v place in a grave or tomb We still inter our dead in graves.
The slice of the scythe made a swath path for
swath adj a mowed path
people to walk through.
A cleaning crew came and cleaned the detritus
the remains of something that has been
detritus n that the spectators left behind after the soccer
destroyed or broken up
Textile companies necessitate much labor in
textile n pertain to weaving or fabrics order
to mass produce clothing.
This decorated sword showed master craftsmanship
craftsmanship n being skilled in an art
to the one who made it.
Many modern houses have white, picket palisades
palisade n a fence of pointed stakes
that surround their backyard.
The Washington monument was made in
monuments n A structure erected as a memorial. memories
of our first president.
a quadrilateral masonry mass having smooth,
The Egyptian’s architects were known for their
pyramid n steeply sloping sides meeting at an
pyramids and sphinxes.
Something, such as a ring, shaped like such a
circle n He boy drew a circle around the figure.
the period in the history of humankind marked The Iron Age brought more effective weapons
iron age n by the use of implements and weapons made of out
iron. from bronze.
imprint n a mark made by pressure We found a finger imprint on the soda can.
We built long stretched walls and rampart to defend
rampart n anything serving as a bulwark or defense.
a small or humble dwelling of simple
hut n We slept in primitive huts at the local village.
To give the main features or various
outline n We had a vague outline of the schedule for tonight.
to come upon or discover suddenly and
surprise n She was surprised by his jumpy reaction.
Many old texts are carbonized to preserve them
carbonized v to char until it forms carbon.
The world’s population cumulatively increases as
cumulative adj increasing by accumulation
it nearly doubles every five years.
debris n fragment from a former whole There was a lot of debris from the plane crash.
You shouldn’t expose your body out in the sun
expose v lay open to view too
Many old paintings need to go through a long
restoration process, so that museums can
restoration n the act of restoring
vast adj very great in extent The Pacific Ocean is vast and huge.
The dodo went extinct when hunters killed every
extinct adj out of existence
last one of them for food.
preservation n act of preserving It is illegal to hunt in an animal preservation.
The diary of Anne Frank tells its readers about
diary n a daily record her
life during the Nazi regime of World War II.
a metric measure of land; 10,000 square Measuring things in hectares is an old way of
meters, or about 2 acres surveying land.
His happy smile was a façade to the painful
façade n the superficial aspect of something sadness
he had inside.
text n the original words of an author or speaker We read texts from Aristotle in class today.
attention to or treatment of a subject in
detail n We looked down to the smallest detail.
individual or minute parts
stripped v to take away or remove We stripped him of his title.
declaration of objection, disapproval, or
protest n They protested against animal cruelty.
a mixture of lime or gypsum with sand
plaster n and water; hardens into a smooth solid; They plastered the wall.
used to cover something
We put a cast on his broken arm to not only
casts n Something that is thrown off, out, or away.
but so that he could take it off later when it
a philosophical movement of the 18th
century, characterized by belief in the
The Enlightenment era brought new scientific
enlightenment n power of human reason and by innovations
discoveries and inventions.
in political, religious, and educational
a layer of material, naturally or artificially
The archaeologists broke through the strata to
strata n formed, often one of a number of parallel
see what the bottom held.
layers one upon another
unique adj not typical; unusual He had a very unique way of dealing with people.
a sudden, violent disturbance of the surface The catastrophic volcano eruption brought many
of the earth fatalities to the nearby city.