�The same but different��

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					“the same but different…”
  understanding other cultures
        Julie Luxton: ESOL / Literacy Adviser
        Secondary Teacher Refresher Course
                   September 2009
the same…


   The whole world is my village
   and all people are my relatives



                         Tamil poem
…but different…

I do not want my house to be walled in on
all sides and my windows to be stuffed. I
want the cultures of all the lands to be blown
about my house as freely as possible. But I
 refuse to be blown off my feet by any.

                             Mahatma Ghandi
understanding difference?

  We make generalisations about other
 people, ideas, and events on the basis of
 our personal constructions of reality.
 Considerable research documents that
 teachers have difficulty incorporating new
 visions of reality that conflict with their own
 personal beliefs and experience.

                              Ball 1989
             overview

what is culture?
looking at different cultures
culture in the NZ education context
steps to understanding
five goals
        Where do I come from?
       Where am I coming from?

  What makes me ______________________?



What are the distinctive features of my own culture?
What makes me different from people who belong to
other cultural groups?
       Where do I come from?
      Where am I coming from?
               What makes me Kiwi?

             wearing jandals     Split Enz
      stirred by the haka        conservationist
need for green      nuclear free   egalitarian ideal
    self-sufficient       reserved      modest
       sense of fair play Christian values
 culture: towards a definition…
  What constitutes culture?
  What makes up culture?
  What are the components of culture?
  How does cultural difference manifest
  itself?

Brainstorm with a partner.
      The cultural panorama
 observable, public and conscious

geographical location
the community landscape
______________________________
underpinning cultural influences and
  philosophies
learned ways of clarifying the world

                                from New to NZ p.28
         culture: a definition

“Culture is the integrated system of socially
acquired values, beliefs and rules of conduct
which delimit the range of accepted
behaviours in any given society. Cultural
differences distinguish societies from one
another.”
           www.reference.allrefer.com/encyclopaedia/C/culture
  What is an ethnic group?


An ethnic group is “a social group whose
members share a sense of common
origins, claim a common and distinctive
history and destiny, possess one or more
dimensions of collective cultural identity,
and feel a unique collective solidarity”.
                                  Statistics NZ
“As ethnicity is self-defined, one can
 belong to more than one ethnic group
 and a person’s ethnicity may change
 over time.”

                                Statistics NZ
      culture: key features
learned
internalised
complex
pervasive
layered
“norm-referenced”
dynamic
cultivated over time
evolving
linked to language
acculturation
assimilation
integration

   “I have in my arms both ways”
     cultural diversity in NZ
           2006 census data

over 1 in 7 Māori
almost 1 in 10 Asian
in the Auckland region, 1 in 8 Asian, 1 in 8
Pacific and 1 in 10 Māori
 more people born overseas

almost 1 in 4 (22.9%) New Zealand residents born overseas

in Auckland region, over 1 in 3 born overseas

in Auckland city, almost 1 in 5 born in Asia

in the Auckland region, almost 1 in 10 were born in the
Pacific Islands

32,079 ESOL funded students in 1255 schools (1-300+)
nationwide (2009)
      ESOL funded students in our
            schools 2009

                    ESOL Funded     % of Total
                  Student Numbers
Northern Region       22,738          70.88
Central North          2,809          8.75
Central South          3,636          11.33
Southern Region        2,896          9.04
                      32,079
      diversity in our schools %
               NZ      Māori   Asian   Pacific   other
            European
 HGHS         58        19      10       4        9
 HBHS         67        16      9        3        5
 HFHS         54        28      6        5        7
 SHGC         71        13      4        4        8
Fairfield     47        38      8        5        2
St John’s     70        13      6        6        5
Melville      40        34      11       10       5
  TBC         69        20      4        2        5
  TGC         66        22      5        1        6
Te Puke       52        38      4        2        4
diversity in one Hamilton school
        steps to understanding
make contact

acknowledge

respect

communicate

learn

value

understand
    looking at other cultures
Resources: New to NZ
           Community Language Cards
           Learner English
China
India
Korea
Somalia
Samoa
    looking at other cultures
                   a jigsaw task


In expert groups read the resources for your chosen ethnic
group and complete the Cultural Understandings grid
together.

Re-group into home groups (different ethnic groups /
different colours ) and report back.
acknowledging cultural diversity
         in schools
            some resources


welcoming new students
school policies and practices for refugee
students
home-school partnership
student learning and culture
a lesson from Butterflies
dealing with cultural difference in the
        classroom: five goals
 acknowledge, value and celebrate cultural
 differences
 develop a culturally responsive classroom
 develop strategies for dealing with learning
 styles
  foster affirming communication strategies
 in the classroom
 promote socialisation beyond the
 classroom
understanding difference


 If you just learn a single trick, Scout, you'll
 get along a lot better with all kinds of folks.
 You never really understand a person until
 you consider things from his point of view...
 Until you climb inside of his skin and walk
 around in it.

                       To Kill a Mockingbird

				
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posted:8/9/2012
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