960__traded_species - NMPB.xls

					        Master list of 960 traded medicinal plants of India

                                                                                  APISanskrit                                         Part(s)      Med.Sys.
S.No.   Botanical Name                                    Family Name             Names       Trade Name          Habit      Source * Used         Tag **
  1     Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench                MALVACEAE                           Bhendi              Shrub      C        Fruit (Seed) AFU
        [ = Hibiscus esculentus L.]
 2      Abelmoschus ficulneus (L.) Wight & Arn.           MALVACEAE                            Kattu vendai       Shrub      W       Fruit (Seed) AF
        [ = Hibiscus ficulneus L.]


 3      Abelmoschus moschatus Medik.                      MALVACEAE               Kasturilatika Muskdana,         Shrub      C/W     Fruit (Seed) AFU
                                                                                                Latakasturi
        [ = Hibiscus abelmoschus L.]
 4      Abies pindrow (Royle ex D.Don) Royle              PINACEAE                             Granthiparna,      Tree       W       Leaf          A
                                                                                               Talisa
 5      Abies spectabilis (D.Don) Spach                   PINACEAE                Talisa       Talispatra         Tree       W       Leaf          A
        [ = Abies webbiana Wall. ex D.Don]
  -     Abies webbiana Wall. ex D.Don                     Ref.: Abies
                                                          spectabilis
 6      Abrus precatorius L.                              FABACEAE                Gunja        Chirmati, Chinnoti, Climber   W       Root, Fruit   AFHSTU
                                                                                               Gundumani                             (Seed)
 7      Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet subsp. guineense      MALVACEAE               Atibala      Tutti               Shrub     W       Leaf, Root    AFSTU
        (Schumach.) Borss.
  -     Acacia arabica (Lam.) Willd. Var. indica Benth.   Ref.: Acacia nilotica
                                                          subsp. indica

 8      Acacia caesia (L.) Willd.                         MIMOSACEAE              Khadira      Incha, Indu,       Shrub      W       Bark (Stem) AF
                                                                                               Singapore pattai
 9      Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd.                      MIMOSACEAE                           Katha              Tree       W       Bark (Stem), AFSTU
                                                                                                                                     Wood
                                                                                                                                     (Heartwood)
10   Acacia chundra (Roxb. ex Rottler) Willd.              MIMOSACEAE                        Khadir             Tree       W     Wood        A
-    Acacia concinna (Willd.) DC.                          Ref.: Acacia sinuata

11   Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.                         MIMOSACEAE                        Irmed              Tree       C     Bark (Stem) AFS
12   Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile subsp. indica   MIMOSACEAE             Babbula    Babul, Keekar      Tree       W/C   Gum, Bark   AS
                                                                                                                                 (Stem)
     (Benth.) Brenan
     [ = A. arabica (Lam.) Willd. var. indica Benth.]
13   Acacia sinuata (Lour.) Merr.                          MIMOSACEAE                        Chikakai (Shikakai) Climber   W     Fruit       AF
     [ = A. concinna (Willd.) DC.]
14   Acalypha fruticosa Forssk.                            EUPHORBIACEAE                     Cinni              Shrub      W     Leaf        FS
15   Acalypha indica L.                                    EUPHORBIACEAE                     Khokali,           Herb       W     Whole Plant AFHS
                                                                                             Arishtamanjari
16   Achillea millefolium L.                               ASTERACEAE                        Brinjasif          Herb       C/W   Fruit (Seed) HSUW
17   Achyranthes aspera L.                                 AMARANTHACEAE          Apamarga   Apamarga           Herb       W     Leaf, Fruit AFHSTU
                                                                                                                                 (Seed),
                                                                                                                                 Whole Plant
18   Achyranthes bidentata Blume                           AMARANTHACEAE                     Apamarga           Herb       W     Whole Plant AF
19   Aconitum balfourii Stapf                              RANUNCULACEAE                     Vatsnabha          Herb       W     Root        A
20   Aconitum bisma (Ham.) Rapaics                         RANUNCULACEAE                     Bikhma             Herb       W     Root        AF
21   Aconitum chasmanthum Stapf                            RANUNCULACEAE          Vatsanabha Vatsnabha          Herb       W     Root        AH
22   Aconitum deinorrhizum Stapf                           RANUNCULACEAE                     Vatsnabha          Herb       W     Root        A
23   Aconitum falconeri Stapf                              RANUNCULACEAE                     Vatsnabha          Herb       W     Root        A
24   Aconitum ferox Wall. ex Ser.                          RANUNCULACEAE                     Vachhnag, Atis     Herb       W     Root        AFHSU
25   Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. ex Royle                 RANUNCULACEAE          Ativisa    Atis, Aconite,     Herb       W     Root (Tuber) AFSTU
                                                                                             Ativish
26   Aconitum laciniatum Stapf                             RANUNCULACEAE                     Kalo Bikhmo        Herb       W     Root        F
27   Aconitum spicatum (Bruhl) Stapf                       RANUNCULACEAE                     Bish               Herb       W     Root        F
28   Aconitum violaceum Jacq. ex Stapf                     RANUNCULACEAE                     Mitha Telia        Herb       W     Root        F
29   Acorus calamus L.                            ARACEAE              Vaca      Vach, Vaj,           Herb      C/W   Root            AFSTUW
                                                                                 Calamus roots,                       (Rhizome)
                                                                                 Vekhand
30   Actiniopteris dichotoma Mett.                ACTINIOPTERIDACEAE             Mayurpankhi          Herb      W     Whole Plant AS
31   Adansonia digitata L.                        BOMBACACEAE                    Gorakimli            Tree      C     Fruit           AFSU
32   Adenanthera pavonina L.                      MIMOSACEAE                     Kamboji, Tamaraka Tree         C/W   Wood        AFS
                                                                                                                      (Heartwood)

33   Adenia hondala (Gaertn.) W.J. de Wilde       PASSIFLORACEAE                 Vidari               Climber   W     Root            AF
                                                                                                                      (Tubers)
34   Adhatoda beddomei C.B.Clarke                 ACANTHACEAE                    Vasa                 Shrub     W     Leaf            A
     [ = Justicia beddomei (C.B.Clarke) Bennet]
-    Adhatoda vasica Nees                         Ref.: Adhatoda
                                                  zeylanica
35   Adhatoda zeylanica Medik.                    ACANTHACEAE          Vasa      Adusa                Shrub     W/C   Leaf            AFHS
     [ = A. vasica Nees; Justicia adhatoda L.]
36   Adiantum capillus-veneris L.                 ADIANTACEAE                    Hanraj,              Herb      W     Whole Plant, FU
                                                                                 Parshoshan                           Leaf
-    Adiantum lunulatum Burm.                     Ref.: Adiantum
                                                  philippense
37   Adiantum philippense L.f.                    ADIANTACEAE          Hamsapadi Hansraj              Herb      W     Whole Plant AF
     [ = A. lunulatum Burm.]
38   Adiantum venustum D.Don.                     ADIANTACEAE                    Hansraj              Herb      W     Whole Plant F
39   Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa                   RUTACEAE             Bilva     Bael, Belgiri, Bilva, Tree     C/W   Leaf, Fruit, AFHSTU
                                                                                 Vilvam                               Bark (Root,
                                                                                                                      Stem)
40   Aerva lanata (L.) Juss.                      AMARANTHACEAE        Pattura   Cheroola             Herb      W     Whole Plant AFS
41   Aesculus indica (Wall. ex Cambess) Hook.     HIPPOCASTANACEAE               Indian Horse     Tree          C/W   Fruit (Fruit,   F
                                                                                 Chesnut, Bankhor                     Seed)
                                                                                 pangar
42   Ageratum conyzoides L.                       ASTERACEAE                     Visamustih, Goat Herb          W     Whole Plant AFS
                                                                                 weed, Visadodi
43   Aglaia elaeagnoidea (A.Juss.) Benth.   MELIACEAE                           Priyangu            Tree    W     Fruit        AF
44   Aglaia odorata Lour.                   MELIACEAE                           Pishthparni,        Tree    C     Leaf         F
                                                                                Pithavan
45   Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.                SIMAROUBACEAE           Araluka     Aralu               Tree    C/W   Root         AFS
46   Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston    SIMAROUBACEAE                       Guggula Dhup        Tree    C/W   Bark (Stem) AF
47   Ainsliaea aptera DC.                   ASTERACEAE                          Sathjalani          Herb    W     Root         F
48   Ajuga bracteosa Benth.                 LAMIACEAE                           Nilkanti            Herb    W     Whole Plant F
49   Alangium salvifolium (L.f.) Wang.      ALANGIACEAE             Ankolah     Ankodah,            Tree    W     Leaf, Root   AFST
                                                                                Dirghakilaka
50   Albizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin           MIMOSACEAE                          Krishnasirish       Tree    W     Leaf         AFS
51   Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.            MIMOSACEAE              Sirisa      Vaakaveru, Shirish Tree     C/W   Leaf, Bark AFSU
                                                                                                                  (Stem)
52   Albizia marginata Merr.                MIMOSACEAE                          Sirisah             Tree    W     Bark (Stem) A
53   Albizia odoratissima (L.f.) Benth.     MIMOSACEAE                          Sirisa              Tree    C/W   Bark (Stem) AFS
54   Alhagi pseudalhagi (M.Bieb.) Desv.     FABACEAE                Yavasaka    Durlabha,           Shrub   W     Whole Plant ASTU
                                                                                Yavasaka
55   Allium ampeloprasum L.                 LILIACEAE (Alliaceae)               Leek, Levant garlic Herb    C     Root (Bulb) FW

56   Allium cepa L.                         LILIACEAE (Alliaceae)               Onion               Herb    C     Root (Bulb) AFHSTU
                                                                                                                              W
57   Allium sativum L.                      LILIACEAE (Alliaceae)   Lasuna      Lasan, Velathulli   Herb    C     Root        AFHSTU
                                                                                                                              W
58   Allium stracheyi Baker                 LILIACEAE (Alliaceae)               Jambu               Herb    W     Root        A
59   Aloe barbadensis Mill.                 LILIACEAE (Aloaceae)    Kanyasara   Ghikanvar, Kumari Herb      C/W   Leaf         AFSTUW
     [ = A. vera (L.) Burm.f.]
-    Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.                 Ref.: Aloe
                                            barbadensis
60   Alpinia calcarata (Haw.) Roscoe        ZINGIBERACEAE                       Chittaratha, Aratha Herb    C     Root         A
                                                                                                                  (Rhizome)
61   Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.            ZINGIBERACEAE           Kulanjan    Kulinjan,           Herb    C/W   Root         AFSU
                                                                                Rasnamool,                        (Rhizome)
                                                                                Koshtakulinjan
62   Alpinia officinarum Hance                  ZINGIBERACEAE                   Khulinjan           Herb    I     Root        ASU
                                                                                                                  (Rhizome)
63   Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br.              APOCYNACEAE         Saptaparna Saptaparnachal       Tree    W     Bark (Stem) AFHSTU
                                                                               (Satveen
64   Alstonia venenata R.Br.                    APOCYNACEAE                    Anadana, Raja -      Shrub   W     Bark (Stem), AF
                                                                               adana                              Fruit

65   Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. ex DC.   AMARANTHACEAE       Matsyaki    Ponnanganni         Herb    W     Whole Plant AFST
66   Althaea officinalis L.                     MALVACEAE           Khatmi      Khatmi, Resha-      Herb    C/W   Root        AFSU
                                                                                Khatami, Shilaras
67   Altingia excelsa Noronha                   ALTINGIACEAE                    Silaras             Tree    C/W   Resin       AFSU
-    Amaranthus gangeticus L.                   Ref.: Amaranthus
                                                tricolor
-    Amaranthus mangostanus L.                  Ref.: Amaranthus
                                                tricolor
68   Amaranthus paniculatus L.                  AMARANTHACEAE                   Chaulai, Ramdana Herb       C     Fruit (Seed) AS

69   Amaranthus spinosus L.                     AMARANTHACEAE                   Cholai, Bhandira    Herb    W     Root        AFST
70   Amaranthus tricolor L.                     AMARANTHACEAE       Ramasitalika Lal sag,           Herb    C     Fruit (Seed) AS
                                                                                 Alpamarisa
     [ = A. gangeticus L.; A. mangostanus L.]
71   Ambroma augusta (L.) L.f.                  STERCULIACEAE                   Ulatkambal          Shrub   C/W   Root (Tuber) AFH

72   Ammannia baccifera L.                      LYTHRACEAE                      Kurand ghas         Herb    W     Whole Plant AS
73   Ammi majus L.                              APIACEAE                        Ammi                Herb    C     Fruit       FW
74   Amomum aromaticum Roxb.                    ZINGIBERACEAE                   Bengal cardamom, Herb       W     Fruit       A
                                                                                Brhdela

75   Amomum kepulaga Sprague                    ZINGIBERACEAE                   Elachi              Herb    I     Fruit (Seed) F
76   Amomum subulatum Roxb.                     ZINGIBERACEAE       Sthulaela   Elachi Badi         Herb    C/W   Fruit (Seed) AFSTU
-    Amoora rohituka (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.       Ref.: Aphanamixis
                                                polystachya
-    Amorphophallus campanulatus Blume ex Decn.        Ref.:
                                                       Amorphophallus
                                                       paeoniifolius var.
                                                       campanulatus
77   Amorphophallus dubius Blume                       ARACEAE                          Surom (subs.)       Herb      W     Root          F
78   Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson   ARACEAE              Surana      Arsghna,            Herb      C/W   Root (Corm) AFSU
     var. campanulatus (Blume ex Decne.) Sivad.                                         Surankand,
                                                                                        Zaminkand
     [ = A. campanulatus Blume ex Decne.]
79   Amorphophallus sylvaticus (Roxb.) Kunth           ARACEAE                          Tubers              Herb      W     Root (Tuber) AFS

80   Anacardium occidentale L.                         ANACARDIACEAE                    Kaju                Tree      C     Bark (Stem), AFHS
                                                                                                                            Gum

81   Anacyclus pyrethrum (L.) Cass.                    ASTERACEAE           Akarakarabh Akarkara            Herb      I     Stem, Root ASU
                                                                            a
82   Anamirta cocculus (L.) Wight & Arn.               MENISPERMACEAE                   Rakthala            Climber   W     Fruit, Resin AFHSUW
83   Anchusa strigosa Labill.                          BORAGINACEAE                     Gaozaban (subs.) Herb         I     Leaf, Fruit   A
84   Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. ex Nees   ACANTHACEAE                      Kalmegh             Herb      W/C   Whole Plant AFHSUW

85   Anethum graveolens L.                             APIACEAE             Satahva     Sowa                Herb      C     Fruit (Seed), AF
                                                                                                                            Fruit
     [ = A.sowa Roxb. ex Flem.]
-    Anethum sowa Roxb. ex Flem.                       Ref.: Anethum
                                                       graveolens
86   Angelica archangelica L.                          APIACEAE             Canda       Conda, Angelica     Herb      W     Root          AW
87   Angelica glauca Edgew.                            APIACEAE             Corakah     Chuara, Choru       Herb      W     Root          AT
88   Anisomeles malabarica (L.) R.Br. ex Sims          LAMIACEAE                        Karimthumpa         Shrub     W     Root          AFS
89   Anodendron paniculatum A.DC.                      APOCYNACEAE                      Sarakkodi, Kavali   Climber   W     Whole Plant F
90   Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & COMBRETACEAE                 Dhawada             Tree      W     Gum           AFSTU
     Perr.
91   Anthemis nobilis L.                               ASTERACEAE                       Babuna,             Herb      C/W   Flower, Leaf HSU
                                                                                        Gulbabuna
92    Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.)Miq.                RUBIACEAE          Kadamba     Kadam             Tree      C/W   Bark (Stem), AS
                                                                                                                        Root

93    Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) Parker           MELIACEAE                      Rakta Rohida,     Tree      C/W   Bark (Stem) AHS
                                                                                      Rohitak
               rohituka (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.]
      [ = Amoora
94    Aphananthe cuspidata (Blume) Planch.             ULMACEAE                       Peenari           Tree      W     Bark (Stem), F
                                                                                                                        Gum

95    Apium graveolens L.                              APIACEAE                       Ajmoda, Celery    Herb      C/W   Fruit          AHSTU
96    Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.                        THYMELAEACEAE      Agaru       Agar kala, Akil   Tree      I/W   Bark (Stem), AFSTU
                                                                                                                        Wood
                                                                                                                        (Heartwood)


97    Arctium lappa L.                                 ASTERACEAE                     Phaggarmul        Herb      W     Fruit          FH
98    Areca catechu L.                                 ARECACEAE          Puga        Supari            Tree      C     Fruit, Root   AFHSTU
                                                                                                                                      W
99    Argemone mexicana L.                             PAPAVERACEAE                   Brhami Dandi,     Herb      W     Fruit (Seed), AFHSU
                                                                                      Kusme Beeja                       Stem

 -    Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Bojer.                Ref.: Argyreia
                                                       speciosa
100   Argyreia speciosa (L.f.) Sweet                   CONVOLVULACEAE     Bastantri   Samudraphal,      Shrub     W     Root, Fruit    ASTU
                                                                                      Samundra Sokh                     (Seed),
                                                                                                                        Whole Plant
101   Aristolochia bracteolata Lam.                    ARISTOLOCHIACEAE               Kidamari          Herb      W     Root, Fruit    AFS
                                                                                                                        (Seed),
                                                                                                                        Whole Plant
102   Aristolochia indica L.                           ARISTOLOCHIACEAE   Isvari      Ishwar mool       Climber   W     Fruit, Root,   AFSTU
                                                                                                                        Stem
103   Aristolochia rotunda L                           ARISTOLOCHIACEAE               Zarawand          Climber   W     Root           FU
104   Aristolochia tagala Cham.                        ARISTOLOCHIACEAE               Aadutheendapalai Climber    W     Root           F
105   Arnebia benthamii (Wall. ex G.Don) I.M.Johnst.   BORAGINACEAE                   Gauzaban          Herb      W     Root, Whole A
                                                                                                                        Plant
106   Arnebia euchroma (Royle) I.M.Johnst.      BORAGINACEAE                  Gaozaban          Herb       W     Root        F
107   Arnebia nobilis Rech.f.                   BORAGINACEAE                  Ratan jyothi /    Herb       I     Root        FU
                                                                              Ratan jot
108   Artabotrys hexapetalus (L.f.) Bhandari    ANNONACEAE                    Harichampa,       Shrub      C/W   Fruit       AF
                                                                              Madanmast
109   Artemisia absinthium L.                   ASTERACEAE                    Afsanteen         Shrub      W     Whole Plant AHSUW
110   Artemisia maritima L. ex Hook.f.          ASTERACEAE                    Ajavayana,        Herb       W     Fruit (Seed), AHW
                                                                              Chauhara, Cina                     Whole Plant

111   Artemisia nilagirica (C.B.Clarke) Pamp.   ASTERACEAE                    Thavanam          Herb       W     Flower,      AF
                                                                                                                 Whole Plant
112   Artemisia pallens Wall. ex DC.            ASTERACEAE                    Davna             Herb       C     Leaf, Flower FS

113   Artemisia parviflora Roxb. ex D.Don       ASTERACEAE                    Pati              Shrub      W     Whole Plant F
114   Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.             MORACEAE                      Kathal, Panasa    Tree       C/W   Fruit       AFS
115   Arundo donax L.                           POACEAE                       Dhamana, Baranal, Shrub      W     Root        AHS
                                                                              Nala                               (Rhizome)
116   Asparagus adscendens Roxb.                LILIACEAE                     Musali safed,      Climber   W     Root        ASU
                                                (Asparagaceae)                Satawar
117   Asparagus racemosus Willd.                LILIACEAE          Satavari   Shatavari, Satawar Climber   W/C   Root        AFSTU
                                                (Asparagaceae)
118   Asparagus sarmentosus L.                  LILIACEAE                     Satawari, Shakakul Climber   W     Root        ASU
                                                (Asparagaceae)
 -    Asteracantha longifolia Nees              Ref.: Hygrophila
                                                schulli
119   Atalantia monophylla (L.) DC.             RUTACEAE                      Kurandubeeja      Tree       W     Fruit       AFS
120   Atropa acuminata Royle ex Lindl.          SOLANACEAE                    Jharka            Herb       C/W   Leaf        FU
121   Atropa belladonna L.                      SOLANACEAE                    Belladona         Herb       I     Root        AHSUW
122   Atylosia goensis (Dalzell) Dalzell        FABACEAE                      Katttupaayar      Climber    I/C   Root        AF
123   Atylosia scarabeoides (L.) Benth.         FABACEAE                      Ban kulatha       Climber    W     Root        F
124   Azadirachta indica A.Juss.                           MELIACEAE            Nimba       Neem               Tree      C/W   Fruit (Fruit, AFHSTU
                                                                                                                               Seed),
                                                                                                                               Flower, Leaf,
                                                                                                                               Bark (Stem)

125   Azima tetracantha Lam.                               SALVADORACEAE                    Kanta-gur-kamai, Shrub       W     Leaf, Bark AFS
                                                                                            Kantangur, Kundali                 (Stem), Root

126   Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst.                         SCROPHULARIACEAE     Brahmi      Brahmi, Jal       Herb       W/C   Whole Plant AFHS
                                                                                            Brahmi, Nirbrahmi
127   Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile                     BALANITACEAE                     Hingan, Hingol,   Tree       W     Semi-Ripe AFTU
                                                                                            Ingua                              Fruit
128   Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. & J.G.Forst.          BALANOPHORACEAE                  Thippali          Herb       W     Whole Plant S
129   Baliospermum montanum (Willd.) Mull.Arg.             EUPHORBIACEAE        Danti       Dantimool,         Shrub     W     Root        AFSTU
                                                                                            Nagadanti
      [ = B. solanifolium (Geiseler) Suresh]
 -    Baliospermum solanifolium (Geiseler) Suresh          Ref.: Baliospermum
                                                           montanum

130   Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Willd.                   BAMBUSEACEAE                     Bansalochan,       Tree      W     Leaf        AFSU
                                                                                            Tabashir
131   Bandeiraea simplicifolia (M.Vahl ex DC.) Benth.      CAESALPINIACEAE                  -                  Climber   I     Fruit (Seed) W
      [ = Griffonia simplicifolia (M.Vahl exDC.) Baill.]


132   Barleria cristata L.                                 ACANTHACEAE                      Raktapushpa,       Shrub     W     Whole Plant AST
                                                                                            Sweta Saireyaka
133   Barleria prionitis L.                                ACANTHACEAE          Sahacara    Vajradanti         Shrub     C/W   Whole Plant AFS
134   Barleria strigosa Willd.                             ACANTHACEAE          Nilajhint   Bala, Dasi, Amli   Shrub     W     Whole Plant AST
135   Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn.                 BARINGTONIACEAE      Nicula      Samudraphal        Tree      W     Fruit       AFSTU
136   Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng.                   BARINGTONIACEAE                  Samuthira palam    Tree      W     Fruit (Seed) AFS
137   Basella alba L.                                      BASELLACEAE                      Pasalai,           Climber   C     Whole Plant AF
                                                                                            Vasalacheera
                                                                                            pacha
 -    Bassia latifolia Roxb.                        Ref.: Madhuca indica

138   Bauhinia malabarica Roxb.                     CAESALPINIACEAE                    Amlosa,            Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AS
                                                                                       Asmantaka
139   Bauhinia purpurea L.                          CAESALPINIACEAE                    Sonachal           Tree      C/W   Bark (Stem) AFST
140   Bauhinia racemosa Lam.                        CAESALPINIACEAE                    Kachnar            Tree      W     Leaf, Bark   ASU
                                                                                                                          (Stem)
141   Bauhinia tomentosa L.                         CAESALPINIACEAE                    Kachnar,           Shrub     W     Root         AFS
                                                                                       Kanchana
142   Bauhinia vahlii Wight & Arn.                  CAESALPINIACEAE                    Adda               Climber   W     Leaf         AF
143   Bauhinia variegata L.                         CAESALPINIACEAE        Kancanara   Kachnar            Tree      C/W   Bark (Stem) AFS
144   Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.              CUCURBITACEAE          Kusmanda    Kumpalanga pacha Climber     C     Fruit        AFSTU

145   Berberis aristata DC.                         BERBERIDACEAE          Daruharidra Daruhaldi,         Shrub     W     Root, Bark   AFSTU
                                                                                       Rasnajan, Zarisuk                  (Root)
146   Berberis asiatica Roxb.                       BERBERIDACEAE                      Daru haldi, Rasout Shrub     W     Root         AFU

147   Berberis chitria Lindl.                       BERBERIDACEAE                      Daruhaldi/Rasaut   Shrub     W     Root         AF
148   Berberis lycium Royle                         BERBERIDACEAE                      Dar-hald, Chitra   Shrub     W     Root         AU
149   Berberis tinctoria Lesch.                     BERBERIDACEAE                      Daruhaldi/Rasaut   Shrub     W     Root         F
150   Berberis umbellata Wall. ex G.Don             BERBERIDACEAE                      Daruhaldi/Rasaut   Shrub     W     Root         F
151   Bergenia ciliata (Haw.)Sternb.                SAXIFRAGACEAE          Pasanabhed Pashnabheda         Herb      W     Root         A
                                                                           ha
152   Bergenia stracheyi (Hook.f. & Thoms.) Engl.   SAXIFRAGACEAE                     Pashnabheda         Herb      W     Root, Leaf   A
153   Betula utilis D.Don                           BETULACEAE             Bhurjah     Bhojpatra          Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AST
154   Biophytum sensitivum (L.) DC.                 OXALIDACEAE                        Mukkutti           Herb      W     Whole Plant AFS
155   Bistorta amplexicaulis (D.Don) Greene         POLYGONACEAE                       Anjubar            Herb      W     Root         F
156   Bixa orellana L.                              BIXACEAE                           Sindhuri, Latkan   Shrub     C     Fruit (Seed) AFHS
                                                                                       dana, Annato
157   Blepharis edulis auct. non (Forssk.) Pers.    ACANTHACEAE            Utingana    Uttangan           Herb      I     Fruit (Seed) AU
      [ = B.persica (Burm.f.) O.Kuntze.]
 -    Blepharis persica (Burm.f.) O.Kuntze.   Ref.: Blepharis edulis

158   Boerhavia diffusa L.                    NYCTAGINACEAE            Punarnava Punarnava raktha, Herb      W     Root, Whole AFHSU
                                                                       rakta,      Punarnava                       Plant
                                                                       Raktapunarn
                                                                       ava
159   Boerhavia repanda Willd.                NYCTAGINACEAE                        Cattaranai,     Herb      W     Root, Whole S
                                                                                   Varakanputu                     Plant
160   Bombax ceiba L.                         BOMBACACEAE              Salmali     Mochras         Tree      W     Exudate Of AFS
                                                                                                                   Bark (Stem),
      [ = B. malabaricum DC.]
                                                                                                                   Flower, Root


 -    Bombax malabaricum DC.                  Ref.: Bombax ceiba

161   Borassus flabellifer L.                 ARECACEAE                Tala       Palmyra palm, Tad Tree     C/W   Fruit, Stem    AFSTU

162   Borreria hispida (L.) Schum.            RUBIACEAE                           Thaarthaaval        Herb   W     Fruit (Seed), AF
                                                                                                                   Whole Plant
      [ = Spermacoce hispida L.]
163   Boswellia carteri Birdw.                BURSERACEAE                         Sali guggul         Tree   I     Oleo-Gum       F
                                                                                                                   Resin
164   Boswellia frereana Birdw.               BURSERACEAE                         African elemi       Tree   I     Oleo-Gum       F
                                                                                                                   Resin
165   Boswellia serrata Roxb.                 BURSERACEAE              Kunduru    Kandur, Guggul, Tree       W     Oleo-Gum       ASU
                                                                                  Dupa                             Resin
166   Brassica alba (L.) Rabenh               BRASSICACEAE                        Safed rai, Kadugu Herb     C     Fruit (Seed)   AHSU
167   Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.             BRASSICACEAE                        Kaduku, Sasuve      Herb   C     Fruit (Seed) AFS
                                                                                  Bili
168   Briedelia montana (Roxb.) Willd.        EUPHORBIACEAE                       Gondni, Geia        Tree   W     Wood        AF
                                                                                                                   (Heartwood)

169   Buchanania lanzan Spreng.               ANACARDIACEAE            Priyala    Chironji            Tree   W     Fruit (Seed) AFSTU
170   Bunium persicum (Boiss.) B.Fedtsch.     APIACEAE                            Kala-zirah, Shah-   Herb   C/W   Fruit          AF
                                                                                  zirah
 -    Butea frondosa Willd.                 Ref.: Butea
                                            monosperma
171   Butea monosperma ( Lam.) Taub.        FABACEAE          Palasa,     Palash, Tesu       Tree       W     Bark (Stem), AFSTU
                                                              Palasah     phool, Lac                          Flower,
      [ = B. frondosa Willd.]
                                                                                                              Root, Fruit
                                                                                                              (Seed),
                                                                                                              Wood, Gum

172   Butea superba Willd.                  FABACEAE                      Phul kesu, Tesu    Climber    W     Flower      AFS
                                                                          phool
173   Caccinia crassifolia (Vent.) C.Koch   BORAGINACEAE                  Gaozaban           Climber    I     Leaf, Flower F

174   Cadaba fruticosa (L.) Druce           CAPPARACEAE                   Kodham, Pulika     Shrub      W     Leaf        FS
      [ = C. indica Lam.]
 -    Cadaba indica Lam.                    Ref.: Cadaba
                                            fruticosa
175   Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.         CAESALPINIACEAE   Latakaranja Sagargota, Gatran, Shrub      W     Fruit (Seed) AFHS
                                                                          Nataphal
176   Caesalpinia digyna Rottler.           CAESALPINIACEAE               Teripods, Teri Beej Climber   W     Fruit       A

177   Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw.      CAESALPINIACEAE               Gultora,           Shrub      C     Root        AFS
                                                                          Krishnachura,
                                                                          Peacock flower
178   Caesalpinia sappan L.                 CAESALPINIACEAE   Pattanga    Pathimugam         Tree       C     Wood        AFSU
                                                                                                              (Heartwood)

179   Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.            FABACEAE          Adhaki      Arhar, Tur         Shrub      C     Fruit (Seed) AFST
180   Calamus rotang L.                     ARECACEAE                     Pirapan Kizhangu, Shrub       W     Root, Fruit AFSU
                                                                          Bet                                 (Seed)
181   Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl           VERBENACEAE       Priyangu    Priyangu          Tree        W     Flower, Fruit AT
                                                                                                              (Seed)
182   Calophyllum apetalum Willd.           CLUSIACEAE                    Cherupunna         Tree       W     Fruit         FS
183   Calophyllum inophyllum L.             CLUSIACEAE                    Punnappoovu        Tree       C/W   Flower, Fruit AFS
184   Calotropis gigantea (L.) R.Br.           ASCLEPIADACEAE               Erukkin veru       Shrub     W     Flower, Bark AFHSTU
                                                                                                               (Root), Stem


185   Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton     ASCLEPIADACEAE   Arka        Akada Phool        Shrub     W     Flower, Bark AFSTU
                                                                                                               (Root)
186   Calycopteris floribunda (Roxb.) Poir.    COMBRETACEAE     Pullani     Pullaaniyila       Climber   W     Fruit, Leaf AF
187   Canarium strictum Roxb.                  BURSERACEAE                  Dhoop, Raldhoop    Tree      W     Resin, Wood AFS

188   Canella alba Murray                      CANELLACEAE                  Kiliyuram pattai   Tree      I     Bark (Stem) F
189   Cannabis sativa L.                       CANNABINACEAE    Vijaya      Maya, Bhang        Shrub     C/W   Fruit (Seed), AFHSTU
                                                                                                               Whole Plant W

190   Canscora decussata Schult. & Schult.f.   GENTIANACEAE                 Shankhuli, Nakuli, Herb      W     Whole Plant ASU
                                                                            Shankahpuspi
191   Capparis divaricata Lam.                 CAPPARACEAE                  Turatti            Tree      W     Leaf          S
192   Capparis moonii Wight                    CAPPARACEAE                  Rudanti            Climber   W     Fruit         A
193   Capparis roxburghii DC.                  CAPPARACEAE                  Rudanti (Subs.)    Shrub     W     Fruit         A
194   Capparis sepiaria L.                     CAPPARACEAE                  Karungurai         Shrub     W     Bark (Stem) AFS
195   Capparis spinosa L.                      CAPPARACEAE      Himsra      Kanther            Shrub     W     Fruit         AU
196   Capparis zeylanica L.                    CAPPARACEAE      VyaghranakhaSivappu Boomi     Climber    W     Root          AFS
                                                                            Sakkarai Kizhangu
      [ = C. horrida L.]
 -    Capparishorrida L.                       Ref.: Capparis
                                               zeylanica
197   Cardiospermum halicacabum L.             SAPINDACEAE      Karnasphota Mudakkathan        Climber   W     Root, Fruit AFHSU
                                                                                                               (Seed),
                                                                                                               Whole Plant
198   Carduus nutans L.                        ASTERACEAE                 Musk thistle,        Herb      W     Root        F
                                                                          Scotch thistle
199   Careya arborea Roxb.                     LECYTHIDACEAE    Kumbhikah Vaaikumbha,          Tree      W     Flower,       AFS
                                                                          Kumbhiphoo                           Fruit, Bark
                                                                                                               (Stem)
200   Carica papaya L.                                     CARICACEAE                         Papaya, Papita    Tree    C     Bark (Stem), AFHSUW
                                                                                                                              Leaf
201   Carissa carandas L.                                  APOCYNACEAE           Karamarda, Christ's thorn,     Shrub   W/C   Fruit        AFS
                                                                                 Karinkara  Karanda
202   Carthamus tinctorius L.                              ASTERACEAE                       Kusum phool         Shrub   C     Fruit (Seed) AFSTU
203   Carum carvi L.                                       APIACEAE              Krsnajiraka Shahjeera,         Herb    C/W   Fruit         AHSTU
                                                                                             Kalazira
204   Carum strictocarpum C.B.Clarke                       APIACEAE                          Kalzira (Subs.)    Herb    W     Fruit         F
205   Casearia esculenta Roxb.                             FLACOURTIACEAE                     Saptarangi        Shrub   W     Root          A
206   Cassia absus L.                                      CAESALPINIACEAE                    Chaksoo           Herb    W     Fruit (Seed), AFSTU
                                                                                                                              Root

207   Cassia alata L.                                      CAESALPINIACEAE                    Dadmurdan, Dat-   Shrub   C/W   Leaf, Root,   AFS
                                                                                              ka-pat                          Fruit
      [ = Sennaalata (L.) Roxb.]
208   Cassia angustifolia Vahl                             CAESALPINIACEAE       Svarnapatri Sona patta,      Herb      C     Leaf, Fruit AHSUW
                                                                                             Sonamukhi, Senna                 (Fruit, Seed)
      [ = C. senna L.; Senna alexandrina Gars. ex Mill.]

209   Cassia auriculata L.                                 CAESALPINIACEAE                    Avarai            Shrub   W     Bark (Stem), AFS
                                                                                                                              Leaf, Flower,
      [ = Senna auriculata (L.) Roxb.]
                                                                                                                              Fruit (Seed)


210   Cassia fistula L.                                    CAESALPINIACEAE       Aragvadha    Amalthasphali,    Tree    W/C   Flower, Fruit AFSTU
                                                                                              Sonari chal                     (Seed), Bark
                                                                                                                              (Stem)

 -    Cassia italica (Mill.) Lam. ex Andr.                 Ref.: Senna italica
211   Cassia obtusifolia L.                                CAESALPINIACEAE                    Panevar, Taga     Shrub   C/W   Fruit         A
      [ = Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby]
 -    Cassia obtusus Roxb.                                 Ref.: Senna italica
212   Cassia occidentalis L.                               CAESALPINIACEAE                    Kasondi,          Herb    W     Fruit (Seed), AFST
                                                                                              Kasmardah                       Leaf
      [ = Senna occidentalis (L.) Link]
 -    Cassia senna L.                                Ref.: Cassia
                                                     angustifolia
213   Cassia siamea Lam.                             CAESALPINIACEAE                    Kassod            Tree      C     Leaf         FS
      [ = Senna siamea (Lam.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby]
214   Cassia sophera L.                              CAESALPINIACEAE                    Kasodi,           Shrub     W     Whole Plant AFHS
                                                                                        Ponthakaram
      [ = Senna sophera (L.) Roxb.]
215   Cassia tora L.                                 CAESALPINIACEAE       Prapunnada Chakoda Beeja,  Herb          W     Fruit (Seed), AFSTU
                                                                                      Pawad, Chankuda                     Root
      [ = Senna tora (L.) Roxb.]
216   Cassytha filiformis L.                         CASSYTHACEAE                       Astimu, Akash Bel Climber   W     Whole Plant AFS
217   Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don                 APOCYNACEAE                        Sadabahar, Vinca Herb       C     Leaf, Root   AFW
                                                                                        rosea
      [ = Vinca rosea L.]
218   Catunaregum spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng.          RUBIACEAE             Madana       Mainphal, Maggare Shrub     W     Fruit        A
      [ = Xeromphis spinosa (Thunb.) Keay ]
219   Cayratia carnosa (Wall.) Gagnep. ex Wight      VITACEAE                           Amal ved, Amal    Climber   W     Bark (Stem) AF
                                                                                        bel, Gutt
220   Cayratia pedata (Lam.) A.Juss. ex Gagnep.      VITACEAE                           Suvaha,           Climber   W     Whole Plant AFS
                                                                                        Gummatige
 -    Cedrela toona Roxb.                            Ref.: Toona ciliata
221   Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) G.Don                   PINACEAE              Devadaru     Devdar            Tree      W     Wood         AFSTU
222   Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.                   BOMBACACEAE                        Safed semal       Tree      C     Fruit        AFSU
      [ = Eriodendron pentandrum (L.) Kurz]
223   Celastrus paniculatus Willd.                   CELASTRACEAE          Jyotismati   Malkangani,       Climber   W     Fruit (Seed) AFSTU
                                                                                        Jyothismathi,
                                                                                        Bavanthi beeja
224   Celtis philippensis Blanco                     ULMACEAE                           Kakamushti        Tree      W     Wood         FS
                                                                                        (Subs.)
225   Centaurea behen L.                             ASTERACEAE                         Behmen Safed      Herb      I     Root         FU
226   Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.                    APIACEAE              Mandukapar Brahmi, Brahmi      Herb      C/W   Leaf, Whole AFHSTW
                                                                           ni         booti                               Plant
227   Centratherum anthelminticum (L.) Kuntze         ASTERACEAE        Vanyajiraka Kali zeeri            Herb      W     Fruit (Fruit,   AHSU
                                                                                                                          Seed)
      [ = Vernonia anthelmintica L.]
228   Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Brot.) A.Rich.           RUBIACEAE                      Ipecacuanha          Shrub     C     Root            HSUW
      [ = Psychotria ipecacuanha (Brot.) Standl.]
229   Chaerophyllum villosum Wall. ex DC.             APIACEAE                       Mithi patis          Herb      W     Root            F
230   Chlorophytum arundinaceum Baker                LILIACEAE                       Safed musali         Herb      C/W   Root            AFTU
                                                     (Anthericaceae)
231   Chlorophytum borivilianum Santapau & R.R.Fern. LILIACEAE                       Safed musali         Herb      C/W   Root            F
                                                     (Anthericaceae)
232   Chlorophytum tuberosum Baker                    LILIACEAE                      Safed musali         Herb      W/C   Root            AS
                                                      (Anthericaceae)
233   Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston              APOCYNACEAE                    Murva                Climber   W     Root            AF
234   Chrozophora prostrata Dalzell & A.Gibson        EUPHORBIACEAE                  Neelkanthi           Herb      W     Whole Plant AU
235   Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium (Trevis) Vis.     ASTERACEAE                     Pyrethrum            Herb      C     Flower          FW

236   Cichorium endivia L.                            ASTERACEAE                     Kasini, Endive       Herb      C     Fruit (Seed) A
237   Cichorium intybus L.                            ASTERACEAE                     Kasani               Herb      C/W   Flower, Leaf, AFHSUW
                                                                                                                          Root, Fruit
                                                                                                                          (Seed)
238   Cinchona ledgeriana Bern. Moens ex Trimen       RUBIACEAE                      Cinchona             Tree      I     Bark (Stem) FW
239   Cinchona officinalis L.                         RUBIACEAE                      Cinchona bark        Tree      I     Bark (Stem) AHU
240   Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Presl                  LAURACEAE                      Kapur                Tree      C     Stem, Root AFHSTU
                                                                                                                          (Root-      W
                                                                                                                          Crystals)
241   Cinnamomum cassia Nees ex Blume                 LAURACEAE                      Dalchini             Tree      I     Bark (Stem) ASTU
242   Cinnamomum glaucenscens (Nees) Hand.-Mezz.      LAURACEAE                      Sugandhakabila       Tree      W     Fruit           F

243   Cinnamomum macrocarpum Hook.f.                  LAURACEAE                      Lavang               Tree      W     Leaf            AFS
244   Cinnamomum malabathrum (Lam.) J.Presl           LAURACEAE                      Dalchini, Tejpatta   Tree      W     Bark (Stem) F
245   Cinnamomum sulphuratum Nees                     LAURACEAE                      Dalchini, Tejpatta   Tree      W     Bark (Stem) F
246   Cinnamomum tamala (Buch.-Ham.) T.Nees &          LAURACEAE          Tvakapatra Tamal patra,          Tree      W     Fruit, Leaf, AFSTU
      Eberm.                                                                         Tejpatra                              Bark (Stem)
247   Cinnamomum verum J.Presl                         LAURACEAE          Tvak        Dalchini             Tree      C     Bark (Stem), AFH
                                                                                                                           Leaf
      [ = C. zeylanicum Blume]
248   Cinnamomum wightii Meisn.                        LAURACEAE                      Dalchini, Tejpatta   Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AS
 -    Cinnamomumzeylanicum Blume                       Ref.: Cinnamomum
                                                       verum

249   Cipadessa baccifera (Roth) Miq.                  MELIACEAE                      Adusoge soppu        Shrub     W     Leaf          FS
250   Cissampelos pareira L. var. hirsuta (Ham. ex DC.) MENISPERMACEAE    Patha       Pahad mool           Climber   W     Root          AFHSTU
      Forman                                                                                                                             W
251   Cissus quadrangularis L.                         VITACEAE           Asthisamhrt Pirandai             Climber   W     Stem          AFS
                                                                          a
252   Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad.               CUCURBITACEAE      Indravaruni Indrayan,            Climber   W     Fruit, Root   AFHSTU
                                                                                      Indravaruni
253   Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumara & Nakai     CUCURBITACEAE                  Terbuz, water        Climber   C     Root          AH
                                                                                      melon
254   Citrus acida Pers.                               RUTACEAE                       Limbu                Tree      C     Fruit         S
255   Citrus aurantifolia (Christm. & Panz.) Swingle   RUTACEAE                       Limbu                Tree      C     Flower, Fruit AFSU
                                                                                                                           (Fruit, Rind)

256   Citrus aurantium L.                              RUTACEAE                       Narangi              Tree      C     Fruit         AFSU
257   Citrus bergamia Risso.                           RUTACEAE                       Limbu chaal,         Tree      C/W   Fruit         AU
                                                                                      Jambeeram
258   Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f.                        RUTACEAE           Nimbu       Lemon                Tree      C     Fruit         AFHTUW
259   Citrus medica L.                                 RUTACEAE           Bijapura    Matunga,             Tree      W     Fruit         ASU
                                                                                      Mahnimbu
260   Citrus reticulata Blanco                         RUTACEAE                       Santra               Tree      C     Fruit         ATU
261   Clausena dentata (Willd.) Roem.                  RUTACEAE                       Mahasindur           Shrub     W     Root          FS
262   Cleistanthus collinus (Roxb.) Benth.             EUPHORBIACEAE                  Kutaja, Garbar       Tree      W     Bark (Stem), AS
                                                                                                                           Fruit
263   Clematis gouriana Roxb. ex DC.           RANUNCULACEAE                          Morvel              Climber   W     Whole Plant A
264   Clematis triloba Heyne                   RANUNCULACEAE                          Morvel              Climber   W     Whole Plant AFU
265   Cleome gynandra L.                       CLEOMACEAE                 Ajagandha   Cat whiskers, Ridhi Herb      W     Whole Plant AFST
      [ = Gynandropsis pentaphylla (L.) DC.]
266   Cleome viscosa L.                        CLEOMACEAE                             Nai kadugu          Herb      W     Root, Fruit   AFSU
                                                                                                                          (Seed)
267   Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze         VERBENACEAE                            Bharangi            Shrub     W/C   Root          AF
268   Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn.         VERBENACEAE                            Nir-Notsjil, Sangan- Shrub    C/W   Whole Plant AFS
                                                                                      Kuppi, Agnimanth

269   Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f.              LAMIACEAE                  Agnimantha Arnimul              Shrub     W     Leaf, Root    AFSU
270   Clerodendrum serratum (L.) Moon          VERBENACEAE                Bharangi    Bharangi            Shrub     W     Bark (Root) AFSTU
271   Clitoria ternatea L.                     FABACEAE                   Aparajita   Kajli               Climber   C/W   Root          AFSTU
272   Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt              CUCURBITACEAE              Bimbi       Bhrngaraj, Bimb     Climber   C/W   Whole Plant AHS
      [ = C. indica W. & A.]
 -    Cocciniaindica W. & A.                   Ref.: Coccinia
                                               grandis
273   Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Theob.            MENISPERMACEAE                         Vasanvel            Climber   W     Leaf          AFSU
274   Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alston     COCHLOSPERMACEAE                       Katira              Tree      W/C   Gum           AFSU
275   Cocos nucifera L.                        ARECACEAE                  Narikela    Nariyal             Tree      C     Flower        AFSTU
276   Coffea arabica L.                        RUBIACEAE                              Coffee              Shrub     C     Fruit (Seed) AFHSUW
277   Coffea travancorensis Wight & Arn.       RUBIACEAE                            Katu-mulla, Tsjeru- Shrub       W     Root          F
                                                                                    mulla
278   Coix lacryma-jobi L.                     POACEAE                    Gavedhuka Sankhlu, Dabhir     Herb        W     Fruit         AFSU
279   Colchicum luteum Baker                   LILIACEAE (Colchicaceae)               Suranjan            Herb      W     Root, Fruit   ASU
                                                                                                                          (Seed)
 -    Coleus forskohlii (Willd.) Briq.         Ref.: Plectranthus
                                               barbatus
280   Coleus zeylanicus (Benth.) Cramer        LAMIACEAE                              Valakah             Herb      W     Whole Plant A
281   Combretum decandrum Roxb. non Jacq.      COMBRETACEAE                           Korakukundi         Climber   W     Fruit (Seed) F
282   Commiphora caudata (Wight & Arn.) Engler              BURSERACEAE                         Kiluvai,          Tree      W     Bark (Stem) FS
                                                                                                Kondamavu
283   Commiphora myrrha (T.Nees) Engl.                      BURSERACEAE                         Hirabol           Tree      I     Oleo-Gum ATU
                                                                                                                                  Resin
284   Commiphora wightii ( Arn.) Bhandari                   BURSERACEAE              Guggulu    Guggul, Guggulu   Shrub     I/W   Oleo-Gum A
                                                                                                                                  Resin, Stem,
      [ = C. mukul (Hook. ex Stocks) Engl.]
                                                                                                                                  Root
 -    Commiphoramukul (Hook. ex Stocks) Engl.               Ref.: Commiphora
                                                            wightii
285   Convolvulus arvensis L.                               CONVOLVULACEAE                       Chandvel         Climber   C/W   Leaf        AHSU
                                                                                                 (Prasarni)
286   Convolvulus microphyllus Sieb. ex Spreng.             CONVOLVULACEAE           Sankhapuspi Shankapushpi     Herb      W     Flower,     A
                                                                                                                                  Whole Plant
      [ = C. prostratus Forssk.; C. pluricaulis Chois.]
 -    Convolvulus pluricaulis Chois.                        Ref.: Convolvulus
                                                            microphyllus
 -    Convolvulus prostratus Forssk.                        Ref.: Convolvulus
                                                            microphyllus
287   Convolvulus scammonia L.                              CONVOLVULACEAE                      Saqmunia          Climber   I     Gum Resin HSU
288   Coptis teeta Wall.                                    RANUNCULACEAE                       Mamira            Herb      C/W   Root        ASU
289   Corallocarpus epigaeus (Rottl. & Willd.) C.B.Clarke   CUCURBITACEAE                       Akasgaddah,       Climber   W     Root        AST
                                                                                                Patalagaruda
290   Corchorus depressus Stocks                            TILIACEAE                           Bahuphali         Herb      W     Aerial Parts AU
291   Corchorus trilocularis L.                             TILIACEAE                           Arenukam          Shrub     W     Whole Plant A
292   Cordia dichotoma G.Forst.                             CORDIACEAE                          Lasora            Tree      W/C   Fruit       AFSU
293   Cordia monoica Roxb.                                  CORDIACEAE                          Narivari          Tree      W     Bark (Stem) FS
 -    Cordia obliqua Willd. var. wallichii (G.Don)          Ref.: Cordia wallichii
      C.B.Clarke
294   Cordia wallichii G.Don                                CORDIACEAE                          Sapistan          Tree      W     Fruit       F
      [ = Cordia obliqua Willd. var. wallichii (G.Don)
      C.B.Clarke ]
295   Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Saac                   CLAVICIPITACEAE               Yarsa Gomba          Herb      W     Whole Plant F
296   Coriandrum sativum L.                             APIACEAE          Dhanyaka    Dhaniya, Dhana       Herb      C     Fruit, Leaf     AFSTU
297   Corylus jacquemontii Decne.                       BETULACEAE                    Findak (Subs.)       Tree      W     Fruit           F
298   Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr.           MENISPERMACEAE    Kaliyaka    Maramanjal,      Climber       W     Stem            AFST
                                                                                      Daruharidra
299   Costus speciosus (J.Konig) Sm.                    COSTACEAE         Kebuka      Kustha, Koshtum, Shrub         W     Root            AFSU
                                                                                      Kuth
300   Crataegus oxyacantha L.                           ROSACEAE                      Hawthorn         Tree          C/W   Fruit, Flower FH

 -    Crataeva nurvula Buch. - Ham.                     Ref.: Crataeva
                                                        religiosa
301   Crataeva religiosa G.Forst.                       CAPPARACEAE       Varuna      Varun chhal,         Tree      W/C   Bark (Stem), AFS
                                                                                      Varunah                              Leaf, Fruit
      [ = C. nurvula Buch. - Ham.]
                                                                                                                           (Seed)

302   Crocus sativus L.                                 IRIDACEAE         Kunkuma     Kesar                Herb      C     Flower       AFHSTU
                                                                                                                           (Stigma &
                                                                                                                           upper Style)

303   Crotalaria juncea L.                              FABACEAE          Sana        Dhanahari,           Herb      C/W   Fruit (Seed) AFSU
                                                                                      Patashan, Sann
304   Crotalaria verrucosa L.                           FABACEAE                      Banshana, San,       Herb      W     Fruit (Seed) AFS
                                                                                      Sanpushpi
305   Croton oblongifolius Roxb.                        EUPHORBIACEAE                 Bhutankusha          Tree      W     Bark (Root) AFST
306   Croton tiglium L.                                 EUPHORBIACEAE     Jayapala    Jamlghota, Japala Tree         C     Fruit (Seed) AFHSTU
307   Cryptocoryne spiralis (Retz.) Fisch. ex Wydler    ARACEAE                       Natti - ati - Vasa   Herb      W     Root            FS
308   Cryptolepis buchananii R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.   PERIPLOCACEAE     Krsnasariva Medaksinghi,         Climber   W     Root            AFS
                                                                                      Sariva
309   Cucumis melo L.                                   CUCURBITACEAE     Ervaru      Kakadi beej, Magaj Climber     C/W   Fruit (Seed) AFSTU
                                                                                      Kharbuja
310   Cucumis sativus L.                                CUCURBITACEAE     Trapusam    Beej Kheera        Climber     C     Fruit (Fruit,   AFSTU
                                                                                                                           Seed)
311   Cucumis trigonus Roxb.                        CUCURBITACEAE                  Jangli-Indrayan      Climber   C     Fruit (Fruit, AFS
                                                                                                                        Seed), Stem

312   Cucurbita maxima Duch.                        CUCURBITACEAE                  Pumpkin              Climber   C     Fruit       AFSU
313   Cucurbita moschata (Lam.) Duchesne ex Poir.   CUCURBITACEAE                  Kaddu, Kumrah        Climber   C     Fruit (Seed) FSU
314   Cuminum cyminum L.                            APIACEAE         Svetajiraka   Jeera, Shahjeera     Herb      C     Fruit       AFSTU
315   Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.                  HYPOXIDACEAE     Talamuli      Kali musali, Musli   Herb      W     Root        AFSTU
                                                                                   shiya
316   Curcuma amada Roxb.                           ZINGIBERACEAE    Amra          Amba haldi           Herb      C/W   Root        AFSU
                                                                     Haridra                                            (Rhizome)
317   Curcuma angustifolia Roxb.                    ZINGIBERACEAE                  Tikhur               Herb      C/W   Root        AFSU
                                                                                                                        (Rhizome)
318   Curcuma aromatica Salisb.                     ZINGIBERACEAE                  Kasturi manjal,      Herb      C/W   Root        AFSU
                                                                                   Kasturi arishna,                     (Rhizome)
                                                                                   Kapu-kachri
319   Curcuma caesia Roxb.                          ZINGIBERACEAE                  Nar-kachura, Kala- Herb        W     Root        F
                                                                                   haldi                                (Rhizome)
320   Curcuma longa L.                              ZINGIBERACEAE    Haridra       Arishna, Haldi, Kari Herb      C     Root        AFHSTU
                                                                                   manjal                               (Rhizome,
                                                                                                                        Tuber)
 -    Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe            Ref.: Curcuma
                                                    zerumbet
321   Curcuma zerumbet Roxb.                        ZINGIBERACEAE    Karcura       Kachur, Kachari      Herb      C/W   Root          T
                                                                                                                        (Rhizome),
      [ = C. zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe]
                                                                                                                        Stem
322   Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.                         CONVOLVULACEAE                 Aftimoon, Tukhme- Climber      W     Fruit (Seed), AFSU
                                                                                   Kasus                                Whole Plant

323   Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume                 AMARANTHACEAE                  Kadalaavanakkin      Herb      W     Root        AF
                                                                                   veru
324   Cycas circinalis L.                           CYCADACEAE                     Madhana kama         Tree      W     Flower, Pith AFS
                                                                                   poo
325   Cyclea peltata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson       MENISPERMACEAE                 Paada kizhangu       Climber   W     Root        AFS
326   Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf               POACEAE          Kattrna       Serai, Rohisha       Herb      C/W   Root, Whole AFSU
                                                                                                                        Plant
327   Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Steud.) Wats.       POACEAE                          Lemon grass       Herb      W     Whole Plant F
328   Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats                  POACEAE               Rohisa     Ginger grass      Herb      W     Root         AST
329   Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.                       POACEAE               Durva      Durva, Karuka     Herb      C     Whole Plant AFHSTU
330   Cyperus esculentus L.                             CYPERACEAE                       Musta             Herb      W     Root         AU
331   Cyperus rotundus L.                               CYPERACEAE            Musta      Nagarmotha,       Herb      W     Root         ASTU
                                                                                         Mustha
332   Cyperus scariosus R.Br.                           CYPERACEAE                       Nagarmotha        Herb      W     Root         AFSU
333   Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D.Don.) Soo               ORCHIDACEAE                      Salampanja        Herb      W     Root         AFSTU
334   Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.                         FABACEAE                         Kala Sheeshan     Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AFS
335   Dalbergia sissoo DC.                              FABACEAE              Simsapa    Shisham           Tree      C/W   Wood        ASTU
                                                                                                                           (Heartwood)

336   Datura arborea L.                                 SOLANACEAE                       Datura, Umathi    Shrub     I     Whole Plant H
337   Datura innoxia Mill.                              SOLANACEAE                       Datura            Herb      W     Leaf, Flower, A
                                                                                                                           Fruit (Seed)

338   Datura metel L.                                   SOLANACEAE            Dhattura   Duttura           Herb      W     Leaf,        ASW
                                                                                                                           Flowering or
                                                                                                                           Fruiting
                                                                                                                           Tops, Fruit
                                                                                                                           (Seed)
339   Datura stramonium L.                              SOLANACEAE                       Datura, Umathi    Herb      W     Leaf,, Fruit AFHSU
                                                                                                                           (Seed),
                                                                                                                           Stem
340   Daucus carota L. var. sativa DC.                  APIACEAE                         Gaajar Beej       Herb      C     Fruit (Seed) AFSU
341   Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn.                 PERIPLOCACEAE                    Magali            Climber   W     Root         AFS
342   Delonix elata (L.) Gamble                         CAESALPINIACEAE                  Sanchal           Tree      C     Leaf         AFS
343   Delphinium denudatum Wall. ex Hook.f. &           RANUNCULACEAE                    Jadwar, Jadavar   Herb      W     Root (Tuber) AU
      Thomson                                                                            kath, Nirbishi
 -    Dendrobium macraei auct. non Lindl., sensu Hook.f. Ref.: Flickingeria
                                                        nodosa
344   Dendrobium nobile Lindl.                          ORCHIDACEAE                      -                 Herb      W     Whole Plant F
345   Dendrophthoe falcata (L.F) Blume                 LORANTHACEAE     Vanda       Bandaka              Shrub     W     Stem, Whole AF
                                                                                                                         Plant
 -    Derris indica (Lam.) Bennett                     Ref.: Pongamia
                                                       pinnata
346   Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth.                   FABACEAE                     Gonj                 Climber   W     Whole Plant FS
347   Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC.                    FABACEAE         Salaparni   Salparni,            Herb      W     Root, Whole AFHSTU
                                                                                    Prasniparni                          Plant
348   Desmodium pulchellum (L.) Benth.                 FABACEAE                     Lodhra, Kheri        Shrub     W     Root        A
349   Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC.                     FABACEAE                     Hamsapapdi           Herb      W     Whole Plant AFS
350   Desmostachya bipinnata (L.) Stapf                POACEAE          Kusa        Dharbha              Herb      W     Root         ASTU
351   Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.          MIMOSACEAE                   Virtuli              Shrub     W     Stem, Leaf   AFST
352   Didymocarpus pedicellata R.Br.                   GESNERIACEAE                 Shilapushpi, Pathar Herb       W     Root         A
                                                                                    phori, Pasanphodi

353   Dillenia pentagyna Roxb.                         DILLENIACEAE                 Nagkesaram           Tree      W     Fruit, Flower AFS

354   Dioscorea alata L.                               DIOSCOREACEAE                Sewalli kodi         Climber   C/W   Root, Stem AFS
355   Dioscorea bulbifera L.                           DIOSCOREACEAE    Varahi      Varahi kand          Climber   C/W   Root         AFSTU
356   Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. ex Griseb.             DIOSCOREACEAE                Shingli mingli       Climber   C/W   Root         FW
357   Dioscorea oppositifolia L.                       DIOSCOREACEAE                Sarpahya             Climber   W     Root         AFS
358   Dioscorea pentaphylla L.                         DIOSCOREACEAE                Kanta alu            Climber   W     Root, Stem AFS
359   Diospyros buxifolia (Blume) Hiern                EBENACEAE                    Elichevian           Tree      W     Fruit        F
360   Diospyros ebenum Koenig                          EBENACEAE                    Abnus                Tree      W     Wood         FSU
361   Diospyros lotus L.                               EBENACEAE                    Amlok                Tree      W     Fruit        F
362   Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb.                      EBENACEAE                    Tendu                Tree      W     Leaf         AFSU
363   Diplocyclos palmatus (L.) C.Jeffrey              CUCURBITACEAE                Shivling beej        Climber   W     Fruit (Seed) AFS
364   Dodonaea angustifolia (L.f.) Benth.              SAPINDACEAE                  Aliar, jangli-anar   Shrub     W     Leaf         F
365   Dolichos biflorus L.                             FABACEAE         Kulattha    Kulthi, Muthira      Herb      C     Fruit (Seed) AFSTU
      [ = Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc.; Vigna
      unguiculata (L.) Walp.]
366   Dorema ammoniacum D.Don                     APIACEAE                             Ushaq             Herb    I     Gum         AHU
 -    Dregea volubilis L.f.                       Ref.: Marsdenia
                                                  volubilis
 -    Drimia indica (Roxb.) Jessop                Ref.: Urginia indica

367   Drosera peltata Smith                       DROSERACEAE                          Drosera           Herb    W     Whole Plant FS
368   Dryobalanops aromatica Gaertn.              DIPTEROCARPACEAE                     Baraas (Bhimseni Tree     I     Exudate     A
                                                                                       kapoor)
369   Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott            DRYOPTERIDACEAE                      Shield fern, Hirvi Herb   W     Root        HS
370   Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurus.          EUPHORBIACEAE                        Putrjivak         Tree    C/W   Bark (Stem), AFS
                                                                                                                       Fruit
      [ = Putranjiva roxburghii Wall.]
371   Dysoxylum malabaricum Bedd. ex Hiern        MELIACEAE                            Vellakil          Tree    W     Wood        AFS
                                                                                                                       (Heartwood)

 -    Ecbolium linneanum Kurz                     Ref.: Ecbolium viride

372   Ecbolium viride (Forssk.) Alston            ACANTHACEAE                          Udajati, Sahacarah Herb   W     Flower      AF
      [ = E. linneanum Kurz]
373   Echinops echinatus Roxb.                    ASTERACEAE                           Utkanta           Herb    W     Whole Plant AFSU
 -    Eclipta alba Hassk.                         Ref.: Eclipta
                                                  prostrata
374   Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.                   ASTERACEAE              Bhrngaraja   Bhringaraj        Herb    W     Whole Plant AFS
      [ = E. alba Hassk.]
 -    Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb.                  Ref.: Elaeocarpus
                                                  sphaericus
375   Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K.Schum.   ELAEOCARPACEAE          Rudraksa     Rudraksh          Tree    C/W   Fruit       AF
      [ = E. ganitrus Roxb.]
376   Elephantopus scaber L.                      ASTERACEAE                           Gjihiva           Herb    W     Whole Plant AFS
377   Elettaria cardamomum Maton                              ZINGIBERACEAE       Suksmaila   Elachi Chhoti,     Herb      C/W   Fruit (Fruit,   A
                                                                                              Ilaychi                            Seed)
378   Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.)             ARALIACEAE                      Ginseng            Shrub     I     Root            W
      Maxim
 -    Embelia basaal sensu (Roem. & Schult.) A.DC., non Ref.: Embelia
      Mez                                                     tsjeriam-cottam
379   Embelia ribes Burm.f.                                   MYRSINACEAE         Vidanga     Vaividang, Vidanga Climber   W     Fruit           AFHSTU

380   Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. &Schult.)DC.             MYRSINACEAE                     Vaividang          Shrub     W     Fruit           AF
      [ = E. basaal sensu (Roem. & Schult.) A.DC., non Mez]

381   Emblica officinalis Gaertn.                             EUPHORBIACEAE       Amalaki     Amla, Anwala       Tree      W/C   Fruit (Seed, AFSTU
                                                                                                                                 Fresh/Dry
      [ = Phyllanthus emblica L.]
                                                                                                                                 Fruit in
                                                                                                                                 Sugar
                                                                                                                                 Solution)
382   Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC.                             ASTERACEAE                      Muyalcheviyan      Herb      W     Whole Plant AFS
383   Enicostemma axillare (Lam.) Raynal                      GENTIANACEAE                    Mamejava           Herb      W     Whole Plant AFS
      [ = E. littorale non Blume; E. hyssopifolium
      (Willd.) Verd.]
 -    Enicostemma hyssopifolium (Willd.) Verd.                Ref.: Enicostemma
                                                              axillare
 -    Enicostemma littorale non Blume                         Ref.: Enicostemma
                                                              axillare
384   Entada pursaetha DC.                                    MIMOSACEAE                      Yaanai Kazharchi   Climber   W     Fruit (Seed) F
                                                                                              Kaai
      [ = E. rheedii Spreng.; E. scandens auct. non Benth.]

 -    Entada rheedei Spreng.                                  Ref.: Entada
                                                              pursaetha
 -    Entada scandens auct. non Benth.                        Ref.: Entada
                                                              pursaetha
385   Ephedra equisetina Bunge                       EPHEDRACEAE                       Somalatha (Subs.) Shrub    W     Stem, Leaf, F
                                                                                                                        Flower, Fruit

386   Ephedra gerardiana Wall. ex J.A. Mey           EPHEDRACEAE                       Somalatha          Shrub   W     Whole Plant AH
387   Ephedra intermedia Schr. & Mey                 EPHEDRACEAE                       Somalatha          Shrub   W     Stem, Leaf, F
                                                                                                                        Flower, Fruit

388   Ephedra sinica Stapf                           EPHEDRACEAE                       Ephedra            Shrub   W     Stem, Leaf, F
                                                                                                                        Fruit (Fruit,
                                                                                                                        Seed)
 -    Ephemerantha macraei (Lindl.) Hunt & Summerh   Ref.: Flickingeria
                                                     macraei
389   Equisetum arvense L.                           EQUISETACEAE                      Bottle brush, Horse Herb   W     Whole Plant FW
                                                                                       tail
 -    Eriodendron pentandrum (L.) Kurz               Ref.: Ceiba
                                                     pentandra
 -    Ervatamia coronaria (Jacq.) Stapf              Ref.:
                                                     Tabernaemontana
                                                     divaricata
 -    Erythrina indica Lam.                          Ref.: Erythrina
                                                     variegata
390   Erythrina suberosa Roxb.                       FABACEAE                          Pangra,            Tree    W     Bark (Stem) FS
                                                                                       Vellaimurukku
391   Erythrina variegata L.                         FABACEAE             Paribhadra   Murikkila          Tree    C/W   Leaf, Bark   AFST
                                                                                                                        (Stem)
      [ = E. indica Lam.]
392   Eucalyptus citriodora Hook.                    MYRTACEAE                         Eucalyptus         Tree    C     Leaf         F
393   Eucalyptus globulus Labill                     MYRTACEAE            Tailaparnah Eucalyptus          Tree    C     Bark (Stem), AFHSW
                                                                                                                        Leaf
 -    Eugenia caryophyllaea Wight                    Ref.:Syzygium
                                                     caryophyllatum
394   Eulaliopsis binata (Retz.) C.E.Hubb.           POACEAE                           Bal vaja           Herb    W     Whole Plant A
395   Eulophia campestris Wall. ex Lindl.     ORCHIDACEAE                   Salam mishri        Herb    W     Root          AU
                                                                                                              (Rhizome)
396   Euphorbia antiquorum L.                 EUPHORBIACEAE                 Kallippalaveru      Tree    W     Stem          AFSU
397   Euphorbia hirta L.                      EUPHORBIACEAE    Dugdhika     Dudhi, Dudhika      Herb    W     Whole Plant AFSU
398   Euphorbia neriifolia L.                 EUPHORBIACEAE    Snuhi        Pattankisend,       Shrub   C/W   Exudate,      AFSTU
                                                                            Nanda                             Latex, Leaf
399   Euphorbia nivulia Buch.-Ham.            EUPHORBIACEAE                 Sehunda             Tree    W     Stem          AFS
400   Euphorbia thymifolia L.                 EUPHORBIACEAE                 Choti - Dudhi       Herb    W     Whole Plant AFU
401   Euphorbia tirucalli L.                  EUPHORBIACEAE                 Modu kalli          Shrub   C     Whole Plant AFSU
402   Euphorbia tortilis Rottler ex Ainslie   EUPHORBIACEAE                 Tirugakalli,        Shrub   W     Stem          AS
                                                                            Vajratunda
403   Euryale ferox Salisb. ex K.D.Koenig     NYMPHAEACEAE                  Phoolmakhana        Herb    C/W   Fruit (Seed) ASU
404   Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L.            CONVOLVULACEAE                Shankhavali,        Herb    W     Whole Plant AFSTU
                                                                            Shankhpush
405   Excoecaria agallocha L.                 EUPHORBIACEAE                 Agaru, Tejbala      Tree    W     Bark (Stem) AFS
406   Fagonia cretica L.                      ZYGOPHYLLACEAE   Dhanvayasa Dhamasa               Herb    W     Whole Plant ATU
                                                               h
 -    Feronia elephantum Correa               Ref.: Limonia
                                              acidissima
 -    Feronia limonia (L.) Swingle            Ref.: Limonia
                                              acidissima
407   Ferula assa-foetida L.                  APIACEAE                      Hingu, Hing         Shrub   I     Oleo-Gum      AFHSU
                                                                                                              Resin
408   Ferula foetida (Bunge) Regel.           APIACEAE         Hingu        Hing hira           Shrub   I     Oleo-Gum      ASTU
                                                                            (Baandani)                        Resin
409   Ferula jaeschkeana Vatke                APIACEAE         Hingupatri   Hingupatri, Hingu   Shrub   W     Oleo-Gum      A
                                                                                                              Resin
410   Ferula narthex Boiss.                   APIACEAE                      Sahasravedhi        Herb    W     Root          AFHU
411   Ficus arnottiana (Miq.) Miq.            MORACEAE         Nandi        Kallaltholi         Tree    W     Bark (Stem) AFS
412   Ficus benghalensis L.                   MORACEAE         Nayagrodha Vadachhal,            Tree    W/C   Bark (Stem) AFHSTU
                                                               jata,      Vatathwak
                                                               Nyagrodha
413   Ficus carica L.                                     MORACEAE                       Anjeer, Anjoora     Tree    C     Bark (Stem), AFSU
                                                                                                                           Root (Aerial
                                                                                                                           Root),

414   Ficus gibbosa Blume                                 MORACEAE                       Ithitholi           Tree    W     Bark (Stem) FS
415   Ficus mollis Vahl                                   MORACEAE                       Kaaduatthi          Tree    W     Fruit         F
416   Ficus racemosa L.                                   MORACEAE            Udumbara   Umbar chal, Lakh    Tree    C/W   Aerial Root   AFSTU
                                                                                         pipal
417   Ficus religiosa L.                                  MORACEAE            Asvattha   Lakh pipal,         Tree    C/W   Bark (Stem), AFHSTU
                                                                                         Arayaalin tholi                   Leaf
418   Ficus tsiela Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham.                    MORACEAE                       Plaksha             Tree    W     Stembark     AFS
419   Ficus tsjakela Burm.f.                              MORACEAE                       Pilkhan, Kapitanah Tree     W     Bark (Stem), A
                                                                                                                           Exudate

420   Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr.                   FLACOURTIACEAE      Sruvavrksa Kattar              Shrub   W     Root          AFST
421   Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.                FLACOURTIACEAE                 Talish pattar,      Tree    W     Leaf          AS
                                                                                         Brahmi Talispatar
422   Flemingia chappar Buch.-Ham. ex Benth.              FABACEAE                       Salpan (Subs.)      Shrub   W     Root          F
423   Flemingia grahamiana Wight & Arn.                   FABACEAE                       Warrus/ Varus       Herb    W     Fruit         F
424   Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Kuntze ex Merr.      FABACEAE                       Varrus / Varus      Shrub   W     Fruit         AF

425   Flemingia semialata Roxb. ex W.T.Aiton              FABACEAE                       Salpan (Subs.)      Herb    W/C   Root          F
426   Flickingeria fugax (Rchb.f.) Seidenf.               ORCHIDACEAE                    Jivanti             Herb    W     Root          F
427   Flickingeria macraei (Lindl.) Seidenf.              ORCHIDACEAE                    Jivanti             Herb    W     Whole Plant AF
      [ = Ephemerantha macraei (Lindl.) Hunt & Summerh]

428   Flickingeria nodosa (Dalz.) Seidenf.                ORCHIDACEAE                    Jivanti             Herb    W     Whole Plant AF
      [ = Dendrobium macraei auct. non Lindl.]
 -    Flueggea leucopyrus Willd.                          Ref .: Securinega
                                                          leucopyrus
429   Flueggea microcarpa Blume                           EUPHORBIACEAE                  Dalme, Patali       Shrub   W     Leaf          A
430   Foeniculum vulgare Gaertn.                 APIACEAE                Misreya       Badiyan Khatal,     Herb   C     Fruit (Fruit, AFSTUW
                                                                                       Saunf, (Variyali)                Seed)
431   Fritillaria roylei Hook.                   LILIACEAE               Ksirakakoli   Kakoli              Herb   W     Root (Bulb) A
432   Fumaria indica (Hauskn.) Pugsley           FUMARIACEAE             Parpata       Shahtara            Herb   W     Whole Plant A
      [ = F. parviflora Lam.]
433   Fumaria officinalis L.                     FUMARIACEAE                           Pittapapdo ghas,    Herb   I     Whole Plant AFU
                                                                                       Pitpapra
 -    Fumaria parviflora Lam.                    Ref.: Fumaria indica

 -    Garcinia cambogia (Gaertn.) Desr.          Ref.: Garcinia gummi-
                                                 gutta
434   Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) N.Robson         CLUSIACEAE                            Kokam, Kodampuli Tree      C/W   Fruit, Resin A
      [ = G. cambogia (Gaertn.) Desr.]
435   Garcinia indica (Dup.) Choisy              CLUSIACEAE                            Kokam, Cambogie Tree       W/C   Fruit (Fruit, AT
                                                                                                                        Peel)
436   Garcinia morella (Gaertn.) Desr.           CLUSIACEAE                            Kadukaai puli       Tree   W     Fruit, Resin AFHSTU
437   Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham.   CLUSIACEAE                            Amlavetasa          Tree   W     Fruit       AT
438   Gardenia gummifera L.f.                    RUBIACEAE                             Dekamalli,          Tree   W     Resin       AFSTU
                                                                                       Dikamali
439   Gardenia resinifera Roth                   RUBIACEAE                             Dikamali            Tree   W     Gum         AS
440   Garuga pinnata Roxb.                       BURSERACEAE                           Ghoghar, Kharpat Tree      W     Oleo-Gum- AFST
                                                                                                                        Resin, Root
 -    Gendarussa vulgaris Nees                   Ref.: Justicia
                                                 gendarussa
441   Gentiana kurroo Royle                      GENTIANACEAE                          Trahimaan, Kadu, Herb      W     Root, Whole ATU
                                                                                       Katuki                           Plant
442   Geophila reniformis D.Don                  RUBIACEAE                             Kakamaci         Herb      W     Root        F
      [ = G. repens (L.) I.M.Johnst]
 -    Geophila repens (L.) I.M.Johnst            Ref.: Geophila
                                                 reniformis
 -    Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis     Ref.: Girardinia
                                               heterophylla
443   Girardinia heterophylla Decne.           URTICACEAE                          Gaddanelli,       Herb      W     Bark (Stem) F
                                                                                   Anachoriyan
      [ = G. diversifolia (Link) Friis]
444   Givotia rottleriformis Griff. ex Wight   EUPHORBIACEAE                       Polki             Tree      W     Bark (Stem) FS
445   Glinus lotoides L.                       AIZOACEAE                           Gandhi-Buti       Herb      W     Whole Plant AS
446   Glinus oppositifolius (L.) A.DC.         AIZOACEAE                           Ushnasundara      Herb      W     Whole Plant AFS
447   Gloriosa superba L.                      LILIACEAE (Colchicaceae) Langali    Kalihari          Climber   C/W   Fruit (Seed), AFSTU
                                                                                                                     Root

448   Glossocardia bosvallea (L.f.) DC.        ASTERACEAE                          Parpataka         Herb      W     Whole Plant A
449   Glycosmis arborea (Roxb.) DC.            RUTACEAE                            Potali, Kupilah   Shrub     W     Root           A
450   Glycyrrhiza glabra L.                    FABACEAE                 Yasti      Mulathi,          Shrub     I     Root           AFSTUW
                                                                                   Jeshtimadhu,
                                                                                   Gulegafis
451   Glycyrrhiza uralensis DC.                FABACEAE                            Mulathi,          Shrub     I     Root           F
                                                                                   Jeshtimadhu,
                                                                                   Gulegafis
452   Gmelina arborea Roxb.                    LAMIACEAE                Gambhari   Ghambar chal,     Tree      W/C   Bark (Root) AFST
                                                                                   Shivan (Ghambari)
                                                                                   (Chal)

453   Gmelina asiatica L.                      VERBENACEAE                         Kapas Beej        Shrub     W     Bark (Root) AFS
454   Gossypium arboreum L.                    MALVACEAE                           Kapas             Shrub     C     Flower         AFSU
455   Gossypium herbaceum L.                   MALVACEAE                Karpasa    Kapas             Shrub     C     Fruit (Seed) AFHSTU
456   Gossypium hirsutum L.                    MALVACEAE                           Kapas             Shrub     C     Fruit (Fruit   ASW
                                                                                                                     Coat)
457   Gouania microcarpa DC.                   RHAMNACEAE                          Sinhanbali        Climber   W     Leaf           F
 -    Grewia asiatica L. var. vestita Mast.    Ref.: Grewia elastica
 -    Grewia asiatica Mast. var. asiatica          Ref.: Grewia
                                                   subinaequalis
458   Grewia elastica Royle                        TILIACEAE                     Phalsa chhaal     Tree      C/W   Bark (Stem) A
      [ = Grewia asiatica L. var. vestita Mast.]
460   Grewia microcos L.                           TILIACEAE                     Asolin            Shrub     W     Leaf        F
459   Grewia subinaequalis DC.                     TILIACEAE                     -                 Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AFSTU
      [ = Grewia asiatica Mast. var. asiatica ]
 -    Griffonia simplicifolia DC.                  Ref.: Bandeiraea
                                                   simplicifolia
461   Gymnema sylvestre R.Br. ex Schult.           ASCLEPIADACEAE     Mesarngi   Gudmar,           Climber   W     Leaf        AFHSTU
                                                                                 Sirukurinjan
 -    Gynandropsis pentaphylla (L.) DC.            Ref.: Cleome
                                                   gynandra
462   Habenaria edgeworthii Hook.f. ex Collett     ORCHIDACEAE        Riddhi     Riddhi            Herb      W     Root (Tuber) A

463   Hedychium acuminatum Roscoe                  ZINGIBERACEAE                 Kantapalci        Herb      W     Root        F
                                                                                                                   (Rhizome)
464   Hedychium coronarium J.Konig                 ZINGIBERACEAE                 Garland flower,   Herb      W     Flower      S
                                                                                 Common Ginger
                                                                                 Lily
465   Hedychium spicatum Sm.                       ZINGIBERACEAE      Sati       Kapoor kachri     Herb      W     Root        AFTU
466   Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam.                 RUBIACEAE                     Pitpapra          Herb      W     Whole Plant AF
      [ = Oldenlandia corymbosa L.]
467   Hedyotis herbacea L.                         RUBIACEAE                     Pippapada         Herb      W     Whole Plant AFH
468   Hedyotis puberula (G.Don) Arn.               RUBIACEAE                     Impural           Herb      W     Whole Plant AF
      [ = Oldenlandia umbellata L.]
469   Helianthus annuus L.                         ASTERACEAE                    Sunflower         Shrub     C     Fruit (Seed) AHSU
470   Helicteres isora L.                          STERCULIACEAE                 Murudshing,       Shrub     W     Fruit       AFSU
                                                                                 Marodphali
471   Heliotropium indicum L.                      BORAGINACEAE                  Thekkada          Herb      W     Root        AFSU
472   Helleborus niger L.                               RANUNCULACEAE                   Katuka Rohini       Herb     I     Root         AFHSU
473   Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R.Br.                     PERIPLOCACEAE      Sveta sariva Anatmool, Sariwa, Climber    W     Root         AFSTU
                                                                                        Sarasaparilla roots

474   Hemionitis arifolia (Burm.) Moore                 HEMIONITIDACEAE                 Akhukarni, Pattsjivi- Herb   W     Leaf         AF
                                                                                        Maravara
475   Heracleum candolleanum (Wight & Arn.) Gamble      APIACEAE                        Kattumalli (Subs.) Herb      W     Fruit (Seed) F

476   Heracleum lanatum Michx.                          APIACEAE                        Krandel             Herb     C/W   Whole Plant F
477   Heracleum rigens DC.                              APIACEAE                        Cittrelam           Herb     W     Fruit (Seed) FS
 -    Hibiscus abelmoschus L.                           Ref. Abelmoschus
                                                        moschatus
 -    Hibiscus esculentus L.                            Ref. Abelmoschus
                                                        esculentus
 -    Hibiscus ficulneus L.                             Ref. Abelmoschus
                                                        ficulneus
478   Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.                         MALVACEAE                       Jashwanti,          Shrub    C     Flower       AFSU
                                                                                        Jaswand, Japa
479   Hibiscus surattensis L.                           MALVACEAE                       Ranbhindi           Shrub    W     Stem, Leaf   FS
480   Hibiscus tiliaceus L.                             MALVACEAE                       Parutti             Herb     W     Root         AFS
481   Hippophae rhamnoides L.                           ELAEAGNACEAE                    Sea Buckthorn       Shrub    W     Fruit        F
482   Hippophae salicifolia D.Don                       ELAEAGNACEAE                    Sea Buckthorn       Shrub    C/W   Fruit        F
 -    Holarrhena antidysenterica (Wall. ex DC.) Wall.   Ref.: Holarrhena
                                                        pubescens
483   Holarrhena pubescens (Buch.-Ham.) Wall. ex G.Don APOCYNACEAE         Indrayava,   Inderjao Kadwa,     Shrub    W     Fruit (Seed), AFH
                                                                           Kutaja       Kudachal, Kutja                    Bark (Stem)
      [ = H. antidysenterica (Wall. ex DC.) Wall.]

484   Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch.           ULMACEAE           Cirabilva    Aavitholi           Tree     W     Bark (Stem) AFS
485   Holostemma ada-kodien Schult.                         ASCLEPIADACEAE                      Jeevanti         Climber   W   Root        AF
                                                                                                                               (Tuber),
      [ = H. annulare (Roxb.) K.Schum.; H. rheedii Wall.]
                                                                                                                               Root

 -    Holostemma annulare (Roxb.) K.Schum.                  Ref.: Holostemma ada-
                                                            kodien
 -    Holostemma rheedii Wall.                              Ref.: Holostemma ada-
                                                            kodien
486   Homonoia riparia Lour.                                EUPHORBIACEAE                       Serna,           Shrub     W   Root        AS
                                                                                                Pashanbhedaka
487   Hordeum vulgare L.                                    POACEAE                 Yava        Jaw              Herb      C   Fruit (Seed) AFSTU
488   Hugonia mystax L.                                     LINACEAE                            Kamsamrah        Shrub     W   Root        AFS
489   Hybanthus enneaspermus (L.f.) F.r.Muell.              VIOLACEAE                           Ratanpurus,      Herb      W   Whole Plant AFS
                                                                                                Padmacarini
490   Hydnocarpus kurzii (King) Warb.                       FLACOURTIACEAE                      Nirati,          Tree      W   Fruit (Seed) AFS
                                                                                                Chaulmoogra
491   Hydnocarpus pentandrus (Buch.-Ham.) Oken              FLACOURTIACEAE                      Marotti          Tree      W   Fruit (Seed) AFS
492   Hydrocotyle javanica Thunb.                           APIACEAE                            Brahma manduki   Herb      W   Whole Plant F
 -    Hygrophila auriculata (Schum.) Heine                  Ref.: Hygrophila
                                                            schulli
493   Hygrophila schulli ( Buch.-Ham.) M.R. &               ACANTHACEAE             Kokilaksa   Tal makhana      Herb      W   Root, Fruit AF
      S.M.Almeida                                                                                                              (Seed),
                                                                                                                               Whole Plant
      [ = H. auriculata (Schumach.) Heine; H. spinosa
      T.Anderson; Asteracantha longifolia Nees]


 -    Hygrophila spinosa T.Anderson                         Ref.: Hygrophila
                                                            schulli
494   Hygroryza aristata (Retz.) Nees ex Wight & Arn.       POACEAE                             Janli dal        Herb      W   Root        AF

495   Hymenodictyon excelsum (Roxb.) Wall.                  RUBIACEAE                           Kuthan           Tree      W   Bark (Stem) AF
496   Hyoscyamus muticus L.                                 SOLANACEAE                          Parasikaya       Herb      I   Fruit (Seed) A
497   Hyoscyamus niger L.                     SOLANACEAE           Parasikayav Khursani Ajwain   Herb      C/W   Fruit (Seed) AHSUW
                                                                   ani
498   Hypericum perforatum L.                 HYPERICACEAE                     St. John's wart   Herb      W     Flower         HW
499   Hyssopus officinalis L.                 LAMIACEAE                        Zoofa, Jupha      Shrub     C/W   Fruit (Seed), FU
                                                                                                                 Whole Plant

500   Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton   APOCYNACEAE                      Dudhi, Sariva     Climber   W     Root           AFST
501   Illicium griffithii Hook.f. & Thomson   MAGNOLIACEAE                     Star Anise (Subs.) Tree     W     Fruit          AS
502   Illicium verum Hook.f.                  MAGNOLIACEAE                     Star Anise        Tree      I     Fruit          AS
503   Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch.       POACEAE              Darbha      Thatch grass      Herb      W     Root           AFS
504   Indigofera tinctoria L.                 FABACEAE             Nili        Akika, Avuri      Shrub     C     Fruit, Leaf,   AFHSTU
                                                                                                                 Root
505   Inula racemosa Hook.f.                  ASTERACEAE           Puskara     Pushkarmool,      Herb      C     Root           AFT
                                                                               Pokharmool
506   Inula royleana DC.                      ASTERACEAE                       Pushkarmool       Herb      W     Root           A
 -    Ipomoea biloba Forssk.                  Ref.: Ipomoea pes-
                                              caprae
 -    Ipomoea digitata L.                     Ref.: Ipomoea
                                              mauritiana
507   Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq.                CONVOLVULACEAE       Kshiravidari Palmudhukkan     Climber   W     Stem, Root AF
                                                                                kizhangu                         (Tuber),
      [ = I. digitata L.]
                                                                                                                 Root
508   Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth                   CONVOLVULACEAE                   Kaladana          Climber   W     Fruit (Seed) AFS
509   Ipomoea obscura Ker-Gawl.               CONVOLVULACEAE                   Laksmana          Climber   W     Whole Plant AFS
510   Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R.Br.           CONVOLVULACEAE                   Dopatilata        Climber   W     Root, Whole AFS
                                                                                                                 Plant
      [ = I. biloba Forssk.]
511   Ipomoea pes-tigridis L.                 CONVOLVULACEAE                   Pulichuvadan      Climber   W     Whole Plant AFS
512   Ipomoea petaloidea Choisy               CONVOLVULACEAE                   Vrddhadaru        Herb      W     Root           F
513   Ipomoea reptans Poir.                   CONVOLVULACEAE                   Kalashaka         Herb      C/W   Leaf           A
514   Ipomoea sepiaria Roxb.                  CONVOLVULACEAE                   Thiruthaali       Climber   W     Whole Plant AFS
515   Iris germanica L.                       IRIDACEAE                        Puskaramulam      Herb      W     Root           AHTU
516   Ixora coccinea L.                       RUBIACEAE                 Thechippoovu     Shrub     W     Root         AFS
517   Jasminum angustifolium (L.) Thunb.      OLEACEAE                  Ban-mallika      Climber   C/W   Flower, Root AFS

518   Jasminum grandiflorum L.                OLEACEAE                  Chameliphool     Climber   C/W   Flower, Leaf, AFSTU
                                                                                                         Root
519   Jasminum officinale L.                  OLEACEAE         Jati     Ban chameli      Climber   C/W   Flower        AFHU
520   Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton              OLEACEAE                  Mallika, Mogra   Climber   C/W   Flower       AFSTU
521   Jatropha curcas L.                      EUPHORBIACEAE             Nepalam seed     Shrub     C     Bark (Stem), AFHSU
                                                                                                         Fruit (Seed),
                                                                                                         Whole Plant


522   Juglans regia L.                        JUGLANDACEAE     Aksoda   Akhrot           Tree      C/W   Bark (Stem), AFHSTU
                                                                                                         Fruit (Seed)

523   Juniperus communis L.                   CUPRESSACEAE     Hapusa   Hauber           Tree      W     Fruit        AHTUW
524   Juniperus macropoda Boiss.              CUPRESSACEAE              Hapusa           Tree      W     Mature Fruit A
 -    Jurinea dolomiaea Boiss.                Ref.: Jurinea
                                              macrocephala
525   Jurinea macrocephala DC.                ASTERACEAE                Dhoop            Herb      W     Root         AF
      [ = J. dolomiaea Boiss.]
 -    Justicia adhatoda L.                    Ref.: Adhatoda
                                              zeylanica
 -    Justicia beddomei (C.B.Clarke) Bennet   Ref.: Adhatoda
                                              beddomei
526   Justicia gendarussa Burm.f.             ACANTHACEAE               Nilanirgundi     Shrub     C/W   Leaf, Root   AFSU
      [ = Gendarussa vulgaris Nees]
527   Kaempferia galanga L.                   ZINGIBERACEAE             Kachora,          Herb     C     Root         AFS
                                                                        Narkachur, Kapoor
                                                                        Kachri No 1
528   Kaempferia rotunda L.                            ZINGIBERACEAE                        Bhuichampa           Herb      C     Root           AFS
                                                                                                                                 (Rhizome)
529   Kalanchoe laciniata (L.) DC.                     CRASSULACEAE                         Hemsagara            Herb      W     Leaf           AS
530   Kedrostis rostrata (Rottler) Cogn.               CUCURBITACEAE                        Arunkovai            Climber   W     Whole Plant FS
 -    Kirganelia reticulata (Poir.) Baill.             Ref.: Phyllanthus
                                                       reticulatus
531   Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley            CUCURBITACEAE            Tumbini     Bottlegourd          Climber   C     Fruit, Leaf    AFSTU
532   Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers.                LYTHRACEAE                           Jarul                Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AF
533   Lagotis glauca Gaertn.                           SCROPHULARIACEAE                     Kutki (Adulterant)   Herb      W     Root           F
534   Lallemantia royleana (Wall. ex Benth) Benth.     LAMIACEAE                            Tukhme-Balanga       Herb      C/W   Fruit (Seed) FU
535   Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr.              ANACARDIACEAE                        Jingini              Tree      C/W   Bark (Stem) AF
536   Lantana camara L.                                VERBENACEAE                          Lantana              Shrub     W     Leaf           A
537   Lathyrus sativus L.                              FABACEAE                             Lakh, Khesari        Climber   C     Fruit (Seed) AHU
538   Laurus nobilis L.                                LAURACEAE                            Hub-ul-ghar          Tree      I     Fruit          FU
539   Lavandula stoechas L.                            LAMIACEAE                            Ustakuthus           Herb      W     Flower         U
540   Lawsonia inermis L.                              LYTHRACEAE               Madaynati   Henna, Mehndi        Shrub     C     Leaf           AFSTU
541   Lepidium sativum L.                              BRASSICACEAE             Candrasura Kurassaani, Halam Herb          W     Leaf, Root,    AFSU
                                                                                                                                 Fruit (Seed)
542   Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) Wight & Arn.       ASCELPIADACEAE                       Jivanti              Climber   W     Root, Stem,    AFST
                                                                                                                                 Whole Plant
543   Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link                      LAMIACEAE                Dronapuspi Dronpushpi,           Herb      W     Root, Leaf,    AFHS
                                                                                           Dharanpushpi                          Flower
544   Lilium polyphyllum D.Don                         LILIACEAE                Kakoli     Kakoli                Herb      W     Root           A
545   Limonia acidissima L.                            RUTACEAE                 Kapittha    Wood apple           Tree      C/W   Fruit, Whole AFSU
                                                                                                                                 Plant
      [ = Feronia elephantum Correa; F. limonia (L.)
      Swingle ]
546   Linum usitatissimum L.                           LINACEAE                 Atasi       Alsi                 Herb      C     Fruit (Seed) AFHSTU
                                                                                                                                              W
 -    Litsea chinensis Lam.                            Ref.: Litsea glutinosa
547   Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B.Rob.                  LAURACEAE        Medasakah Menda Lakadi,      Tree       W     Leaf, Bark   AFS
                                                                                    Naramamidi,                         (Stem)
      [ = L. chinensis Lam.]
                                                                                    Maidachal
548   Lobelia nicotianaefolia Roth ex Roem. & Schult.    LOBELIACEAE                Lobelia leaves     Shrub      W     Leaf         AFS

549   Lodoicea maldivica (J.F.Gmel.) Pers. ex H.Wendl.   ARECACEAE        Aklari     Dariai narial     Tree       I     Fruit        AFU

550   Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.                        CUCURBITACEAE    Kosataki   Tori              Climber    C     Leaf, Fruit AFHSTU
                                                                                                                        (Fruit, Seed)

551   Luffa aegyptiaca Mill.                             CUCURBITACEAE               Ghia- tori        Climber    C     Fruit        AFU
552   Luffa echinata Roxb.                               CUCURBITACEAE               Loofah            Climber    W     Fruit (Seed) AFHST
553   Luvunga scandens (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex Wight &     RUTACEAE                    Sugandh-kokila    Shrub      W     Fruit        A
      Arn.
554   Lycopodium clavatum L.                             LYCOPODIACEAE               Foxtail           Herb       W     Whole Plant FH
555   Lygodium flexuosum (L.) Sw.                        LYGODIACEAE                 Tsjeru-Valli-Panna Climber   W     Spores,      F
                                                                                                                        Root
 -    Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc.                Ref.: Dolichos
                                                         biflorus
556   Madhuca indica J.F.Gmel.                           SAPOTACEAE       Madhuka    Madhuka           Tree       W     Flower       AFST
      [ = Bassia latifolia Roxb.]
557   Madhuca longifolia (J.Konig ex L.) J.F.Macbr.      SAPOTACEAE                  Mahua phool       Tree       C/W   Flower,      AFS
                                                                                                                        Wood
                                                                                                                        (Heartwood),
                                                                                                                        Fruit
                                                                                                                        (Seed/Kerne
                                                                                                                        l)
558   Mahonia leschenaultia (Wall. ex Wight & Arn.)      BERBERIDACEAE               Daruharidra       Shrub      W     Root         F
      Takeda ex Gamble
559   Malaxis acuminata D.Don                            ORCHIDACEAE      Jivakah    Jivak             Herb       W     Root         A
560   Malaxis muscifera (Lindl.) Kuntze                  ORCHIDACEAE                 Rsabhakah         Herb       W     Root (Tuber) A
561   Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull.-Arg.         EUPHORBIACEAE     Kampilla   Kameela            Tree      W     Fruit        AFHSU
                                                                                                                      (Glands)
562   Malva sylvestris L.                             MALVACEAE                    Khawaji, Khubaji   Herb      C/W   Fruit        FU
563   Mammea suriga (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Kosterm.    CLUSIACEAE                   Nagakesr(subs.)    Tree      W     Flower       AF

564   Mangifera indica L.                             ANACARDIACEAE     Amra       Aamba              Tree      C/W   Fruit        AFHSTU
565   Mappia foetida (Wight) Miers                    ICACINACEAE                  Ghanera            Tree      W     Root         W
      [ = Nothapodytes nimmoniana (J.Graham) Mabb.]

566   Maranta arundinacea L.                          MARANTACEAE                  Citalapattiri      Herb      C     Root         AFS
567   Marsdenia roylei Wight                          ASCLEPIADACEAE               Murva              Climber   W     Root         A
568   Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon              ASCELPIADACEAE    Murva      Nishod sufed       Climber   W     Stem         A
569   Marsdenia volubilis ( L.f.) T.Cooke             ASCELPIADACEAE               Murva              Climber   W     Leaf, Root   A
      [ = Wattakaka volubilis (L.f.) Stapf; Dregea
      volubilis L.f.]
570   Marsilea quadrifolia L.                         MARSILEACEAE                 Cupatiya           Herb      W     Whole Plant AS
571   Martynia annua L.                               PEDALIACEAE       Kakanasika Kaknasa            Herb      W     Fruit        AFS
572   Maytenus emarginata (Willd.) Ding Hou           CELASTRACEAE                 Kattangi           Shrub     W     Leaf         F
573   Meconopsis aculeata Royle                       PAPAVERACEAE                 Kunda              Herb      W     Root         F
574   Medicago sativa L.                              FABACEAE                     Alfalfa            Herb      C     Leaf         AHUW
575   Melastoma malabathricum L.                      MELASTOMATACEAE              Palore,            Shrub     W     Leaf, Flower, AFS
                                                                                   Nakkukaruppan                      Fruit

576   Melia azedarach L.                              MELIACEAE         Mahanimba Bakayan phal        Tree      W/C   Fruit, Leaf, AFSTU
                                                                                                                      Bark (Stem)
577   Melocanna bambusoides Trin.                     POACEAE                      Bansalochan        Tree      W     Siliceous    F
                                                                                                                      Deposition
                                                                                                                      On Culms
 -    Melothria maderaspatana (L.) Cogn.              Ref.: Mukia
                                                      maderaspatana
578   Mentha aquatica L.                              LAMIACEAE                    Watermint          Herb      I     Whole Plant F
579   Mentha arvensis L.                               LAMIACEAE                        Pudina, Podina pati Herb      C     Whole Plant AFSUW

580   Mentha piperita L.                               LAMIACEAE                        Menthol,            Herb      C     Leaf          HUW
                                                                                        Peppermint
581   Mentha viridis (L. ) L.                          LAMIACEAE            Pudinah     Pudino              Herb      C     Whole Plant F
582   Merremia emarginata (Burm.f.) Hallier f.         CONVOLVULACEAE                   Underkarni,         Herb      W     Whole Plant AS
                                                                                        Mooshkarni
583   Merremia hederacea (Burm.f.) Hallier f.          CONVOLVULACEAE                   Kudici-Valli        Climber   W     Whole Plant FS
584   Merremia tridentata (L.) Hallier f.              CONVOLVULACEAE                   Prasarani           Herb      W     Whole Plant AFS
 -    Merremia turpethum (L.) Shah & Bhat              Ref.: Operculina
                                                       turpethum
585   Merremia umbellata (L.) Hallier f.               CONVOLVULACEAE                   Jalap (Subs.)       Climber   C     Root          F
586   Mesua ferrea L.                                  CLUSIACEAE           Nagakesar   Nagakesari,         Tree      W     Flower        AFHSTU
                                                                                        Nagkeshar                           (Anthers)
      [ = M. nagassarium (Burm.f.) Kosterm.]
 -    Mesua nagassarium (Burm.f.) Kosterm.             Ref.: Mesua ferrea
587   Michelia champaca L.                             MAGNOLIACEAE         Champaka    Champaka            Tree      C/W   Flower        AFST
588   Micromeria biflora (Buch.-Ham. exD.Don) Benth.   LAMIACEAE                        Indian Wild Thyme Herb        W     Whole Plant F

589   Mimosa pudica L.                                 MIMOSACEAE           Lajjalu     Lajwanti, Lajjalu   Herb      W     Fruit (Seed), AFST
                                                                                                                            Whole Plant

590   Mimusops elengi L.                               SAPOTACEAE                       Bakul               Tree      W/C   Bark (Stem), AFSTU
                                                                                                                            Flower

591   Mirabilis jalapa L.                              NYCTAGINACEAE                    Gulabash            Herb      C/W   Whole Plant AFSU
592   Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth.              RUBIACEAE                        Kadamb              Tree      C/W   Leaf          AFS
593   Mollugo cerviana Ser.                            MOLLUGINACEAE                    Parpata             Herb      W     Whole Plant AFS
594   Mollugo pentaphylla L.                           MOLLUGINACEAE                    Turapoondu          Herb      W     Whole Plant FS
595   Momordica charantia L.                           CUCURBITACEAE        Karavallaka Karela              Climber   C     Fruit, Leaf   AFSTU
596   Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd.                 CUCURBITACEAE        Karkasa     Jangli-Kareli       Climber   W/C   Root, Fruit   AFS
597   Monochoria hastaefolia C.Presl.                  PONTEDERIACEAE                   Karinkuvalum        Herb      W     Whole Plant A
598   Monochoria vaginalis (Burm.f.) C.Presl.              PONTEDERIACEAE                    Kolai             Herb      W     Root        AFS
599   Morchella esculenta Pers.                            HELVELLACEAE                      Guchhi            Herb      W     Fruiting    F
                                                                                                                               Body
600   Morinda citrifolia L.                                RUBIACEAE                         Canary wood       Tree      W     Fruit       AFS
 -    Morinda coreia Buch.-Ham.                            Ref.: Morinda
                                                           pubescens
601   Morinda pubescens J.E.Sm.                            RUBIACEAE                         Manjanatthi       Tree      W     Root        AFS
      [ = M. coreia Buch.-Ham.; M. tinctoria Roxb., var.
      tomentosa (Heyne ex Roth) Hook.f.]
 -    Morinda tomentosa ( Heyne ex Roth) Hook.f.           Ref.: Morinda
                                                           pubescens
602   Moringa concanensis Nimmo ex Dalzell & A.Gibson MORINGACEAE                            Kadvo saragvo     Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AST

603   Moringa oleifera Lam.                                MORINGACEAE           Sigru       Sahenjana chaal   Tree      C/W   Fruit (Fruit, AFSTU
                                                                                                                               Seed), Leaf,
                                                                                                                               Root, Bark
                                                                                                                               (Stem)
604   Morus alba L.                                        MORACEAE                          Toot              Tree      C     Bark (Stem) AFSU
 -    Mucuna cochinchinensis Cheval                        Ref.: Mucuna utilis

605   Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.                             FABACEAE              Atmagupta   Kavach beej,      Climber   W/C   Root, Fruit AFHSTU
                                                                                             Kaunch beej                       (Fruit, Seed)
      [ = M.prurita Hook.]
 -    Mucuna prurita Hook.                                 Ref.: Mucuna
                                                           pruriens
606   Mucuna utilis Wall. ex Wight                         FABACEAE                          Kavach beej,      Climber   C     Fruit (Seed) F
                                                                                             Kaunch (Subs.)
      [ = M. cochinchinensis Cheval]
607   Mukia maderaspatana (L.) M.Roem.                     CUCURBITACEAE                     Mucukkai          Climber   W     Leaf, Root, AFS
                                                                                                                               Fruit (Seed)
      [ = Melothria maderaspatana (L.) Cogn.]
608   Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.                        RUTACEAE                          Kariveppila       Tree      C/W   Leaf        AFS
609   Musa sapientum L.                            MUSACEAE                    Kadali              Herb    W     Flower         ASU
610   Mussaenda frondosa L.                        RUBIACEAE                   Sribati             Shrub   W     Leaf           AFS
611   Myrica esculenta Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don         MYRICACEAE      Katphala    Katphala, Kaiphal   Tree    W     Bark (Stem), AFSTU
                                                                                                                 Fruit
      [ = M. nagi auct. non Thunb.]
 -    Myrica nagi auct. non Thunb.                 Ref.: Myrica
                                                   esculenta
612   Myristica dactyloides auct. non Gaertn.      MYRISTICACEAE               Jaiphal, Javatri,   Tree    W     Fruit (Aril/   AS
                                                                               Nutmeg                            Mace,
                                                                                                                 Kernel)
613   Myristica fragrans Houtt.                    MYRISTICACEAE   Jatiphala   Jatipatre           Tree    C     Fruit        AFHSTU
                                                                                                                              W
614   Myristica malabarica Lam.                    MYRISTICACEAE               Rampatri            Tree    W     Bark (Stem), AFS
                                                                                                                 Fruit, Seed

615   Myrsine africana L.                          MYRSINACEAE                 Chapra, Vidanga     Tree    W     Fruit          AU
616   Myrsine capitellata Wall.                    MYRSINACEAE                 Vidanga (Subs.)     Shrub   W     Fruit          F
617   Myxopyrum serratulum A.W.Hill                OLEACEAE                    Chathuravalli       Shrub   W     Root           AF
618   Nardostachys jatamansi (D.Don) DC.           VALERIANACEAE   Jatamansi   Balchad,            Herb    W     Root           A
                                                                               Jatamansi                         (Rhizome)
619   Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicolson           RUTACEAE                    Kadunimba           Tree    W     Fruit          AF
620   Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.                     NELUMBONACEAE   Kamala      Kamal phul          Herb    W/C   Root (Bulb), AFSTU
                                                                                                                 Fruit,
                                                                                                                 Flower, Fruit
                                                                                                                 (Seed)
621   Nepeta cataria L.                            LAMIACEAE                   Badranjboya         Herb    C/W   Fruit         FUW
622   Nepeta hindostana (B.Heyne ex Roth) Haines   LAMIACEAE                   Badranjboya         Herb    W     Whole Plant FU
 -    Nerium indicum Mill.                         Ref.: Nerium
                                                   oleander
623   Nerium oleander L.                           APOCYNACEAE     Karavira    Oleander, Kaner     Shrub   W/C   Root           AFH
      [ = N. indicum Mill.]
624   Nervilia aragoana Gaudich.                   ORCHIDACEAE                 Sthalapadma         Herb    W     Root           A
625   Nervilia plicata (Andrews) Schltr.       ORCHIDACEAE                        Padmacarini            Herb    W     Leaf         AF
626   Nicotiana tabacum L.                     SOLANACEAE                         Tambaku                Herb    C     Leaf         AFHSU
627   Nigella sativa L.                        RANUNCULACEAE          Upakuncika Jeera (Black),          Herb    C     Fruit (Seed) AFSU
                                                                                 Kalongi
628   Nilgirianthus ciliatus ( Nees) Bremek.   ACANTHACEAE                       Kurinji, Karvi          Shrub   W     Root         A
      [ = Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees]
629   Nilgirianthus heyneanus (Nees) Bremek.   ACANTHACEAE                        Kurinji (Subs.)        Shrub   W     Leaf, Flower, F
                                                                                                                       Fruit

 -    Nothapodytes nimmoniana (Grah.) Mabb.    Ref.: Mappia foetida

630   Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.              OLEACEAE                           Paruatak pan           Tree    C/W   Leaf         AFHS
                                               (Nyctanthaceae)
631   Nymphaea alba L.                         NYMPHAEACEAE           Kumuda      Neel kamal,            Herb    W     Flower       ASTU
                                                                                  Neelofar
632   Nymphaea nouchali Burm.f.                NYMPHAEACEAE                       Niloth phal            Herb    W/C   Flower (Red) AFS

633   Nymphaea stellata Willd.                 NYMPHAEACEAE           Utpala      Nilofar                Herb    W     Flower       AFST
634   Ocimum americanum L.                     LAMIACEAE                          Kali tulsi, Bantulsi   Herb    W     Whole Plant, AFHS
                                                                                                                       Leaf, Flower

635   Ocimum basilicum L.                      LAMIACEAE                          Sweet basil, Kali      Herb    C/W   Leaf, Whole A
                                                                                  tulsi, Bantulsi                      Plant, Root,
                                                                                                                       Fruit (Seed)
636   Ocimum gratissimum L.                    LAMIACEAE                          Ram tulasi             Shrub   C/W   Whole Plant AFHSU
637   Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gurke           LAMIACEAE                          Karpoora tulasi        Shrub   C     Whole Plant A
 -    Ocimum sanctum L.                        Ref.: Ocimum
                                               tenuiflorum
638   Ocimum tenuiflorum L.                    LAMIACEAE              Tulasi      Tulasi                 Herb    C     Leaf, Fruit AFHS
                                                                                                                       (Seed),
      [ = O. sanctum L.]
                                                                                                                       Whole Plant
 -    Oldenlandia corymbosa L.                 Ref.: Hedyotis
                                               corymbosa
 -    Oldenlandia umbellata L.                       Ref.: Hedyotis
                                                     puberula
639   Olea dioica Roxb.                              OLEACEAE                         Koli, Itala, Edala   Tree      W     Bark (Stem) FS
640   Onosma bracteatum Wall.                        BORAGINACEAE         Gojihva     Gule-Gazbaan         Herb      I/W   Flower, Leaf ASU

641   Onosma echioides L.                            BORAGINACEAE                     Ratanjot             Herb      W     Root        AU
642   Onosma hispidum Wall. ex G.Don                 BORAGINACEAE                     Ratan jot            Herb      W     Root        F
643   Operculina turpethum (L.) J.Silva Manso        CONVOLVULACEAE       Trivrta     Nishoth              Climber   W     Root, Stem AFHSTU
      [ = Merremia turpethum (L.) Shah & Bhat]
644   Orchis mascula (L.) L.                         ORCHIDACEAE                      Salam misri          Herb      I     Root        FSU
645   Origanum majorana L.                           LAMIACEAE                        Gandhira, Sweet      Herb      C     Whole Plant AHSU
                                                                                      Marjoram
646   Oroxylum indicum (L.) Benth. ex Kurz           BIGNONIACEAE         Syonaka     Tetuchaal, Arlu      Tree      W     Bark (Stem, AFSTU
                                                                                                                           Root)
647   Orthosiphon glabratus Benth.                   LAMIACEAE                        Pratanika            Herb      W     Whole Plant F
648   Oryza sativa L.                                POACEAE              Sali        Aval, Akki, Thavidu Herb       C     Fruit        AFSTU
                                                                                                                           (Grains)
649   Oxalis corniculata L.                          OXALIDACEAE          Cangeri     Puliyaarila          Herb      W     Whole Plant, AFSU
                                                                                                                           Leaf
650   Pachygone ovata (Poir.) Miers ex Hook.f. & Thomson MENISPERMACEAE               Kadukkodi, Pedda Climber       W     Leaf         F
                                                                                      Dusar tree
651   Paederia foetida L.                            RUBIACEAE            Prasarini   Prasaarani           Climber   W     Root, Whole A
                                                                                                                           Plant
652   Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr.                RUBIACEAE                        Prasaarani           Shrub     W     Whole Plant F
653   Paeonia emodi Wall. ex Royle                   PAEONIACEAE                      Ud saleev            Shrub     W     Root        AU
654   Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.                         ARALIACEAE                       Ginseng              Herb      I     Root        W
655   Panax pseudoginseng Wall.                      ARALIACEAE                       Ginseng              Herb      W     Root        FHW
656   Pandanus fascicularis Lam.                     PANDANACEAE          Ketaki      Kewada, Ketaki       Shrub     W     Flower,       AF
                                                                                                                           Stem
657   Papaver somniferum L.                          PAPAVERACEAE         Khaskhasa   Postdana,            Herb      C     Fruit (Seed), AFHSUW
                                                                                      Khaskhas                             Seed Coat
658   Paris polyphylla Sm.                            MELANTHIACEAE                       Daiswa paris,     Herb      W     Root           A
                                                                                          Svetavaca
659   Parmelia kamstchadalis Ach.                     PARMELIACEAE                        Chadela           Herb      W     Fruit          F
                                                                                          Dagadphool                        (Fruiting
                                                                                          (Subs.)                           Thallus)
660   Parmelia perforata Ach.                         PARMELIACEAE                        Chadela           Herb      W     Fruiting       AU
                                                                                          Dagadphool                        Thallus
                                                                                          (Subs.)
661   Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach.                   PARMELIACEAE            Saileya     Chadela           Herb      W     Fruiting       ASTU
                                                                                          Dagadphool                        Thallus
                                                                                          (Subs.)
662   Passiflora foetida L.                           PASSIFLORACEAE                      Foul passiflora   Climber   W     Whole Plant AFS
663   Passiflora incarnata L.                         PASSIFLORACEAE                      Passion flower    Climber   C/W   Flower,        HW
                                                                                                                            Stem
664   Pavonia odorata Willd.                          MALVACEAE                           Moramasi,         Herb      W     Fruit, Root,   AFST
                                                                                          Sugandhabala                      Stem
665   Pavonia zeylanica (L.) Cav.                     MALVACEAE                           Sitranmuttiver    Herb      C/W   Root           AFS
666   Pedalium murex L.                               PEDALIACEAE                         Gokhru bada       Herb      W     Fruit, Root, AFSU
                                                                                                                            Stem
667   Peganum harmala L.                              ZYGOPHYLLACEAE                      Harmal            Herb      W     Fruit (Seed) AFSU
668   Pentapetes phoenicea L.                         STERCULIACEAE                       Dopohoria,        Herb      C/W   Flower         AFS
                                                                                          Pushparakta
669   Pergularia daemia (Forssk.) Choiv.              ASCLEPIADACEAE                      Atrilal           Climber   W     Leaf           AFS
670   Pericampylus glaucus (Lam.) Merr.               MENISPERMACEAE                      Barakkanta        Climber   W     Root           F
671   Peristrophe bicalyculata (Retz.) Nees           ACANTHACEAE             Kakajangha Atrilal            Herb      W     Whole Plant F
672   Peucedanum grande (Dalzell & A.Gibson) C.B.Clarke APIACEAE                          Baphli            Herb      W     Fruit          AU

 -    Phaseolus mungo L.                              Ref.: Vigna mungo
 -    Phaseolus radiatus L                            Ref.: Vigna radiata

673   Phoenix dactylifera L.                          ARECACEAE               Kharjura    Khajur            Tree      C     Fruit          AFSU
 -    Phoenix farinifera Roxb.                        Ref.: Phoenix pusilla
 -    Phoenix humilis Royle var. pedunculata Beccari Ref.: Phoenix
                                                      loureirii
674   Phoenix loureirii Kunth                         ARECACEAE                         Sitreechu          Tree    W     Fruit       S
      [ = P. humilis Royle var. pedunculata Becc.i]
675   Phoenix pusilla Gaertn.                         ARECACEAE                         Chitteenth         Shrub   W     Root        AF
      [ = P. farinifera Roxb.]
676   Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb.                   ARECACEAE                         Khajur             Tree    C/W   Root (Tuber AFST
                                                                                                                         / Pith)

677   Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene                     VERBENACEAE         Jalapippali   Chota-okra,        Herb    W     Whole Plant AFS
                                                                                        Jalpippali
678   Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn.           EUPHORBIACEAE       Tamalaki      Bhumiamla          Herb    W/C   Whole Plant AFS
      [ = P. fraternus Webst.]
679   Phyllanthus debilis Klein ex Willd.             EUPHORBIACEAE                     Bhumiamla          Herb    W     Whole Plant F
 -    Phyllanthus emblica L.                          Ref.: Emblica
                                                      officinalis
 -    Phyllanthus fraternus Webst.                    Ref.: Phyllanthus
                                                      amarus
680   Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L.                  EUPHORBIACEAE                     Kanocha            Herb    W     Fruit (Seed), AFSU
                                                                                                                         Whole Plant

681   Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.                   EUPHORBIACEAE                     Buinowla           Shrub   W     Root        AFS
      [ = Kirganelia reticulata (Poir.) Baill.]
682   Phyllanthus urinaria L.                         EUPHORBIACEAE                     Lal-Bhuin-Anvalah Herb     W     Whole Plant AS

683   Phyllanthus virgatus G.Forst.                   EUPHORBIACEAE                     Niruri             Herb    W     Whole Plant F
684   Phyllostachys bambusoides Sieb. & Zucc.         POACEAE                           Banslochan          Herb   W     Exudate     F
                                                                                        (Subs.)
685   Physalis minima L.                              SOLANACEAE                        Tulatipati, Tankari Herb   W     Leaf, Whole AFST
                                                                                                                         Plant
686   Physochlaina praealta (Decne.) Miers            SOLANACEAE                        Lal tang, Bajar    Herb    W     Whole Plant F
                                                                                        Bang
687   Picrasma quassioides (D.Don) Benn.                 SIMAROUBACEAE                     Bharangi, Kadavi    Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AU
688   Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth.                  SCROPHULARIACEAE    Katuka        Kutaki              Herb      W     Root            AFSTU
689   Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora Pennell               SCROPHULARIACEAE                  Kutki               Herb      W     Root            A
                                                                                                                               (Rhizome)
690   Pimpinella anisum L.                               APIACEAE            Anisuna       Ajamoda, Badiyan Herb         C/W   Fruit           AHSUW
                                                                                           Khathayi
691   Pinus roxburghii Sarg.                             PINACEAE            Sarala        Gandabiroja      Tree         W     Oleo-Resin, AFSTU
                                                                                                                               Root
692   Piper betle L.                                     PIPERACEAE          Nagavalli     Betle               Climber   C     Leaf        AFSTU
693   Piper chaba Hunter                                 PIPERACEAE          Cavya         Kabab chini,      Climber     I     Fruit, Stem     ATU
                                                                                           Chavya, Gajpippal
      [ = P. retrofractum Vahl.]
694   Piper cubeba L.f.                                  PIPERACEAE          Kankola       Tailed pepper       Climber   I     Fruit           AFHSTU
                                                                                                                                               W
695   Piper longum L.                                    PIPERACEAE          Pippalimula, Pipal, Thippili,     Shrub     W/C   Root, Fruit     AFSTU
                                                                             Pippali      Pippali
696   Piper nigrum L.                                    PIPERACEAE          Marica       Pipal Gol,           Climber   C/W   Stem, Fruit     AFHSTU
                                                                                          Kalimirch
697   Piper peepuloides Roxb.                            PIPERACEAE                       Pippali (Subs.)      Climber   W     Fruit           F
 -    Piper retrofractum Vahl.                           Ref.: Piper chaba
698   Piper wallichii (Miq.) Han.-Mazz.                  PIPERACEAE                        Renukbeej           Climber   W     Fruit (Fruit,   AF
                                                                                           (Nagodbeej)                         Seed)
 -    Pistacia chinensis Bunge var. integerrima          Ref.: Pistacia
      Brandis                                            integerrima
699   Pistacia integerrima Stew. ex Brand.               PISTACIACEAE                      Kakarsinghi         Tree      W     Galls           A
      [ = P. chinensis Bunge var. integerrima Brandis]

700   Pistacia lentiscus L.                              PISTACIACEAE        Rumimastag Rumimastagi,           Shrub     I     Gum             ASU
                                                                             i          Mastangi
701   Pistacia vera L.                                   PISTACIACEAE                   Magaj Pista Irani      Shrub     I     Fruit (Seed) AU
702   Plantago lanceolata L.                             PLANTAGINACEAE                    Baltanga, English   Herb      W     Fruit (Seed) AU
                                                                                           plantain
703   Plantago major L.                                  PLANTAGINACEAE                    Lahuriya            Herb      W     Fruit (Seed) AHSU
704   Plantago ovata Forssk.                           PLANTAGINACEAE                Isabgol          Herb    C     Fruit (Seed, AFSUW
                                                                                                                    Seed Husk)
705   Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng.          LAMIACEAE                     Patharcur        Shrub   C     Fruit, Root A
706   Plectranthus barbatus Andrews                    LAMIACEAE           Gandira   Gandhira         Herb    C/W   Root          AF
      [ = Coleus forskohlii (Poir.) Briq.]
707   Plectranthus vettiveroides (Jacob) N.P.Singh &   LAMIACEAE                     Vettiver         Herb    C     Root          AS
      B.D.Sharma
708   Pleurospermum angelicoides (DC.) C.B.Clarke      APIACEAE                      -                Herb    W     Leaf, Flower, F
                                                                                                                    Fruit

709   Pluchea lanceolata (DC.) Oliv. & Hiern           ASTERACEAE          Rasna     Rasna            Herb    W     Leaf, Root    AFT
710   Plumbago indica L.                               PLUMBAGINACEAE                Chitrak          Herb    C/W   Root          AFS
711   Plumbago zeylanica L.                            PLUMBAGINACEAE      Citraka   Chitrak          Herb    W     Root          AFSTU
 -    Podophyllum emodi Wall. ex Honig.                Ref.: Podophyllum
                                                       hexandrum
712   Podophyllum hexandrum Royle                      BERBERIDACEAE                 Bankakri,        Herb    W     Fruit, Root   A
                                                                                     Vanatrapusi
      [ = P. emodi Wall. ex Honig.]
713   Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth.                LAMIACEAE                     Patchouli        Herb    C     Leaf          A
714   Pogostemon heyneanus Benth.                      LAMIACEAE                     Patchouli        Herb    W/C   Whole Plant AFS
715   Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites           ANNONACEAE                    Ashok (Subs.)    Tree    C     Bark (Stem) AFS
716   Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle           LILIACEAE           Mahameda Meda-m-meda       Herb    W     Root          A
717   Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) All.                LILIACEAE                     Solomnons seal   Herb    W     Root          F
718   Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) All.              LILIACEAE                     Meda-m-meda      Herb    W     Root          AT
719   Polygonum alatum Buch.-Ham. ex Spreng.           POLYGONACEAE                  Chonakappulu     Herb    W     Whole Plant F
720   Polygonum aviculare L.                           POLYGONACEAE                  Anjabar          Herb    W     Fruit (Seed), AU
                                                                                                                    Stem

721   Polygonum glabrum Willd.                         POLYGONACEAE                  Raktha rohitha   Herb    W     Root          FS
722   Polygonum punctatum Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don          POLYGONACEAE                  Kangani-machan- Herb     W     Whole Plant H
                                                                                     pillu
723   Polygonum viviparum L.                                POLYGONACEAE                      Unjwar, Anjbar    Herb      W     Root         F
724   Polypodium vulgare L.                                 POLYPODIACEAE                     Bisphaiz          Herb      W     Root         FU
                                                                                                                                (Rhizome)
 -    Pongamia glabra Vent.                                 Ref.: Pongamia
                                                            pinnata
725   Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre                          FABACEAE              Karanja     Honge beej,       Tree      C/W   Bark (Stem), AF
                                                                                              Karanji, pongum                   Fruit (Seed),
      [ = P. glabra Vent.; Derris indica (Lam.) Bennett ]
                                                                                              seed                              Leaf, Root


726   Portulaca oleracea L.                                 PORTULACACEAE         Kozuppa     Lonika            Herb      W     Fruit (Seed), AFSU
                                                                                                                                Whole Plant

727   Potentilla nepalensis Hook.                           ROSACEAE                          Dori ghas         Herb      W     Root         A
 -    Pothos pertusus Roxb.                                 Ref.: Rhaphidophora
                                                            pertusa

728   Pothos scandens L.                                    ARACEAE                           Bendarli          Climber   W     Leaf         F
729   Premna corymbosa Rottl. & Willd.                      VERBENACEAE                       Arni              Shrub     W     Root, Bark FS
                                                                                                                                (Root)
730   Premna flavescens Ham.                                VERBENACEAE                       Arnimool          Tree      W     Bark (Root) F
 -    Premna integrifolia L.                                Ref.: Premna
                                                            serratifolia
731   Premna latifolia Roxb.                                VERBENACEAE                       Bakar             Tree      W     Root, Root   A
                                                                                                                                Bark
732   Premna serratifolia L.                                VERBENACEAE                       Arnimool/Agnimant Shrub     W     Root         AFS
                                                                                              ha
      [ = P.integrifolia L.]
733   Premna tomentosa Willd.                               VERBENACEAE                       Sonachal          Tree      W     Bark (Stem) FS
734   Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce                         MIMOSACEAE                        Jhand, Chonkar    Tree      W     Stem         AF
735   Prunus armeniaca L.                                   ROSACEAE                          Chuli             Tree      C     Fruit (Seed) AUFTW
736   Prunus avium (L.) L.                                  ROSACEAE              Elavalukam Wild cherry, Aileya Tree     W     Fruit        A
737   Prunus cerasoides D.Don                   ROSACEAE          Padmaka     Padamkasht        Tree      C/W   Flower,      AFT
                                                                                                                Stem, Bark
                                                                                                                (Stem)
738   Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A.Webb.           ROSACEAE                      Badam, Magaj      Tree      C     Bark (Stem), AFH
                                                                              badam                             Fruit, Oil

739   Prunus mahaleb L.                         ROSACEAE                      Mahaleb, Priyangu Tree      C     Fruit         AU

740   Pseudarthria viscida (L.) Wight & Arn.    FABACEAE                      Moovila           Shrub     W     Leaf, Root    AFS
741   Psidium guajava L.                        MYRTACEAE                     Gujava            Tree      C     Leaf          FU
742   Psoralea corylifolia L.                   FABACEAE          Bakuchi     Bawachi, Bavanchi Herb      W     Fruit, Root   AFHSTU

 -    Psychotria ipecacuanha (Brot.) Standl.    Ref.: Cephaelis
                                                ipecacuanha
743   Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.               FABACEAE          Asana       Damul-akhwain,    Tree      W     Wood         AFHSTU
                                                                              Vijaysar                          (Heartwood),
                                                                                                                Bark (Stem),
                                                                                                                Resin, Fruit
                                                                                                                (Seed)

744   Pterocarpus santalinus L.f.               FABACEAE          Raktacanda Raktachandana,     Tree      W     Wood        AFSTU
                                                                  na         Lal chandan                        (Heartwood)

745   Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi             FABACEAE                      Mudgaparni,       Climber   C/W   Root, Whole A
                                                                              Surpaparni                        Plant
746   Pueraria tuberosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) DC.   FABACEAE          Vidari,     Vidhari kand,     Climber   W     Root (Tuber) AFTU
                                                                  Vidarikanda Vidari, Patal
                                                                              Kumbha
747   Punica granatum L. var. granatum          PUNICACEAE        Dadima      Dadam chal, Anaar Shrub     C/W   Flower, Fruit AFHSTU
                                                                                                                (Fruit, Seed)

748   Punica granatum L. var. nana Pers.        PUNICACEAE                    Anaar             Shrub     C     Flower        F
 -    Putranjiva roxburghii Wall.               Ref.: Drypetes
                                                roxburghii
749   Pyrus cydonia L.                                    ROSACEAE                          Bee dana         Tree      C     Fruit (Seed) F
750   Quercus infectoria G.Olivier                        FAGACEAE               Mayakku    Majuphal         Tree      I     Gall         AFSUW
751   Rauvolfia densiflora (Wall.) Benth. ex Hook.f.      APOCYNACEAE                       Sarpagandha,     Shrub     W     Root         F
                                                                                            Pagal Buti
752   Rauvolfia micrantha Hook.f.                         APOCYNACEAE                       Sarpagandha,     Shrub     W     Root         F
                                                                                            Pagal Buti
753   Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz            APOCYNACEAE            Sarpagandh Sarpagandha,     Shrub     W/C   Root         AFHSTU
                                                                                 a          Pagal Buti                                    W
754   Rauvolfia tetraphylla L.                            APOCYNACEAE                       Barachandrika    Shrub     C/W   Root         F
 -    Rhaphidophora laciniata (Burm.f.) Merr.             Ref.: Rhaphidophora
                                                          pertusa

755   Rhaphidophora pertusa (Roxb.) Schott                ARACEAE                           Ganeshkanda      Climber   C/W   Whole Plant AFS
      [ = R. laciniata (Burm.f.) Merr.; Pothos pertusus
      Roxb.]
756   Rheum australe D.Don                                POLYGONACEAE                      Revan chini      Herb      W     Root         A
                                                                                                                             (Rhizome)
      [ = R. emodi Wall. ex Meissn.]
 -    Rheum emodi Wall. ex Meissn.                        Ref.: Rheum australe

757   Rheum moorcroftianum Royle                          POLYGONACEAE                      Revand-chini,    Herb      W     Root         A
                                                                                            Amlaparni                        (Rhizome)
758   Rheum palmatum L.                                   POLYGONACEAE                      Revand-chini     Herb      W     Root         ASUW
                                                                                                                             (Rhizome)
759   Rheum spiciforme Royle                              POLYGONACEAE                      Amlaparni        Herb      W     Root         A
                                                                                                                             (Rhizome)
760   Rheum webbianum Royle                               POLYGONACEAE                      Revand-chini     Herb      W     Root         AU
                                                                                                                             (Rhizome)
761   Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz                      ACANTHACEAE                       Juyiparni,       Shrub     C/W   Leaf, Root   AFS
                                                                                            Vitamallikai
762   Rhododendron anthopogon D.Don                       ERICACEAE                         Talisapatra      Shrub     W     Leaf         A
763   Rhododendron campanulatum D.Don.                    ERICACEAE                         Cherailu         Shrub     W     Leaf, Wood F
764   Rhododendron lepidotum Wall.                        ERICACEAE                         Talisa (Subs.)   Shrub     W     Leaf         F
765   Rhus succedanea L.                      ANACARDIACEAE               Karkataka shringi   Tree      W     Fruit, Galls   ASTU
766   Ricinus communis L.                     EUPHORBIACEAE   Eranda      Arand               Shrub     C/W   Leaf, Fruit AFHSTU
                                                                                                              (Seed), Root W

767   Rosa alba L.                            ROSACEAE                    Gulseoti            Shrub     C     Flower         AFSU
768   Rosa centifolia L.                      ROSACEAE        Satapatrika Gulab               Shrub     C     Flower         AFSU
769   Rosa damascena Mill.                    ROSACEAE                    Gulab, Rose         Shrub     C     Flower,      AFHSU
                                                                          flowers                             Petals, Oils
770   Rosa indica L.                          ROSACEAE                    Gulab               Shrub     C     Flower       FS
771   Roscoea alpina Royle                    ZINGIBERACEAE               Kshirkakoli         Herb      W     Root           F
772   Roscoea purpurea Sm.                    ZINGIBERACEAE               Kshirkakoli         Herb      W     Root           F
773   Rosmarinus officinalis L.               LAMIACEAE                   Rosemary            Shrub     I     Flower, Oil    FHW
774   Rotula aquatica Lour.                   LYTHRACEAE                  Pasanbheda          Herb      W     Root           AF
775   Rourea santaloides Wight & Arn.         CONNARACEAE                 Varadara            Climber   W     Root           F
776   Rubia cordifolia L.                     RUBIACEAE       Manjistha   Majith, Manjistha   Climber   W     Root           AFSTU
777   Rubia sikkimensis Kurz                  RUBIACEAE                   Naga madder,        Climber   W     Root           F
                                                                          Moyum
778   Rumex nepalensis Spreng.                POLYGONACEAE                Yellow dock         Herb      W     Root           AHUW
                                                                          (Subs.)
779   Ruta graveolens L.                      RUTACEAE                    Sadab               Herb      C     Fruit (Seed), AFHSUW
                                                                                                              Whole Plant

780   Saccharum munja Roxb.                   POACEAE                     Amaveru             Herb      W     Root           AT
781   Saccharum officinarum L.                POACEAE         Iksu        Karumbu             Herb      C     Stem           AFHSTU
782   Saccharum spontaneum L.                 POACEAE         Kasa        Kusha               Herb      W     Root           AFSTU
783   Salacia chinensis L.                    CELASTRACEAE                Courondi            Climber   W     Root           AFS
784   Salacia oblonga Wall. ex Wight & Arn.   CELASTRACEAE                Kadalainjil         Climber   W     Wood           FS
785   Salacia reticulata Wight                CELASTRACEAE                Pitila              Shrub     W     Bark (Stem), AF
                                                                                                              Root

786   Salix tetrasperma Roxb.                 SALICACEAE                  Indian willow       Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AFSU
787   Salvadora oleoides Decne.              SALVADORACEAE                 Pilu               Tree   W     Fruit       AFU
788   Salvadora persica L.                   SALVADORACEAE       Piluh     Goni               Tree   W     Bark (Stem) AFSU
789   Salvia aegyptiaca L.                   LAMIACEAE                     Balangoo           Herb   W     Fruit (Seed) AU
790   Salvia haematodes L.                   LAMIACEAE                     Behman             Herb   I     Fruit (Seed) FU
791   Salvia moorcroftiana Wall. ex Benth.   LAMIACEAE                     Tuk marian, Tuth   Herb   W     Leaf, Fruit F
                                                                                                           (Seed)
792   Salvia plebeia R.Br.                   LAMIACEAE                     Kachora            Herb   W     Fruit (Seed) AS
793   Salvia sclarea L.                      LAMIACEAE                     Behman safed       Herb   I     Fruit (Seed) U
794   Santalum album L.                      SANTALACEAE         Svetacanda Chandan           Tree   W     Wood        AFHSTU
                                                                 na                                        (Heartwood) W

795   Sapindus emarginatus Vahl.             SAPINDACEAE                   Reetha, Soapnut    Tree   W/C   Bark (Stem), AFU
                                                                                                           Fruit, Leaf

796   Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.             SAPINDACEAE                   Aretha mota        Tree   C/W   Fruit       A
797   Saraca asoca (Roxb.) W.J.de Wilde      CAESALPINIACEAE     Ashoka    Ashoka             Tree   W     Bark (Stem) AFHS
 -    Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voigt       Ref.: Sarcostemma
                                             viminale
798   Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R.Br.        ASCLEPIADACEAE                Soma, Somalatha Climber   W     Whole Plant A
      [ = S. acidum (Roxb.) Voigt]
800   Saussurea costus ( Falc.) Lipsch.      ASTERACEAE          Kustha    Kuth, Uplet        Herb   C/W   Root, Stem AFSTU
      [ = S. lappa (Decne.) Sch.Bip.]
799   Saussurea hypoleuca Spreng. ex DC.     ASTERACEAE                    Kuth (Subs.)       Herb   W     Root        F
 -    Saussurea lappa (Decne.) Sch.Bip.      Ref.: Saussurea
                                             costus
801   Schizachyrium exile (Hochot.) Stapf    POACEAE                       Sprkka             Herb   W     Whole Plant A
802   Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken        SAPINDACEAE                   Kusum beeja        Tree   W     Fruit (Seed) AFS
803   Schrebera swietenoides Roxb.           OLEACEAE                      Ghanti phal        Tree   W     Bark (Stem), AFST
                                                                                                           Fruit
804   Scindapsus officinalis (Roxb.) Schott.                 ARACEAE                Gajapippali Gaj pipal            Climber   W   Fruit         AFSTU
805   Securinega leucopyrus ( Willd.) Mull.-Arg.             EUPHORBIACEAE                       Hartho, Bhuriphali Shrub      W   Leaf, Fruit   AFS
      [ = Flueggea leucopyrus Willd.]
806   Selinum candollei DC.                                  APIACEAE               Mura         Mura                Herb      W   Root          A
807   Selinum vaginatum (Edgew.) C.B.Clarke                  APIACEAE                            Butkesh             Herb      W   Root         F
                                                                                                                                   (Rhizome)
808   Semecarpus anacardium L.f.                             ANACARDIACEAE          Bhallataka   Balave, Bhilavan,   Tree      W   Fruit, Root, AFHSTU
                                                                                                 Bhilawa, Marking                  Fruit (Seed)
                                                                                                 nuts
 -    Senna alata (L.) Roxb.]                                Ref.: Cassia alata
 -    Senna alexandrina Gars. ex Mill.                       Ref.: Cassia
                                                             angustifolia
 -    Senna auriculata (L.) Roxb.                            Ref.: Cassia
                                                             auriculata
809   Senna italica Mill.                                    CAESALPINIACEAE                     Nila aavaarai       Herb      W   Leaf, Fruit   AFH
      [ = Cassia italica (Mill.) Lam. ex Andr.; C. obtusus
      Roxb.]
 -    Senna obtusifolia (L.) Irwin & Barneby                 Ref.: Cassia
                                                             obtusifolia
 -    Senna occidentalis (L.) Link                           Ref.: Cassia
                                                             occidentalis
 -    Senna siamea (Lam.) Irwin & Barneby                    Ref.: Cassia siamea

 -    Senna sophera ( L.) Roxb.                              Ref.: Cassia sophera

 -    Senna tora (L.) Roxb.                                  Ref.: Cassia tora
 -    Sesamum indicum L.                                     Ref.: Sesamum
                                                             orientale
810   Sesamum orientale L.                       PEDALIACEAE        Tila        Til                Herb      C     Fruit (Seed) AS
      [ = S. indicum L.]
811   Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir.            FABACEAE           Itkata      Agase              Tree      C     Fruit (Seed) AFSTU
812   Sesbania speciosa Taub.                    FABACEAE                       Seemai agathi      Tree      W/C   Whole Plant F
813   Seseli diffusum (Roxb. ex Sm.) Santapau    APIACEAE                       Kirmani, Ajwain    Herb      W     Fruit          A
814   Setaria italica (L.) Beauv                 POACEAE                        Kangni             Herb      C     Fruit (Seed) AFSTU
815   Shorea robusta Gaertn.                     DIPTEROCARPACEAE               Raal               Tree      C/W   Resinous     AFSTU
                                                                                                                   Exudate,
                                                                                                                   Bark (Stem),
                                                                                                                   Fruit (Seed)

816   Sida acuta Burm.f.                         MALVACEAE                      Bala               Herb      W     Root, Whole    AFS
                                                                                                                   Plant
817   Sida cordifolia L.                         MALVACEAE                      Bala               Herb      W     Root, Fruit    AFST
                                                                                                                   (Seed),
                                                                                                                   Whole Plant
818   Sida rhombifolia L.                        MALVACEAE          Mahabala    Bala               Herb      W     Root, Fruit    AFS
                                                                                                                   (Seed),
                                                                                                                   Whole Plant
819   Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.              ASTERACEAE                     Milk thistle       Herb      C/W   Fruit (Seed)   HW
820   Simmondsia chinensis (Link) C.K.Schneid.   SIMMONDSIACEAE                 Jojoba             Shrub     C     Fruit          W
821   Sinapis alba L.                            BRASSICACEAE                   Safedrai, Yellow   Herb      C/W   Fruit (Seed) AHS
                                                                                mustard
822   Sisymbrium irio L.                         BRASSICACEAE       Khubkalan   Khubkalan          Herb      W     Fruit (Seed) AU
823   Skimmia laureola (DC.) Zucc. ex Walp.      RUTACEAE                       Ner, Patrang, Barru Shrub    W     Leaf           F

824   Smilax aspera L.                           SMILACACEAE                    Chopchini (Subs.) Climber    W     Root           AH
825   Smilax china L.                            SMILACACEAE        Madhusnuhi Chobchini           Climber   I     Root           ASU

826   Smilax glabra Roxb.                        SMILACACEAE                    Chobchini,        Climber    W     Root           A
                                                                                Lokhandi
827   Smilax zeylanica L.                        SMILACACEAE                    Chopchini (Subs.) Climber    W     Root           AFS
828   Solanum anguivi Lam.                                SOLANACEAE               Brhati      Katheli-badhi   Shrub     W     Root          AS
      [ = S. indicum auct. non L.; S. violaceum Ortega]

829   Solanum melongena L.                                SOLANACEAE                           Baingan         Herb      C     Fruit, Leaf   AFSU
830   Solanum nigrum L.                                   SOLANACEAE               Kakamaci    Makoi, Kakamachi Herb     W     Fruit, Root, AFHSTU
                                                                                                                               Whole Plant
 -    Solanum surattense Burm.f.                          Ref.: Solanum
                                                          virginianum
831   Solanum torvum Sw.                                  SOLANACEAE                           Padarchunda     Shrub     C/W   Fruit, Root   AFS
832   Solanum trilobatum L.                               SOLANACEAE                           Alarka          Climber   W     Root          AFS
 -    Solanum violaceum Ortega                            Ref.: Solanum
                                                          anguivi
833   Solanum virginianum L.                              SOLANACEAE               Kantakari   Kateli          Herb      W     Fruit, Root, AH
                                                                                                                               Whole Plant
      [ = S. surattense Burm.f.; S. xanthocarpum
      Schrad. & H.Wendl.]
 -    Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & H.Wendl.             Ref.: Solanum
                                                          virginianum
834   Soymida febrifuga (Roxb.) A.Juss.                   MELIACEAE                            Rohan           Tree      W     Fruit         AFSTU
835   Spatholobus roxburghii Benth.                       FABACEAE                             Mula            Climber   W     Bark (Stem) FS
836   Spermacoce articularis L.f.                         RUBIACEAE                            Tukah           Herb      W     Fruit (Seed), A
                                                                                                                               Whole Plant

 -    Spermacoce hispida L.                               Ref.: Borreria hispida

837   Sphaeranthus africanus L.                           ASTERACEAE                           Mundi           Herb      W     Flower        A
838   Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Burm.                    ASTERACEAE                           Cevayam         Herb      W     Flower        FS
839   Sphaeranthus indicus L.                             ASTERACEAE               Munditika   Gorak mundi     Herb      W     Flower        AFSTU
 -    Spilanthes acmella Murr. var. oleracea C.B.Clarke Ref.: Spilanthes
                                                          oleracea
840   Spilanthes oleracea L.                           ASTERACEAE                        Akarkara,          Herb        C/W   Flower, Root A
                                                                                         Sarahattika, Vana-
      [ = S. acmella Murr. var. oleracea C.B.Clarke]
                                                                                         mugali
841   Spondias pinnata (L.f.) Kurz                     ANACARDIACEAE         Amrata      Amate              Tree        W     Bark (Stem) AFSTU
842   Stephania glabra (Roxb..) Miers                  MENISPERMACEAE                    Patha, Rajapatha     Climber   W     Root        A
843   Sterculia foetida L.                             STERCULIACEAE                     Janlibadam, Java     Tree      W/C   Fruit, Wood AFS
                                                                                         olive
844   Sterculia urens Roxb.                            STERCULIACEAE                     Karaya, Kateera      Tree      W     Gum         AFSW
845   Stereospermum chelonoides (L.f.) DC.             BIGNONIACEAE          Patalai     Patala               Tree      W     Root        AFS
      [ = S. suaveolens (Roxb.) DC.]
846   Stereospermum colais (Buch.-Ham. ex Dillw.) Mabb. BIGNONIACEAE                     Patala               Tree      W     Root        AF
      [ = S. personatum (Hassk.) Chatterjee]

 -    Stereospermum personatum (Hassk.) Chatterjee     Ref.: Stereospermum
                                                       colais

 -    Stereospermum suaveolens (Roxb.) DC.             Ref.: Stereospermum
                                                       chelonoides

847   Streblus asper Lour.                             MORACEAE              Sakhotaka   Bajradanti           Tree      W     Root        AFS
 -    Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees                      Ref.: Nilgirianthus
                                                       ciliatus
848   Strophanthus wightianus Wight                    APOCYNACEAE                       Naithal kizhangu     Climber   W     Root        F
849   Strychnos nux-blanda A.W.Hill                    LOGANIACEAE                       Kuchla, Itti beeja   Tree      W     Fruit (Seed) F
                                                                                         (Subs.)
850   Strychnos nux-vomica L.                          LOGANIACEAE           Visamusti   Kuchla, Itti beeja   Tree      W     Fruit (Seed), AFHSTU
                                                                                                                              Stem Or       W
                                                                                                                              Bark

851   Strychnos potatorum L.f.                         LOGANIACEAE           Kataka      Nirmali, Cleaning    Tree      W     Fruit (Seed) AFSTU
                                                                                         nuts
852   Stylocoryna lucens (Hook.f.) Gamble             RUBIACEAE                          Paphanals           Shrub   W     Root        A
      [ = Tarenna alpestris (Wight) N.P.Balakr.]
853   Swertia alata (Royle ex D.Don) C.B.Clarke       GENTIANACEAE                       Kiratatikta         Herb    W     Whole Plant A
854   Swertia angustifolia Ham.                       GENTIANACEAE                       Chiraeta shireen    Herb    W     Whole Plant AU
855   Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Fleming) H.Karst.   GENTIANACEAE         Kiratatikta   Chiraiyata          Herb    W/C   Whole Plant AFH
856   Symplocos cochinchinensis S.Moore               SYMPLOCACEAE                       Lodhra              Tree    W     Bark (Stem) AFS
857   Symplocos paniculata (Thunb.) Miq.              SYMPLOCACEAE                       Lodhra, Lodhra      Tree    W     Bark (Stem) AU
                                                                                         pathani
858   Symplocos racemosa Roxb.                        SYMPLOCACEAE         Lodhra        Pathani lodh        Tree    W     Bark (Stem) AFSTU
859   Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry      MYRTACEAE            Lavanga       Laung, Cloves       Tree    C     Dried Flower AFSTUW
                                                                                                                           (Bud), Leaf,
                                                                                                                           Stem

860   Syzygium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston             MYRTACEAE                          Clove, Lavang       Tree    W     Stem,        AFSU
                                                                                                                           Flower (Bud)
      [ = Eugenia caryophyllaea Wight]
861   Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels                     MYRTACEAE            Jambu         Jamun               Tree    W/C   Flower        AFHSTU
                                                                                                                           (Bud), Fruit
                                                                                                                           (Fruit,
                                                                                                                           Seed), Fruit,
                                                                                                                           Bark (Stem)

862   Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex M.Roem. APOCYNACEAE                       Candni              Shrub   C     Root        AF
      & Schult.
      [ = Ervatamia coronaria (Jacq.) Stapf]
863   Tacca aspera Roxb.                              TACCACEAE                          Varahikand          Herb    W     Root (Tuber) A
      [ = T. integrifolia Ker Gawl.]
 -    Tacca integrifolia Ker Gawl.                    Ref.: Tacca aspera
864   Tagetes erecta L.                               ASTERACEAE                         African Marygold,   Herb    C     Flower      AFS
                                                                                         Genda, Sandu
865   Tagetes minuta L.                               ASTERACEAE                         Stinking roger      Herb    C/W   Flower      F
866   Tamarindus indica L.                            CAESALPINIACEAE     Cinca       Imli               Tree      C/W   Fruit, Leaf, AFSTU
                                                                                                                         Bark (Stem),
                                                                                                                         Fruit (Seed)

867   Tamarix indica Roxb.                            TAMARICACEAE                    Jhan               Shrub     W     Bark (Stem) AFU
868   Tanacetum vulgare L.                            ASTERACEAE                      Tansy              Herb      I     Flower         HW
869   Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg.                  ASTERACEAE                      Kanphul, Dudhal    Herb      C/W   Root           AFHW
                                                                                                                         (Rhizome)
 -    Tarenna alpestris (Wight) Balak.                Ref.: Stylocoryne
                                                      lucens
 -    Taxus baccata L.                                Ref.: Taxus
                                                      wallichiana
870   Taxus wallichiana Zucc.                         TAXACEAE            Sthauneya   Talispatra         Tree      W/C   Leaf           AFW
      [ = T. baccata L.]
871   Tecomella undulata (Sm.) Seem.                  BIGNONIACEAE                    Rohitaka           Shrub     W     Bark (Stem) AT
872   Tectona grandis L.f.                            VERBENACEAE         Saka        Teak               Tree      C/W   Root           AFSTU
873   Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.                   FABACEAE                        Sarad foka,        Herb      W     Leaf, Root, AFSU
                                                                                      Sarpankha                          Fruit (Seed)
874   Teramnus labialis (L.f.) Spreng.                FABACEAE            Masaparni   Masparni           Climber   W     Whole Plant AFST
 -    Terminalia alata Heyne ex Roth                  Ref.: Terminalia
                                                      tomentosa
875   Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. Ex DC.) Wight & Arn.   COMBRETACEAE        Arjuna      Arjun              Tree      W/C   Fruit (Seed), AFHSTU
                                                                                                                         Bark (Stem)

876   Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.            COMBRETACEAE        Bibhitaka   Behda, Bibhitaki   Tree      W/C   Fruit          AFSU
877   Terminalia chebula Retz.                        COMBRETACEAE        Haritaki    Harda, Himaj       Tree      W     Fruit, Galls   AFHSTU
878   Terminalia crenulata Roth                       COMBRETACEAE                    Asan               Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AF
879   Terminalia paniculata Roth                      COMBRETACEAE                    Vanmaruthu         Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AFS
880   Terminalia tomentosa (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn. COMBRETACEAE                   Asan               Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AST
      [ = T. alata Heyne ex Roth]
881   Thalictrum foliolosum DC.                          RANUNCULACEAE                  Mamira            Herb      W     Root          AFS
882   Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Correa             MALVACEAE         Kapitan      Phalisa-Chhal     Tree      C     Bark (Stem) AFSU
883   Thymus serpyllum L.                                LAMIACEAE                      Ban Ajwain, Satar Herb      W     Whole Plant AHU
                                                                                        Farsi
884   Tiliacora acuminata (Poir.) Miers ex Hook.f. &     MENISPERMACEAE                 Kappatiga,        Climber   C/W   Leaf          FS
      Thomson                                                                           Bagamushada
885   Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook.f. &   MENISPERMACEAE    Guduci       Giloy, Galo,      Climber   W     Stem          AFHSTU
      Thomson                                                                           Amrithaballi
886   Tinospora crispa (L.) Hook.f. & Thomson            MENISPERMACEAE                 Giloy, Galo,      Climber   W     Stem          F
                                                                                        Amrithaballi
 -    Tinospora malabarica (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson      Ref.: Tinospora
                                                         sinensis
887   Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr.                   MENISPERMACEAE                 Amrata            Climber   W     Stem          AFS
      [ = T. malabarica (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson]
888   Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.                        RUTACEAE                       Janlikalimirch    Shrub     W     Root          AFS
889   Toona ciliata M.Roem.                              MELIACEAE         Tuni         Thooniyanoikam    Tree      W     Bark (Stem) F
      [ = Cedrela toona Roxb.]
890   Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague                    APIACEAE          Yavani       Ajmo, Ajwayan     Herb      C     Fruit         AFSTU
891   Trachyspermum roxburghianum (DC.) Craib            APIACEAE                       Sath Ajwain       Herb      W     Fruit         AFSU

892   Tragia involucrata L.                              EUPHORBIACEAE     Vrscikalli   Barhanta          Climber   W     Root          AFS
893   Trapa natans L.                                    TRAPACEAE         Srngataka    Singhada          Herb      C/W   Fruit         A
894   Trianthema decandra L.                             AIZOACEAE                      Saaranai ver      Herb      W     Root          AS
      [ = Zaleya decandra (L.) Burm.f.]
895   Trianthema portulacastrum L.                       AIZOACEAE         Varsabhu     Lalsabuni         Herb      W     Root          AFS
896   Tribulus alatus Del.                               ZYGOPHYLLACEAE                 Gokhru kalan      Herb      W     Fruit, Stem   FU
897   Tribulus lanuginosus L.                            ZYGOPHYLLACEAE                 Gokhru            Herb      W     Fruit         AU
898   Tribulus rajasthanensis M.M.Bhandari &             ZYGOPHYLLACEAE                 Gokhru (Subs.)    Herb      W     Fruit         AU
      V.S.Sharma
899   Tribulus subramanyamii P.Singh, G.S.Giri &   ZYGOPHYLLACEAE                   Gokhru (Subs.)     Herb       W     Fruit        AU
      V.Singh
900   Tribulus terrestris L.                       ZYGOPHYLLACEAE        Goksura    Gokhru, Gokshura Herb         W     Fruit        AFHSTU

901   Trichodesma zeylanicum (Burm.f.) R.Br.       BORAGINACEAE                     Dhadhona           Herb       W     Whole Plant AFS
902   Trichopus zeylanicus Gaertn.                 DIOSCOREACEAE                    Arogyapacha        Herb       W     Root         F
903   Trichosanthes anguina L.                     CUCURBITACEAE                    Snakegourd         Climber    C     Stem         AST
 -    Trichosanthes bracteata (Lam.) Voigt         Ref.: Trichosanthes
                                                   tricuspidata
904   Trichosanthes cordata Roxb.                  CUCURBITACEAE                    Vidari             Climber    W     Stem Root A
                                                                                                                        (Tuber)
905   Trichosanthes cucumerina L.                  CUCURBITACEAE                    Patol panchang     Climber    W     Whole Plant AFS
906   Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.                   CUCURBITACEAE                    Patol (Kadu Parval) Climber   C     Root, Leaf   AFHST

907   Trichosanthes lobata Roxb.                   CUCURBITACEAE                    Patola, Tiktapatola Climber   W     Leaf         A
908   Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour.             CUCURBITACEAE         Visala     Indrayan, Mahakal Climber     W     Root         AFS
      [ = T. bracteata (Lam.) Voigt ]
909   Tridax procumbens L.                         ASTERACEAE                       Jayanti            Herb       W     Whole Plant AFS
910   Trigonella corniculata (L. ) L.              FABACEAE                         Kasuri Methi       Herb       W/C   Whole Plant AUS
911   Trigonella foenum-graecum L.                 FABACEAE              Methi      Methi              Herb       C     Fruit (Seed) AFSUW
912   Tulipa stellata Hook.                        LILIACEAE                        Meethi Suranjan    Herb       W     Whole Plant F
 -    Tylophora asthmatica (L.f.) Wight & Arn.     Ref.: Tylophora
                                                   indica
913   Tylophora indica (Burm.f.) Merr.             ASCLEPIADACEAE                   Antamul, Country   Climber    W     Root         AFHS
                                                                                    Ipecacuahna
      [ = T. asthmatica (L.f.) Wight & Arn.]
 -    Typha australis K.Schum. & Thonn.            Ref.: Typha
                                                   elephantina
914   Typha elephantina Grah., non Roxb.           TYPHACEAE             Potagala   Anaikkorai         Herb       W     Root         AFS
      [ = T. australis K.Schum. & Thonn.]
915   Typhonium trilobatum (L.) Schott                      ARACEAE                              Karunai kizhangu    Herb      W     Root       FS
916   Uncaria gambier Thwaites                              RUBIACEAE                            Kath                Climber   I     Bark (Stem) AS
917   Uraria lagopodioides (L.) DC.                         FABACEAE                             Kalasi              Herb      W     Leaf       AFSU
918   Uraria picta (Jacq.) DC.                              FABACEAE                Prsniparni   Prshniparni         Herb      W     Root       AFST
919   Uraria rufescens (DC.) Schindl.                       FABACEAE                             Kalasi (Subs.)      Herb      W     Root       AF
920   Urginea indica (Roxb) Kunth.                          LILIACEAE                            Janglipyaz, White   Herb      W     Root       ASU
                                                                                                 squills
      [ = Drimia indica (Roxb.) Jessop]
921   Urtica dioica L.                                      URTICACEAE                           Nettle              Herb      W     Leaf       AHW
 -    V. radiata (L.) Wilez var. sublobata (Roxb.) Verdc.   Ref.: Vigna sublobata

922   Valeriana hardwickii Wall.                            VALERIANACEAE                        Tagar-ganth,     Herb         W     Root, Fruit AU
                                                                                                 Nihani                              (Seed)
923   Valeriana jatamansi Jones                             VALERIANACEAE           Tagara       Musakbala, Tagar Herb         W     Root, Whole AF
                                                                                                                                     Plant
      [ = V. wallichii DC.]
924   Valeriana pyrolaefolia Decne.                         VALERIANACEAE                        Mushkabala          Herb      W     Root       A
                                                                                                 (Subs.)
 -    Valeriana wallichii DC.                               Ref.: Valeriana
                                                            jatamansi
925   Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G.Don               ORCHIDACEAE                          Rasna               Herb      W     Root       AFSU
926   Vateria indica L.                                     DIPTEROCARPACEAE        Saraja       Mandadhupa,         Tree      C/W   Root       AFSU
                                                                                                 Dupa
927   Ventilago madraspatana Gaertn.                        RHAMNACEAE                           Pitti               Climber   W     Root, Stem AFS
 -    Vernonia anthelmintica L.                             Ref.: Centratherum
                                                            anthelminticum

928   Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less.                           ASTERACEAE              Sahadevi     Dandotpala          Herb      W     Leaf, Root, AFSTU
                                                                                                                                     Fruit (Seed)
      [ = V. conyzoides DC.]
 -    Vernonia conyzoides DC.                               Ref.: Vernonia
                                                            cinerea
929   Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash                    POACEAE              Usria       Lavancha, Khas,   Herb      W/C   Root           AFHSTU
                                                                                          Vettiver
930   Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper                            FABACEAE                         Urd               Herb      C     Fruit (Seed) AFS
      [ = Phaseolus mungo L.]
931   Vigna radiata (L.) R.Wilczek                       FABACEAE                         Masha             Herb      C     Root, Fruit    AF
                                                                                                                            (Seed)
      [ = Phaseolus radiatus L.]
932   Vigna sublobata (Roxb.) Babu & Sharma              FABACEAE                         Masaparni         Herb      C     Root, Fruit    AS
                                                                                                                            (Seed)
      [ = V. radiata (L.) Wilez var. sublobata (Roxb.)
      Verdc.]
 -    Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.                       Ref.: Dolichos
                                                         biflorus
933   Vigna vexillata (L.) A.Rich.                       FABACEAE                         Kattupayar        Herb      W     Root           A
 -    Vinca rosea L.                                     Ref.: Catharanthus
                                                         roseus

934   Viola canescens Wall.                              VIOLACEAE                        Banafasha         Herb      W     Flower         F
935   Viola cinerea Boiss.                               VIOLACEAE                        Banafasha phool   Herb      W     Flower, Leaf, A
                                                                                                                            Whole Plant

936   Viola odorata L.                                   VIOLACEAE                        Banafasha         Herb      W/C   Flower         AFHU
937   Viola pilosa Bi.                                   VIOLACEAE                        Banafasha         Herb      W     Flower         AF
938   Vitex agnus-castus L.                              VERBENACEAE                      Chaste tree       Shrub     I     Fruit          HU
939   Vitex altissima L.f.                               VERBENACEAE                      Myrole            Tree      W     Whole Plant FS
940   Vitex negundo L.                                   VERBENACEAE          Nirgundi,   Neergundi         Shrub     W/C   Fruit, Leaf,   AFSTU
                                                                              Renuka                                        Root, Fruit
                                                                                                                            (Seed)
941   Vitis vinifera L.                                  VITACEAE             Draksa      Draksh            Climber   C     Fruit          AFSTU
942   Walsura trifoliata (A.Juss.) Harms                 MELIACEAE                        Valsura           Tree      W     Whole Plant FS
 -    Wattakaka volubilis (L.f.) Stapf                   Ref.: Marsdenia
                                                         volubilis
 -    Wedelia calendulacea Less.            Ref.: Wedelia
                                            chinensis
943   Wedelia chinensis (Osbeck) Merr.      ASTERACEAE                      Bhangra            Herb      C/W   Leaf         AF
      [ = W. calendulacea (L.) Less.]
944   Withania coagulans Dunal              SOLANACEAE                      Paneer- dodi       Shrub     W     Fruit        AU
945   Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal         SOLANACEAE          Asvagandha Ashwagandha,        Shrub     C/W   Root, Whole AFHSTU
                                                                           Asgandha                            Plant
946   Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz        LYTHRACEAE          Dhataki    Dhaiphool,          Shrub     W     Bark (Stem), AFSTU
                                                                           Dhavadiphool                        Flower

947   Wrightia arborea (Dennst.) Mabb.      APOCYNACEAE                     Kutajah            Tree      W     Fruit (Seed), AF
                                                                                                               Bark (Stem)

948   Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R.Br.      APOCYNACEAE                     Indrajau           Tree      C/W   Leaf, Fruit AFHSU
                                                                                                               (Seed), Bark
                                                                                                               (Stem)
 -    Xeromphis spinosa (Thunb.) Keay       Ref.: Catunaregum
                                            spinosa

949   Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub.         MIMOSACEAE                      Trumullu           Tree      W     Bark (Stem) AF
 -    Zaleya decandra (L.) Burm.f.          Ref.: Trianthema
                                            decandra
950   Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC.         RUTACEAE                        Kabab Khandan,     Shrub     W     Fruit        ASU
                                                                            Tummad
951   Zanthoxylum armatum DC.               RUTACEAE            Tejovati,   Tejbal             Shrub     W     Fruit        A
                                                                Tumburu
952   Zanthoxylum nitidum (Roxb.) DC.       RUTACEAE                        Kumkumada          Shrub     W     Bark (Stem) F
953   Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC.        RUTACEAE                        Tejbal, Triphala   Tree      W     Fruit, Flower AFS

954   Zea mays L.                           POACEAE                         Maize              Herb      C     Fruit (Seed) AFHSUW
955   Zehneria umbellata (Klein) Thwaites   CUCURBITACEAE                   Karuvikkilannu     Climber   W     Root         FS
956   Zingiber officinale Roscoe               ZINGIBERACEAE           Sunthi,   Soonth, Sonth   Herb    C     Root, Whole AFSU
                                                                       Ardraka                                 Plant
957   Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Roscoe ex Sm.     ZINGIBERACEAE                     Narkachur       Herb    C/W   Fruit       AFSU
958   Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn.             RHAMNACEAE              Kola      Ber             Tree    C/W   Fruit      AFSTU
      [ = Z. mauritiana Lam.]
 -    Ziziphus junuba Mill.                    Ref.: Ziziphus sativa

 -    Ziziphus mauritiana (L.) Gaertn.         Ref.: Ziziphus jujuba

959   Ziziphus sativa Gaertn.                  RHAMNACEAE                        Unnab           Tree    W     Fruit      AFU
      [ = Z. junuba Mill.; Z. vulgaris Lam.]
 -    Ziziphus vulgaris Lam.                   Ref.: Ziziphus sativa

960   Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd.        RHAMNACEAE              Ghonta    Ghontaphala     Shrub   W     Fruit      AFS


      *
      C - Cultivated
      C/W - Cultivated and Wild
      I - Imported
      I/C - Imported and Cultivated
      I/W - Imported and Wild
      W - Wild
      W/C - Wild and Cultivated

      **
      A - Ayurveda
      F - Folk
      H - Homoeopathy
      S - Siddha
      T - Tibetan
      U - Unani
      W - Western

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:190
posted:8/9/2012
language:English
pages:64
zhaonedx zhaonedx http://
About