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Gross Value Added ONS by JoFsMmX

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									Meta Data
                   Source of the Data: Office of National Statistics
                           Copyright: ONS - Crown Copyright
         Date to which data pertains: 1995-2008
                        Date acquired: Dec-11
                      Next update due: Dec-12
                  Latest date available: 2009
               Earliest date available: 1995
             Geographical Coverage: All UK local authorities
            Geographical Breakdown: Down to local authority                DEFINITIONS
                Access Restrictions: None                                  Gross Value Added (GVA)
                     Health warnings:                                      Gross Value Added (GVA) mea
 Additional information with the data:                                     economy of each individual pro
                                                                           United Kingdom and is a headli
                                                                           economic performance. GVA) is
               Any other information:
                                                                           economy and denotes estimate
                                                                           gross domestic product (GDP) a
Contact details                                                            measures the total expenditure
                               Name: Clem Attwood                          produced in the domestic econo
                                                                           income. Under the European Sy
                           Telephone: 01432 260 893
                                                                           GDP is equal to GVA plus taxes
                               e-mail: researchteam@herefordshire.gov.uk   products), i.e. at market prices.
                             Address: Corporate Policy and Research Team   moving averages to smooth out
                                       Herefordshire Council
                                       P.O. Box 4
                                       Plough Lane
                                       Hereford
                                       HR4 0XH
  DATA LINKS

  SUMMARY for Herefordshire
  ONS Regional Accounts Page
  FACTS & FIGURES homepage




DEFINITIONS
Gross Value Added (GVA)
Gross Value Added (GVA) measures the contribution to the
economy of each individual producer, industry or sector in the
United Kingdom and is a headline measure used to monitor
economic performance. GVA) is a measure of productivity of the
economy and denotes estimates that were previously known as
gross domestic product (GDP) at basic prices. While GDP
measures the total expenditure on final goods and services
produced in the domestic economy, GVA measures production and
income. Under the European System of Accounts 1995, the term
GDP is equal to GVA plus taxes on products (less subsidies on
products), i.e. at market prices. GVA is published as five year
moving averages to smooth out year-on-year fluctuations.
Tables and Charts


           GVA per head at current basic prices, 1995-2009

                                             25,000

            GVA per head at current basic    20,000

                                             15,000
                     prices (£s)


                                             10,000

                                               5,000

                                                    0
                                                                         1997
                                                          1995
                                                                 1996


                                                                                1998
                                                                                       1999
                                                                                              2000
                                                                                                     2001
                                                                                                            2002
                                                                                                                   2003
                                                                                                                          2004
                                                                                                                                 2005
                                                                                                                                        2006
                                                                                                                                               2007
                                                                                                                                                      2008
                                                                                                                                                             2009
                                                    England                     West Midlands                             Herefordshire

           Chart. Ratio of GVA per head relative to the West Midlands (equivalent to 0 in
           the chart) for all authorities in the West Midlands


                                                                                                             Solihull
                                                                                                            Warwickshire
                                                                                                            Birmingham
                                                                                                            Telford and Wrekin
                                                                                                            Coventry
                                                                                                            Herefordshire
                                                                                                            Worcestershire
                                                                                                            Walsall and Wolverhampton
                                                                                                            Stoke-on-Trent
                                                                                                            Shropshire
                                                                                                             Dudley and Sandwell
                                                                                                            Staffordshire

            -0.3                            -0.2   -0.1    0.0          0.1       0.2         0.3      0.4                       1999                 2009


           Chart. Ratio of GVA per head relative to the West Midlands (equivalent to 0 in
           the chart) for all authorities in the West Midlands
                                                      Solihull

                                                      Warwickshire

                                                      Birmingham

                                                      Telford and Wrekin

                                                      Coventry

                                                      Herefordshire

                                                      Worcestershire

                                                      Walsall and Wolverhampton

                                                      Stoke-on-Trent

                                                      Shropshire

                                                      Dudley and Sandwell

                                                      Staffordshire

    -0.4       -0.2        0.0         0.2          0.4


Chart. Proportion of GVA by industrial classification, 2009

                 Other      Finance and               Information
             services and insurance,                      and
              household         3%                   communicati
             activities, 4%                             on, 3%
               Real
            estate, 6%                           Public
                                             administratio
                                             n; education;
                                             health , 20%
                    Business
                  services, 8%
                                                       Distribution;
                  Construction,                         transport;
                      8%                              accommodat
                                                      ion and food,
                                                           20%


           Agriculture,
           forestry and               Production,
            fishing, 9%                  19%
           forestry and
            fishing, 9%                      19%



Herefordshire's GVA by industry



                                                                              % Change
                                                   GVA           % of total     99-09
Agriculture, forestry and fishing                         238            9%         74%
Production                                                518           19%           7%
Construction                                              220            8%         82%
Distribution; transport; accommodation and food           543           20%         54%
Information and communication                              78            3%         86%
Financial and insurance activities                         89            3%        147%
Real estate activities                                    176            6%         47%
Business service activities                               209            8%         58%
Public administration; education; health                  559           20%         77%
Other services and household activities                   111            4%         98%
Total                                                    2740         100%          53%

Chart. Proportion of GVA by industrial classification, 2009


      Public administration; education;                                 20%
                   health                                              20%
               Distribution; transport;                                20%
              accommodation and food                                  19%
                                                                      19%
                               Production
                                                                13%
                                                         9%
         Agriculture, forestry and fishing
                                                  1%
                                                         8%
                            Construction
                                                        7%
                                                         8%
                       Business services
                                                              13%
                                                      6%
                              Real estate
                                                       7%
          Other services and household              4%
                    activities                     3%
                                                   3%
                 Finance and insurance
                                                             11%
                                                   3%
         Information and communication
                                                        7%
                                             0%         10%        20%        30%
               Herefordshire         West Midlands              England


Headline Gross Value Added (GVA) by industry (£ million) 1999-2009


  3000                                                                   Other services and
                                                                         household activities
                                                                                       household activities
                                                                                       Public administration;
  2500                                                                                 education; health
                                                                                       Business service activities
  2000                                                                                 Real estate activities

  1500                                                                                 Financial and insurance
                                                                                       activities
                                                                                       Information and
  1000                                                                                 communication
                                                                                       Distribution; transport;
                                                                                       accommodation and food
   500
                                                                                       Construction

      0                                                                                Production
          1999

                 2000




                                      2003

                                             2004



                                                           2006

                                                                  2007



                                                                                2009
                        2001

                               2002




                                                    2005




                                                                         2008
                                                                                       Agriculture, forestry and
                                                                                       fishing


Proportion of GVA by industry


 100%                                                                                  Other services and
                                                                                       household activities
  90%                                                                                  Public administration;
  80%                                                                                  education; health
                                                                                       Business service activities
  70%
                                                                                       Real estate activities
  60%
  50%                                                                                  Financial and insurance
                                                                                       activities
  40%                                                                                  Information and
  30%                                                                                  communication
                                                                                       Distribution; transport;
  20%                                                                                  accommodation and food
                                                                                       Construction
  10%
    0%                                                                                 Production
          1999

                 2000

                        2001




                                                                         2008

                                                                                2009
                               2002

                                      2003

                                             2004

                                                    2005

                                                           2006

                                                                  2007




                                                                                       Agriculture, forestry and
                                                                                       fishing
              Herefordshire                             West Midlands England




                 Herefordshire                          West Midlands England
Public administration; education; health          20%             21%        20%
Distribution; transport; accommodation and food   20%             21%        19%
Production                                19%   17%   13%
Agriculture, forestry and fishing          9%    1%    1%
Construction                               8%    8%    7%
Business services                          8%   10%   13%
Real estate                                6%    7%    7%
Other services and household activities    4%    3%    3%
Finance and insurance                      3%    7%   11%
Information and communication              3%    5%    7%
                                            1     1     1
          Change in GVA at current prices (nominal) and adjusted for inflation (real)
          250%

          200%

          150%

          100%

            50%

             0%
                             1996


                                           1998


                                                         2000
                                                                2001


                                                                              2003


                                                                                              2005


                                                                                                            2007
                                                                                                                   2008
                    1995


                                    1997


                                                  1999




                                                                       2002


                                                                                       2004


                                                                                                     2006
   2009




                           England (nominal)                                         Herefordshire (nominal)
                           England (real)                                            Herefordshire (real)




2009
and Wolverhampton
dat




                                              % of total
                        %                     increase
                    employment % Change 08-09   99-09
                            1%          -10%        11%
                           16%           -1%         4%
                            5%          -13%        10%
                           30%           -3%        20%
                            2%            1%         4%
                            2%            9%         6%
                            2%          -18%         6%
                           10%           -4%         8%
                           27%            4%        26%
                            5%            3%         6%
                          100%           -3%         945




  Other services and
  household activities
household activities
Public administration;
education; health
Business service activities

Real estate activities

Financial and insurance

Information and

Distribution; transport;
accommodation and food




Agriculture, forestry and




Other services and
household activities
Public administration;
education; health
Business service activities

Real estate activities

Financial and insurance

Information and

Distribution; transport;
accommodation and food




Agriculture, forestry and
usted for inflation (real)
                       2009




efordshire (nominal)
           1                                  2,3
Headline Gross Value Added (GVA)                    by NUTS3 area at current basic prices by region (£ million)


                             1995   1996    1997     1998   1999    2000     2001   2002
England                   544 024 580 121 622 531 661 723 696 458 725 959 764 440 808 329
West Midlands              53 690 56 762 59 509 62 992 65 665 68 003 71 157 74 316
Herefordshire               1 579   1 648   1 646   1 716   1 795   1 874   1 969   2 063
Worcestershire              4 971   5 163   5 222   5 662   6 124   6 472   6 778   7 057
Shropshire CC               2 342   2 466   2 540   2 694   2 816   2 948   3 117   3 336
Gloucestershire             5 904   6 429   7 167   7 630   8 034   8 414   8 947   9 504
Powys                       1 139   1 183   1 197   1 251   1 278   1 323   1 400   1 513
Monmouthshire and Newport   2 195   2 333   2 737   2 948   3 118   3 227   3 361   3 509


Indexed
                                  1995     1996       1997    1998      1999     2000     2001      2002
England                          100%     107%       114%    122%      128%     133%     141%      149%
West Midlands                    100%     106%       111%    117%      122%     127%     133%      138%
Herefordshire                    100%     104%       104%    109%      114%     119%     125%      131%
Worcestershire                   100%     104%       105%    114%      123%     130%     136%      142%
Shropshire CC                    100%     105%       108%    115%      120%     126%     133%      142%
Gloucestershire                  100%     109%       121%    129%      136%     143%     152%      161%
Powys                            100%     104%       105%    110%      112%     116%     123%      133%
Monmouthshire and Newport        100%     106%       125%    134%      142%     147%     153%      160%


1
  The headline GVA series for this publication have been calculated using a five-period moving average.
2
  Estimates of workplace based GVA allocate income to the region in which commuters work.
3
  Components may not sum to totals as a result of rounding.
rices by region (£ million)
                                                                             % change
              2003   2004    2005     2006    2007     2008      2009   2008-2009 1998-2008
           858 523 905 640 942 583 997 084 1055 306 1078 810 1061 973       -1.6%     52.5%
            78 064 81 509 83 817 87 751      91 961   92 719   90 168       -2.8%     37.3%
             2 189   2 318   2 397   2 579    2 770    2 837    2 740       -3.4%     52.6%
             7 475   7 931   8 155   8 490    8 789    8 778    8 457       -3.7%     38.1%
             3 580   3 792   3 865   4 055    4 288    4 374    4 281       -2.1%     52.0%
            10 117 10 525 10 680 11 073      11 563   11 666   11 452       -1.8%     42.5%
             1 616   1 664   1 652   1 678    1 733    1 713    1 622       -5.3%     26.9%
             3 763   4 018   4 174   4 357    4 528    4 547    4 390       -3.5%     40.8%



              2003    2004     2005    2006    2007     2008     2009
             158%    166%     173%    183%    194%     198%     183%
             145%    152%     156%    163%    171%     173%     159%
             139%    147%     152%    163%    175%     180%     166%
             150%    160%     164%    171%    177%     177%     164%
             153%    162%     165%    173%    183%     187%     174%
             171%    178%     181%    188%    196%     198%     178%
             142%    146%     145%    147%    152%     150%     137%
             171%    183%     190%    198%    206%     207%     188%
Headline1 Gross Value Added (GVA)2,3 by NUTS3 adjusted for inflation (£ million)

Nominal (current) prices
                                       1995        1996        1997       1998         1999        2000
United Kingdom                                              739 442     782 037      822 914     864 036
England                             544 024     580 121     622 531     661 723      696 458     725 959
West Midlands                        53 690      56 762      59 509      62 992       65 665      68 003
Herefordshire                         1 579       1 648       1 646       1 716        1 795       1 874
Worcestershire                        4 971       5 163       5 222       5 662        6 124       6 472
Shropshire CC                         2 342       2 466       2 540       2 694        2 816       2 948
Gloucestershire                       5 904       6 429       7 167       7 630        8 034       8 414
Powys                                 1 139       1 183       1 197       1 251        1 278       1 323
Monmouthshire and Newport             2 195       2 333       2 737       2 948        3 118       3 227

Real prices (adjusted for inflation 2009 reference year)
                                     1995       1996       1997           1998        1999         2000
United Kingdom                                           965 226       1005 476    1043 646     1091 750
England                            756 326    775 005    812 617        850 787     883 271      917 283
West Midlands                       74 642     75 830     77 680         80 990      83 278       85 925
Herefordshire                        2 195      2 202      2 149          2 206       2 276        2 368
Worcestershire                       6 911      6 897      6 817          7 280       7 767        8 178
Shropshire CC                        3 256      3 294      3 316          3 464       3 571        3 725
Gloucestershire                      8 208      8 589      9 355          9 810      10 189       10 631
Powys                                1 583      1 580      1 562          1 608       1 621        1 672
Monmouthshire and Newport            3 052      3 117      3 573          3 790       3 954        4 077


UK level deflator
                                       1995        1996        1997         1998        1999        2000
Gross Value Added at basic
prices: Implied deflator               73.8        76.8         78.6        79.8        80.9         81.2
Rebased to 2009                       71.93       74.85        76.61       77.78       78.85        79.14


Index of real series
                                       1995        1996         1997        1998        1999        2000
England                               100%        102%         107%        112%        117%        121%
West Midlands                         100%        102%         104%        109%        112%        115%
Herefordshire                         100%        100%          98%        101%        104%        108%
Worcestershire                        100%        100%          99%        105%        112%        118%
Shropshire CC                         100%        101%         102%        106%        110%        114%
Gloucestershire                       100%        105%         114%        120%        124%        130%
Powys                                 100%        100%          99%        102%        102%        106%
Monmouthshire and Newport             100%        102%         117%        124%        130%        134%




1
  The headline GVA series for this publication have been calculated using a five-period moving average.
2
  Estimates of workplace based GVA allocate income to the region in which commuters work.
3
  Components may not sum to totals as a result of rounding.

Caveats associated with 'real' GVA figures
Real GDP/GVA figures are produced by stripping out the effect of price inflation (or deflation) on economic activity, so that the
actual change in economic output can be measured.
At the present time, official constant price (real) regional GVA data at the NUTS-1 regional level and below (NUTS-2 and
NUTS-3) do not exist as they are not produced by the Office for National Statistics. The real GVA growth rates produced within
this report have therefore been produced using a national deflator dataset, which have been applied to NUTS-1, NUTS-2 and
NUTS-3 data for the North West region. Readers should be aware of the following important caveats when using the figures
produced in this section of the report. These are summarised as follows:


a. The deflator series used to strip out price inflation from the GVA at current prices is much broader than other more
commonly known price indices, such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the Retail Prices Index (RPI), as it reflects the
prices of all domestically produced goods and services, such as investment goods, in the economy

b. Local GDP/GVA inflation is likely to deviate from the UK average to varying degrees, owing to differences in the composition
of local economies and the goods and services produced in those economies
c. The real GVA figures produced in this report at the NUTS-1 level and below are very much best available estimates and
should be used only as a guide to local GVA change over time rather than viewed as the official real local GVA change over
time.
flation (£ million)


                            2001        2002       2003     2004      2005      2006      2007      2008      2009
                          907 393     956 899 1 014 703 1 070 369 1 116 882 1 183 940 1 252 602 1 283 884 1 256 932
                          764 440     808 329   858 523   905 640   942 583   997 084 1055 306 1078 810 1061 973
                           71 157      74 316    78 064    81 509    83 817    87 751    91 961    92 719    90 168
                            1 969       2 063     2 189     2 318     2 397     2 579     2 770     2 837     2 740
                            6 778       7 057     7 475     7 931     8 155     8 490     8 789     8 778     8 457
                            3 117       3 336     3 580     3 792     3 865     4 055     4 288     4 374     4 281
                            8 947       9 504    10 117    10 525    10 680    11 073    11 563    11 666    11 452
                            1 400       1 513     1 616     1 664     1 652     1 678     1 733     1 713     1 622
                            3 361       3 509     3 763     4 018     4 174     4 357     4 528     4 547     4 390


                           2001         2002         2003      2004       2005       2006       2007     2008     2009
                        1123 022     1150 971    1191 173   1224 302   1252 373   1284 062   1330 403 1317 265 1256 932
                         946 098      972 269    1007 831   1035 883   1056 929   1081 404   1120 853 1106 859 1061 973
                          88 066       89 388      91 640     93 231     93 985     95 172     97 673   95 130   90 168
                           2 437        2 481       2 570      2 651      2 688      2 797      2 942    2 911    2 740
                           8 389        8 488       8 775      9 072      9 144      9 208      9 335    9 006    8 457
                           3 858        4 013       4 203      4 337      4 334      4 398      4 554    4 488    4 281
                          11 073       11 432      11 876     12 039     11 976     12 009     12 281   11 969   11 452
                           1 733        1 820       1 897      1 903      1 852      1 820      1 841    1 758    1 622
                           4 160        4 221       4 417      4 596      4 680      4 725      4 809    4 665    4 390



                             2001         2002      2003       2004       2005       2006       2007     2008     2009

                             82.9         85.3       87.4       89.7       91.5       94.6       96.6     100     102.6
                            80.80        83.14      85.19      87.43      89.18      92.20      94.15    97.47   100.00



                             2001         2002       2003       2004       2005       2006      2007      2008     2009
                            125%         129%       133%       137%       140%       143%      148%      146%     140%
                            118%         120%       123%       125%       126%       128%      131%      127%     121%
                            111%         113%       117%       121%       122%       127%      134%      133%     125%
                            121%         123%       127%       131%       132%       133%      135%      130%     122%
                            118%         123%       129%       133%       133%       135%      140%      138%     131%
                            135%         139%       145%       147%       146%       146%      150%      146%     140%
                            109%         115%       120%       120%       117%       115%      116%      111%     102%
                            136%         138%       145%       151%       153%       155%      158%      153%     144%




eriod moving average.




r deflation) on economic activity, so that the
 regional level and below (NUTS-2 and
 . The real GVA growth rates produced within
have been applied to NUTS-1, NUTS-2 and
  important caveats when using the figures



 s is much broader than other more
Retail Prices Index (RPI), as it reflects the
 , in the economy

 rees, owing to differences in the composition

 very much best available estimates and
 as the official real local GVA change over
     % change
2008-2009 1998-2008

    -1.6%    52.5%
    -2.8%    37.3%
    -3.4%    52.6%
    -3.7%    38.1%
    -2.1%    52.0%
    -1.8%    42.5%
    -5.3%    26.9%
    -3.5%    40.8%




    -4.1%    20.2%
    -5.2%     8.3%
    -5.9%    20.4%
    -6.1%     8.9%
    -4.6%    19.9%
    -4.3%    12.4%
    -7.7%     0.1%
    -5.9%    11.0%
Headline1 Gross Value Added (GVA)2 per head at current basic prices by region (£)


                   1995              1996     1997     1998     1999     2000     2001     2002     2003
England           11,244            11,957   12,792   13,554   14,204   14,745   15,459   16,281   17,218
West Midlands     10,213            10,785   11,309   11,950   12,455   12,905   13,475   14,038   14,702
Herefordshire      9,517             9,897    9,771   10,034   10,438   10,796   11,256   11,766   12,444
Worcestershire     9,437             9,764    9,802   10,576   11,397   11,993   12,501   12,969   13,679
Shropshire CC      8,531             8,935    9,248    9,712   10,083   10,475   11,005   11,754   12,563
Gloucestershire   10,792            11,673   12,860   13,730   14,320   14,903   15,836   16,795   17,800
Powys              9,345             9,544    9,610    9,972   10,170   10,490   11,073   11,900   12,617
                  Newport
Monmouthshire and 10 001            10 608   12 415   13 325   14 136   14 577   15 098   15 678   16 749


Indexed
                   1995              1996      1997     1998     1999     2000     2001     2002     2003
England          100.0%            106.3%    113.8%   120.5%   126.3%   131.1%   137.5%   144.8%   153.1%
West Midlands    100.0%            105.6%    110.7%   117.0%   122.0%   126.4%   131.9%   137.5%   144.0%
Herefordshire    100.0%            104.0%    102.7%   105.4%   109.7%   113.4%   118.3%   123.6%   130.8%
Worcestershire   100.0%            103.5%    103.9%   112.1%   120.8%   127.1%   132.5%   137.4%   145.0%
Shropshire CC    100.0%            104.7%    108.4%   113.8%   118.2%   122.8%   129.0%   137.8%   147.3%
Gloucestershire  100.0%            108.2%    119.2%   127.2%   132.7%   138.1%   146.7%   155.6%   164.9%
Powys            100.0%            102.1%    102.8%   106.7%   108.8%   112.3%   118.5%   127.3%   135.0%
                 100.0%
Monmouthshire and Newport          106.1%    124.1%   133.2%   141.3%   145.8%   151.0%   156.8%   167.5%


1
    The headline GVA series for this publication have been calculated using a five-period moving average.
2
    Estimates of workplace based GVA allocate income to the region in which commuters work.
ices by region (£)

                                                                              % change
                      2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009 2008-2009 1999-2009
                     18,073   18,678   19,642   20,649   20,962   20,498    -2.2%       44%
                     15,310   15,675   16,365   17,098   17,143   16,602    -3.2%       33%
                     13,142   13,544   14,529   15,550   15,842   15,296    -3.4%       47%
                     14,484   14,848   15,409   15,880   15,808   15,196    -3.9%       33%
                     13,271   13,515   14,115   14,854   15,047   14,671    -2.5%       46%
                     18,387   18,532   19,113   19,781   19,903   19,438    -2.3%       36%
                     12,897   12,738   12,877   13,230   13,011   12,313    -5.4%       21%
                     17 821   18 478   19 258   19 985   19 988   19 229    -3.8%       36%



                   2004         2005     2006     2007     2008     2009
                 160.7%       166.1%   174.7%   183.6%   186.4%   182.3%
                 149.9%       153.5%   160.2%   167.4%   167.9%   162.6%
                 138.1%       142.3%   152.7%   163.4%   166.5%   160.7%
                 153.5%       157.3%   163.3%   168.3%   167.5%   161.0%
                 155.6%       158.4%   165.5%   174.1%   176.4%   172.0%
                 170.4%       171.7%   177.1%   183.3%   184.4%   180.1%
                 138.0%       136.3%   137.8%   141.6%   139.2%   131.8%
                 178.2%       184.8%   192.6%   199.8%   199.9%   192.3%
Headline Gross Value Added (GVA) for 6 industries at current basic prices (£ million)


                                                          1997      1998      1999
Herefordshire, County of
      Agriculture, forestry and fishing
   Agriculture, forestry and fishing                       159       145       137
      Production
   Production                                              473       477       483
      Construction
   Construction                                            100       110       121
      Distribution; transport; accommodation and food
   Distribution; transport; accommodation and food         297       325       353
      Information and communication
   Information and communication                           34        39        42
      Financial and insurance activities
   Financial and insurance activities                      36        35        36
      Real estate activities
   Real estate activities                                  100       114       120
      Business service activities
   Business service activities                             110       122       132
      Public administration; education; health
   Public administration; education; health                291       300       316
      Other services and household activities
   Other services and household activities                 46        50        56
   Total GVA                                             1646      1716      1795

West Midlands
  Agriculture, forestry and fishing                         774       706       675
  Production                                             17 518    17 751    17 602
  Construction                                            3 713     4 043     4 217
  Distribution; transport; accommodation and food        12 064    13 131    13 935
  Information and communication                           2 342     2 677     2 888
  Financial and insurance activities                      2 796     2 687     2 812
  Real estate activities                                  4 313     4 811     5 069
  Business service activities                             4 918     5 458     5 890
  Public administration; education; health                9 535    10 035    10 736
  Other services and household activities                 1 536     1 692     1 840
  Total                                                  59 509    62 992    65 665

England
   Agriculture, forestry and fishing                      7 260     6 603     6 303
   Production                                           133 160   133 645   132 492
   Construction                                          37 894    41 520    44 041
   Distribution; transport; accommodation and food      128 620   140 436   148 562
   Information and communication                         34 426    40 724    46 067
   Financial and insurance activities                    44 153    41 630    43 530
   Real estate activities                                48 113    54 051    57 821
   Business service activities                           67 485    75 332    81 723
   Public administration; education; health             101 992   106 451   112 791
   Other services and household activities               19 427    21 331    23 130
   Total                                                622 531   661 723   696 458
t basic prices (£ million)


                      2000      2001      2002      2003      2004      2005      2006      2007      2008

                       138       131       156       185       207       180       217       242       265
                       492       502       486       469       451       447       466       504       522
                       131       153       178       200       219       224       232       258       252
                       377       406       414       425       442       465       506       548       557
                       45        47        50        55        59        61        63        71        77
                       33        32        43        49        54        58        67        71        82
                       121       122       130       149       168       185       198       225       215
                       141       152       159       176       195       217       227       227       218
                       336       357       376       401       435       469       506       521       540
                       60        65        72        80        88        92        98        103       108
                     1874      1969      2063      2189      2318      2397      2579      2770      2837


                        677       645       750       858       904       727       810       862      918
                     17 376    17 247    16 634    16 199    15 802    15 693    16 135    16 349   15 847
                      4 479     4 925     5 415     5 871     6 389     6 595     7 021     7 675    7 697
                     14 611    15 408    15 955    16 620    17 362    17 808    18 596    19 493   19 423
                      3 076     3 135     3 304     3 586     3 798     3 839     3 893     4 174    4 288
                      2 579     2 693     3 422     3 797     3 950     4 097     4 536     4 840    5 554
                      5 318     5 645     6 020     6 659     7 254     7 409     7 499     8 331    7 979
                      6 375     6 995     7 314     7 647     7 957     8 476     9 084     9 494    9 530
                     11 562    12 430    13 297    14 426    15 511    16 485    17 334    17 802   18 494
                      1 952     2 035     2 205     2 398     2 582     2 689     2 842     2 943    2 991
                     68 003    71 157    74 316    78 064    81 509    83 817    87 751    91 961   92 719


                      6 286     5 894     6 713     7 478     7 690     6 109     6 757     7 197     7 740
                    130 859   131 517   129 529   129 336   129 326   131 230   137 004 140 632 138 738
                     47 066    51 975    56 557    61 426    67 038    69 768    74 376    81 538    82 552
                    154 958   161 839   167 480   175 073   183 864   189 662   198 222 208 230 208 508
                     50 889    52 310    54 823    59 159    63 143    64 225    65 912    71 034    72 768
                     40 257    43 022    56 542    63 748    67 400    71 487    81 784    88 631 102 074
                     61 750    66 190    70 205    76 522    82 014    83 821    85 564    96 037    93 814
                     88 718    96 620   100 830   106 181   111 870   119 729   128 537 135 194 136 897
                    120 619   128 994   137 635   149 271   160 898   172 584   183 674 190 994 199 349
                     24 558    26 078    28 014    30 331    32 396    33 966    35 251    35 822    36 373
                    725 959   764 440   808 329   858 523   905 640   942 583   997 084 1 055 306 1 078 810
    2009 % of total 2009 % Change 99-09 % Change 08-09 % of total increase 99-09

     238            9%             74%             -10%                 11%
     518           19%              7%              -1%                  4%
     220            8%             82%             -13%                 10%
     543           20%             54%              -3%                 20%
     78             3%             86%               1%                  4%
     89             3%            147%               9%                  6%
     176            6%             47%             -18%                  6%
     209            8%             58%              -4%                  8%
     559           20%             77%               4%                 26%
     111            4%             98%               3%                  6%
   2740           100%             53%              -3%                  945


     820            1%             21%             -11%                   1%
  15 283           17%            -13%              -4%                  -9%
   6 776            8%             61%             -12%                 10%
  18 759           21%             35%              -3%                 20%
   4 231            5%             47%              -1%                   5%
   6 170            7%            119%              11%                 14%
   6 599            7%             30%             -17%                   6%
   9 234           10%             57%              -3%                 14%
  19 269           21%             79%               4%                 35%
   3 027            3%             65%               1%                   5%
  90 168          100%             37%              -3%               24 503


    6 950           1%             10%             -10%                  0%
  136 755          13%              3%              -1%                  1%
   73 837           7%             68%             -11%                  8%
  203 284          19%             37%              -3%                 15%
   70 853           7%             54%              -3%                  7%
  113 999          11%            162%              12%                 19%
   78 497           7%             36%             -16%                  6%
  133 265          13%             63%              -3%                 14%
  207 947          20%             84%               4%                 26%
   36 588           3%             58%               1%                  4%
1 061 973         100%             52%              -2%              365 515
Ratio of Gross Value Added (GVA) per head relative to the West Midlands

For chart see SoH tables and charts sheet

                              1997     1998     1999     2000     2001     2002     2003     2004     2005     2006
Staffordshire               -0.153   -0.158   -0.163   -0.165   -0.165   -0.158   -0.155   -0.147   -0.141   -0.132
Dudley and Sandwell         -0.032   -0.036   -0.055   -0.066   -0.072   -0.079   -0.087   -0.098   -0.103   -0.107
Shropshire                  -0.182   -0.187   -0.190   -0.188   -0.183   -0.163   -0.145   -0.133   -0.138   -0.137
Stoke-on-Trent              -0.032   -0.046   -0.079   -0.106   -0.118   -0.125   -0.125   -0.129   -0.126   -0.131
Walsall and Wolverhampton   -0.021   -0.017   -0.024   -0.036   -0.046   -0.060   -0.065   -0.065   -0.062   -0.066
Worcestershire              -0.133   -0.115   -0.085   -0.071   -0.072   -0.076   -0.070   -0.054   -0.053   -0.058
Herefordshire               -0.136   -0.160   -0.162   -0.163   -0.165   -0.162   -0.154   -0.142   -0.136   -0.112
Coventry                     0.231    0.219    0.215    0.203    0.190    0.178    0.174    0.167    0.154    0.128
Telford and Wrekin           0.159    0.123    0.096    0.070    0.047    0.048    0.052    0.060    0.076    0.094
Birmingham                   0.119    0.130    0.144    0.157    0.175    0.180    0.177    0.160    0.147    0.137
Warwickshire                 0.120    0.117    0.117    0.116    0.106    0.091    0.079    0.089    0.108    0.137
Solihull                     0.158    0.185    0.204    0.245    0.281    0.323    0.344    0.340    0.329    0.309
  2007     2008     2009
-0.127   -0.125   -0.128
-0.106   -0.113   -0.119
-0.131   -0.122   -0.116
-0.126   -0.121   -0.108
-0.076   -0.087   -0.092
-0.071   -0.078   -0.085
-0.091   -0.076   -0.079
 0.103    0.085    0.086
 0.105    0.108    0.104
 0.136    0.142    0.149
 0.154    0.164    0.168
 0.302    0.287    0.277
Gross Value Added per employee 2009


                                                                            England
                                                                £Million   Employees £/Employee*
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Production                                                        136,755 2,352,400      58,134
Construction                                                       73,837 1,262,500      58,484
Distribution; transport; accommodation and food                   203,284 6,715,100      30,273
Information and communication                                      70,853    957,200     74,023
Financial and insurance activities                                113,999    934,300    122,019
Real estate activities                                             78,497    434,600    180,611
Business service activities                                       133,265 3,707,700      35,943
Public administration; education; health                          207,947 6,348,200      32,757
Other services and household activities                            36,588 1,122,700      32,589
Total                                                           1,055,025 23,834,700     44,264

* GVA per employee figure calculated on unrounded employee numbers
Estimate of employment numbers included in BRES don't
accurately reflect agricultural employment at local authority
level as they don't include data from the agricultural census
as they have done previously. Agriculture has therefore
been excluded from the GVA per employment measure
         West Midlands                  Herefordshire
£Million Employees £/Employee* £Million Employees £/Employee*

15,283     316,500     48,287      518     11,500     44,989
 6,776     121,400     55,801     220       3,900     56,745
18,759     686,900     27,310     543      22,000     24,731
 4,231      72,600     58,298      78       1,500     53,608
 6,170      77,700     79,368      89       1,100     81,427
 6,599      34,300    192,133     176       1,200    143,322
 9,234     295,800     31,216     209       7,100     29,247
19,269     656,300     29,360     559      19,700     28,315
 3,027     103,500     29,259     111       3,700     30,394
89,348   2,365,000     37,779   2,503      71,700     34,927
Comparison of GVA per 'job' productivity measures 2009


                                                                     England
                                                        £Million     'jobs'      £/job
GVA per head                                                                        20,498
GVA per population aged 16-64                           1,061,973 33,670,780        31,540
per employee (employees (BRES))                         1,061,973 22,670,400        46,844
                                                        1,061,973   24,175,486     43,928
per employment (employess + working proprietors (BRES))
per employment (employess + working proprietors (BRES))
                                                        1,055,023   23,834,698     44,264
exc. agriculture
per workforce jobs (employees and self-employed (APS))  1,061,973   24,374,725     43,569
per total jobs (employees, self-employed, HM forces and
                                                        1,061,973   26,246,000     40,462
trainees (job density dataset)



Sources
Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES)          £50,000
Annual Population Survey (APS)
Job density                                             £45,000
ONS mid-year estimates of population                    £40,000
                                                        £35,000
                                                        £30,000
                                                        £25,000
                                                        £20,000
                                                        £15,000
                                                        £10,000
                                                         £5,000
                                                             £0
                                                                       England        West Midlands




England
West Midlands
Herefordshire
           West Midlands                  Herefordshire
    £Million  'jobs'     £/job   £Million   'jobs'      £/job
                         16,602                         15,296      -5,202
     90,168 3,459,842     26,061  2,740     109,373      25,052     -6,488
     90,168 2,263,400     39,837  2,740       67,100     40,855     -5,989
     90,168     2,411,299   37,394   2,740     72,199     37,951
                                                                    -5,977
     89,348     2,365,033   37,779   2,503     71,664     34,927
                                                                    -9,337
     90,168     2,413,225   37,364   2,740     86,725     31,594   -11,974
     90,168     2,588,000   34,841   2,740     94,000     29,149
                                                                   -11,313




                                        per employee (employees (BRES))

                                        per employment (employess +
                                        working proprietors (BRES)) exc.
                                        agriculture
                                        per employment (employess +
                                        working proprietors (BRES))
                                        per workforce jobs (employees and
                                        self-employed (APS))
                                        per total jobs (employees, self-
                                        employed, HM forces and trainees
                                        (job density dataset)
                                        GVA per population aged 16-64

                                        GVA per head

West Midlands       Herefordshire
Headline1 Gross Value Added (GVA)2 per head at current basic prices by region (£)
CIPFA Statistical neighbours (April 2010)
Metropolitan Districts and Unitary Authorities

                                                                     1999    2000      2001    2002     2003
Northumberland                                                      8 794    9 110    9 608   10 223   10 822
Isle of Wight                                                       8 468    9 134    9 783   10 151   10 448
Cornwall and Isles of Scilly                                        8 205    8 683    9 324   10 074   10 769
East Riding of Yorkshire                                          10 261    10 488   10 937   11 547   12 096
Lincolnshire                                                      10 482    10 777   11 395   12 112   12 772
Shropshire                                                        10 083    10 475   11 005   11 754   12 563
Herefordshire                                                     10 438    10 796   11 256   11 766   12 444
Bedfordshire                                                      11 924    12 227   12 610   13 146   13 920
North and North East Lincolnshire                                 12 758    12 737   13 123   13 769   14 547
Wiltshire                                                         12 170    12 698   13 346   13 952   14 647
Leicestershire CC and Rutland                                     12 457    12 577   13 143   13 940   15 027
York                                                              16 820    17 238   17 909   18 862   19 585
Cheshire                                                          15 455    15 746   16 336   16 898   17 478
                                                                  13
Bath and North East Somerset, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire635   14 321   15 401   16 521   17 838
Solihull                                                          15 000    16 064   17 268   18 573   19 754

GVA data not available for the district level CIPFA comparison area -
have used upper tier authority for comparison instead
  2004    2005     2006     2007     2008     2009
11 257   11 437   11 935   12 368   12 433   12 154
10 850   11 296   12 031   12 687   12 825   12 492
11 422   11 674   12 469   13 222   13 519   13 129
12 594   12 730   13 312   13 868   13 939   13 564
13 065   13 156   13 725   14 452   14 706   14 296
13 271   13 515   14 115   14 854   15 047   14 671
13 142   13 544   14 529   15 550   15 842   15 296
14 761   15 269   15 814   16 503   16 474   15 883
15 291   15 776   16 583   17 414   17 470   16 938
15 343   15 889   16 850   17 915   18 108   17 492
16 025   16 859   17 944   19 050   19 275   18 880
19 984   20 074   20 528   21 149   21 111   20 221
18 063   18 598   19 632   20 640   20 860   20 371
18 831   19 354   20 060   20 807   20 888   20 399
20 520   20 826   21 416   22 263   22 062   21 209

								
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