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Health Care Worker Precautions Health Science Gina Iglehart Objectives: 1. Analyze safety for patients and workers in a health care environment. 2. Identify and describe Standard Precautions (Universal Precautions). 3. Identify and describe 3 types of Transmission-Based Precautions. 4. Define asepsis. 5. Differentiate between medical and surgical asepsis. 6. Demonstrate donning clean and sterile gloves What to do? Consider a time when a family member in your house was extremely sick. What did you do to protect yourself from catching the sickness? Standard Precautions (Universal Precautions) Every body fluid must be considered a potentially infectious material. All patients must be considered potential sources of infection. Blood Body fluids (mucus, sputum, urine, feces, vomit, any secretions) Mucous membranes Non-intact skin Tissue or cell specimens What protective equipment do health care workers use? Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Gloves Mask Gown Eye protection/goggles Hats/Bonnets Shoe covers PPE is important to use to stop the spread of infections, but the most important action is… Handwashing!!!! Before patient contact After patient contact After taking off gloves Transmission-Based Precautions Additional precautions to be used along with Standard Precautions to help control the spread of infection. 3 types of Transmission-Based Precautions 1. Contact 2. Airborne 3. Droplet Contact Precautions Used for any patient with known or suspected virus or disease that spreads rapidly Influenza (Flu) Gastrointestinal viruses (GI bugs) Staph infections Pediculosis (Lice) Airborne Precautions Used for patients infected with microorganisms which remain suspended in the air during transmission. Rubella (Measles) Varicella (Chicken Pox) Tuberculosis (TB) Droplet Precautions Used for patients infected with pathogens transmitted by coughing, sneezing, talking, or laughing. Meningitis (Brain Infection) Pneumonia (Lung Infection) Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Sneeze!!!! Asepsis The absence of disease-producing microorganisms (pathogens) 2 Types of Asepsis Medical Asepsis Sterile Asepsis Maintain cleanliness Sterilization Handwashing Destroys pathogens and Good personal hygiene non-pathogens Antiseptics (used on skin) Autoclave Alcohol Betadine Disinfectants (do not use on skin) Bleach Gloves Clean Gloves Sterile Gloves Basic gloves Sterile procedures Box of gloves Individually wrapped Ambidextrous in pairs Specific to Left and Right hand
"Health Care Worker Precautions"