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Health Care Worker Precautions

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									Health Care Worker Precautions


           Health Science
           Gina Iglehart
Objectives:
1. Analyze safety for patients and workers in a health care
     environment.
2.   Identify and describe Standard Precautions (Universal
     Precautions).
3.   Identify and describe 3 types of Transmission-Based
     Precautions.
4.   Define asepsis.
5.   Differentiate between medical and surgical asepsis.
6.   Demonstrate donning clean and sterile gloves
What to do?
Consider a time when a family
 member in your house was
 extremely sick.
What did you do to protect yourself
 from catching the sickness?
Standard Precautions
     (Universal Precautions)
 Every body fluid must be considered a potentially
  infectious material.
 All patients must be considered potential sources
  of infection.
    Blood
    Body fluids (mucus, sputum, urine, feces,
      vomit, any secretions)
    Mucous membranes
    Non-intact skin
    Tissue or cell specimens
What protective equipment
do health care workers use?
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
   Gloves
   Mask
   Gown
   Eye protection/goggles
   Hats/Bonnets
   Shoe covers
PPE is important to use to stop the
spread of infections, but the most
important action is…

Handwashing!!!!
Before patient contact
After patient contact
After taking off gloves
Transmission-Based Precautions
Additional precautions to be used along with Standard
Precautions to help control the spread of infection.

3 types of Transmission-Based Precautions
    1. Contact
    2. Airborne
    3. Droplet
Contact Precautions
Used for any patient with known or suspected
virus or disease that spreads rapidly
   Influenza (Flu)
   Gastrointestinal viruses (GI bugs)
   Staph infections
   Pediculosis (Lice)
Airborne Precautions
Used for patients infected with
microorganisms which remain suspended in
the air during transmission.
   Rubella (Measles)
   Varicella (Chicken Pox)
   Tuberculosis (TB)
Droplet Precautions
Used for patients infected with pathogens
transmitted by coughing, sneezing, talking, or
laughing.
   Meningitis (Brain Infection)
   Pneumonia (Lung Infection)
   Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Sneeze!!!!
Asepsis
 The absence of disease-producing
 microorganisms (pathogens)
2 Types of Asepsis
Medical Asepsis                Sterile Asepsis
 Maintain cleanliness          Sterilization
 Handwashing                   Destroys pathogens and
 Good personal hygiene          non-pathogens
 Antiseptics (used on skin)    Autoclave
   Alcohol
   Betadine
 Disinfectants (do not use
  on skin)
   Bleach
                  Gloves
Clean Gloves         Sterile Gloves
 Basic gloves        Sterile procedures
 Box of gloves       Individually wrapped
 Ambidextrous         in pairs
                      Specific to Left and
                       Right hand

								
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