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									Literary Elements
          Author’s Purpose
   It is important to understand _________ an
    author writes a text.
     Many authors write to __________ people and
      make them ____________.
     Authors also write to __________ or ___________
      their readers to believe in something.
     Sometimes authors write to __________ or
      _________ you about something.
                                                                           Watch
                                                                           this!
                            Point of View
   Third Person Point of View
       Here the narrator does ____________ participate in the action of the story as
        one of the characters, but lets us know exactly how the characters feel. We learn
        about the characters through this _________________ voice.
   First Person Point of View
       In the first person point of view, the narrator _____________ in the action of
        the story. When reading stories in the first person, we need to realize that what
        the narrator is recounting might not be the ____________________. We
        should question the __________________ of the accounting.
   Omniscient
       A narrator who knows _________________ about ____________ the
        characters is all knowing, or omniscient.
   Limited Omniscient Points of View
       A narrator whose knowledge is ______________ to one character, either major
        or minor, has a limited omniscient point of view.
                         Character
   Protagonist
      ________________ character
      Person on whom action centers
      Character who pushes the action forward
      Character who attempts to accomplish something
      Usually seen as a good person or ________________________
      Usually _______________ and __________________
   Antagonist
      Character or force that holds the action back
      character who wants something in ____________ to the
       protagonist
      Usually seen as a ______________ person/force or villain
                             Character Cont.
   Round character:
      Well-developed
      Has many traits, both good and bad
      Not easily defined because we know many details about the character
      ______________ and life-like
      Most __________________ characters are __________________
   Flat character:
      Not _________________________
      Does not have many traits
      Easily defined in a single sentence because we know little about the character
      Most __________________ are _________________
   Dynamic character:
      Undergoes an important _______________ in _________________ in the story
      Comes to some sort of realization that permanently changes the character
      A change occurs within the character because of the events of the story
      The _________________ is usually _________________________
   Static character:
      Remains the _________________ throughout the story
      Although something may happen to the character, it does not cause the character to change
      ____________________ characters are usually _____________________
                          Plot
   Plot is the structure and relationship of actions
    and events in a work of fiction.
   The ______________ of ____________.
     ______________
     ______________

     ______________

     ______________

     _____________
                  Introduction                Resolution
                     Setting
   Setting is the _________, _________, physical
    details, and circumstances in which a situation
    occurs. Settings include the __________,
    atmosphere or ___________ in which
    ____________ live and move, and usually
    include physical characteristics of the
    surroundings.
   Settings enables the reader to better
    _____________ how a story unfolds by relating
    necessary physical ________________ of a
    piece of literature.
                                Conflict
   Conflict is the ______________ or
    ______________ found in a story/text
       Conflicts may be ____________ or ____________
            Internal Conflict:
                  Self vs. ___________
            External Conflict:
                  Man vs. _________
                  Man vs. __________
                  Man vs. __________
                  Mood/Tone
   Tone in literature tells us how the author
    _______________ about his or her subject.
   The author's style conveys the tone in literature.
   Tone is the author's attitude toward
    ___________ and ______________.
   Mood is the ___________ of the writer's words
    on the reader.
   Mood is how the writer’s words make us _____.
                             Irony
   Irony is an implied discrepancy between what is said
    and what is meant.

   Three kinds of irony:
       1. _____________ irony is when an author says one thing and
        means something else.
       2. _____________ irony is when an audience perceives
        something that a character in the literature does not know.
       3. _____________ irony is a discrepancy between the
        expected result and actual results.
   Examples
                         Symbolism
   Symbolism is using an __________ or action that
    means something more than its _________ ________.
   Examples in literature:
       The Birthmark (Hawthorne)- the birthmark is a symbol of
        human imperfection
       The Wizard of Oz (L. Frank Baum)- The Wicked Witch of the
        West symbolizes evil
       The Great Gatsby (F. Scott Fitzgerald) T. J. Eckleburg billboard
        of eyes and big spectacles represent the eyes of god watching
        over the modern, wasteful world of the Valley of Ashes
       The Raven Edgar Allan Poe- The raven symbolizes grief, lost
        love
                  Flashback
   A flashback is action that _____________ the
    sequence of events to show an event that
    happened at an earlier time.
   The author shares the flashback so the reader
    has a better _________________ of what is
    happening in the story.
              Foreshadowing
   Foreshadowing is the use of ___________ or
    _____________ to suggest what will happen
    _____________ in the story.
       Making Inferences and Drawing
                Conclusions
   Inference is just a big word that means a
    __________ or ______________.
   If you infer that something has happened, you do not
    see, hear, feel, smell, or taste the actual event. But
    from what you know, it makes sense to think that it
    has happened.
   Writers often __________ you more than they say
    directly. They give you _____________ or ________
    that help you "read between the lines." Using these
    clues to give you a deeper understanding of your         Watch
    reading is called ____________________.                  this!
                                     Theme
                                                                      Watch
                                                                      this!


   What is “theme?"
    The theme of a literary work is its
    _____________________________________________________
   The theme expresses the author's opinion or raises a question about
    ___________________________________________________.
   At times the author's theme may not confirm or agree with your own
    beliefs. Even then, if skillfully written, the work will still have a
    theme that illuminates some aspects of true human experience.
   Classic examples of Theme:
       The Great Journey
       Good vs. _________________
       Loss of Innocence
       Love and Friendship
       ____________________
       Fate
       Sacrifice
       Forgiveness
       _________________________

								
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