Copyright, Plagiarism, & your
How to deal with copyright and
By Jennifer L. Bowie
Anything on your website that did not
originate in your own head should be cited.
Anything that is copyrighted (and anything that is
published online is copyrighted) must be used
correctly or not at all
Copyrighted means they own the image/text/whatever and
say whether or not you can use it
Follow fair use guidelines if you use it. Fair use factors:
Character of the use
Nature of the work to be used
Amount of work
Effect use would have on the market
Using Text: Quotes, Paraphrases, &
Follow regular citations guidelines for using text:
For direct quotes: put it in quotes or block quote it. Use
an in-text citation and include source in a works
cited/reference page (or equivalent)
For paraphrases and information: make it clear where
the paraphrasing/info starts and stops. Use an in-text
citation and include source in a works cited/reference
page (or equivalent)
For all: use in-text citations and include a works
A great resource for correctly citing sources: The Purdue Owl
Read the rules: Check the “disclaimers” and
“terms and conditions” to see if you can use it,
for what, and how (and follow the rules!)
It’s best to get permission from the owner of
the copyright to use the images, and this is
vital if your project will be used outside the
Using Images: con.
Identify the source of your image & a link
Cite the author next to the material (like below) & URL
Cite the permission on your sites work cited/permissions page
If you did not get permission then treat it like text your cited (but do
get permission if it does not follow fair use or if you use it outside of this class)
Image Courtesy of Purdue University Online Writing Lab
Your Permissions & Works Cited Page(s):
If any information, text, formats, images, or graphics comes from
an outside source you should have a works cited/reference page
and a permissions page. These can be combined.
Works cited/reference/bibliography page: Follow standard
formatting as you would for a paper. Include:
“A brief description of the material.
Address of the page on your Web site containing the material.
Name of the Web site where you found the material.
Address of the Web site where you found the material.
Name of the person you contacted.
Date permission was granted.
The format of the permission request (email, letter, phone conversation,
These bullets are a quote from:
Copyleft and Public Domain Images
Note: These still do need to be cited and need to follow general copyright
laws. However these sources may lead you to images that can be used in
a wider variety of uses.
Creative Commons: Tools, images, music, text with a variety of copyright
levels, and much with only some rights reserved.
Government images: Images created by government agencies (like
NASA and the park services) are available for public use. Do check the
websites for particular guidelines.
Flickr: Many of Flickr’s images are posted as “creative commons” images
and have a variety of copyright levels, and many have only some rights
reserved. Do be especially careful with these and check out each image’s
individual status. Also, make sure you follow Flickr’s guidelines for use
(which include a link back to Flickr for each image).
Citing in Podcasts
Use vocal in-text citations whenever material comes
from outside sources:
Example: In this podcast article, I respond to Warnick’s call on page 327 of “Looking to the Future” “
[QUOTE] for a move away from printcentric criticism.”[END QUOTE]
Provide a full works cited/reference page in the
transcript and/or lyrics section of the album info
Make sure you cite music and include where it can
be found. Examples:
“Screen Space’s opening music today is “African Dance” by Apa Ya off of Headroom Project
and the closing music is “Survival” by Beth Quist off of “Shall We Dance”. Both these
selections are available from Magnatune.”
…here is one of my favorite songs off the Extraordinary Contraptions album you could win;
this song is “Never Halfway Only”. The song and/or album are available on their website
theextraordinarycontraptions.com, Last.fm and nimbit
Citing in Blogs, Wikis, and Websites
Link any source info to the page one the website,
blog, wiki,… you got it from
Consider footnotes to cover in-text and full source
info in one!
If not then:
Include in-text citations and
A full works cited page as a separate page (best for websites
where additional resources will not often be added)
A full list of the works cited at the bottom of the page or
relevant post (best for blogs and wikis)
How can put this in action?
What do you think? How will you do this?
Does the type of site matter?
For More Information:
For correctly citing sources: The Purdue Owl
For more details on guidelines for using images
For citing images & the image permissions page
Follow these guidelines and you should
have no copyright and plagiarism
issues for this project
But do remember, you must get permission to use images and
text outside of this class and for websites not associated with
Also remember, any image, text, information or anything that
was not in your own head or your original work must be cited
and must follow copyright laws. Not doing so is not only
illegal, unethical, and breaks school policies, but with result
at least in a F for the project and possibly and F for the class
and a note in your file.
Have Fun & Cite Well!
All images copyright Microsoft Clip Art