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									     An Introduction to WIPO

                                                      Geneva
                                                      14 December 2010
Cathy Jewell
Senior Information Officer, Communications Division
•A brief history of int’l IP system
•WIPO today
•WIPO’s main activities
                         Milestones : 1883 to 2010
                                                                                     2009
                                                                              2002           STLT
                                                                                     Internet Treaties
                                                                       1989
                                                                                Madrid Protocol
                                                         1970
                                                                   PCT
                                                                WIPO established
                                                  1967
                                                          WIPO Convention
                                        1960

                             1925              BIRPI moves to Geneva

                                       Hague Agreement
                      1893
                               BIRPI
              1891
       1886          Madrid Agreement

1883          Berne Convention
         Paris Convention
Basic Facts about WIPO
      WIPO’s Mission:
       To promote the protection of IP rights
          worldwide and extend the benefits
          of the international IP system to all
          member States

       Status: An int’l intergovernmental organization
       Member States: 184
       Observers: 250 +
       Staff: 950 from 101 countries
       Treaties Administered: 24
       Decisions by: GA, CC, WIPO Conference
       IP: Outreach
   Public Sector & Policy-Makers


                                Intellectual
Building awareness              Property
                                Offices


General Public, Civil Society
        WIPO: A Development
      Agency & a Service Provider


Services                             Norm-
to Industry                          Setting




              Economic Development
                           Strategic Goals

1.    Balanced Evolution of the International Normative Framework
        Ensure development of international IP law keeps pace with rapidly
          evolving technological, geo-economic, social & cultural environment

2.    Provision of Premier Global IP Services
        Make core income generating business areas more cost-effective, and
          ensure they provide value added

3.    Facilitating the Use of IP for Development
        Reflects commitment to ensuring all countries are able to benefit from
          use of IP for development
         Mainstreaming of development activity in all substantive areas

4.    Coordination and Development of Global IP Infrastructure
        New orientation – responds to need for greater technical standardization
          and work sharing/exchange between offices; best practices; and the
          need to facilitate participation in global infrastructure/access to benefits;
                          Strategic Goals
5.    World Reference Source for IP Information and Analysis
         New impetus - response to demand for empirical analyses, impact studies;
          contribute to sharing of knowledge by developing a portal of comprehensive
          IP information resources

6.    International Cooperation on Building Respect for IP
         Respect for IPRs is a principle shared by all Member States.
         Aims to enhance cooperation in building respect for IPRs; broad goal aiming
          to identify elements to create an enabling environment

7.    Addressing IP in relation to Global Policy Themes
        Determination to re-establish WIPO as leading IGO for addressing
         intersection between IP and global public policy issues

8.    Responsive Communications Interface between WIPO, its Member
      States and all Stakeholders
         ...a customer services culture - http://www.wipo.int/contact/en/

9.    Efficient Administration and Financial Support Structure to enable
      timely delivery of Programs
Strategic Realignment to tackle External
              Challenges

                              Copyright
                                   &
                             Related Rights
              Global                          Substantive
             Challenges                          work



                              External
          Capacity           Challenges
                                                     Demand for
          Building
                                                       Patents




                     Development       Respect for
                                        IP Rights
                 Norm Setting

AIM: Progressive development of international IP law for an IP
system that is:
   balanced/responsive to emerging needs
   effective in encouraging innovation/creativity
   sufficiently flexible to accommodate national policy objectives
Topical issues reviewed/discussed in Standing Committees
                  Standing Committees

Patents (SCP)
Copyright & Related Rights (SCCR)
Trademarks, Designs, Geographical Indications
 (SCT)

Aim: (i) Build consensus on topical issues;
     (ii) Take into account interests of all stakeholders for
           a balanced, reliable, efficient, user-friendly, cost-effective
           system.
N.B. Enforcement issues are discussed within the Advisory Committee on
Enforcement (ACE)
                        Norm Setting
Intellectual Property and Traditional Knowledge, Access
               to Genetic Resources, Folklore

Aim:     Generate practical benefits from IPS to support:
         socio-economic development; cultural integrity of communities;
         address concerns of indigenous peoples …
IGC:     debate broad policy and legal questions;
         share practical experience; and
         develop practical tools and mechanisms


Status: Maturing process - common objectives/core principles.


Mandate: Text-based negotiations                    1+ int’l instruments
         that will ensure the effective protection of GRs, TK, TCEs.
           Cooperation for Development
Four Major Pillars based on partnership:

    1. Establish a strategic plan for IP in conformity with national
       dvpt plans

    2. Strengthen IP laws and regulations for a balanced IP
       system that protects IP and also promotes innovation and
       creativity

    3.    Strengthen infrastructure esp. of IPOs for provision of 1st
         class services to all users/creative sectors & facilitate
         access to IP information from DBs around world

    4.    Capacity-building – training targeting all possible users
         (policy-makers, lecturers, creators, inventors)
      Development Agenda for WIPO
Adopted: September 2007 to emphasize use of IP for
development

Challenge: facilitate use by developing countries of IP for
economic, social, cultural development

45 agreed proposals (6 clusters of activities)
   Technical Assistance and Capacity Building;
   Norm-setting, Flexibilities, Public Policy and Public Knowledge;
   Technology Transfer, Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
   and Access to Knowledge;
   Assessments, Evaluation and Impact Studies;
   Institutional Matters including Mandate and Governance

Committee on Development and Intellectual Property
   monitor, assess, discuss and report on implementation of
   recommendations and discuss IP and development issues
Development Agenda Coordination Division
   Ensure agreed outcomes reflected in relevant programs
      WIPO Worldwide Academy
               http://www.wipo.int/academy/en/

Provides training to promote use of IP for development in line
with evolving IP landscape
Int’l, interdisciplinary approach to IP education
Face-to-face training/distance learning
Aims to promote international cooperation to enhance human IP
capital through global networking with stakeholders and partners
PROGRAMS:
   Professional Development (IPOs)
   Partnership Program (Universities, etc.)
   Distance Learning Program (expanding portfolio of courses)
   Executive Program (launch 2011)
   Summer Schools Program


   Internships at WIPO
    WIPO … Provider of Premier Global IP
                Services
Core income generating business areas:
      Patent Cooperation Treaty (Patents)
      Madrid System (Trademarks)
      Hague System (Industrial Designs)
      Lisbon System (Geographical Indications)
      WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center
Aim: to be the first choice for users by continuing to offer
cost-effective value-added services
                                       PCT Statistics
180000

160000

140000


120000


100000

 80000

 60000

 40000

 20000

     0
         78   80   82   84   86   88    90   92   94   96   98   00   02   04   06   08




                        142 Contracting Parties
    PCT: International Applications Received in 2009
                  (by country of origin)
50'000   -11.4%

45'000
                                                      … a changing geography of
40'000
                                                      innovation …
35'000
                  +3.6%
30'000

25'000

20'000                    -11.2%

15'000
                               +2.1%    +29.7%
10'000

 5'000

    0
         US       JP      DE   KR      CN   FR   GB   NL   CH   SE   IT   CA   FI   AU   IL
International Trademark Registration: The Madrid System


                            Trademarks               Number of
                            by right-holder          right-holders

     Right-holders          1-2 marks                       135,273        79.60%
     (169,939)
                           3-10 marks                       28,553        16.80%
                            11-100 marks                      5,788         3.41%
                            101-500 marks                       295         0.17%
                            > 500 marks                          30         0.02%


                            All                             169,939       100.00%




                                              > 500 marks
                            101-500 marks        5.74%
                               10.21%                                    1-2 marks
                                                                          31.70%




     Registrations
     in force        
     (515,562)


                         11-100 marks
                           26.75%                           3-10 marks
                                                             25.60%




                 85 Contracting Parties
  WIPO Arbitration & Mediation Center
      Alternative dispute resolution (ADR)
                (http://arbiter.wipo.int)

I. Classical Arbitration & Mediation Services
II. Tailor-made dispute resolution procedures:
e.g.: UDRP - criteria:
       - identical/confusingly similar
       - legitimate interest
       - bad faith

A cost-effective and expeditious procedure …
WIPO’s Main Sources of
      Revenue
              15%
                         1%2%
                                6%
                                          Member States
                                          PCT System
                                          Madrid Sytem
                                          Hague System
                                          Other
   76%




Budget 2010-2011: CHF 618 million
     (decrease of 1.6% (9.8m) on 08-09)
Thank you for your attention

Questions ? ? ?

cathy.jewell@wipo.int

								
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