We the People 5th edition by Benjamin Ginsberg, Theodore J. Lowi

Document Sample
We the People 5th edition by Benjamin Ginsberg, Theodore J. Lowi Powered By Docstoc
					We the People 5th edition
by Benjamin Ginsberg, Theodore J. Lowi and Margaret Weir



       Chapter 8. Participation and
                 Voting
Forms of Participation


             Democracy requires the active
             participation of citizens in their
             own governance.
    Forms of Participation
Some forms of political
participation are controlled by
the government or otherwise
bring citizens’ views into
direct contact with political
officials; these include:

   Voting
   Contact political officials
   Sign petitions
Grassroots
             Some forms of political participation
             are more citizen controlled.

             Examples of such grassroots
             participation include:

                Attend meetings
                Join organizations
                Protest
                Volunteer in campaigns
POLITICAL
ACTIVITIES
Professional Participation
              Sometimes citizens participate in
              politics in professional ways.

              Citizens lobby to persuade
              legislators to pass laws.

              They engage in public relations
              to influence the “marketplace of
              ideas.”

              Or, they can engage in litigation
              to obtain justice in a court of law.
WHAT DO YOU THINK?

           How do you participate in politics?

           How does the government benefit from
            regulating the participation of citizens?

           When it comes to “professional
            participation” do Americans have equal
            access to political participation?
     The Paradox of Voting in America
Americans believe voting is
  important.

They see it as:
    a civic duty;

    key to maintaining popular
     control of government;
    the very essence of
     democracy.
   Suffrage



And many Americans
fought hard to win their
right to suffrage.
Voting Statistics
At the same time, Americans tend not to vote.

   Only 70 and 75 percent of the voting-age population
    is registered to vote;
   About 50 percent vote in Presidential elections;
   About 33 percent vote in midterm elections;
   Even fewer vote in off-year, special, and primary
    elections.

And, Americans vote less now than they have in the
  past.
Comparative

          Voter turnout levels in other
          democracies such as South Africa,
          Denmark, Israel, Germany, Mexico,
          Britain, Russia, France and Canada
          range from 15 to 35 percent higher
          than turnout in American
          presidential elections.
WHAT DO YOU THINK?

           Why do you think that voter turnout
            has declined in recent years?

           Why do you think Americans tend to
            vote less than citizens in other
            countries?

           Why do some people vote and others
            do not vote?
          Student Website
   http://www.wwnorton.com/wtp5e

Study smarter with chapter reviews,
  quizzes, vocabulary flashcards,
  Interactive Politics simulations and You
  Decide critical thinking exercises.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:7
posted:8/9/2012
language:
pages:14