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KS3-Literacy-Mat1 Powered By Docstoc
					                                               English Literacy Mat KS3                                            Reading Skills
                                                                                                   SKIMMING: Casting your eyes over a text to
                                                                                                   understand its general meaning.
                                                                                                   SCANNING: Looking for specific information in
                                                                                                   a text.
                                                                                                   CLOSE READING: Detailed analysing and
                                                                                                   exploration of a text.
Key Vocabulary                                                                                     DEDUCING / INFERING: To work out or guess
                                                 Reading AFs                                       something based on clues and hints in the text.
Atmosphere         AF1: Use a range of strategies, including accurate decoding of text, to
Audience           read for meaning.
Characterisation   AF2: Understand, describe, select or retrieve information, events or ideas   Point – this is a statement that addresses the
Connectives        from texts.                                                                  question and addresses the paragraph’s topic.
Context            AF3: Deduce, infer or interpret information, events or ideas from texts.
                   AF4: Identify and comment on the structure and organisation of texts,        Evidence – a quotation (or reference to the text)
                   including grammatical and presentational features at text level.             which supports your point, is relevant, and is the
Imagery            AF5: Explain and comment on writers’ use of language, including              best example you can find.
Irony              grammatical and literary features at word and sentence level.
Message            AF6: Identify and comment on writers’ purposes and viewpoints, and the       Explanation        Analysis             Link
Metaphor           overall effect of the text on the reader.
Narrative          AF7: Relate texts to their social, cultural and historical traditions.       Explain your       Analyse the          Link back to
                                                                                                evidence.          language             the question /
Pathetic Fallacy
Personification                                                                                                    used.                argument.
Poetic Devices                                   Writing AFs
Plot               AF1: Write imaginative, interesting and thoughtful texts.                                      Analytical Verbs
Purpose            AF2: Produce texts which are appropriate to task, reader and purpose.
Setting                                                                                               Shows (showing)
                   AF3: Organise and present whole texts effectively, sequencing and
Simile                                                                                                Suggests (suggesting, suggestive)
                   structuring information, ideas and events.
Structure                                                                                             Connotes (connoting, connotation)
Style              AF4: Construct paragraphs and use cohesion within and between
Symbolism          paragraphs.                                                                        Indicates (indicating, indicative)
Tension            AF5: Vary sentences for clarity, purpose and effect.                               Implies (implying, implication)
Theme              AF6: Write with technical accuracy of syntax and punctuation in phrases,           Highlights (highlighting)
Tone               clauses and sentences.                                                             Emphasises (emphasising)
Voice              AF7: Select appropriate and effective vocabulary.                                  Underlines (underlining)
                   AF8: Use correct spelling.
                                                                                                      Reinforces (reinforcement, reinforcing)
                                            What are you                     Starting a new paragraph
Full Stops.                                  writing?                        Time Place Topic Person                      Connectives
     At the end of a sentence
        which is not a question.           T = Text type
Capital Letters ABC                                                                                             For sequencing ideas or events
     At the beginning of a
                                           A = Audience
                                           P = Purpose                                                          firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally,
     For the names of people,                                                                                 eventually, next, since, meanwhile,
        places and some events.                                                                                         afterwards, whilst
Question Mark ?                                                Ways to start a sentence
     Used at the end of a
        question.                          With an adjective – Terrible secrets lay under the sea.                 To show cause and effect
The apostrophe ‘                           With a verb – Laying under the sea was a terrible secret.
     Use to show that letters have                                                                                 because, so, therefore,
                                           With a preposition – Under the sea lay a terrible secret.
        been left out.
                                           With an adverb – Furiously, he shouted at the tops of his voice.        thus, consequently, due to
     Use to show possession.
Comma ,                                    With a pronoun – He shouted furiously at the top of his voice.
     Use to separate                      With a connective – Unlike Michael, Mina was educated at home.                 To emphasise
        lists/words/clauses                With a noun – Beverley Naidoo’s background helps us to
     Used to separate connectives         understand some of the novel’s main messages.                       above all, in particular, especially,
        (however, therefore etc.,)                                                                               significantly, indeed, notably
        from the rest of the sentence.
Colon :                                                                             Sentence Types
     Used to introduce a list or
                                         Simple: She sat on the bench.                                            To further explain an idea
     Used to introduce an idea          Compound: She sat on the bench and started to cry.                    although, however, unless, except,
        that is an explanation of one    Complex: Throwing the flowers to the ground, she sat on the               apart from, yet, as long as
        that comes before the colon      bench and cried.
        e.g. You only have one
        option: leave this place
                                                                                                                          To contrast
Semi Colon ;                                   What are the conventions of your non-fiction text type?         whereas, instead of, alternatively,
     Used to link two connected           Information / Report:                                              otherwise, unlike, on the other hand
        ideas. Both parts of the           Present tense, non- chronological order, impersonal, 3rd person,
        sentence should make sense         sometimes passive, connectives of sequence, cause and effect and
        on their own e.g. She walked
        slowly to the top of the hill;     comparison/contrast.                                                            To compare
        her legs ached and her feet        Instructions:                                                       equally, likewise, in the same way,
                                           Present tense, imperatives (command words), chronological order,
                                                                                                                           similarly, as
        .were tired.
Dashes –                                   short clear sentences, 3rd person.
     Can show a break in a                Explanation:
        sentence or a change in
                                           Present tense, connectives of sequence and cause and effect,               To give examples
     Can act as brackets.                 impersonal, 3rd person.                                            For example, such as, for instance, in
     Used to show a strong                Discursive (analysis, evaluation, formal essay):                        the case of, as revealed by
        interruption in speech.            Present tense (some use of past), avoids 1st person, impersonal.

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