Management of E-Waste in California by dffhrtcv3


in California
SB 20/50 Implementation: A New
Opportunity for the Collection and
Recycling of E-Waste In California
The Problem:
The Problem:
                  E-Waste Overview

              Fastest Growing Waste Stream in the
              Industrialized World (2-5% of Municipal
              Solid Waste Stream)
              Relatively new waste stream – <20 years
eCyclingsm    Has become a problem of crises
Services      proportions due to rapid rate of
              obsolescence (2-3 year refresh of PCs)
Between 1997 and 2007 experts estimate more than
500 million obsolete computers in the US. In California
under the new SB 20/50 electronic device program
revenues could exceed $250 million per year.
             E-Waste Overview

             Large Volume
             Hazardous Composition
             Low Residual Value
             Immature Recycling Laws and
eCyclingsm   Regulations
Services     Inadequate Domestic Recycling
             Lack of attention from
             Manufacturers and Government
  CRT Device Product Value

                 80%                                 Retail Value
% of Original Cost
Estimated value

                 60%                                 Wholesale

                      0 mo   12 mo   24 mo   36 mo      48 mo       60 mo
      California Organization of
       Environmental Programs


 Department of     Integrated Waste      State Water    Air Resources
Toxic Substances     Management          Resources      Board (CARB)
 Control (DSTC)     Board (CIWMB)       Control Board     Air Quality
Hazardous Waste       Solid Waste       Water Quality

     CUPAs               LEAs               Regional    Regional Air
    (County)           (County)             Boards       Districts
    Background on CRT Scrap
          in California
• Each CRT contains 5-8 lbs of lead
   – Fails California HW criteria
• DTSC estimates that 30% of lead
  in landfills is from CRTs
• 6-10 million CRTs/yr discarded
   – 60% stored in attics,
     closets, and back rooms
   – 5-10% donated
   – 15-20% recycled
   – 20-25% disposed in solid waste
    Hazardous Law Waste
• Is it a Waste: Discarded or recycled?
• Is it Hazardous? – lead example:
   – Leachable lead greater than 5 mg/l in Landfill?
   – Total lead greater than 1000 mg/kg?
• Households and CESQGs (< 100 kg/mo) may
  take to authorized location -- all others
   – Large Generators must register as generator and use hauler
   – Facility receiving haz. waste must have permit
What’s A Computer Made Of?
                  -- 70 lb Desktop --

Material           Content (%)
Silica       24.9
Plastics     23.0
Iron                   20.5
Aluminum     14.2
Copper        6.9 (25x)
Lead          6.3 (60x)
Zinc          2.2 (4x)
Tin                      1.0
Nickel                   0.9
24 Other HMs      0.2
SB 20 (Sher, 2003) – SB 50 (Sher, 2004)
     Landmark E-Waste Legislation
• “Free and Convenient” Recycling
   – $6-$10 fee on all CRT sales – started 1/1/05
      • DTSC may include other hazardous video devices
      • CIWMB may adjust fee to cover costs in 2006
   – CIWMB Reimbursements
      • Collectors & Recyclers
      • Service must be “Free and Convenient”
      • CIWMB to adopt rules
• Market-based Recycling – Not Mandates

• Hazardous Waste – Subject to DTSC Standards
• Universal Waste – Common and widespread HW eligible
  for streamlined management standards adopted by DTSC
• Universal Waste Electronic Device (UWED) – Any
  hazardous electronic waste eligible for UW regs
• Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) – Traditional TVs and Monitors
• Covered Electronic Device (CED)– Video Display Device
  Subject SB 20/50 fees at point of Sale
• Covered Electronic Waste (CEW)– Video Display Device
  Subject to SB 20/50 payments when discarded (> 4 in.)
• Video Display Device – Moving graphical images (e.g.,
  CRTs, LCDs, Plasma Screens)
                DTSC Regulates
               Hazardous Waste:
 Anything that is HW              Subject to SB 20/SB 50
• Full HW                      • Covered Electronic
  Regulations                    Waste (Video Display
   – Permits to Handle           Devices)
• UWED Regulations             • Subject to Collection &
   – Streamlined Regs            Recycling Payments
   – Handlers notify              – Administered by CIWMB
       Universal Waste?
       UWEDs? CRTs?
• Universal Wastes • SB 20 U-Waste Video
   – Aerosol Cans
                                 Display Electronic
   – Fluorescent Lamps
                                 Devices (if > than 4” diag.)
   – Mercury Devices             – CRTs & CRT TVs
   – Batteries                   – CRT Devices & Monitors
   – Consumer Electronic Devices – LCD Laptops & Monitors
                                – LCD TVs                    Effective
                                – Plasma TVs       }            7/1/05
Don’t forget February 8, 2006   – Computers? (Pending 2006 Leg)
 Exemption Expiration for
Households & CESQUWGs!!!
As a Handler may I Dismantle
   UWEDs or CRTs?
• NO! Breakage, dismantling,
  releasing vacuum is “treatment”
   – special additional authorization is required
• Incidental breakage OK as long as contained,
  cleaned up and properly managed
• Removing Incidental breakage OK as long as
  CRTs from consoles is OK, but WHY? . . .
   – CIWMB payments to recyclers and collectors is based on full weight of CRT device delivered to
Am I a Small or Large Quantity
DTSC Universal Waste Handler?
• Small Quantity Handler = less than 5000
  kg/yr of all Universal Waste (except CRTs!)
   – Standards: 22 CCR 66273.10 et seq.
• Large Quantity Handler = more than 5000
  kg/yr of all Universal Waste (except CRTs!)
   – Standards: 22 CCR 66273.30 et seq.
• CRT Material Handler = more than 5 CRTs
  – Standards: 22 CCR 66273.80 et seq.

          Note: 5000 kg = 11,000 lbs
DTSC UWED Standards
         Please Refer to Regs!
• Waste Management
   – Containment – prevent breakage – cleanup
   – Notification & Reporting – (next slide)
• Labeling/Marking – “UWED” or “CRT” on device,
  container, pallet or “area”
• Accumulation Time Limits – one year
   – Area or container must be dated
• Employee Training – handling & E-procedures
• Response to Releases – contain and manage
• Off-Site Shipments – must go to Recycler or Handler
   –   If Disposal then you are regulated as HW facility!
   –   Must Accept rejected shipments back
   –   Receipts or Bills of Lading and DOT regulations
   –   Containers, Wrapped Pallets – no loose packing
     Notification Requirement #1
     DTSC UWED or CRT Handler
Form Contents               DTSC Notification as
•Handler Information
                           Handler of UWED or CRT
                           – DTSC Form 1382
•Handling Activities       – 30 Days prior to accepting CEWs or UWEDs
•Destination Facilities    – Annual Report due Feb. for Prior Year
     •Materials Shipped

     •Materials Shipped
 CIWMB Adopts Regs
4/13/04, Updated 11/9/04 & 12/5/05
     Final Regulations: 7/18/06
• Recycler Payments: $0.48/lb
  – Only applies to CEWs
  – $0.20/lb passed to collector
  – Must be “Free and Convenient” Service
      • Additional Fees OK for Supplemental Programs
• Notification requirements
  – Must notify CIWMB
      • Authorized Collector or Recycler
   How the California CEW
   Recycling System Works
               $6-$10/unit                   “Free and Convenient”
 Retailer or             Consumer                  Authorized
Manufacturer                                        Collector
Point of Sale
       $6-$10/unit           CIWMB                     $0.20/lb
 California                     + $0.20/lb         Authorized
 Board of                                           Recycler
Equalization                 DTSC
 Money                                End Recycler
Once Again - How Do Authorized
 Collectors Get Paid for CEWs?
• Only for CEWs
                                       “Free and Convenient”
• Collected After 1/1/05
• Must Notify DTSC as      Consumer             Authorized
  UWED Handler                                   Collector
• Must Notify CIWMB to
  be Authorized                                    $0.20/lb
• Receive $0.20 per             $0.28/lb
  pound of entire device       + $0.20/lb       Authorized
• Delivered to                                   Recycler
  Authorized Recycler
Notification Requirement #2
CIWMB Authorized Collector
             CIWMB Application for
              Authorized Collector
             –   CIWMB Form 186
             –   Must receive CIWMB approval – 30 days
             –   Good for 2 years
             –   Net Cost Report due Mar.

  Authorized Collector
 Reporting Requirements
 –   Notify DTSC if any changes
 –   Annual Report Due February for prior year
     •   Due February 1, 2006 if more
         than 100 kg of UW in 2005
2. CIWMB                                          http://www.ciwmb.
 –   Notify CIWMB if any changes        
 –   Renew application every 2 yrs                Act2003/Recovery/Ne
     •   90 days prior to expiration
 –   Net Cost Report Due March 1 for prior year
    Authorized Collector
    Compliance Checklist
Read the Regs: 14 CCR 18660.20
• Only CA CEWs collected after January 1, 2005
• Notify DTSC and Apply with CIWMB
    – Can only accept CEWs for CIWMB payment after approval

• Deliver to Authorized Recyclers
• Must offer “Free and Convenient” Service
• Reporting (DTSC and CIWMB “Net Cost”)
• Recordkeeping including collection log &
• Previously “cancelled” units not eligible
Sample Authorized Collector Log

                                • Generator
                                • CEWs Received
                                  – Unit Type
                                  – Weight

                                • Submitted to

Why? To Only Pay for “California” CEWs !
  Documentation Exemption:
Designated Approved Collectors
                            Exemptions Under Old Regs
                            • Cities or Counties
                            • “Agents” of Local Gov.
                            Exemptions Under New Regs
                            • Cities or Counties
                            • Designated Approved
                            • Permitted SW Facilities
                            • Not For Profits

Proof of Designation Form
 Does Exemption Mean “No
Collection Forms”? – Nope !!!
Source-Anonymous   • Source Anonymous
                     CEWs – Once Again:
  Collection Log      – Local Governments
                      – Designated Approved Collectors
                      – Permitted SWFs
                      – Not For Profits
                   • Must Fill Out Source-
                     Anonymous Log
                      – Submit with CEWs to Recycler
  What is a “Free and
Convenient” Opportunity?
 CIWMB Regulations (22 CCR 18660.6 (d)):
 • If the recovery payment from a recycler does not fully cover
   the net cost of CEW recovery, and the collector establishes a
   cost-free opportunity for a California source to transfer CEWs
   to the collector, then an approved collector may charge a fee
   for CEW recovery.
 • Frequency? Good Question: At least Annually -- Monthly
   better – rely totally on $0.20/lb received from state program
    – Once F&C Opportunity provided, fee may be charged
 • Annual Net Cost Report must justify costs
    – Used by CIWMB to determine if $0.20/lb is correct amount
    – Must justify any additional costs charged by collector
  E-Waste Recycling
• Key to remember that SB 20/50
  provides funding for e-waste
  recycling programs, but doesn’t
  mandate or require such programs
  on cities and counties.

• Creates a new money making
  opportunity to go sell new recycling
     Recycling Payment
     Timeline & “Float”
Authorized Collectors Bring CEWs to Authorized Recycler and Submits Invoice

1/1/06          2/1/06              3/1/06            4/1/06             5/1/06

     Submits to                 CIWMB Reviews Claim
         Recycler Submits January Claim              Recycler gets $$$

                    Four Month Payment Delay
 California Program
  Results So Far:
• January 2005: 95 approved collectors
  and 20 approved recyclers
• May 2006: 401 approved collectors
  and 46 approved recyclers
• 2005 Total Revenues: $73 million
• 2005 Total Claims: $31 million
• First Quarter Claims:
  – 2005: 8.8 million pounds
  – 2006: 15.8 million pounds

• No Change to Fee & Payment Structure
In Summary:                       • Multi-millions per year in
                                    potential revenue
                                  • Waste Management has
      “It’s going to be a           extensive network
busy and interesting future for
                                  • Scrap CRTs, LCDs &
                                    Plasma Screens are Haz.
                                    Waste in California
                                  • Handlers must comply with
                                    DTSC and CIWMB Regs
                                  • New Wastes are Likely to be
                                    added: Computers and
                                    other Electronic Devices

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