BOTS A bot is a software version of a mechanical robot, it is guided by algorithmic rules of behaviour (if this happens, do that, if that happens, do this) But instead of clanking around a laboratory room bumping into walls, software robots are programs that maneuver through cyber-space, bouncing off communication protocols and operating systems. Eliza –chatterbot. (1960’s • Me: did you know you are the mother of all bots? • Eliza: Does it please you to believe I am the mother of all bots? • Eliza is written is Lisp (an artificial intelligence language) She could carry out conversations Chatterbots • Infiltrated chat rooms, avatar sites and were often mistaken for humans • In the early 1970’s, hopes ran rampant for these bots, they were even programmed to be psychiatrists. • Some believed they had “real” intelligence. The Turing Test • Can a robot think? • The Turing test was designed to test whether humans could detect whether a bot had independent intelligence, to date no bot has passed the Turing test. The Wumpus • Hunt the Wumpus was an interactive online computer game. • This made the wumpus one of the first gamebots. WAR • Some bots tend toward perverse and unexpected behaviour. • Some bots were designed specifically to be irritating • Some early bots completely destroyed early chat rooms. • Mailbots are known to spam email • Counterbots (or cancelbots) were designed to counter-attack their efforts. Web Crawlers • Although we cant image the web without search robots, the side effects can be devastating on some sites • Counter bots were designed to counter attack bot activity that can bring down an entire site.
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