Sustainable Development

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					    Environment and Business

            Course Overview

     Instructor: Jerry Patchell; sopatch@ust.hk
 Office Hours: Tuesday 12:00-14:00 Room 2352A

         TA: Kaxton Siu; kaxton@ust.hk
Office Hours: Tue &Thu 10:30-11:30 am Room 3002
        Design for Environment
   “systematic consideration of design
    performance with respect to environmental,
    health, and safety objectives over the full
    product life cycle.”
   That is: reduce, reuse, and recycle through
    the all the stages of a product’s lifecycle.
    Why Design for Environment?
   Over 80% of a products environmental impacts
    are decided by design.

   Design integrates all the stages of the product
    cycle.

   Design integrates all business activities related to
    the product, inside and outside a company.

   Good and Services companies.
        Integration: what is it?
The process of coordinating different elements for
  effective functioning of a whole system

In practical terms:
 Functional: making sure all the parts work

   together to achieve the design goals
 Organizational: Assigning tasks to all members of

   an organization to achieve the design goals
      What has to be Integrated?
   The firm into sustainable development
   The firm into industrial ecology
   Environmental management into the firm

   Product design is how integration is done.
     Sustainable Development

"Sustainable development is development
  that meets the needs of the present
  without compromising the ability of
  future generations to meet their own
  needs. ” (World Commission on
  Environment and Development 1987)
How can Business be Integrated into
   Sustainable Development?


               Environment




     Society                 Economy
 Sustainable Development as Integration

                      Technology

Environment                                       Environment
              Industrial             Industrial
              Ecology                   Ecology

                           Society
       Politics                              Economy
                           Industrial     Business
                           Ecology
                                         Environmental
                                        Management
 What is industrial ecology?
1. An ideal to mimic the way the nature’s
   ecosystems function.
2. A framework of principles and practices
   that enables companies, governments,
   consumers, and NGOs to work together
   to achieve that ideal
    The Linear Industrial System

                          Energy &    Waste &
                          material    pollution
                          input       output

Unlimited     Materials                                     Unlimited
Resource     Processing       Production      Consumption   Dumping
Extraction                                                  of Waste
   Solar Energy
                           Photosynthesis



   An                Air              Land

Ecosystem                    Detrivores



            Carnivores                       Herbivores
                              Water
    Principles of Industrial Ecology
Products, processes, services, and operations can produce residuals,
    but not waste.
Every process, product, facility, constructed infrastructure, and
    technological system should be planned to be adaptable to
    forseeable environmentally preferable innovations.
Every molecule that enters a specific manufacturing process should leave
    that process as a part of a salable product.
Every erg of energy used in manufacture should produce a desired
    material transformation.
Industries should make minimum use of materials and energy in
    products, processes, services, and operations.
Materials should be the least toxic for the purpose, all else equal.
Principles of Industrial Ecology con’t
 Industries should get most of the needed materials through recycling
     streams (theirs or those of others) rather than through raw
     materials extraction.
 Every process, product, component, and part should be designed to
     preserve the embedded utility of the materials used.
 Every product should be designed so that it can be used to create other
     useful products at the end of its current life.
 Every industrial landholding, facility, or infrastructure system or
     component should be developed, constructed or modified to
     maintain or improve local habitats and species diversity, and to
     minimize impacts on local or regional resources.
 Close interactions should be developed with materials suppliers,
     customers, and representatives of other industries, with the aim of
     developing cooperative ways of minimizing packaging and of
     recycling and reusing materials.
Principles of Industrial Ecology con’t




Or
     Waste equals food
 Integration of Product,
Material, & Energy Flow
     in an Industry               Parts
                                  Manufacture
            Materials                                      Product
            Processing                                     Assembly


                                              Social Infrastructure:
     Resource                                Gov’t, industry assoc.s,
                                                   NGOs, etc.        Distribution
     Extraction
                                Physical Infrastructure:
                                roads, sewers, land use,
              Recycling             electricity, etc.      Consumption

                                     Materials
   Material &                        Collection
                    Pollution
   Energy Inputs
                    Outputs
Product, Material, &
 Energy Flow in an
     Industry                   Parts
                                Manufacture
          Materials                                      Product
          Processing                                     Assembly


                                            Social Infrastructure:
   Resource                                Gov’t, industry assoc.s,
                                                 NGOs, etc.        Distribution
   Extraction
                              Physical Infrastructure:
                              roads, sewers, land use,
            Recycling             electricity, etc.      Consumption

                                   Materials
 Material &                        Collection
                  Pollution
 Energy Inputs
                  Outputs
     Environmental Management
   Environmental management is the
    planning and implementation of actions
    to reduce the environmental impacts of
    a organization.

   Reduce, reuse, recycle, dispose of
    safely throughout business activities.
   Coordination of DfE activities
             Internal Process of a Firm

                                      Products
Energy and
                    A Company         Waste energy
Materials
                                      Waste materials
                        DfE
                      Reduce
                       Reuse
                      Recycle
             Environmental Management:
    integrating environmental improvement across
         departmental and product boundaries
                               Top Management
                                Support Activities

                                                                           Environment,
 Human                      Site and                         Research &
             Accounting                    Purchasing                      Health &
Resources                   Facilities                       Development
                                                                           Safety

                                Primary Activities

     Logistics            Production          Distribution             Marketing

            Integrating environmental improvements throughout a
                             business’s divisions

                 and upstream and downstream in product cycle
Product, Material, &
 Energy Flow in an
     Industry                   Parts
                                Manufacture
          Materials                                      Product
          Processing                                     Assembly


                                            Social Infrastructure:
   Resource                                Gov’t, industry assoc.s,
                                                 NGOs, etc.        Distribution
   Extraction
                              Physical Infrastructure:
                              roads, sewers, land use,
            Recycling             electricity, etc.      Consumption

                                   Materials
 Material &                        Collection
                  Pollution
 Energy Inputs
                  Outputs
        Environment and Business: an integrating approach

   Chapter 1 Course Introduction: A Framework for Sustainable Business
   Chapter 2 Sustainable Business
   Chapter 3 Environmental Problems
   Chapter 4 Society
   Chapter 5 Technology
   Chapter 6 Environmental Economics
   Chapter 7 Environmental Politics
   Chapter 8 Challenge of Integration
   Chapter 9 Design for Environment
   Chapter 10 Impact Assessment
   Chapter 11 Environmental Management
   Chapter 12 Environmental Programs
               $10,000 Prize
   HKUST’s Green Campus Initiative
   Student Contest: best projects on the
    environment
           Syllabus on Website
   http://teaching.ust.hk/~sosc217/
Why does business have to
       change?
      How can a business make a
            difference?
   Technological limits
   Knowledge limits
   Power limits
   Competitive limits
   Governance limits
        How can a business make a
              difference?
   Integration into a collective solution by
    integrating Design for Environment into a
    company
       Integration
       Sustainable Development
       Industrial Ecology
       Design for Environment
       Environmental Management
                 Integrate?
   What does it mean?
   What has to be integrated?
   Integrated into what?
     Environmental Management
   Environmental management is the
    planning and implementation of actions
    to reduce the environmental impacts of
    a organization.

   That is: reduce, reuse, recycle, dispose
    of safely.
             Internal Process of a Firm

                                      Products
Energy and
                    Company           Waste energy
Materials
                                      Waste materials

				
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posted:8/8/2012
language:English
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