AGING

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					               AGING

            What is it?

Audio-visual equipment provided through a grant by
      Texas Medical Association Foundation
   Normal Aging
         or

Sequelae of disease
             AGING


          Normal Aging


Gradual diminution in function with age
           AGING




When does it become important?
  AGING




Measuring aging
     NORMAL AGING
             OVERALL

Decreased Height       Increase in fat to lean
                       body mass ratio
Decreased Weight
                        Increased wrinkling
Decreased body water
 NORMAL AGING

           Skin

Thinning          Atrophy of sweat glands
   NORMAL AGING
           Cardiovascular
 Elongation and tortuosity of arteries
Increased intimal thickening of arteries

      Fibrosis of media of arteries

         Sclerosis of heart valves
   NORMAL AGING
             Kidney


Increased number of abnormal glomeruli
NORMAL AGING
        LUNGS

  Decreased elasticity

Decreased activity of cilia
NORMAL AGING
 GASTROINTESTINAL

Decreased hydrochloric acid


      Fewer taste buds
NORMAL AGING
     SKELETON

 Loss of bone substance

       Osteoarthritis
NORMAL AGING

        EYES

      Arcus senilis

  Decreased pupil size

      Changes in lens
   NORMAL AGING
               EARS
 Degenerative changes in ossicles

Partial obstruction of eustachian tubes

   Atrophy of cochlear hair cells

        Loss of auditory neurons
NORMAL AGING


 IMMUNE SYSTEM

 Decreased T Cell activity

 Lower levels of antibodies
NORMAL AGING

 NERV OUS SYSTEM

  Decreased brain weight

 Decreased cortical cell count
 NORMAL AGING
    ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Decreased thyroid hormone

  Decreased sex hormones
     Increased insulin
  Increased norepinephrine
     Increased vasopressin
   Increased parathormone
BIOLOGICAL
  AGING
Theories
VARIATIONS
Geriatric Problems
Immobility
Instability
Incontinence
Intellectual impairment
Infection
Impairment of vision or hearing
Irritable colon
Geriatric Problems

    Isolation
    Inanition
    Impecunity
    Iatrogenesis
    Insomnia
    Immune deficiency
    Impotence
AGING
AGING
AGING
         Prevention


Can we prevent or postpone aging?
LIFESTYLE CHANGES
    More exercise
    Balanced diet
    No smoking
     Limited alcohol
     Weight control
 EXERCISE


Aerobic vs anaerobic
         DIET

Fruits

     Vegetables

            Whole grains
     SMOKING

#1 cause of premature death

Damages most organ systens

 #1 cause of disability
ALCOHOL


 Paradox
WEIGHT CONTROL

     + or - 10% ideal

+ or - 20% = Trouble in River City
PREVENTABLE DISEASES
 Immunize
        Influenza
         Tetanus
         Pneumococcus
         Hepatitis B
         Measles, mumps, chicken pox
          Special vaccines and medications
          for travel to exotic places
  Early detection
  Annual mammogram

       Pap smear

Colon, rectal cancer screening

  Prostate cancer screening

      Lipid problems

				
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posted:8/8/2012
language:English
pages:40