World History Chapter 8 Study Guide
1. The Ottoman Empire was largely located in the modern day country of
2. Recruited from the local Christian population in the Balkans, the janissaries were
converted to Islam and trained as foot soldiers or administrators to serve the sultan.
3. The Ottoman central government appointed officials called ____.
4. The hereditary nature of the position of sultan
led to struggles over succession between the sons of the sultan.
5. What was the name of the group of Ottoman religious advisers that administered the legal system and schools for
6. Under Shah Abbas, the Safavid dynasty
reached the high point of its glory.
7. The Safavid rulers were eagerly supported by the Shiites, who believed
that Shah Ismail was a direct successor of the prophet Muhammad.
8. Who established the Mogul dynasty?
9. Sir Robert Clive was an aggressive British empire builder who
was empowered by the British crown to fight any force that threatened the East India
Company’s power in India.
10. Shah Jahan had the ____ built in Agra in memory of his wife.
11. Under the leadership of ____, the Ottomans conquered Constantinople and gained dominance over the Balkans and
the Anatolian Peninsula.
12. “Gunpowder empires” were empires that
were formed by outside conquerors who unified the regions they conquered.
13. The greatest of all Ottoman architects, ____ built 81 mosques.
14. The ____ brought an era of unity to the subcontinent of India in the 1600s.
15. Riza-i-Abbasi, the most famous painter of the Safavid Era,
created exquisite works on simple subjects, such as oxen plowing.
16. What two elements helped Akbar gain control of almost all of India?
Heavy artillery and successful negotiators
17. Local officials, known as ____ , kept a portion of the taxes paid by the peasants in lieu of a salary.
18. What Mogul school of painting combined Persian with Indian motifs?
19. Constantinople was later renamed ____________________.
20. The ____________________ was the residence of the sultan and his wives.
21. The ____________________ took control of Persia at the beginning of the sixteenth century.
22. Pressure to conform to traditional religious beliefs, or religious ____________________, increased under the
23. After the death of ____________________, the Safavid dynasty gradually lost its vigor.
24. Two outstanding products of the Persians were woven silk and ____________________.
25. In India, the practice of ____________________ required a widow to be cremated along with her husband.
26. The Ottoman Turks conquered all of the following EXCEPT
27. The Ottoman Empire preferred to
administer their lands through local rulers and pashas.
28. The Ottoman Empire after the death of Süleyman was hurt by all of the following EXCEPT
the sack of Constantinople.
29. Ottoman Turk mosques were designed with
domes and minarets.
30. Ottoman art included
a. distinctive woven rugs.
31. The Shiites believed that the shah was
a direct successor of Muhammad.
32. Safavid shahs did all of the following EXCEPT
follow Roman laws.
33. Trade goods in the Safavid empire were carried on a road system that was
fairly safe and enhanced with rest stops.
34. Paintings by Riza-i-Abbasi were characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
35. The most influential and important ruler of the Mogul Empire who was known for his religious tolerance was
36. The Moguls in India were foreigners who were also
37. By the late eighteenth century, Mogul prosperity was shaken by
38. Local, lower-ranking officials called zamindars did all of the following EXCEPT
keep part of the taxes they collected.
39. Babur’s forces entered India through the
40. The British successes in India were achieved through the military genius of
Sir Robert Clive.
41. In what city would you find the Hagia Sophia?
42. Which city is considered the holiest according to Islam?
43. What was the company that the British established in India for trading purposes?
III. DBQ. Read the passage and then answer the questions that follow.
“There are in the city besides the Turks, countless Jews, or Marrani expelled from
Spain; these are they who have taught and who are teaching every useful art to the
Turks; and the greater part of the shops and arts are kept and exercised by these
Marrani. There is a place which is called Bezestan, where they sell and buy all sorts
of cloth and Turkish wares, silks, stuffs, linens, silver, wrought gold, bows, slaves,
and horses; and in short all the things that are to be found in Constantinople are
brought there to market: this, except for Friday, is open every day.”
44. From where were the Jews who lived in Constantinople expelled?
a. Hungary c. Germany
b. Spain d. Italy
45. According to this passage, what is Bezestan?
a. a government building c. a market
b. a mosque d. a private residence