Succession Lesson- Teacher Notes
1. Define equilibrium and succession on worksheet
2. Partner Reading of Chapter 21, Section 1 (p. 616-619)
3. Sequence succession cards (Prep by cutting cards and placing in plastic baggies)
4. Students take turns describing succession occurring in succession cards using succession terms on
worksheet. (Emphasize that students should use succession terms to describe the events occurring over
time in the pictures.)
5. As group, have student volunteers display their succession cards in order under Elmo and describe what
is occurring on the cards using succession terms. (Be sure to mention that cards represent passage over
time & which ones represent primary and secondary succession- such as the presence and absence of
6. As a group, place succession terms in order to use as outline for succession journal entry. (Correct order
b. Primary Succession
c. Pioneer Species
g. Secondary Succession
k. Climax Community
7. Succession Journal Entry
8. Succession Mini-Quiz
Teacher recommendations for mixed-ability classes:
1. Allow students to complete order of terms during reading.
2. Create a concept map to show flow of terms rather than an order (maybe use Inspiration as class).
3. Post-Test to be given following day to test retention.
4. Bring in rocks with lichen for identification/recognition.
5. Make succession flip books with pictures and terms for student product.
6. Movie Fantasia has a short clip of succession.
Define the following terms.
Place the following succession terms in order according to the Glencoe reading (Chapter 20, Section 1) pages
_____ Pioneer Species
_____ Climax Community
_____ Primary Succession
_____ Secondary Succession
Succession Journal Entry
Write a paragraph in complete sentences using the following prompt. Include all of the succession terms.
Underline each term in your paragraph.
Describe the sequence of events that occur in an ecosystem after a volcanic eruption.
1. What would be the best description of ecological succession?
a. The ways that consumers live together
b. The pattern of energy flow in an environment
c. The changes that an ecosystem goes through as it develops
d. The relationships between living and non-living parts of an ecosystem
2. An ecosystem that has its biotic and abiotic components in balance is said to be-
b. In equilibrium
c. In primary succession
3. Which of the answer selections below sequences (puts in order) the diagrams to show
the process of ecological succession happening in an ecosystem?
a. Z, W, X, Y
b. Y, X, W, Z
c. X, Y, W, Z
d. W, Z, Y, X