CO-OPERATIVE AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION by DC3njpl

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									  CO-OPERATIVE AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION.

       (A CASE STUDY OF THE CONTRIBUTION

  TOWARDS POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN ENUGU

                                STATE)

                        TABLE OF CONTENTS



Title Page   `                              ii

Approval Page                               iii

Dedication                                  iv

Acknowledgement                             v

Abstract                                    vi

Table Of Contents                           vii

CHAPTER ONE

1.1   Introduction                          1

1.2   Background Of The Study               1

1.3   Statement Of The Study                3

1.4   Purpose Of The Study                  4


                                                  1
1.5   Significance Of The Study                           5

1.6   Research Question                                   5

1.7   Limitations of the study.                           6

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review                                         8

2.1   Meaning Of Co-Operative                             8

2.2   What Is Poverty                                     9

2.3   The Effects Of Poverty                              12

2.4   How Co-Operative Can Be Used To Alleviate Poverty   14

2.5   Types Of Co-Operative                               16

2.6   Importance Of Co-Operative                          18

CHAPTER THREE

Research Design And Methodology                           20

3.1   Research Design                                     20

3.2   Method Of Data Collection                           21

3.3   Population Of The Study                             21

3.4   Sample Size                                         22

3.5   Method Of Data Analysis                             23


                                                               2
CHAPTER FOUR

Data Analysis / Presentation   24

4.1   Research Questions       24



CHAPTER FIVE

Findings And Discussions       28

5.1   Summary Of Findings      29

5.2   Recommendations          30

5.3   Conclusion               32




                                    3
                               CHAPTER ONE



                              INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

      In this chapter, the following issues will be discussed: Background of the

study, Statement of the problems, Purpose of the study, Research questions,

Scope of the study, Limitations of the study etc.

      Co-operatives is sometimes regarded as an autonomous association of

persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural

needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically controlled

enterprise. They are based on values of self help, democracy, equality, equity

and solidarity. Co-operative members believe in ethical values of honesty,

openness, social responsibility and caring for others.

      However, people pool themselves and their resources together as a result

of their inability to solve their problems by themselves. This inability of

individuals militates against the economic development of the society and this

leads to the common man. Adequate measure and policy should be put in place

as a solution. The government of Nigeria has tried to alleviate poverty through


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the introduction of several programmes and measures. To better the lives of the

masses the Nigeria government a lot of programme such as Family Support

Programme (FSP). Better Life Programme for the Rural Women (BLW).

Family Economic Advancement Programme (FEAP)etc. The government had

also intensified co-operative society as channel through which these

programmes could be implemented properly. Co-operative is also seen as the

means through government incentives and aids can get to the grass roots level

and proper result achieved.

      It is however at this point that this project tends to review the role of co-

operative in poverty alleviation.

Many advance societies have embraced the co-operative form of enterprise

while other are embracing it at a fast rate. This is based on the belief that the

organization has a lot to offer. No doubt, co-operative can enhance the standard

of living of people. Historically, co-operatives have developed in response to

some difficult situation. The under-privileged people can gather together to

protect themselves by providing things through joint action.




                                                                                 5
      The general low income of most people in the rural areas is a pre-

requisite for group action. Co-operative organization is seen by the government

as a tool that is capable of supplementing government efforts in raising

developmental capital and thereby assisting the growth of the economics.



1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

      Poverty no doubt militates against economic development and it is also

one of the causes of the suffering of the masses hunger mass exploitation and

other social problems such as prostitution, bribery, rituals, armed robbery,

adulteration of goods and services, corrupt practices, drug addiction, frustration

illiteracy, child abuse, high morality rate and other corrupt practices which

people engage themselves in other to get rich quick.

      Poverty in its simplest term means people with low income. Infact, the

concept of the poverty has been a topic of debate in the past and in the present.

The place of co-operative in the developed nations.

      Co-operative in developing nations is trying to bring job opportunities

can be created by co-operative. Directly and indirectly co-operative can




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improve standard of living and among others. Co-operative is no doubt can

contribute to poverty alleviation.

1.3        PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

           The major aim of this project is to bring to x-ray the role of co-operative

in alleviation of poverty in Enugu state.

Specifically, this project also aim at:

      1.      To show the relationship between government and co-operative

              societies toward poverty alleviation.

      2.      To show the importance / role of co-operative in poverty alleviation.

      3.      To approve yet co-operative is the medium through which the weak

              and oppressed members of the society can reach the government

      4.      To examine the involvement of co-operative in implementing

              government programme on poverty alleviation.

      5.      To enlighten to the people on the importance of group effort.

      6.      To identify co-operative activities that can create job opportunities,

              reduce poverty, increase the standard of living and ultimately reduce

              mass illiteracy etc.

      7.      To identify the type of co-operative.


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1.4        SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY.

           The following are the significance of this research.

It is significant to policy makers who may be interested in formulating policy

in poverty alleviation.

It is significant to the general public who may discover what their co-operative

can do to change the lives. Other researchers will definitely benefit. This, it

will provide source for other researchers on the same and related topics.

           It is important to the co-operative movement thus useful information

revealed will project the movement.

1.5        RESEARCH QUESTION.

      The researcher is not left. It forms part of the requirements for the award of

National Diploma. The research questions include the following:

      1.      What does one achieve from co-operative society?

      2.      What percentage of those in Enugu state belongs to low income,

              middle and high level?

      3.      What categories of people constitute majority of the co-operative

              society?


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      4.      How does the co-operative society reduce the level of illiteracy?

      5.      Do you think co-operative can really alleviate poverty?

      6.      What motivated you to join co-operative society?

      7.      What are the activities of co-operative in Enugu state.

1.6        SCOPE OF THE STUDY

           The scope of this research is to redress how co-operative society can be

an instrument for poverty alleviation in Enugu state. The contribution of co-

operative in alleviating poverty in Enugu state will be discussed. Ministry of

Manpower Development and poverty Reduction co-operative decision will be

restored as well as members and executives members of selected co-operative

societies.

1.7        LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

           There are some difficulties that militates against the study such as time

and the gathering of research materials. Lack of materials in the school library

as a whole is very big hindrance to the research work.

There are other factors such as lack of finance.




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Apathy on the part of some of some respondents. These limitations not

withstanding the data collected are without bias and relevant to the research

study.




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