effective motivational programmes and productivity in government parastatals by DC3njpl

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									                            TABLE OF CONTENT



Title page

Approval

Dedication.

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of content

List of table



CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION

1.1   A brief historical background of the Imo state health management board

1.2    Statements of problem.

1.3    Research questions

1.4     Purpose/ significant of the study

1.5    Assumptions of the study

1.6   limitation of the study

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1.6    Definition of terms



CHAPTER TWO

2.0    Literature review

2.1    The concept of motivation

2.2    What is motivation

2.3    Definition of motivation

2.4    The importance of motivation

2.5    Theories of motivation

2.6    The concept theories

i.     Douglas H. gregor’s theories x and Y

ii.    Abraham H Maslow’s need of hierarchy theory

iii.   Fredrick Herzberg’s two factor theory

iv.    David Mc cleland needs theory of motivation

v.     C.P Alerfer’s era theory of motivation

vi     Elton mayo’s human relations theory of motivation

vii.   The equity theory

2.5.2 other motivation factor

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i.    The expectancy theory
ii.   Summary of literature review
Reference



CHAPTER THREE

3.0   RESEARCH DESIGN & METHODOLOGY

3.1 Data selection

3.2   Determination of sample size

3.3   Sources of data

3.4   Methods of data analysis


CHAPTER FOUR

4.0   FINDING AND ANALYSIS OF DATA


CHAPTER FIVE

5.0    Summary of research finding
5.1   Recommendation
5.2   Conclusions
Appendix
Appendix I letter of authority
Appendix II questionnaires

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                                 CHAPTER ONE



1.0 INTRODUCTION.


   There is clearly and widely accepted belief that the economy of this

counting is weak. This has in effect caused such as untold economic hardship

to the populace, such that has never been experienced in the history of Nigeria

since its independence. It is an acknowledged view that the economy of the

entire world is undergoing recessional period. This is much noticeable and

hard- feet in the third world countries of which Nigeria is one.

Nigeria is much up of thirty- six (36) state and Abuja as the federal Capital

territory (FTC) and she practices mixed economy ideology system. This is an

inheritance from her colonial masters. This resulted to her economic structure

in relation to ownership of factors of production being divided into sectors.

Earlier before the outset of the third commendable and the standard of living

was fairly high, as the purchasing power of our currency was also high. The

factors that led into the buoyancy were the revenue that was constantly earned

from the sales of crude oil.


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The second factor was that the nation’s agricultural productivity was also

higher than what is obtainable now. Some of the resultant effect of high flow of

revenue from crude oil was that people became reluctant to work and displayed

a great deal of non- chalet attitude towards the continuation of their agriculture

and small sale industrial operations. This subsequently led to a decrease in

productivity of goods and services. It further resulted in an increased

dependence on imported oil. Thus, there existed a great disparity between our

foreign exchange earnings and our expenditure of which the later was greater.

The emergence of the oil, glut, made it clear that Nigerian’s economy is

hanging on a balance. This situation led to the introduction of the structural

Adjustment programmes other wise known as ‘SAP’ by the Babangide

administration. This was designed to help bring the rumblings economy its

shape. The main strategy here is to reduce the rush for foreign goods, increase

production locally and to restructure the entire economy to operate at a greater

degree of indecency from foreign influence. The role of effective management

of financial, material and human resources cannot therefore be underestimated

as one of the means of achieving these economic goals. The government is

doing her best through viable policy plans and strategies to influxes substantial

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materials and financial resources of the two arms in production and ultimate

economic stability.

On the note, its very important to recognize that for economic growth to be

achieved, full and effective consideration must be given to the well being of the

individual workers that required to carryout their respective activities in the

economic system. When workers are being taken care of, there is the tendency

for increased productivity. If productivity increases, there will be the urge for

generating more revenue (that is profit) from taxes to the government.

Undertaking higher motivational programmes on the individual workers can

only do this as it effects human resources management among other factors of

production.

It is the objectives of the study to examine the extent if positive effect that

could be achieved through effective motivational programmes on productivity

unique semi- independent government sector called prostates.



1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

There is an ‘Igbo’ adage which says that ‘a collectively owned goat starves to

death’. But why? This adage goes to explain the differences that have been

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existing in efficiency, effectiveness and productivity between the private

owned and government establishments.

The main functional area of these parastatals is centered on provision of

services of various types such as healthcare, information dissemination,

electricity supply and so on. Competition between these private organizations

that offer the same services in the parastatals and the parastatals themselves

therefore exists.

People seems to patrnize private sectors than the public sectors, Reasons, being

that the private sectors that offer similar services are more efficient and also

offer them with keen interest. Typical examples are a situation where people

patronize private owned hospitals. The question now is ‘why do people drift

away from patronizing public set up.’?

A caused interview confirmed some serious complaints by the members of the

public over the uncaring and non-chalet attitudes of these government hospital

workers.

Conversely, a very close fact finding investigation within the workers

confirmed these allegation further questioning as to why workers behave that

way, gave the investigator these impressions and they include the following;

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- High degree of frustration and stigma in the work place.

- Wrong timing in administration of salaries, wages and fringe benefits

      and other various ills that have befallen the workers which involve

      bribery, corruption, inefficiency and ultimately downward plunging of

      productivity which would continue unless something is done to remedy

      these problems.



1.3         RESEACH QUESTIONS.

-Is motivation really a means of achieving the desired result in an

organization?


- Dose it mean that effectiveness of production depends on the motivated

      factors of employees?

- Has efficiency be improved since some motivated system was

      introduced?




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1.4      PURPOSE / SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY.

The basic motive of this study is to find out the role which effective

motivational programmes have played in the continues decrease in

productivity in government parastatals, despite that the government has

from time to time invested a substantial amount of financial, material and

human resources in them.

Furthermore, the purpose of this study is also to look into the internal

components of these human resources with special reference to the

motivational efforts made by the management for the workers which will

ultimately determine their behavior and attitude to work. The efficient and

effective utilization of mind and motivation.

Lab our is the most sensitive factor of production. It is human and it needs

substantial economic, social and spiritual support to survive. Therefore, it is

important to observe the efficient success and survival of other factors of

production and the organization as a whole.

The ultimate achievement of goals and objectives of an organization is to

maximize profit with the available lab our given them the required thins to

motivate them.

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SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY.

The main reason why this research is carried out in wider perspectives is the

researcher’s concern over the wider spread outcry by the entire populace of this

country over the present state of the economy. In the light of this, both

individuals and governments towards reviving the determine are making

various efforts and sacrifices are being made by both individuals and

governments towards reviving the deteriorating economy.

Psychologically, people’s attitude towards work desire for personal betterment

and achievement, and confidence in future, affects a nation’s economic growth

by learning what kind of attitude and motivations people have on the kind of

effect upon economic behavior and status.

Therefore, high productivity is a vital component of a growing economy and

all avenues must be exploited towards achieving this objective.

The need for the study therefore, becomes stronger and consequently

concentrates on the desire to find out how and to what extent effective

motivational programmes could help in making workers to increase their

productivity.



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1.5      ASSUMPTION OF THE STUDY

Low productivity could be traced to be caused by many economic variables

such as lackadaisical attitude of the workers, which would be due to lack of

motivation.

Hence the researcher assumes the following;


      - That through adequate budgetary, allocations and subsidies these

         parastatals are provided with adequate financial resources.

      - That the government makes every effort to provide all the material

         resources required to maintain the efficient and effective functioning of

         these parastatals.

      - That the lab our –factor component of the parastatals are knowledgeable,

         skilled and experienced enough and that their job allocations are unique

         with their personal potentials.

      - That the public will be willing to patronize these parastatals if they were

         assured of adequate and efficient services commensurate with the value

         of their income expended for such services.




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1.6    LIMITATIONS OF SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is carried out with the geographical boundaries of Imo State of

Nigeria. The focus of study in the wider economic perspective is the public arm

of the economy, owned and controlled by the government, which operate under

the name ‘parastatals.’ The parastatals, which is selected as a case study of this

research is in Imo State Management Board.



1.7    DEFFINITION OF TERMS.

1)     MOTIVATION: This is an individual’s inner state that causes the

      person to behave in a way that ensures the accomplishment of some

      goals.

2)     MANAGEMENT: Is the process of reaching the organizational goal by

      working with and through people and other organizational resources.


3)    MOTIVATION STRENTH: This is an individual’s degree of desire to

      perform a behavior.


4)     MOTIVATION FACTORS: These are the set of items that influence

      the degree of job satisfaction.

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5)    ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS: This refers to the degree to

      which the organization accomplishes its objectives.


6)    PRODUCTIVITY This is the relating of input to output to defect

      whether the organization is moving forward or not.


7)    EQUITY: This is the right an ordinary shareholder has to the share in

      the profit of the organization.


8)    RESEARCH: This is part of the company’s activities concerned with
      discovering new products for the company and for making technical
      improvements in existing ones.
9)    HERARCHY OF NEEDS: By maslow’s ‘state of Human Needs’ he
      described hierarchy of needs as the arrangement of human needs in an
      order in which individuals generally strive to satisfy themselves. And
      these needs are arranged in a hierarchy of importance as follow;
      Physiological needs security, Security needs social, social needs Esteem,
      and Esteem needs Self- actualization.



10)   ORGANIZATION: This is the act of integrating and co-coordinating

      the efforts of different individual and gives purpose to there efforts in

      terms of objectives to be accomplished.
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