Tajikistan by 28G69v

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									                                               Overview
                   Country                                           Tajikistan

                                    1/ Background Statistics
Human development index rank                      112 1
GNI per capita (PPP in US$)                       2,020 1
Life expectancy at birth (years)                  67.3 1

Mean years of schooling (years)                   9.8 1

Expected years of schooling (years)               11.4 1

Total population                                  6,879,000 2
                                      2/ Disability Statistics
Population of persons with disabilities           104,272 3, a
Proportion of persons with disabilities to
                                                  ..
total population
Employment rate of persons with
                                                  ..
disabilities
Access to education                               ..
                                             3/ Definitions
                                                  Law No. 458 on Social Protection of the
                                                  Disabled in the Republic of Tajikistan defines a
Definition of disability
                                                  ‘disabled person’ as a person with physical,
                                                  intellectual or mental abnormality.
Definition of persons with disabilities           ..
                                                  The Law on Pensions for the Republic of
                                                  Tajikistan Citizens (Chapter 3, Article 22)
                                                  establishes three Groups of disability depending
                                                  on the degree of lost ability to work.

                                                  Group I includes people with the highest loss of
                                                  ability to work. Within the structure of primary
                                                  disability, the proportion of this category of
Categories of impairment                          persons with disabilities who suffer from grave
                                                  forms of disability is around 9-11 per cent.
                                                  Group I persons with disabilities require care
                                                  and control by others working in special
                                                  conditions at their homes, in cooperatives or
                                                  associations of disabled workers, or in
                                                  enterprises established for persons with visual
                                                  impairment.
                                              Overview
                 Country                                            Tajikistan
                                                Group II persons with disabilities suffer from a
                                                significant loss of functional abilities and a full
                                                loss of working ability. However, persons with
                                                disabilities of this Group have the ability to care
                                                for themselves and do not require the control or
                                                care of others.

                                                Group III persons with disabilities are
                                                characterized by a partial loss of the ability to
                                                work. These persons with disabilities are able to
                                                and must work. A person with disabilities’
                                                profession, level of education, as well as age
                                                and working conditions are considered when
                                                determining if they qualify for this level of
                                                disability.

                                                Disabilities categorized by cause are as follows:
                                                1. Congenital and post-natal (Children with
                                                Disabilities; up to 14 years old)
                                                2. Injuries sustained at the work place
                                                3. Diseases sustained at the work place
                                                4. Chronic diseases
                                                5. Military trauma
                                                6. Injuries sustained during military service or in
                                                connection to armed conflicts
                                                7. Diseases resulting from exposure to the
                                                Chernobyl catastrophe

                                                Diseases, trauma, or innate pathologies that
                                                cause disabilities are as follows:
                                                1. Tuberculosis
                                                2. Mental problems
                                                3. Nervous system problems
                                                4. Malignant neoplasm
                                                5. Respiratory system diseases
                                                6. Digestion diseases
                                                7. Anatomical abnormalities
                 4/ Commitment to International Instruments on Disability
Ratification or signatory of the Convention
on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities      No 4
(CRPD), and its Optional Protocol
Ratification of ILO Convention 159              Ratified Convention on 26 November 1993 5
Ratification or signatory of the Convention
                                                No 6
on Cluster Munitions
                                              Overview
                  Country                                           Tajikistan
Ratification or signatory of the Convention
on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling,
                                                Ratified Convention on 12 October 1999 7
Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel
Mines and on their Destruction
                                      5/ Legal Framework
Constitutional provisions                       ..
Disability-specific laws
Comprehensive                                   ..
Sectoral                                        Cover:
Disability-inclusive laws                       ..
                                      6/ Policy Framework
Disability-specific policies
Comprehensive                                   ..
Sectoral                                        ..
Disability-inclusive                            ..
                                   7/ Institutional Framework
The national coordination mechanism or
                                                ..
disability focal point
  Sources:

      1. United Nations Development Programme (2010). Human Development Report 2010
         (New York, UNDP).
      2. United Nations (2011). World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, accessed from
         http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/index.htm on 29 July 2011.
      3. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) (2002) Country Profile on Disability:
         Republic of Tajikistan, accessed from
         http://gwweb.jica.go.jp/km/FSubject0601.nsf/3b8a2d403517ae4549256f2d002e1dcc/54a
         619bb76fd92034925727d0008246b/$FILE/Tajikistan(2002).pdf on 29 July 2011.
      4. United Nations (2011). “Convention and Optional Protocol Signatures and Ratifications”,
         on the United Nations Enable website, accessed from
         www.un.org/disabilities/countries.asp?navid=12&pid=166 on 17 October 2011.
      5. International Labour Organization (2011). “Convention No. C 159”, accessed
         from www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/ratifce.pl?C159 on 17 October 2011.
      6. Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) (2008). “Ratifications and Signatures”, accessed
         from www.clusterconvention.org/ratifications-and-signatures on 17 October 2011.
      7. Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-
         Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (1997). “State Parties and Signatories”,
         accessed from
         www.unog.ch/80256EE600585943/(httpPages)/6E65F97C9D695724C12571C0003D09E
         F?OpenDocument on 17 October 2011.
Notes:

     a. Registered at the beginning of year 2000.


                                      Comprehensive

                                       1. Definitions
     a) Disability

       Law No. 458 on Social Protection of the Disabled in the Republic of Tajikistan
defines a ‘disabled person’ as a person with physical, intellectual or mental abnormality.

     b) Persons with disabilities

..

     c) Categories of impairment

       The Law on Pensions for the Republic of Tajikistan Citizens (Chapter 3, Article
22) establishes three Groups of disability depending on the degree of lost ability to work.

         Group I includes people with the highest loss of ability to work. Within the
structure of primary disability, the proportion of this category of persons with disabilities
who suffer from grave forms of disability is around 9-11 per cent. Group I persons with
disabilities require care and control by others working in special conditions at their
homes, in cooperatives or associations of disabled workers, or in enterprises established
for persons with visual impairment.

         Group II persons with disabilities suffer from a significant loss of functional
abilities and a full loss of working ability. However, persons with disabilities of this Group
have the ability to care for themselves and do not require the control or care of others.

         Group III persons with disabilities are characterized by a partial loss of the ability
to work. These persons with disabilities are able to and must work. A person with
disabilities’ profession, level of education, as well as age and working conditions are
considered when determining if they qualify for this level of disability.

Disabilities categorized by cause are as follows:
1. Congenital and post-natal (Children with Disabilities; up to 14 years old)
2. Injuries sustained at the work place
3. Diseases sustained at the work place
4. Chronic diseases
5. Military trauma
6. Injuries sustained during military service or in connection to armed conflicts
7. Diseases resulting from exposure to the Chernobyl catastrophe

Diseases, trauma, or innate pathologies that cause disabilities are as follows:
1. Tuberculosis
2. Mental problems
3. Nervous system problems
4. Malignant neoplasm
5. Respiratory system diseases
6. Digestion diseases
7. Anatomical abnormalities


                                 2. Legal framework

     a) Constitutional provisions

..

     b) Disability-specific laws and regulations

     i. Comprehensive disability-specific laws and regulations

        Law No. 458 on Social Protection of the Disabled in the Republic of
         Tajikistan
         [English] – [Tajik]

        Law No. 459 on the social defense of Persons with Disabilities, 1991
         [English] – [Tajik]

        The law aims for social defense of persons with disabilities, creation of equal
opportunities between persons with disabilities and the non-disabled, and the realization
of rights and freedom by removing limitations on the lives of persons with disabilities.
The law guarantees a wide range of rights and privileges for persons with disabilities.

     ii. Sectoral disability-specific laws and regulations

     c) Disability-inclusive laws and regulations

        Law no. 797 on Pensions for Tajikistan Citizens, 1993
         [English] – [Tajik]

        Law on Veterans
         [English] – [Tajik]

        Law no. 517 on State Social Insurance, 1997
         [English] – [Tajik]

        Law no. 1106 on Pension for Military Servicemen, 1994
         [English] – [Tajik]

        Law no. 419 on Protection of the Health of Population, 1997
         [English] – [Tajik]

        Labor Code no. 417, 1997
         [English] – [Tajik]
        Tax Code, 1998
         [English] – [Tajik]

         The Tax Code prescribes tax privileges and exempts persons with disabilities
related to profit, surplus value, earth tax, transport means belonging to persons with
disabilities, and organizations for persons with disabilities and supported by persons with
disabilities.


                                 3. Policies and plans

     a) Disability-specific policies and plans

     i. Comprehensive disability-specific policies and plans

..

     ii. Sectoral disability-specific policies and plans

..

     b) Disability-inclusive policies and plans

..


              4. Institutional framework and Government focal point

        Ministry of Health

        Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare

        Ministry of Education


                                     5. Useful links

..


                                     6. References

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) (2002) Country Profile on Disability:
Republic of Tajikistan, accessed from
http://gwweb.jica.go.jp/km/FSubject0601.nsf/3b8a2d403517ae4549256f2d002e1dcc/54a
619bb76fd92034925727d0008246b/$FILE/Tajikistan(2002).pdf on 29 July 2011.

                                                           Last updated: 17 October 2011.

								
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