AP European History Study Guide Chapter 18
This study guide is to help you get ready for the test. Some of the information asked is found in the notes, and some
in the textbook. This is typical of MOST college classes and this style of study guide is designed to prepare you!
Also, while most test questions come from this guide, anything in the notes and textbook could be on the test!
You MUST do this study guide for points! You may NOT type this study guide out! You also MUST do the
practice for the essay questions. Write the answers in YOUR OWN WORDS. This will help you to remember and
understand the material. To receive full credit, you must do all parts of the question, not just the first basic question.
This test WILL have an FRQ! You must do the brainstorming for points!
The Crisis of the French Monarchy
1) Why was the French Estates General summoned after the Seven Years’ War?
2) What were the French parlements?
a. Who did they represent?
3) Who was Jacques Necker (1732-1804)?
4) Who was Charles Alexandre Calonne (1734-1802)?
a. What did he want to accomplish?
b. Was he successful - why/why not?
The Revolution of 1789
1) What was the Estates General?
a. Who made up each estate?
2) How did the aristocracy try to limit the power of the Third Estate?
3) Who was Abbe Sieyes?
a. What did he write? Quote?
4) What was included in the Cahiers de Doleances?
5) What was the Tennis Court Oath?
6) Why did Parisians attack the Bastille in 1789?
a. What was the result?
7) What was the Great Fear?
a. What was the result of this event?
8) What happened economically to the peasants in 1789?
9) Who wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen?
a. What did it state and who did it exclude?
10) Why did the Parisian women march to Versailles?
a. What was the result of the march?
The Reconstruction of France
11) What type of government was pursued by the National Constituent Assembly?
12) What was an “active citizen” as defined by the Constitution of 1791?
a. Out of France’s population of 25 million, how many citizens were considered “active”?
13) Who was Olympe de Gouges and what did she write?
14) What was the Chapelier Law and why was it enacted?
15) What were assignats?
16) What was the Civil Constitution of the Clergy?
a. How did the Roman Catholic Church and its members react to it?
17) Who were the émigrés?
The End of the Monarchy: A Second Revolution
18) Who were the Jacobins?
a. What did they desire?
19) Who were the Girondists?
a. What did they desire?
20) What were the September Massacres?
21) Who were the sans-culottes?
a. What did they want?
22) Why was Louis XIV tried?
a. What was he convicted of?
b. What name was he given and what was the result of the trial?
Europe at War with the Revolution
23) Who was Edmund Burke?
a. What did he write?
b. What were his beliefs towards the French Revolution?
The Reign of Terror
24) By 1793, which countries were at war with France?
a. Why did the Reign of Terror begin?
25) What was the Committee of Public Safety?
a. What was their goal?
26) What was the Levee en Masse?
27) What was the idea behind the Republic of Virtue?
a. Who was their main influence?
28) Who was Maximilien Robespierre?
a. What actions did he take during the revolution?
b. How did he die?
29) What was the Law of 22 Prairial?
30) What was the Cult of the Supreme Being?
The Thermidorian Reaction
31) What was the Thermidorian Reaction?
a. What were its results?
32) Who benefited the most from the revolution and why?
33) What was established by the Constitution of the Year III after the revolution?
Possible Essay Topics:
Here is how this is going to work: all of the prompts will deal with the French Revolution in some way.
The following ideas will appear in some way, shape or form. You must brainstorm for them – give
definitions, terms that are related, and possible questions I might ask in relation to the topic.
Causes of the French Revolution
Effects of the Enlightenment
Religion and Society