Skills for a Healthy Life

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					Skills for a Healthy Life

           Chapter 2
What’s Your Health IQ?
   1   =   Never
   2   =   Sometimes
   3   =   Most of the time
   4   =   All of the time
     What’s Your Health IQ?
1. I review all of my choices before I make a decision.
2. I think about the outcome for each possible choice.
3. I make decisions that support my beliefs.
4. I think about the decisions I make afterward so that I
   can learn from them.
5. I stop to think about who might be affected by the
   decisions I make.
6. I usually ask for advice when I have a tough decision to
   make.
7. If I make a bad decision, I try to correct any problem my
   decision caused.
Building Life Skills

           Chapter 2.1
2.1 Objectives
   State the importance of practicing life
    skills for lifelong wellness.
   List 10 life skills that you need for a
    healthy life.
   Predict how you can use each of the
    10 life skills in your daily life.
      2.1 Key Terms –
      Cornell Note Taking Style (CNS)

What is a Life Skill?   A tool for building a healthy life


What is coping?         Dealing w/problems & troubles in
                        an effective way

What is a consumer?     A person who buys products or
                        services
     2.1 Key Terms con’t.–
     Cornell Note Taking Style (CNS)

What is the Media?    All public forms of
                      communication, ex:
                      TV, radio, Internet, Newspaper,
                      advertisements, billboards,
                      movies, bumper stickers

What is a Resource?   Something that you can use that
                      helps you achieve a goal
          1.    Communicating Effectively
(CNS)     2.    Practicing Wellness
          3.    Coping
          4.    Being a Wise Consumer
What      5.    Evaluating Media Messages
are       6.    Assessing Your Health
the 10    7.    Using Community Resources
Life      8.    Making GREAT Decisions
                Using Refusal Skills
Skills?   9.

          10.   Setting Goals
1. Assessing Your Health
   How do you know if you are doing the
    right thing for your health?
   This life skill will help you:
       Evaluate your health
       Evaluate how your actions & behaviors
        affect your health
       Enable you to find out what you need to do
        to improve your health
2. Communicating Effectively
   Knowing how to listen & speak
    effectively
   These skills will help improve your
    relationships with your
       family,
       classmates,
       teachers & other adults
3. Practicing Wellness
   Examples of healthy behaviors you may
    practice are:
       getting enough sleep,
       choosing nutritious foods, &
       avoiding risky behaviors.
4. Coping
   Dealing with troubles or problems in a
    effective way.
   This life skill will help you deal with:
       difficult times & situations &
       with emotions such as
            anger,
            depression, &
            loss of a loved one.
5. Being a Wise Consumer
   A consumer is a person who buys
    products or services.
   This life skill will help you make good
    decisions when buying health products
    & services.
6. Evaluating Media Messages
   The average number of advertisements a
    person sees in 1 day is 3,000
   The media has a significant influence on what
    you learn about the world.
   This life skill will give you the tools to analyze
    media messages.
   Knowing how to analyze media messages will
    help you make better decisions about your
    health.
7. Using Community Resources
    Every community has a wealth of
     services that provide help for all aspects
     of health (mental & physical)
    This life skill will help you find these
     services
8. Making GREAT Decisions
   This life skill will give you the steps to
    make the right decisions for yourself.
9. Refusal Skills
   This life skill will provide you with
    different ways you can say “no” to
    something you do not want to do.
10. Setting Goals
   This life skill will provide you with tips
    to help you reach your goals.
     Being a Wise Consumer

   What is a      Someone who buys &
    consumer?       uses products &
                    services
What Influences A
Consumer To Buy?
   Your needs, wants and values
   Family
   Advertising
   Society
   Culture
   Financial resources
   Friends
   Interests
   Technology
     Protect Your Privacy!

   What is       The illegal use of an
    Identity       individual’s personal
    Theft?         information.
                  Your wallet or purse containing
                   personal info is stolen
                  Your mail is stolen
                  You complete a change of address
                   form to have your mail sent to
                   another location
   How
                   Your information is taken out of the
    Does
               
                   dumpster
    Identity      Someone looks over your shoulder
    Theft         From your credit receipts
                   Off the internet
    Happen?    

                  Your records at a business are stolen
                  People pose as reps from banks or
                   government agencies to get the
                   information directly from you
                   Don’t give out your S.S. number
                   Don’t give out personal info over
                    the phone, mail, or e-mail
                   Use a secure site when giving info
                    out on the internet
   What can
                    Tear up or shred documents
    you do to
                

                   Change online passwords
    protect         frequently
    yourself?      Keep personal information locked
                    up
                   Make sure no one is watching
                    when you use the ATM machine
Section Review

         Chapter 2.1
2.1 Review – Key Terms
   What is coping?

   Identify the term for “a person who
    buys products & services.

   Identify the term for something that
    you can use to help achieve a goal.
       2.1 Review – Key Ideas
   Summarize the importance of practicing life skills
    for lifelong wellness.

   Name the skill that teaches you good listening skills

   Identify the skill that helps you make good
    decisions when buying health products or services.

   Name the life skill that will help you say no to
    something you don’t want to do.
     2.1 Review – Key Terms
   What is coping?
   Dealing with problems & troubles in an effective
    way
   Identify the term for “a person who buys
    products & services.
   Consumer
   Identify the term for something that you can use
    to help achieve a goal.
   Resource
       2.1 Review – Key Ideas
   Summarize the importance of practicing life skills for
    lifelong wellness.
   Using life skills can help enhance your health throughout
    your lifetime
   Name the skill that teaches you good listening skills
   Communicating Effectively
   Identify the skill that helps you make good decisions when
    buying health products or services.
   Being a Wise Consumer
   Name the life skill that will help you say no to something
    you don’t want to do.
   Refusal Skills
    2.1 Critical Thinking &
    Summary
   Practicing Wellness
       Choose three life skills.
       In your Journal, describe how you
        can apply each of these life skills in
        your life.
   Write 2-3 sentences summarizing
    what you learned in this section.
Making GREAT Decisions

        Chapter 2.2
    2.2 Objectives
   Describe the importance of making
    decisions.
   Summarize what you should do if you
    make a wrong decision
   Apply the Making GREAT Decisions
    model to make a decision
      2.3 Key Terms – Cornell Notes
   What is a        A result of your
    consequence?     actions & decisions

   What is          To work together
    collaboration?   w/one or more
                     people
        Using the Making GREAT
        Decision Model (Cornell NS)
   G       Give thought to the problem
   R       Review your choices
   E       Evaluate the consequences of
            each choice
   A       Assess & choose the best
            choice
   T       Think it over after you’ve made
            your decision
Stop, Think, & Go (CNS)
   STOP    Stop & admit you made a poor
            decision & take responsibility
            for what you’ve done
   THINK   Think about who you can talk
            with to discuss ways to correct
            the situation
   GO      Go & do your best to correct
            the situation.
Section Review

         Chapter 2.2
2.2 Review - Key Terms
1. Identify the term for “a result of your
  actions and decisions.”

2. Define the term collaborate.
     2.2 Review - Key Ideas
3. Describe the importance of making decisions.

4. Identify the steps of the Making GREAT Decisions
  model.

5. Summarize why it is important to think about
  decisions you make afterward.

6. Describe what you can do if you make a wrong
  decision.
      2.2 Review - Key Terms
1. Identify the term for “a result of your actions and
  decisions.”
   Consequence
2. Define the term collaborate.
   To work together w/one or more people
3. Describe the importance of making decisions.
   Because the decisions you make affect your health
    & the health of others
       2.2 Review - Key Ideas
3. Describe the importance of making decisions.
   Because the decisions you make affect your health
    & the health of others
4. Identify the steps of the Making GREAT Decisions
  model.
   Give thought to the problem
   Review your choice
   Evaluate the consequences of each choice
   Assess & choose the best choice
   Think it over after you’ve made your choice
       2.2 Review - Key Ideas
5. Summarize why it is important to think about
  decisions you make afterward.
   So you can learn from the experience & use
    what you learned the next time you make a
    decision.
6. Describe what you can do if you make a wrong
  decision.
   STOP & admit that you made a bad decision,
   THINK about who you can talk w/about the
    correcting the situation, then
   GO & do your best to correct the situation.
      2.2 Critical Thinking &
      Summary
   Apply the Making GREAT Decisions model to
    a situation in which you need to make a
    decision.

   Describe a time when you worked effectively
    with someone else to make a decision.

   Write 2-3 sentences summarizing what you
    learned in this section.
Resisting Pressure from Others




           Chapter 2.3
     2.3 OBJECTIVES
   State who influences your behavior.
   Identify three types of direct pressure.
   Identify three types of indirect pressure
   State an example of each of the 12 types
    of refusal skills.
   Apply one of the refusal skills to a
    pressure in your life.
      2.3 Key Terms – Cornell Notes
   What is          Believing you should
    peer pressure?   do something
                     because your
                     friends want you to.

   What is direct   When someone tries
    pressure?        to convince you to
                     do something you
                     normally wouldn’t do.
      2.3 Key Terms (CNS)
   What is indirect   Doing something
    pressure?          because people you
                       admire are doing it.

   What are           Strategies to avoid
    refusal skills?    doing something you
                       don’t want to do.
     (CNS)
   Who &           Friends
    What            Family
    Influences      Media &
    You?             Advertisements
                        movies, TV, & radio
                        books, magazines,
                         newspapers,
                        the Internet
       Media & Advertisements

   What is the       To make people
    purpose of         want to buy - what
    advertising?       the advertiser has
                       to sell!
                     Helpful to consumers
   What are          when it provides
    the               information about
                      products & services
    benefits of
    advertising      Makes it possible for
    to the            information &
    consumer?         entertainment to be
                      provided at little or no
                      cost to the public
                      The average person sees 3,000 ads
                       daily
   What are the      People find them annoying,
                       especially during their favorite T.V.
    drawbacks of       show
    advertising?      It persuades people to spend
                       money they can’t afford on goods or
                       services they don’t really need
                      Some ads are misleading
                      Increases the prices that consumers
                       pay for goods & services
                          Adding up to 75% to the cost of the
                           product
   What is the       Advertising Influences
    Power of          the food you eat,
                       the clothes you buy,
    Advertising?   

                      the car you drive etc….
                  Numerous Forms of Media
                   (channels of communication)
   What          Newspaper and magazine ads
    are           Radio and television
    some           Infomercials
    types of
               

    Ads &         Internet ads
    where         Direct mail
    do you        Outdoor advertising
    see           Cell phones, blimps, carry ads
    them?         Your clothes!
                   (company names? Logos?)
                     Positive Images Having Fun
                         You’ll be happy, healthy, smart, good
                          looking, popular… if you use our product
                     Hidden Fears
                         If you don’t use it you’ll be dirty, ugly, etc.
                     Bandwagon
                          “Everyone else is using it!”
    What
                      
                    Testimonials
    Persuasive           “I used this product & look at me now!”
    Techniques       Demonstrations
    do                   It shows the advantage of the product.
    advertising      Slogans & Jingles
                          “Once you pop, you just can’t stop!”
    companies         

                      Putdowns
    use?
                  
                         Negative statements about a competitor’s
                          product
                     Before & After
                         Fat to skinny
                         Acne to no acne
More Advertising Tricks
   Amazing NEW Product
   Sex Appeal
   Symbols
   Health Appeal
   Snob Appeal
   Bribery
                  Look For Facts
                      Separate emotional appeals &
                       opinions from facts
                  Check The Fine Print
                       Does the price change later
   How Can        

                       (credit cards and interest rates)
    You           Analyze What Is Being Said
    Evaluate          “Recliners for as little as $99”
    Ads?                   Is that the lowest price recliner available
                  Watch Out For Vague Claims
                      “Doctors agree that…”
                           How many Doctors did they speak to?
        It Is Illegal To Make False
        Statements or Omit Information
                      False Claims
   What is               “Reduces risk of skin cancer”.
    Deceptive         Hidden Catches
    Advertising?          “Free Gift”
                      Deceptive Pricing
                          “Sale- Jeans $34.99”, but they are always
                           that price
                      Bait & Switch
                          “We just sold the last one, but here is one
                           just like it (more expensive)”.
Analyze Your Ad!!
1.        How is the advertiser trying to influence my
          emotions?
2.        What does the ad really say- underneath all
          the distractions like music, celebrities, etc.?
3.        Does the product itself really appeal to me,
          or is it just the cleverness of the ad?
     1.     What does one have to do with the other?
4.        What information do I need in order to
          decide whether this product is a good
          choice for me?
     1.     Does the ad provide that information?
     2.     If not, where could I get it?
5.        What technique are they using?
       Influences & Pressure (CNS)
   What are         Negative
                          Pressures you to do
    the Two           
                          something you
    Types of                  don’t want to do,
    Influences?            

                           
                               is morally wrong,
                               unlawful, or
                              physically harmful.
                     Positive
                         Pressures you to improve
                          yourself
     (CNS)
                      Morally Wrong
   What are      

                         racial or gender jokes
    some                 teasing

    examples of          bullying
                     Unlawful
    Negative             tagging
    Influences?          stealing
                     Physically Harmful
                         smoking
                         drinking alcohol
                         using drugs
       (CNS)
                      Morally Right
    What are
                  
                        Having friends or being a friend that is:
    some                      Honest
                               Trustworthy
    examples of
                           

                              Respectful

    Positive               


                      Lawful
                               Responsible

    Influences?
                  
                         Having friends or being a friend that
                          supports the right to say “No” to doing
                          something unlawful
                     Physically Beneficial
                         Friends or being a friend who doesn’t let
                          friends do things that can hurt
                          themselves, like drinking & driving
     (CNS)

   What are the      Direct
    Two Types of
    Pressure?         Indirect
     (CNS)
   What are       Teasing
    some           Persuasion
    examples       Explanations
    of Direct
    Pressure?      Put-downs
                   Threats
                   Bribery
      (CNS)
   What are         TV & Movies
    some             Radio & Internet
    examples         Advertising
    of Indirect      Role Models
    Pressure?        Popular People
                     Famous People
              1.    Blame Someone Else
              2.    Give a Reason
     (CNS)    3.    Ignore the Request or Pressure
              4.    Leave the Situation
   What      5.    Say “No thanks”
    are the   6.    Say “No” & Mean It
    12        7.    Keep Saying “No”
    Refusal   8.    Make a Joke Out of It
    Skills?   9.    Make an Excuse
              10.   Suggest Something Else to Do
              11.   Change the Subject
              12.   Team Up With Someone
       What You Can Say
   Blame                 “My dad would kill me if I didn’t
    Someone Else          help him.”
   Give a Reason         “No, my dad said he’d pay me $20
                          if I helped out.”
   Ignore the            Pretend that you don’t hear them
    Request               asking you.
   Leave the Situation “I’m late. I’ve got to go.”
   Say “No Thanks”       “No thanks. It’s not my style.”
   Say “No” & Mean It “No, I don’t want to!”
   Keep Saying “No”    “What part of no do you
                        not understand?”


   Make a Joke         “I’m already high on life.”
    Out of it
   Make an Excuse      “It makes me sick.”
   Suggest Something   “Let’s go shopping instead.”
    Else to Do
   Change the          “I heard Nick & Mary are
    Subject              going together.”
   Team Up With        “David, didn’t you say we
    Someone             were going skating.”
       (CNS)           Always respect others
                       Don’t insult or put anyone down
   Is it okay         One reason people feel pressured is
                        that they don’t want to seem
    to be               disrespectful.
    disrespectful
    when you say
                        Disagreeing or saying no
    “No”?           
                        does not mean people will
                        stop liking you.
                       If someone gets angry with you for
                        saying no, don’t feel as if you
                        should have said yes.
      Your Values & Rights
      Are Important (CNS)
   Is the person       “Is this person really my
    who won’t stop       friend?”
    pushing you, a
    friend?             “Would I be better-off not
   If it is, ask        hanging around with this
    yourself:            person?”
     (CNS)
   Why is it         It will help you cope with
                       difficult situations
    important to
                      The more you practice,
    practice          the better you’ll get at it
    Refusal           the more confident you will be
    Skills?           the better decisions you’ll make
                      the decisions you make will be
                       your own
                      The more confident you are,
                       the less people will pressure you.
If You Practice - You’ll Be
   An Expert Before You
        Know It!!!
Section Review

         Chapter 2.3
    2.3 Review
   Define peer pressure.
   What is a strategy used to avoid doing
    something you don’t want to do called?
   State five things that influence behavior.
   Name the types of direct pressure.
   Name the types of indirect pressure.
    2.3 Review
   Name the types of Direct Pressure
   Name the types of Indirect Pressure
   List the different ways you could say
    “No” to someone who is pressuring you.
   Describe why people feel pressured to
    do things that they don’t want to do.
    2.3 Review – True or False
   Advertising is a form of Direct Pressure.
   Saying No Repeatedly & using more
    than one refusal skill may be necessary
    for some types of pressures.
   It’s okay to be disrespectful when
    trying to refuse someone who is trying to
    pressure you.
    2.3 Review
   Define peer pressure.
   Feeling you should do something because
    it’s what your friends want.
   What is a strategy used to avoid doing
    something you don’t want to do called?
   Refusal Skill
   State three things that influence behavior.
   Family, Friends, Media
2.3 Review - Name The
Types of Direct Pressure
   Teasing,
   Persuasion,
   Explanations,
   Put-downs,
   Threats,
   Bribery
2.3 Review - Name The
Types of Indirect Pressure
   TV, Movies,
   Radio,
   Internet,
   Advertising,
   Role Models,
   Popular or Famous People
    2.3 Review - List the ways you could say
    “No” to someone who is pressuring you.

   Blame Someone Else       Keep Saying “No”

   Give a Reason            Make a Joke Out of It

   Ignore the Request       Make an Excuse

   Leave the Situation      Suggest Something Else to Do

   Say “No Thanks”          Change the Subject

   Say “No” & Mean It       Team Up With Someone
2.3 Review
   Describe why people feel pressured to
    do things that they don’t want to do.
   They want to be accepted & not
    make someone angry.
    2.3 Review - True or False
    Advertising is a form of Direct Pressure.
    False, advertising is a form of Indirect
     Pressure
    Saying No Repeatedly & using more than
     one refusal skill may be necessary for some
     types of pressures.
    True
    It’s okay to be disrespectful when trying to
     refuse someone who is trying to pressure you.
    False, you should never be disrespectful to
     anyone.
2.3 – Critical Thinking &
Summary
   Use one of the Refusal Skills to deal
    with a pressure you currently have in
    your life.

   Write 2-3 sentences summarizing what
    you learned in this section.
Setting Healthy Goals

         Chapter 2.4
2.4 Objectives
   Differentiate between short-term &
    long-term goals
   Describe six suggestions for setting
    goals
   Develop an action plan to achieve a
    personal goal
     2.4 Key Terms (CNS)
   Goal        something that you work
                    toward & hope to
    achieve

   Action Plan a set of directions that will
                     help you reach your goal
     CNS
   What are      Short-term
    the two
    types of      Long-term
    Goals?
       CNS
   What are the       Safe -       Ask yourself, “Can this
    6 Suggestions                    goal harm me?”
    for Setting        Satisfying - You feel good about
                                      yourself when you
    Goals?
                                      reach the goal.
                       Sensible - Realistic & achievable
                       Similar -     Related to past goals
                       Specific -    Steps are clear
                       Supported - By responsible adults
       CNS
   What Are 3         Rewards – set small rewards for
    Components          reaching small milestones toward
                        achieving your goal.
    You Should
                        Influences – what influences will
    Include in an   
                        help you or hurt your ability to
    Action Plan?        reach your goal
                       Tracking Your Progress –
                        review your progress weekly to
                        evaluate your progress & adjust
                        your plan as necessary
Section Review

         Chapter 2.4
      2.4 Review
   What is the term for “something that work toward
    & hope to achieve
   Goal
   Define “Action Plan”
   A set of directions that will help you reach your
    goal.
   What is the difference between a short-term goal
    & a long-term goal?
   Short-term goals can be accomplished in days or
    weeks
   Long-term goals take months or years
       2.4 Review
   What are the 6 suggestions for setting goals &
    what does each mean?
   Safe          1st thing to ask yourself, “Can
                   this goal harm me?”
   Satisfying     You feel good about yourself
                   when you reach the goal.
   Sensible       Realistic for time & achievable
   Similar        Related to past goals
   Specific       Steps to achieve goal are clear
   Supported      By parents or responsible adults
2.4 Review
   What is the suggestion for setting goals
    that recommends you avoid a goal that
    hurts your health?
   Safe – set goals that are safe
   What is the suggestion for setting goals
    the recommends that you choose a goal
    that is realistic?
   Sensible
     2.4 Review
   What are the 3 components you should to put
    into your action plan?
   Rewards – set small rewards for reaching small
    milestones toward achieving your goal.
   Influences – what influences will help you or
    hurt your ability to reach your goal
   Tracking Your Progress – review your
    progress weekly to evaluate your progress &
    adjust your plan as necessary
    2.4 Review – Last Slide
   What are the six risk factors that can keep
    you from reaching your goal?
   Drug & Alcohol Use
   Sexual Activity
   Behaviors That Cause Injury
   Poor Dietary Patterns
   Tobacco Use
   Sedentary Lifestyle
Chapter Review

         Chapter 2
Chap 2 – Review
Key Terms
   All public forms of communication, such
    as TV, radio, newspaper
   Media
   Something that you can use to help
    achieve a goal
   Resource
   To work together w/one or more people
   Collaborate or Collaboration
    Chap 2 Review
    Key Terms
   A strategy to avoid doing something you
    don’t want to do.
   Refusal Skill
   A person who buys products or services
   Consumer
   A feeling that you should do something
    because your friends want you to.
   Peer Pressure
Chap 2 Review
Key Terms
   Dealing with problems & troubles in an
    effective way.
   Coping
   A result of your actions & decisions
   Consequence
   A tool for building a healthy life
   Life Skill
     Chap 2 Review
     Key Ideas
   What is the life skill you would use to evaluate
    how your actions affect your health?
   Assessing Your Health
   What is the life skill you would use to help you
    say “No” to peer pressure?
   Using Refusal Skills
   Why is it important to evaluate the consequences
    of each option before you make a decision?
   Because this will help you reach a decision that
    has the least negative consequences.
Chap 2 Review
Key Ideas
   What does GREAT stand for?
   G = Give Thought to the Problem
   R = Review Your Choices
   E = Evaluate the Consequences
   A = Assess & Choose the Best Choice
   T = Think it over Afterwards
       Chap 2 Review
       Key Ideas
   What is the step in the Making GREAT
    Decisions model in which you determine
    whether you made the right decision?
   Think It Over Afterward
   What are the 3 steps to take if you made a
    wrong decision?
   Stop, Think, & Go
Chap 2 Review - Name the
Different Kinds of Direct Pressure
   Teasing,
   Persuasion,
   Explanations,
   Put-downs,
   Threats,
   Bribery
Chap 2 Review - Name the
Types of Indirect Pressure
   TV, Movies,
   Radio,
   Internet,
   Advertising,
   Role Models,
   Popular or Famous People
        Chap 2 Review - What
        Are The 12 Refusal Skills?
   Blame Someone Else       Keep Saying “No”

   Give a Reason            Make a Joke Out of It

   Ignore the Request       Make an Excuse

   Leave the Situation      Suggest Something Else to Do

   Say “No Thanks”          Change the Subject

   Say “No” & Mean It       Team Up With Someone
       Chapter 2 Review
   What is the Refusal Skill that requires
    support from others?
   Team up with someone
   What is a goal?
   Something that you work toward & hope to
    achieve
   What is an action plan?
   A set of directions that will help you reach
    your goal.
Chapter 2 Review
   What is the difference between a short-
    term goal & a long-term goal?
   A short-term goal is one that can be
    accomplished in a short amount of time,
    usually days or weeks.
   A long term goal takes months or years
    to achieve.
       Chap 2 Review
       6 Suggestions for Setting Goals
   Safe         1st thing to ask yourself,
                 “Can this goal harm me?”
   Satisfying   You feel good about yourself
                 when you reach the goal.
   Sensible     Realistic for time & achievable
   Similar      Related to your values & past goals
   Specific     Steps are clear
   Supported    By parents or responsible adults
       Chapter 2 Review
   What are the 3 components you need to put
    into your action plan?
   Rewards – set small rewards for reaching
    small milestones toward achieving your goal.
   Influences – what influences will help you
    or hurt your ability to reach your goal
   Tracking Your Progress – review your
    progress weekly to evaluate your progress &
    adjust your plan as necessary
Chapter Review – Final Slide
   What are the six common risk behaviors
    among teens?
   Drug & Alcohol Use
   Sexual Activity
   Behaviors That Cause Injury
   Poor Dietary Patterns
   Tobacco Use
   Sedentary Lifestyle

				
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