Emancipation

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					           Emancipation




Thomas Connors, University of Northern Iowa
When Israel was in Egypt’s land;
Let my people go,
Oppressed so hard
 they could not stand,  Desire
Let my people go.
     Go Down, Moses,
     ‘Way down in Egypt land,
     Tell ole Pharaoh,
     To let my people go.
                                      (1898-1976)
“Thus spoke the Lord,”
  bold Moses said;             Go Down, Moses
Let my people go,
“If not I’ll smite thy first born dead, spiritual
Let my people go.
                      Resistance




• Individual
• Slave Revolts
 –Nat Turner (1831)
                      Abolitionism


• Revolutionaries
  –John Brown
• Immediatists
  –William Garrison
• Gradualists
  –Theodore Weld
                 War &
                 Slavery
            Hunter
                      Frémont

• Carolina Sea Islands
  – Port Royal
• Hunter
• Frémont
 Emancipation




• Proclamation (1862)
• 13th Amendment (1865)
• Draft Riots (1863)
Priorities

•   Family
•   Education
•   Property
•   Religion
•   Military
Reconstruction




• Freedman’s Bureau (1865)
• Black Codes
• Reconstruction Act (1867)
    Radical
 Reconstruction
• Civil Rights Act
• 14th Amendment
    (1868)
  –Due Process
  –Equal Protection
• 15th Amendment
    (1870) voting rights
“Redemption”
• Democratic Rule
• Intimidation
• Klu Klux Klan
Segregation

• Jim Crow
• Disenfranchisement
  –Poll Tax
  –Literacy Tests
• Supreme Court
  –Plessy v. Ferguson

				
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