Introduction to Intercultural Competence by A3up88m4

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									Chapter 1


Introduction to Intercultural
Competence
The Imperative for Intercultural
Competence
 If the world was a village of 1000 people,
   In the village would be:
     607 Asians
     132 Africans
     120 Europeans
     79 North Americans
     57 South Americans
     5 Australians/Oceania's
The Imperative for Intercultural
Competence (Cont’)
   There would be:
     330 Christians (175 Catholics, 56 Protestants, 99
     Others)
     193 Muslims
     134 Hindus
     64 Chinese Folk Religionists
     59 Buddhists
     67 Other Religions
     153 Atheists or Nonreligious
             – Bureau of the Census 2001
The International Imperative for
Intercultural Competence

   Media and the Global Village
   National Security
   Economic global interdependence
   Travel and Tourism
   Diplomatic ties and relationships
The Domestic Imperative for
Intercultural Competence

   71% of respondents of a recent
   national poll thought that the cultural
   diversity in the United States was a
   major reason why America has been
   successful during the past Century
   (Lustig et al pg 6).
The Domestic Imperative for
Intercultural Competence
   Recent census figures suggests US
   population is;
     70.1 % European American
     12.7% Latino
     12.5% African American
     3.8% Asian American
     0.9% Native American
           – Lustig et al pg 7
Communication as Transaction
 Communication is:
   Symbolic          A word, action, or
                     object that stands for
                     or represents
                     meaning
   Interpretive      Subjective meaning
   Transactional     Shared or created
   Contextual        meaning
                     Setting or Situation
Transactional Model
     Social
    Systems   Communicator A’s
              Field of Experience

     Time1

                Shared    Symbolic
     Time2     Field of Interactions   Noise
              Experience Over Time



     Time3
              Communicator B’s
              Field of Experience
Communication Context
   Physical Context
     Actual location of interactions
   Social Context
     Expectations given social event/purpose
   Interpersonal Contexts
     Expectations about behaviors based on
     relationships of interactions
Communication Models

  Show communication as a Process
  Process involving Shared Meanings
  Process involving Time and Context
  Dynamic Process that is always
  changing
Interpersonal Communications

 Is a form of communication that involves a
   small number or individuals who are
   interacting exclusively with one another and
   who therefore have the ability both to adapt
   their messages specifically for those others
   and to obtain immediate interpretations from
   them.
        Lustig and Koester p. 18
Why We Communicate
   It allows us to meet our basic needs
   for survival and safety.
   It allows us to meet our abstract
   needs for inclusion, esteem, self-
   actualization.
   It allows us to be effective
   participants in a socially diverse
   world.
Maslow’s             Self
                                           Most
                                          Abstract
                 Actualization
Hierarchy           Needs

    of
                  Self-Esteem
 Needs             (respect)


                   Belonging
                (inclusion, fun)



              Safety and Protection
                    (shelter)              Most
                                           Basic
            Physical Needs for Survival
                  (air, food, sex)
Intercultural Competence
 Is crucial for;

   success, satisfaction
   and well being
   Security and safety
   Understanding and
   perspective

								
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