Chapter 11 THE TEXAS REVOLUTION (1835-1836) by gdDK26

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									                                 TEXAS! HOLT




    Chapter 11
    THE TEXAS REVOLUTION
    (1835-1836)
    Section 1: The War Begins
    Section 2: The Consultation of 1835
    Section 3: The Siege of the Alamo
    Section 4: The Convention of 1836
    Section 5: Independence Is Won
1                                  HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 1:
The War Begins
                                  TEXAS! HOLT




    OBJECTIVES
    Explain how the Battle of Gonzales
     significantly changed relations between
     Texans and the Mexican government.
    Trace the events that led to the siege of San
     Antonio.
    Describe what happened during the siege
     and capture of San Antonio.
2                                   HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 1:
The War Begins
                                 TEXAS! HOLT




    EFFECTS OF THE BATTLE OF
    GONZALES
    Texas rebel victory
    Started a war between Texas and the
     Mexican government
    Increased the resolution and confidence of
     Texas rebels


3                                  HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 1:
The War Begins
                                   TEXAS! HOLT




    EVENTS LEADING TO THE
    SIEGE AT SAN ANTONIO
     Battle of Gonzales – October 2, 1824
     Battle of Goliad between Cos’s army and Texas
      volunteer army – October 10, 1835
     Election of Texas army officers and Stephen F.
      Austin as general – mid October 1835
     Battle at Mission Concepcion between 400 Mexican
      soldiers and rebel army – October 28, 1835

4                                    HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 1:
The War Begins
                                      TEXAS! HOLT




    EVENTS LEADING TO THE SIEGE
    AT SAN ANTONIO        (continued)

     Grass Fight between the Texans and Mexicans
      carrying feed for their starving horses – November
      26, 1835
     Report of a captured Mexican officer inspired
      Texans to pursue their siege – December 4, 1835
     Texas troops attack San Antonio – December 5,
      1835

5                                       HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 1:
The War Begins
                                    TEXAS! HOLT




    SIEGE AND CAPTURE OF
    SAN ANTONIO
     Ben Milam, Francis W. Johnson, and 300
      volunteers gather for an attack on San Antonio
     December 5, 1835 – Texas troops attack Mexican
      forces
     December 9, 1835 – Texans push the Mexican
      troops out of San Antonio
     December 10, 1835 – Cos surrenders and almost
      all Mexican troops leave Texas
6                                     HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 2:
The Consultation of 1835
                                TEXAS! HOLT




    OBJECTIVES
    Identify the issues debated at the
     Consultation.
    Describe the kind of government that the
     Consultation established and explain why
     problems with it arose.


7                                 HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 2:
The Consultation of 1835
                                     TEXAS! HOLT




    ISSUES DEBATED AT THE
    CONSULTATION
     PRO-WAR – Wanted to declare Texas
      independence from Mexico
     PRO-PEACE – Wanted to remain loyal to
      Mexico; wanted to have the Constitution of 1824
      restored; did not want to lost Tejano support
     Both groups compromised in the
      DECLARATION OF NOVEMBER 7, 1835

8                                      HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 2:
The Consultation of 1835
                                  TEXAS! HOLT




    GOVERNMENT UNDER THE
    CONSULTATION AND ITS
    PROBLEMS
    Created a provisional (temporary)
     government
    The lack of clear goals and leadership led to
     disagreements


9                                   HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 3:
The Siege of the Alamo
                                  TEXAS! HOLT




     OBJECTIVES
     Describe the condition of the Texas forces
      when the Mexican troops arrived in Texas.
     Explain why Texans decided to defend the
      Alamo and describe how they prepared.
     Identify how the Battle of the Alamo began
      and describe what occurred during its final
      hours.
10                                  HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 3:
The Siege of the Alamo
                                  TEXAS!HOLT




     CONDITION OF THE TEXAS
     FORCES
     Texas troops were scattered in small groups
     Unprepared for an advance by Mexican
      troops




11                                 HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 3:
The Siege of the Alamo
                                  TEXAS!HOLT




     TEXANS DEFEND AND PREPARE
     THE ALAMO
     Was strategically located along the Old San
      Antonio River
     Was one of the first towns Santa Anna’s
      forces would meet
     The Alamo and its artillery were too
      important to destroy

12                                 HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 3:
The Siege of the Alamo
                                   TEXAS!HOLT




     TEXANS DEFEND AND PREPARE
     THE ALAMO           (continued)

     Preparation consisted of building up walls
      and palisades from which to fight
     Places 21 cannons along the Alamo walls

     palisades – high fences made of stakes


13                                  HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 3:
The Siege of the Alamo
                               TEXAS!HOLT




     THE BATTLE OF THE ALAMO
     AND THE FINAL HOURS
     William B. Travis sends one of several
      pleas for help
     Volunteers arrive from Gonzales
     Mexican soldiers are attacked and are
      briefly repulsed
     The Mexican army overwhelms the Texans
      and enters the Alamo
14                              HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 4:
The Convention of 1836
                                  TEXAS!HOLT




     OBJECTIVES
     Identify who attended the Convention of
      1836 and explain what it achieved.
     Describe the kind of government that the
      Convention established and identify the
      problems that the government faced.


15                                 HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 4:
The Convention of 1836

     DELEGATES TO AND
                      TEXAS!                HOLT




     ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE
     CONVENTION OF 1836
      Delegates – Richard Ellis, President; George C.
       Childress, Sam Houston, Jose Antonio Navarro,
       Jose Francisco Ruiz, Lorenzo de Zavala
      Accomplishments – Created Texas Declaration of
       Independence; set up an ad interim government;
       created the Constitution of 1836
     ad interim – temporary
16                                     HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 4:
The Convention of 1836
                                            TEXAS!    HOLT




     STRUCTURE AND PROBLEMS
     OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT
      Created a new government with three branches:
         legislative branch – makes the laws
         executive branch – carried out the laws
         judicial branch – provides a court system
      Contained a Bill of Rights – statement of basic rights
      New government constantly on the move, which
       made accomplishments difficult

17                                            HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 5:
Independence Is Won
                                  TEXAS! HOLT




     OBJECTIVES
     Identify the events that led to the Runaway
      Scrape.
     Describe what led to James Fannin’s
      surrender at Goliad.
     Explain how the Texas army defeated
      Mexican forces and won independence.

18                                  HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 5:
Independence Is Won
                                       TEXAS! HOLT




     EVENTS LEADING TO THE
     RUNAWAY SCRAPE
      Sam Houston and other Texans learn of the fall of
       the Alamo
      A larger Mexican force advanced on a smaller Texas
       force at Gonzales
      Fear spread across Texas and civilians flee eastward
      Houston orders Texas forces to retreat and burn
       Gonzales

19                                       HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 5:
Independence Is Won
                                 TEXAS! HOLT




     FANNIN’S SURRENDER AT
     GOLIAD
     Heavy fog enabled Mexican troops to
      surround the Texans who had no cover
     Texans had a very limited water supply
     Texans were outnumbered by Mexican
      troops


20                                 HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 5:
Independence Is Won
                                      TEXAS! HOLT




     TEXANS WIN
     INDEPENDENCE
      Mexican army makes camp in a vulnerable spot
      Sam Houston calls a meeting and a decision is made
       for an immediate attack on the Mexican troops
      The Texans stage a successful surprise attack on
       Mexican soldiers who were sleeping
      Mexican surrender and Santa Anna is captured
      Texans win their independence
21                                      HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON

								
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