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Chapter 12 The South Directions: Read assigned sections & answer corresponding questions in Cornell note format. Vocabulary Cotton Gin Cotton Belt Abolition Planter Yeoman Underground Railroad 12.1 Growth of the Cotton Industry 8.7.1 Describe the development of the agrarian economy in the South, identify the locations of the cotton-producing states, and discuss the significance of cotton and the cotton gin. 8.7.2 Trace the origins and development of slavery; its effects on black Americans and on the region's political, social, religious, economic, and cultural development; and identify the strategies that were tried to both overturn and preserve it Objective: Distinguish between northeastern industrial economy to the west’s agricultural economy with the south’s cash crop agricultural economy. Compare the impact of the north’s free labor system to the south’s slave labor system. Reviving the South’s Economy What three crops dominated agriculture in the South before the American Revolution? Why did the value of slaves drop before the invention of the cotton gin? What caused the increase in the demand for cotton? The Cotton Boom What were the benefits of cotton as a cash crop? When did Congress outlaw importing slaves? What were the special agents who brokered crops called? Other Crops and Industries What was the South’s first major cash crop? What problems did they face with it? Think back to Chp 11, why did cash crops hurt the Southern economy? 12.2 Southern Society 8.7.3 Examine the characteristics of white Southern society and how the physical environment influenced events and conditions prior to the Civil War. 8.7.4 Compare the lives of and opportunities for free blacks in the North with those of free blacks in the South. Objective: Identify the various social classes in the South prior to the Civil War and how they tried to preserve slavery. Identify the limited opportunities free African Americans had in southern society. Southern Society and Culture What group made up the largest part of Southern Society? What portion of the population had slaves? How did Yeoman Farmers survive? How did white southerners justify the institution of slavery? Free African Americans and Discrimination What kinds of laws were passed to limit the freedom of Freed African Americans? What was another way white southerners justify slavery? What effect did Free African Americans have on this justification? 12.3 The Slave System 8.7.2 Trace the origins and development of slavery; its effects on black Americans and on the region's political, social, religious, economic, and cultural development; and identify the strategies that were tried to both overturn and preserve it Objective: Identify the ways enslaved African Americans tried to challenge the slave system while planters tried to preserve the system. Slaves and Work What was work in the fields like for slaves? Life Under Slavery How did slave holders view their slaves? What was the most common method used to encourage obedience? Why were slaves illiterate? Slave Culture What did slaves have to worry about most when coming up for auction? Why have historians called slave religion “the invisible institution”? In what ways did religion boost the spirits of slaves? In what small ways would slaves rebel against their masters? Slave Uprisings Who is Nat Turner and why is his rebellion significant? 13.4 The Movement to End Slavery 8.9.1 Describe the leaders of the abolition movement (e.g., John Quincy Adams and his proposed constitutional amendment, John Brown and the armed resistance, Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad, Benjamin Franklin, Theodore Weld, William Lloyd Objective: American organizations focused on the abolition of slavery; today Americans still organize to end human rights abuses. Americans Oppose Slavery What was the goal of the American Colonization Society? Who published the Liberator and what was its purpose? What was the goal of the American Anti-Slavery Society? How did the Grimke Sister participate in the Abolitionist Movement? Who was Fredrick Douglas? Who was Sojourner Truth? The Underground Railroad What was the Underground Railroad? Who was Harriet Tubman? Opposition to Ending Slavery How did Congress obstruct the abolitionist movement?
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