chapter 11 rg and vocab by gdDK26


									                                     Chapter 11
                                 AP Human Geography

Chapter 11: Industry; Rubenstein, 364-394
     #1 Distribution of Industry, 366-372
              1. Define Industrial Revolution, cottage industry, and maquiladoras
              2. For following regions, write down why they have become important
                  industrial areas (the first one was done for you)
                      a. United Kingdom: remarkable concentration of innovative
                          engineers and mechanics, also coalfields and iron ore with
                          available resources, and canals and railroads to transport the
                      b. Rhine-Ruhr Valley:
                      c. Mid-Rhine:
                      d. Northern Italy:
                      e. Central Industrial District of Eastern Europe:
                      f. St. Petersburg Industrial District:
                      g. Volga Industrial District:
                      h. Ural Industrial District:
                      i. Kuznetsk Industrial District:
                      j. Eastern Ukraine:
                      k. Silesia:
                      l. New England:
                      m. Middle Atlantic:
                      n. Mohawk Valley:
                      o. Pittsburgh-Lake Erie:
                      p. Western Great Lake:
                      q. Canadian Industrial Areas:
                      r. East Asian Industrial Areas

      #2   Situation Factors, 372-379
               1. Define situation factors, site factors, bulk-reducing industry, bulk-
                   gaining industry, and break-of-bulk point.
               2. Why would a company that is a bulk-reducing industry want to be
                   close to its resources?
               3. Why is soft-drink bottling an example of bulk-gaining industry?
               4. What does bottling companies do minimize the cost of shipping to
               5. Why is shipping perishable products an issue when deciding where to
                   set up a factory?

      #3   Site Factors, 379-384
              1. Write a 4–6 sentence paragraph the explain why textile
                  production is a labor-intensive industry. Include the steps in
                  manufacturing textiles.
             2. What are rural sites desirable for factories?
               3. Why are environmental factors important?
               4. Why is capital important?
               5. Why is it cheaper for firms to sell in the United States clothing
                  products made in Asia and shipped to the United States rather than
                  produced directly in the United States?

      #4    New Industrial Areas, 384-389
               1. Why has Industry shifted to the Southern and Western United States?
               2. Why has Industry shifted to Western Europe?
               3. With the expansion of industry, what it’s impact on other LDC’s trying
                    to produce the same product?
               4. Match the type of factory to the location within the United States:
      a.   East Coast and southern Lake Michigan             designer’s clothing
      b.   California and Texas                              computing equipment
      c.   Northeast                                         automobile assembly
      d.   Interior corridor from Michigan to Alabama        steel mill

      #5   Location Factors Changing, 389-392
              1. What were the various reasons for moving the textile factories to the
              2. What is outsourcing and what is an effect of it?

Unit VI: Industrialization and Development- Chapter 11

Define the following in your vocab book
                                                Agglomeration economies
Aluminum industry (factors of production, location)

Assembly line production/Fordism                Deindustrialization

Bid rent theory                                 Economic sectors

Break-of-bulk point                             Economies of scale

Canadian industrial heartland                   Entrepôt

Carrier efficiency                              Export processing zone

Comparative advantage                           Fixed costs

Cumulative causation                            Footloose industry

Deglomeration                                   Four Tigers
Growth poles                                   Industrial location theory


Industrial regions (place, fuel source,        characteristics)
Industrial Revolution                          Labor-intensive

Industry (receding, growing)                   Least-cost location

Infrastructure                                 Major manufacturing regions

International division of labor                Manufacturing exports

Manufacturing/warehouse location (industrial parks, agglomeration, shared services,

zoning, transportation, taxes, environmental considerations)

Maquiladora                                    Time-space compression

Market orientation                             Topocide

Multiplier effect                              Trade (complementarity)

NAFTA                                          Transnational corporation

Outsourcing                                    Ubiquitous

Plant location (supplies, “just in time”       Variable costs
                                               Weber, Alfred
Special economic zones (China)
                                               World cities
Specialized economic zones

Substitution principle


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