EFFECTIVE TEST TAKING STRATEGIES by yurtgc548

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									EFFECTIVE TEST TAKING
STRATEGIES

       By Dr. Barbara Foltz
  Office of Academic Assistance
        Furman University
TIPS IN GENERAL

   Best Tip of all: STUDY!
   And schedule your study time so you
    don’t have to cram the night before
   Have a positive attitude—practice positive
    self talk
GENERAL TIPS, CONT.
   Consider the test as an opportunity—
    you have studied hard and now
    you get to show what you know.
   Visit with your professor ahead of time
    to ask what areas to emphasize in your
    studying
    TIPS IN GENERAL, CONT.

   “Psych Out” tests by generating
    possible test questions from the reading
    assignments and notes. Do this with a
    group of classmates to generate more
    questions!
   Best way to study is through focused
    attention on the subject matter &
    rehearsal.
GENERAL TIPS, CONT.
   Remember—we remember our own
    words much more than anyone else’s—
    so outline your chapters, rewrite your
    notes, recite out loud, etc.
   Study groups—studying w/others has
    been shown to be very effective.
MULTIPLE CHOICE TESTS
   Remember question consists of stem
    (the question), a correct (or best)
    answer, and “distractors”.
   Try to answer the question before
    looking at answer options
   Answer easiest questions first. Go back
    to more difficult after you have had a
    chance to “warm up”.
MULTIPLE CHOICE,
CONTINUED
   Terms such as all, always, completely,
    never, only (absolutes) generally are
    not the correct option
   Two options which are opposite in
    meaning: one is usually the correct
    answer
   Longest options tend to be the right
    answer!
TRUE-FALSE QUESTIONS
   Again, absolutes such as all, always,
    never, and only tend to be false
   Moderate qualifiers (sometimes, often,
    etc.) tend to be true
SHORT ANSWER/SENTENCE
COMPLETION
   WORK QUICKLY—FOR THESE
    QUESTIONS THE RIGHT ANSWER
    OFTEN “POPS” INTO YOUR HEAD
   PROVIDE AS MUCH ACCURATE DETAIL
    AS POSSIBLE
MATCHING QUESTIONS
   ANSWER THE QUESTIONS YOU ARE
    SURE OF FIRST, THEN CROSS OUT THE
    ITEMS YOU HAVE USED. THIS
    NARROWS THE FIELD OF POSSIBLE
    ANSWERS
   GO BACK TO MATCHING SECTION
    AFTER YOU HAVE COMPLETED THE REST
    OF THE TEST—SOMETIMES YOU LEARN
    ANSWERS AS YOU COMPLETE OTHER
    SECTIONS OF THE TEST.
ESSAY
   BE SURE TO WRITE SOMETHING!
   PAY ATTENTION TO HOW THE
    QUESTIONS IS WORDED—COMPARE,
    DESCRIBE, CONTRAST. BE SURE TO DO
    WHAT IS REQUESTED
   START WITH YOUR STRONGEST IDEAS
    FIRST—MAKERS A GOOD FIRST
    IMPRESSION AS YOUR PROFESSOR
    GRADES YOUR EXAM
ESSAY, CONTINUED
   BEFORE YOU WRITE OUT YOUR
    ANSWER, QUICKLY OUTLINE IT IN THE
    MARGIN. YOUR ESSAY WILL BE
    BETTER, AND YOUR PROFESSOR CAN
    SEE YOUR IDEA DEVELOPMENT. ALSO,
    IF YOU DON’T HAVE TIME TO
    COMPLETE THE ESSAY, YOU’LL STILL
    GET CREDIT FOR YOUR IDEAS
PREDICTING TEST
QUESTIONS
   LOOK AT CHAPTER HEADINGS, MARGIN
    NOTES, ETC. THESE IDENTIFY THE
    MAIN POINTS
   IN CLASS, NOTICE WHAT PROFESSOR
    EMPHASIZES—EITHER BY VOICE TONE,
    WITH AN EXAMPLE, AUDIO VISUAL,
    ETC.
   CLASS SESSIONS RIGHT BEFORE TEST—
    PROFESSOR HAS PROBABLY ALREADY
    WRITTEN TEST, SO IS EMPHASIZING
    WHAT IS COVERED IN QUESTIONS
PREDICTING, CONTINUED
   PRETEND YOU ARE THE PROFESSOR—
    WHAT QUESTIONS WOULD YOU ASK.
    DO THIS WITH A GROUP—YOU’LL
    PROBABLY COME VERY CLOSE TO THE
    “REAL” TEST!
MATH AND SCIENCE TESTS

   IMPORTANT THAT YOU
    UNDERSTAND “HOW AND WHY” OF
    THE PROCESS, SO THAT YOU CAN
    SOLVE SIMILAR PROBLEMS AND
    QUESTIONS
   SCIENCE—DRAW DIAGRAMS OF
    SYSTEMS, RELATE TO REAL
    WORLD
MATH AND SCIENCE, CON’T
   MATH—UNDERSTAND THE PROCESS, AND THEN TAKE
    PRACTICE TESTS TO SIMULATE HOW YOU’LL PERFORM
    DURING TEST
   AND REMEMBER—PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT
   USE WEB SITES SUCH AS MATH.COM TO SEE HOW
    PROBLEM CAN BE SOLVED
   MATH RESOURCE CENTER, LIBRARY REFERENCE, HAVE
    SOLUTIONS MANUALS
    DEALING WITH TEST
    ANXIETY
   REMEMBER, A LITTLE ANXIETY IS
    NORMAL—USE IT TO “GET PUMPED”
   KEEP THINGS IN PERSPECTIVE, THIS IS
    YOUR OPPORTUNITY TO SHINE, AND YOU
    HAVE DONE YOUR BEST
   ARRIVE WELL RESTED, WELL-
    NOURISHED, A LITTLE EARLY
   HAVE ALL THE NECESSARY MATERIALS—
    CALCULATOR, SHARPENED PENCILS, ETC.
   FIND A SPOT IN THE ROOM WHERE YOU
    ARE FAIRLY COMFORTABLE
TEST ANXIETY, CON’T.
   MONITOR YOUR SELF-TALK—BE POSITIVE IN WHAT
    YOU SAY TO YOURSELF—”YOU CAN DO IT, YOU’RE
    BRIGHT!”
   VISUALIZE YOURSELF DOING WELL AND REACHING
    YOUR GOALS
   DON’T TALK ABOUT THE TEST WITH PEOPLE WHO ARE
    NEGATIVE, OR VERY NERVOUS—ANXIETY IS
    CONTAGIOUS!!!
   PRACTICE RELAXING, AND IF YOU FIND YOURSELF
    GETTING TENSE, TAKE A FEW DEEP BREATHS AND THEN
    FOCUS ON THE TASK AT HAND
TEST ANXIETY, CONT.
   READ OVER ENTIRE TEST, START WITH THE EASIEST
    QUESTIONS
   JUST FOCUS ON THE TEST, NOT THE CONSEQUENCES OF
    NOT DOING WELL
   IF YOU DON’T KNOW AN ANSWER, MARK IT, AND GET
    BACK TO IT LATER—THE ANSWER MAY COME TO YOU!
   ESSAY TEST: JUST JOT DOWN WHAT YOU KNOW IN
    MARGIN—IT MAY TRIGGER YOUR MEMORY OF THE
    WHOLE PROBLEM!
   REWARD YOURSELF WHEN IT’S OVER—YOU’VE DONE
    THE BEST YOU CAN!

								
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