IEc Report Format v2.1 by QdIe2NaD

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									Revised Draft North Cape Restoration Plan/Environmental Assessment                                                March 31, 1999


                                             TABLE OF CONTENTS


INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY..................................................................... CHAPTER 1

        1.1     INTRODUCTION................................................................................................ 1-1

                1.1.1     Process ..................................................................................................... 1-2

        1.2     OVERVIEW OF THE INCIDENT ...................................................................... 1-4

        1.3     NATURAL RESOURCE INJURIES .................................................................. 1-4

                1.3.1     Injury Quantification Issues ..................................................................... 1-5

        1.4     PROPOSED RESTORATION ALTERNATIVES.............................................. 1-6

        1.5     PLAN OF THIS DOCUMENT ............................................................................ 1-7


PURPOSE OF AND NEED FOR RESTORATION .............................................. CHAPTER 2

        2.1     THE NORTH CAPE OIL SPILL: SUMMARY OF INCIDENT ......................... 2-1

        2.2     AUTHORITY AND LEGAL REQUIREMENTS ............................................... 2-5

                2.2.1     Overview of OPA Requirements ............................................................. 2-5
                2.2.2     NEPA Compliance ................................................................................... 2-6

        2.3     COORDINATION WITH THE RESPONSIBLE PARTY.................................. 2-6

        2.4     PUBLIC PARTICIPATION................................................................................. 2-7

                2.4.1     Administrative Record ............................................................................. 2-8


AFFECTED ENVIRONMENT ............................................................................... CHAPTER 3

        3.1     PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT ............................................................................ 3-1

        3.2     BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT ....................................................................... 3-4

        3.3     ENDANGERED AND THREATENED SPECIES ............................................. 3-5

        3.4     NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE LANDS ....................................................... 3-6
Revised Draft North Cape Restoration Plan/Environmental Assessment                                         March 31, 1999



      3.5    CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN USE ........................................ 3-7


INJURY DETERMINATION AND QUANTIFICATION ................................... CHAPTER 4

      4.1    OVERVIEW OF PREASSESSMENT ACTIVITIES AND FINDINGS ............ 4-1

             4.1.1    Nearshore and Offshore Impacts .............................................................. 4-1
             4.1.2    Bird Impacts ............................................................................................. 4-2
             4.1.3    Salt Ponds Exposure ................................................................................ 4-2
             4.1.4    Shoreline Exposure .................................................................................. 4-2
             4.1.5    Ocean Water and Sediment Impacts ........................................................ 4-3
             4.1.6    Human Use Impacts ................................................................................. 4-3

      4.2    ASSESSMENT STRATEGY .............................................................................. 4-4

      4.3    SUMMARY OF INJURIES................................................................................. 4-6

             4.3.1    Summary of Methodology ....................................................................... 4-6
             4.3.2    Summary of Results ................................................................................. 4-9

      4.4    INJURIES TO SPECIFIC RESOURCES .......................................................... 4-10

             4.4.1    Offshore Communities: Overview of Data and Strategy ....................... 4-10
             4.4.2    Offshore Communities: Individual Resources Injuries .......................... 4-12
             4.4.3    Salt Pond communities: Overview of Data and Strategy ....................... 4-22
             4.4.4    Salt Pond Communities: Individual Resource
                      Injury Determination .............................................................................. 4-28
             4.4.5    Salt Pond Communities: Individual Resource
                      Injury Quantification .............................................................................. 4-31
             4.4.6    Intertidal Wetlands ................................................................................. 4-33
             4.4.7    Birds/Foreshore ...................................................................................... 4-34

      4.5    IMPACTS ON HUMAN USE ........................................................................... 4-42

             4.5.1    Boat-Based Recreational Angling .......................................................... 4-42
             4.5.2    Recreational Diving ............................................................................... 4-46
             4.5.3    Beach Use .............................................................................................. 4-47
             4.5.4    Refuge Visitation ................................................................................... 4-48




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Revised Draft North Cape Restoration Plan/Environmental Assessment                                         March 31, 1999


RESTORATION ALTERNATIVES ...................................................................... CHAPTER 5

        5.1     RESTORATION STRATEGY ............................................................................ 5-1

        5.2     SUMMARY OF POTENTIAL RESTORATION ALTERNATIVES ................ 5-3

        5.3     EVALUATION CRITERIA ................................................................................ 5-6

        5.4     EVALUATION OF RESTORATION ALTERNATIVES .................................. 5-7

                5.4.1    No-Action Alternative ............................................................................. 5-7
                5.4.2    Lobster Restoration .................................................................................. 5-7
                5.4.3    Bivalve Restoration ................................................................................ 5-17
                5.4.4    Piping Plover Restoration ...................................................................... 5-21
                5.4.5    Loon Restoration .................................................................................... 5-24
                5.4.6    Marine Bird Restoration (Excluding Loons) ......................................... 5-33
                5.4.7    Salt Pond Ecosystem Restoration .......................................................... 5-38
                5.4.8    Lost Recreational Fishing Restoration ................................................... 5-59

        5.5     RESTORATION SUMMARY .......................................................................... 5-66


APPENDIX A: Administrative Record Index

APPENDIX B:        Federal and State Endangered or Threatened Species in Rhode Island (from the
                   Rhode Island Natural Heritage Program and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
                   Service)




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