Health Education - PowerPoint by amUK4tg


									 Introduction to Health
        By : Dr Olajide FO
Lecturer/Consultant Public Health
   Health Promotion

• “The process of enabling
  people to increase control over,
  and to improve their health.”
           - Ottawa charter
        Three components of Health
                   Health Promotion

Health Education      Service         Advocacy
 Components of Health Promotion

• Advocacy ...... Influences policy makers to
  adopt healthy public policies and
  enact/enforce laws that promote health.
Components of Health Promotion

 • Health Education enables all people to
  achieve their full health potential thru learning
  opportunities. Involves individuals and
  Communities. ..affects KAP

 • Service Improvement           to improve their
  accessibility, acceptability and appropriateness.i.e
  quality and quantity of services.
           Health Education
• Science of Health Behaviour
• Any set of learning experiences that
  encourage voluntary changes in human
  behaviour that will result in improved health
• A process of influencing, changing or
  reinforcing health behaviour.

                   Oladepo Health Education       6

“A combination of learning activities that
  informs, motivates and encourage voluntary
  behaviors which are conducive to health in
  individuals, groups or community”

8/8/2012                                   7
           Definition (CONTD)
• Totality of educational efforts aimed at
  helping, motivating and/or encouraging
  people to:
• desire to be healthy
• know how to stay healthy
• do what they can to maintain health
• seek help as and when needed.

                   Oladepo Health Education   8

• To make health a valuable asset
• To help people achieve, promote, maintain
  and protect their health through their own
  efforts (self help and self reliance)
• To promote development and proper use of
  health services

                  Oladepo Health Education     9
    Examples of Modern Risky Life Styles

•   Sedentary Lifestyle
•   Smoking
•   Alcohol drinking
•   Substance Abuse
•   Sex
•   Stress
               Role of Health Education
• Promotion of good health practices e.g. sanitation, clean drinking
  water, good hygiene, breastfeeding, infant weaning, ORT.

• Promotion of use of preventive services e.g. immunization,
  screening, and antenatal and child health child health clinic.

• Promoting the correct use of medication and pursuit of
  rehabilitation regimens. e.g., TB and Leprosy

• Recognition or early symptoms of disease and promotion of early

• Promotion of community support for PHC and government
  control measures

            Factors which bring about a health
• Behavioral                  ) Interrelated
• Non-behavioral              )
 Examples of non-behavioral factors:
  - Biological disease agents or pathogens or conditions
  - Chemical factors
  - Hereditary factors
  - Social policy
  - Geography
  - Natural diseases
  - A health innovation or technology (availability)
 8/8/2012                                            12
  The communication process


• Sender   message    channel   receiver
         Barriers to Effective

• Physiological

• Psychological

• Environmental

• cultural
Materials for Health Education

 Print media e.g posters, flannel graph, flip charts,
  hand bills e.t.c

 Electronic media e.g projectors, radio, television,
  internet, e.t.c

 Traditional media e.g story telling, songs,
  roleplays, town crying/announcers, puppets e.t.c
Settings for the practice of health education

 • Health care facilities (patient education and
 • Schools
 • Workplaces
 • Community or neighborhoods
 • Pharmacies
 • Medical laboratory etc, etc.

 8/8/2012                                          16
           Targets of Health education / unit of
• Individual e.g. a patient.

• Groups e.g. families, group of patients.

• Communities e.g. neighbourhood,
  village, hamlet, town, city LGA, State,
8/8/2012                                           17
Adoption of new idea and practices
This is a process which involves:
• Awareness
• Interest
• Evaluation
• Trial on a small scale
• Adoption/Rejection
• Integration
      Community Attitudes to Health

•   Hostility
•   Passive Resistance
•   Indifference
•   Active Support
•   Self Reliance
How to overcome resistance to Change
• Present the material in a new form which is
  more acceptable to people

• Associate the new idea with the desired goals

• Reinforce the social networks
How to overcome resistance to Change
• Draw attention to successful examples

• Work through opinion leaders

• Identify and persuade innovators

• Be patient and avoid confrontations

    •Thank You

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