(for design only) GPS for Fire Management Pocket Guide
Template: Width: 14”; height: 5 ½”. Each panel is 3 ½”.
Gutters: ¼” (red lines). Fold lines in dashes. Inside margins: 1/4” (extent of text blocks – red lines). Font: Arial, 10 pt. (except mission checklist).
Headers in bold.
Note: when printing guide, delete everything outside of black
Front Side rectangle prior to printing (keep black rectangle).
GPS for Fire Management Setup Page
Waypoint Naming Convention Datum
Field Reference for the Use Setup page to customize the way
AS Accident Site MP Milepost page information is displayed. Go to When there is a change in datum, coordinate
Garmin GPSMAP 76S BR Bridge MV Medivac Site Location tab to set correct datum and values change for all points on the ground.
CA Camp OP Observation Point coordinate system (shown is NWCG
Button Layout • If using GPS receiver with a map, set receiver
DB Division Break PR Protected Resource GPS standard). datum to match map datum.
DP Drop Point RH Rehab Site***
DL Dozer Line RJ Road Junction • If using position or waypoint coordinates from
Map Page other sources (including GIS), match receiver
FL Fire Line* RS Radio Site
FO Fire Origin SA Staging Area Download MapSource maps for greater datum to same datum coordinates were derived in
GT Gate SC Stream Crossing detail. Press Menu button once to open prior to inputting into GPS receiver.
HA Hazard** SF Spot Fire Map Setup. Set map display
HB Helibase ST Structure preferences as desired. Use Map to
HS Helispot SZ Safety Zone Download Almanac
visually monitor track log collection.
IC ICP WS Water Source Download a new almanac if GPS receiver is new,
IR Infrared Hotspot
Electronic Compass Page has been moved more than 300 miles while turned
*B – Blasted, D – Dozer, H – Hand, W – Wet
off, or has not been used within the last 30 days.
**M – Mine Shaft, S – Snag, W – Well Press Menu button once to open
***F – Fence, R – Road, W – Water Turn receiver on and place in location with clear
Compass Setup menu. Select
Example: “DBXY” = X – Y Division Break view of sky. Allow up to 15 minutes for a new
Calibrate Compass to calibrate the
almanac to download after receiver acquires first
electronic compass (do regularly to
Receiver Setup satellite signal. The almanac is automatically
Lamp: turn receiver on; adjust backlight/contrast. maintain accuracy).
updated whenever the receiver is in use.
NAV: go to navigation page; man overboard. Main Menu
ZOOM: map page zoom. Use Main Menu, Setup, Location to select True,
PAGE: advance to next page. Turn compass on/off.
From any page, press Menu Receiver Operation
button twice. Magnetic, Grid or User for north
MENU: once for active page menu; twice to access compass heading. When compass is GPS Information Page
To set up receiver, toggle to
Main Menu. turned on, a “N” symbol appears in Always collect waypoints and
Setup, press Enter button once.
ENTER: selects option; creates waypoint the lower left of the page. Press and tracks in either 3D GPS Location
Proceed through setup pages
QUIT: exit menu; go to previous page. hold Page button to turn compass on or 3D Differential (if WAAS is
and change settings as needed.
This pocket reference is a supplement to the 2005 GPS for Fire
Monitor power and memory or off. Caution: compass turned on active – as shown) mode. Note this
Management Course. Garmin™ is a registered trademark of Garmin
International™. from Main Menu. consumes more battery power. information on the metadata form.
Create New Waypoint Track Log Setup Collect Track Log Mission Checklist
Press and hold Enter button to From Main Menu, select Track To start collecting a track log, set Recording to Stop The NWCG GPS standard is datum NAD83
create a new waypoint. Do not Logs. Press Menu button to open When Full. Press Enter button to select. Do not (same as WGS84) and lat/long coordinate
edit date/time field (this Track Log Menu. Download and select Wrap When Full. system in degrees, minutes and seconds.
information is needed for GIS). archive active log (if needed). To pause logging, set Recording
to Off. When mapping mission is Briefing
Select Ok and press Enter
complete, either turn GPS receiver • Plan mission to achieve the objectives.
button to save waypoint. Or press • Are mission logistics defined to execute and complete
Menu button once to access off or save track log (saving log
Clear Active Log and saved the mission?
waypoint options menu. provides area calculation). Tracks • Delivered GPS data or product format is understood.
Tracks to free up memory. Select
page displays percentage of Equipment
Setup Track Log. Press Enter
memory used. • Select appropriate GPS receiver for the mission.
Monitor memory usage to ensure • Use an external antenna whenever possible.
Create Averaged Position Waypoint Record Mode set to OFF for setup. adequate free memory to complete • Adequate batteries or power source.
Set Interval to Time. the mission. • Paper map and compass.
Mark waypoint. Name waypoint if
• Notebook and pencils.
needed. Do not edit date/time field. Set Interval Value based on
• GPS metadata form.
Press Menu button once to open method of travel during data Area Calculation Prepare GPS receiver
Waypoint Options menu. collection, and size of area to be • Set datum and coordinate system to NWCG (see
mapped. A total of 10,000 track After collecting a perimeter track log, save active log.
above) or incident standard.
points are available. Up to 10 tracks may be saved. Open a saved Track • Update receiver almanac for the local area.
Select Average Location and Log from the Tracks page. Area format can be • Download and delete old waypoints, active log and
Approximate log times (start with empty Track Log):
press Enter button once. changed. Select “ac” for acres (as saved tracks if not needed to clear memory.
One second interval: 2.7 hours total log time.
Averaging begins automatically. shown). • Set up Track Log collection interval based on method
Three second interval: 8.3 hours total log time.
Caution: when mapping any of travel and speed, and size of area to be mapped.
Five second interval: 13.8 hours total log time.
perimeter, do not close polygon at • Check wires, connections and power source.
Note position count for each waypoint Suggested logging rates (based on speed of travel): • Verify all GPS settings are correct prior to mission.
Helicopter: 1 - 3 second log interval. the same point the track log was
on metadata form. Select and press started. Doing so may create Aerial mapping mission
Save when done. Positions will be Walking: 5 - 10 second log interval. • Brief pilot on mission prior to takeoff.
Vehicle: 3 - 7 second log interval. overlapping track points, which may • Ensure reliable external antenna connection.
averaged into a single waypoint. cause an area miscalculation, as
Logging interval may be changed during mission. • Carry spare GPS receiver and extra batteries as
well as data problems in GIS. backup.