STANDARDS FOR HOUSES IN MULTIPLE
1 Housing Units
A room or rooms let to one person (or family will be considered as one housing unit)
2 Space Standards
2.1 Sleeping accommodation shall be provided in either single or double rooms unless
sufficient space is provided for occupation by a family.
Every bedroom or livingroom should ALSO be capable of accommodating at least:
- a bed;
- a wardrobe (except where a built in wardrobe of equal size is provided and
- a chest of drawers.
together with their associated activity spaces.
Single Room Double Room
BR where common livingroom available 10.5m2
BR where no common livingroom available 16 m2
Communal Living Room
3-6 persons 11m2
7-10 persons 16.5m2
11-15 persons 19.5m2
2.2 Any underground room, the floor area of which, is more than 900mm below the
surface of the street adjoining or nearest to the room shall not be used as a bedroom
unless the average ceiling height is more than 2100mm and adequate provision is
made for ventilation lighting and protection against dampness.
2.3 The maximum permitted number of occupants for each house will be calculated by
reference to the above standards and to the facilities standards relating to cooking &
3 Space Heating
The premises shall be heated in such a way as to maintain a reasonable temperature
throughout either by the provision of a suitable space heating installation or the provision of
suitable individual space heating appliances within each housing unit.
4 Facilities for Preparing, Cooking and Storing Food
4.1 These standards apply to premises, which do not provide board (except 4.8 which
applies to all premises). Each housing unit must contain a cooker with at least
4 rings, grill and oven; or
One cooker (with grill, 4 rings and oven) must be provided for up to 6 people and
TWO cookers for between 7 and 10 people in a common kitchen. No kitchen may
contain more than 2 cookers.
4.2 Each housing unit must contain a sink with an adequate supply of hot and cold water
and an integral drainer. OR - Where a common kitchen is in use ONE sink with an
adequate supply of hot and cold water and an integral drainer must be provided for
up to 6 people TWO such sinks with adequate supply of hot and cold water and
integral drainers must be provided for between 7 and 10 people.
4.3 A suitable and sufficient worktop area with an impervious surface must be provided
for preparing food either within each unit or in a common kitchen.
4.4 Suitable and sufficient food storage facilities must be provided (lockable where
requested by occupant(s) within each unit or in a common unit.
* One fridge should be provided for every 5 people.
4.5 Adequate activity space shall be provided around cooking, washing and storage
facilities within the kitchen.
4.6 In premises offering part board, facilities shall be made available (either separately or
in a common kitchen) for occupants to prepare light meals/ snacks and hot drinks and
for occupants to gain access to supply of drinking water.
4.7 Adequate provision shall be made for the consumption of food within the premises.
4.8 Drinking Water (This section applies to all premises, whether or not board is
Occupants should have suitable access to a suitable and satisfactory drinking water
5 Provision of Sanitary Facilities
5.1 Water Supply
Hot and cold supplies should be suitable and satisfactory for purposes.
5.2 There should be 1 WC for every 5 persons. These should be located so that if they
are not on the same level as the bedroom it is no further than the next floor up or
5.3 Every WC should have a wash hand basin within the WC itself, or within an adjacent
space providing the sole means of access to WC compartment. The watercloset pan
and wash basin should also be separated by a door from any room or space used
wholly or partly for the preparation or consumption of food.
5.4 Baths/ Showers
One Bath/ shower to be provided for every 6 occupants/ people.
5.5 All baths, showers and washhand basins must have an adequate supply of hot and
5.6 All persons living in the premises are to be included eg owner or manager where no
separate exclusive facilities are provided.
A building should be provided with safe and hygienic drainage system in compliance
with the relevant Technical Standards.
6.1 Any facilities provided in terms of paragraphs 4 (kitchen) and 5 (sanitary facilities)
which are situated outside a housing unit shall be readily accessible from the unit and
suitably located within the building.
6.2 There must be suitable access to each housing unit (BR) which does not necessitate
passing through any apartment containing facilities which are provided for the use of
other occupiers eg another bedroom, bathroom, WC compartment.
7 Natural Lighting
7.1 All bedrooms and living room must have adequate natural lighting; there shall be an
area of clear glazing equal to at least 1/15th of the floor area of the room and situated
in an external wall or roof, or in a wall between the room and a conservatory.
7.2 All kitchens, bathrooms, waterclosets, staircases, landings and passages must also
have adequate natural lighting. Where this is not possible suitable and sufficient
artificial lighting must be provided.
8 Artificial Lighting
8.1 Suitable and sufficient electric lighting must be provided in all parts of the premises.
All wiring and fittings must be maintained in a safe condition.
8.2 Any lighting point serving a stair within an HMO should have controlling switches at
8.3 On any common staircase, artificial lighting must operate from each landing.
9.1 Every bedroom and living room should have a window or windows with an opening
area equal to at least 1/30th of the floor area of the apartment and situated in an
external wall or roof or a conservatory.
9.2 Kitchens, bathrooms and waterclosets should have either natural ventilation (with a
window or windows with an opening area equal to a least 1/30th of the floor area) or
mechanical ventilation capable of 30 litres/ second.
10.1 Any premises, or part thereof, used, as shared accommodation must be maintained
in a reasonable state of repair and be free from any defect(s) liable to prejudice the
health and safety of the occupants.
11 Fire Safety
11.1 All shared accommodation shall have adequate fire protection with particular
reference to means of escape; the Council will consult with Central Scotland Fire
Brigade and will take action to ensure compliance with any recommendations
11.2 Fire Safety Management
The adoption of proper fire safety management practices is required including the
regular maintenance of fire safety equipment and systems and the giving of fire safety
instructions to all residents and employees.
11.3 Furniture and Furnishings
All soft furnishings should comply with the Furniture & Furnishings (Fire Safety)
12 Electrical Safety
12.1 The installed system and any appliances should be functioning properly and should
be safe. Certification should be provided by a competent person confirming such
proper functioning and safety.
12.2 The electrical equipment should be maintained in a safe working condition and be
regularly inspected by a competent person in compliance with the Electrical
Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994 and a record of such inspections kept on the
12.3 There should be a minimum of:-
In each kitchen, 6 socket outlets;
In each bedroom, and livingroom, 4 socket outlets;
Anywhere in the building, 4 additional outlets.
13 Space and Water Heating Appliances
Gas appliances must be checked for safety at least once a year by a CORGI registered
company and the landlord should keep records of these checks for their tenants and officers
of the local authority to see on request.
14 General Standards
14.1 Health and Safety Act and Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997 (As
These apply where persons are employed in the premises
14.2 Food Safety Act
This applies where food is supplied as part of the occupancy agreement eg part
board. Satisfactory standards of hygiene must be maintained at all times in premises,
which fall within the scope of the Act.
Every stair for a change in level of more than 600mm should have a handrail on at
least one side, fixed at a height of at least 900mm and not more than 1 metre above
the pitch line of a flight or surface of a landing.
14.4 Storage of Rubbish/Waste
Adequate storage facilities for waste and its collection should be be provided. The
landlord shall be responsible for advising tenants of the refuse collection day.
14.5 Storage of Personal Effects
Each person shall be provided with a minimum storage space of 1.5m 3.
14.6 Any Other Matter
Any other matter, which may be found to be so far defective as to render any
premises (or part thereof) used as shared accommodation unsuitable for occupation
in it’s existing condition, shall be dealt with so as to remove the deficiencies found.
14.7 Any Material Change
Licence holder must obtain prior consent of the licensing authority before making any
material change to the premises.
14.8 Planning Consent
Relevant Planning permission must be obtained where required. It is the
responsibility of the licencee (or person registering the premises) to contact the
planning authority to find out whether planning permission is required.
14.9 Building Warrant
Building Warrant must be obtained where required. . It is the responsibility of the
licencee (or person registering the premises) to contact the building control authority
to find out whether building warrant is required for change of use or for any
15 Tenancy Management
15.1 Landlords must not discriminate or allow discrimination or harassment on the grounds
of sex, age, religion, ethnic background, sexual orientation.
15.2 Tenancy Agreement
Tenants shall be provided with a written tenancy agreement regardless of how
unconventional a tenancy might be.
A checklist of areas that might be covered by such agreements shall be supplied by
Stirling Council’s Housing Section.
A full explanation of the tenants sole and shared rights and responsibilities shall be
provided with the tenancy agreement.
15.3 An inventory of furnishing etc. must be provided by the landlord and agreed with the
15.4 If a deposit is required, a written explanation of how it will be refunded and under
what circumstances all or part of it can be retained by the landlord must be provided.
15.5 Landlord shall ensure that tenant’s comply with the terms of their lease and conduct
themselves in a way that does not interfere with the rights of neighbouring residents
to enjoy peaceful occupation of their homes.
Landlords will provide tenants with a confidential system for the reporting of
complaints against other tenants and neighbours.
Landlords shall advise any tenant of a complaint about their behaviour, give them an
opportunity to answer any complaints made against them and provide written
instruction as to how the tenant should conduct themselves in the future or of the
landlords intention to end the tenancy.
Current copies of inspection / safety certificates must be provided to all new tenants
and to existing tenants annually.
Landlords must take reasonable precautions to ensure the personal safety of tenants
and their property, including their mail.
Checks with police and other relevant authorities will be made to ensure any landlord
seeking an HMO license or their employees is a fit person to be placed in a position
Landlords will provide suitable methods of rent collection, provide a rent book and
receipt of all rent and any other payments.
Rent books and receipts must clearly show the distinction between rent and other
payments (electricity, food etc.)
Landlords will make arrangements for the reporting of repairs and for carryout of
Repairs which render the property “Unfit for Human Habitation” (refer to legislation)
must be completed within 12/24 hours.
15.10 Garden Maintenance
Landlords will ensure that arrangements for garden maintenance (if required) are
Any equipment provided by the landlord for garden maintenance by tenants must be
maintained and checked for safety.