PowerPoint Presentation - Beginnings by Kd8z05c

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									  Beginnings
Two different stories
    Did it rise?
Backpacking Europe
             Court Patronage
• Queen Elizabeth

• King James

• Jacobean
Decline
   • Why?

   • When did it start?

   • Was it truly a decline?
              History Notes
• Women and
  Patronage

• Church Patronage

• Time Line
  How Does Patronage Work?
• Courtly nobles and Church have a lot of
  money
• Authors and Artists need to make a living
• Public patronage was not a viable option
  as literacy wasn’t widespread among the
  lower classes.
• Those in Church and Court support the
  arts
  – Money
  – Position
  – Lodging


• Authors help their Patrons
  – Reputation
  – Entertainment
  – Records
           Obtaining a Patron
•   Dedications
•   Flattery
•   Begging
•   Every man believes that mistresses are
    unfaithful, and patrons are capricious. But
    he excepts his own mistress, and his own
    patron.” Dr. Johnson
              Court Patronage:
         what was gained by the patron
• Social Relations/Show of
  Frivolity

• Story Malleability

• Assertion of Dominance

• Inspiration of Others
           Church Patronage:
  What was gained by the Clergy member
• Social Relations

• Story Malleability

• Assertion of
  Dominance

• Inspiration of Others
Church and Court
• Use of texts to create new
       religious norms
            Courtly Debates
• Having texts about a king could “prove” his side
                     of things
     Positive Aspects of Being
             Patronized
• Money

• Practice

• Prestige

• Schooling
                      POWER
• Ubiquitous in aristocratic
  society
• Relationships could be
  lifelong…not usually a
  one time exchange
• Voluntary
• The issue of “intellectual
  property”
The Politics of Patronage
     And Its Shifts

   Through the Works of:

        Caedmon
     Battle of Maldon
   The Canterbury Tales
   A Modern Example of Patronage…
• Poetry Used for Political Ends

• Yeats’ Creates Poetry Instilled Nationalist
  Aspirations

• Poetic Activism

• The Common Man was the Patron
  Caedmon: Historical Context
• Composed around 658 and 680 A.D.

• Hagiography: history with a moral twist

• After Fall of Western Roman Empire

• Power Transition to Church
               Caedmon
• The Church as Patron

• Church Played Major Political Role
           Historical Context:
            Battle of Maldon


• Battle occurred 10 August 991 A.D.



• Poem Written likely right after battle
          Battle of Maldon
• Begging Poem

• Patronage to Family of Byrhtnoth

• Example of Court Patronage
           Historical Context:
            Cantebury Tales


• Written around 1380 A.D.

• People angry of corrupt clergy

• Anti-clerical and papal nobility in England
       Canterbury Tales
• Language: Satire of Church with
  Franciscan Priest

• Church Losing Power
                         Bibliography
• Greenblatt, Stephen, and M.h. Abrams. The Norton Anthology of
  English Literature. 8th ed. Vol. 1. New York, London: W.W. Norton
  and Company, 2006. 218-238.
•   "Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence."
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lionel_of_Antwerp. 17 Oct. 2006. 25 Oct. 2006
    <www.wikipedia.org>.
•   "Geoffrey Chaucer." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaucer. 25 Oct. 2006. 25
    Oct. 2006 <www.wikipedia.org>.
• Drake, Tim, and K Knight. "The Catholic Encyclopedia."
  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09333a.htm. 2006. Trinity
  Consulting, Inc. 25 Oct. 2006
  <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/index.html>.
                        Bibliography
•   "Holy Roman Empire." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Roman_Empire. 25
    Oct. 2006. 25 Oct. 2006 <www.wikipedia.org>.
•   "Charlemagne." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlamagne. 25 Oct. 2006. 25
    Oct. 2006 <www.wikipedia.org>.

								
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