The Africa Pavilion

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					                             The African Pavilion


                   The African Pavilion

   The African Pavilion will be central to the Seventeenth Conference of Parties to the United
  Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the Seventh Conference of the Parties
serving as the Meeting of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in Durban, South Africa on 28th November -
                                        9th December 2011.

                 This is Africa’s climate change and development agenda

                                   4 October 2011

                                 4 October 2011

                                                  The African Pavilion

1.     Background and rational ................................................................................................................. 3
2.     Objectives........................................................................................................................................ 5
3.     Outputs and Outcomes ................................................................................................................... 6
4.     Organization of the African Pavilion .............................................................................................. 6
     4.1      Location................................................................................................................................... 6
     4.2      Capacity ................................................................................................................................... 6
     4.3      African Pavilion Programme of Side Events ............................................................................ 7
       4.3.1          Roundtable Thematic Discussions .................................................................................. 7
       4.3.2          Africa Day ........................................................................................................................ 8
       4.3.3          Other Side Events ............................................................................................................ 9
5.     Communication ............................................................................................................................... 9
6.     Mobilization of Partners .............................................................................................................. 10

Annex and table
           Annex 1: Summary of roundtable themes and key questions .................................................. 11

           Table: Draft programme for the side events to be held in the African Pavilion. ...................... 15

           Annex 2: Contact of Africa @ COP 17 Secretariat..................................................................... 16

                                 The African Pavilion
1.      Background and rational


The 17th Conference of the Parties (COP17) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCCC) and the 7th Session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the
Parties (CMP7) to the Kyoto Protocol (KP) will take place in Durban, South Africa, between 28th
November and 9th December 2011. The conference constitutes a milestone for climate change
negotiations: It is now nearly 20 years since the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment
and Development (also known as the Earth Summit) in Rio de Janeiro, where, among others, climate
change negotiations were kick-started as a result of which the UNFCCC was opened for signing by
UN Member States.

The African Union Assembly Decision on the 16th Conference of Parties to the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 6th Conference of Parties to the Kyoto
Protocol requests the Commission to liaise with Republic of South Africa and African Development
Bank on having an African Pavilion at COP 17; to make adequate preparation to support the African
Group of Negotiators (Experts) in the preparatory Climate Change talks leading to COP 17; and to
convene an African Conference of Ministers responsible for Climate Change to finalize the document
as part of the preparation for COP 17.

The COP17/CMP7 has symbolic significance for climate negotiations because it is being held on a
continent that is widely acknowledged to be bearing the brunt of climate change. There is much
hope and optimism that the negotiations will significantly move some of the important elements of
the multilateral climate framework forward, building on COP16/CMP6 agreements in Cancun,
Mexico, 2010.

The negotiations return to Africa at a time when there is a higher level of awareness of the impact of
climate change on Africa, supported by a growing body of research and adaptation and mitigation
practices on the ground. Furthermore, the conference offers an opportunity to repackage and re-
present the African initiatives and perspectives on Climate Change that is anchored on building
African RESILIENCE and DEVELOPMENT in the context of Global Climate Change talks and

At the meeting of 29th June 2011 on the sidelines of the African Union Summit in Malabo, Equatorial
Guinea, the Committee of African Heads of State and Government on Climate Change (CAHOSCC)
stressed the importance of adaptation as a priority agenda for Africa, and the need for a mechanism
for concrete implementation of adaptation actions and the associated financial and technological
support. The African Heads of State and Government also called for the creation of an African Green
Fund (AGF) to provide Africa with access to climate finance at a scale that can accomplish
transformational impact using mechanisms that best respond to Africa’s needs. The AGF will pool
resources from various sources to support country-owned-and-led initiatives and climate compatible
development by financing public and private sector programs and projects that will contribute to
poverty alleviation and sustainable development on the continent. The African Pavilion will offer an
opportunity to reflect on the design of the Green Climate Fund in a manner that results in a tailored
financing platform for Africa at the scale needed for a climate resilient and low carbon development

                                The African Pavilion
future, through practical programmatic approaches, with incentives for the private sector to
leverage investments.

The African Union Commission (AUC), through the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture,
has put in place a comprehensive coordinating framework of a Steering Committee and an Advisory
Committee, in implementing the African Union (AU) Assembly Decision. The Steering Committee
consists of Representatives of Republic of South Africa (through the Embassy in Addis Ababa),
African Development Bank (AfDB) and chaired by AUC. The Advisory Committees’ work is being
facilitated by three sub-committees: Technical Sub-Committee chaired by the Coordinator of the
African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) based at UNECA, a Media and Communications Sub-Committee
chaired by the AUC Directorate for Information and Communications, and a Logistics Sub-Committee
chaired by the Embassy of the Republic of South Africa in Addis Ababa.


      It’s anticipated that political, diplomatic and economic factors will be
       underlying factors to influence the outcome in COP 17/CMP7, thus the
       leadership of AUC is working towards strengthening the hands of the African
       Group of Negotiators (AGN) to create a “soft landing” for a guaranteed
       success in COP17/CMP7 in Durban. Towards, this end the AUC and African
       Development Bank, will intensify efforts in support of Republic of South Africa
       through using       every high level engagement of AUC, to formally and
       informally engage our African Heads of State and Ministers (through
       CAHOSCC and AMCEN) on one hand and our friends in Annex1 on the other.

The African common position has been consolidated from different interfaces on issues of the Kyoto
Protocol on greenhouse gas emission reductions, as well as building blocks from Copenhagen and
Cancun including the Adaptation Fund, Green Climate Fund and others. Key messages have been
developed for AMCEN and CAHOSCC and the common position will continuously be revised in
accordance with emerging issues from the negotiations towards COP 17 / CMP 7 and future Climate
Change Negotiations. Engaging plans are also in place with the African Members of the Transitional
Committee for the design of the Green Climate Fund for the African Green Fund (AGF) and with the
African Members of the Technical Executive Committee with a view to ensuring Africa’s interests are
taken on board.

The elaboration and finalization of an African Climate Change Strategy will also be pursued in
support of Africa’s common position and strategic interest.


Africa will have a dedicated discussion and exhibition facility in COP17/CMP7 in Durban, called the
African Pavilion

                                   The African Pavilion
The pavilion will be the hub of African events and a venue for informal networking of participants
drawn from four arenas:

        Policy: high-level policy makers from African Member States and their Regional Economic
         Communities, multilateral organisations, and representatives of bilateral organisations;
        Science: regional and sub-regional climate centres, regional and international researchers,
         scientists, and technology specialists from research institutions actively engaged in
         advancing knowledge in development and climate change in Africa; and,
        Practice: including Private Sector and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), Non-Governmental
         Organisations (NGOs), media and independent writers on climate change and development

        Thematic areas of focus, for the side events, in line with relevant issues in the negotiation
         process as well as priorities identified as strategies for a climate safe African continent shall
         also be considered.

The African Pavilion will seek to highlight the African climate change and development agenda:
‘Development First’ and will deploy this towards framing the discussions and events at the


A Secretariat for COP17/CMP7 & African Pavilion Side Event is located in Department of Rural
Economy & Agriculture in AUC, Addis Ababa

2.       Objectives
The African Pavilion will provide forum for:

        Discussions and debates that set the context for African-relevant climate change issues and
         themes within the larger framework of sustainable development in Africa;
        African policy makers, practitioners, researchers and community representatives to
         articulate the gaps and demands for appropriate knowledge, policy directions and actions,
         and technical services including those for the wider public;
        Knowledge-sharing among decision-makers and practitioners, the research community and
         negotiators on goals;
        Identifying policies, practices and research recommendations for stakeholders; and,
        Promoting quality scientific research, field experience and evidence-based policy more

The African Pavilion will create an enabling environment for positive discourses and debates to
advance a climate compatible development agenda for the continent. The events will build on and
be informed by fora, initiatives, activities, consultations, conferences, meetings and workshops held
before the COP17: the African Development Forum (ADFVII), the Conference of African Heads of
States and Government on Climate Change (CAHOSCC), the African Ministerial Conference on the
Environment (AMCEN), consultations of the African Group of Negotiators (AGN), and the inaugural
ClimDev African Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA), to be held in
Addis Ababa in October 2011.

                                   The African Pavilion
These events set the stage for moving forward the development agenda on poverty alleviation and
economic growth in alignment with climate resilient economic, environmental, and social systems in
Africa and clarify messages from Africa regarding climate change and development.

3.       Outputs and Outcomes
Outputs for and of the African Pavilion include:

        A series of African events bringing together policy, practice and research communities to
         discuss, debate and progress in the African climate change and development agenda;
        Social and networking opportunities around climate change and development in Africa;
        African multimedia products highlighting the African climate change and development
        Worldwide media exposure for Africans at the COP17;
        Physical and virtual networking spaces;
        Helpdesk to provide information on COP17 and beyond; and,
        Development marketplace for innovative ideas and proposals on climate change and
         development across African.
The expected outcomes of the African Pavilion are that there will be:

        a recognition that climate change can be addressed in Africa only through development;
        an understanding that Africa owns the African agenda on climate change and development;
        A greater awareness of what countries, institutions, organisations and individuals are doing
         to address climate change and development across Africa.

A recognition and understanding of these issues by all actors attending COP17 will ultimately improve
Africa’s negotiating position, and lead to greater coherence and integration of activities addressing climate
change in Africa. Furthermore use of media and communications, coupled with quality information, high
level input, and key messages, are essential for achieving the objectives, outputs and outcomes of the
African Pavilion.

4.       Organization of the African Pavilion

4.1      Location
The African Pavilion will be a stand-alone structure (tent) through which participants will move en route
to the UNFCCC space for events and negotiations but within the COP17 security perimeter

4.2      Capacity
The pavilion space will cater for an experiential exhibit (a forest ecosystem (max. of 500 sq. meters)), a
program of roundtables and other side events, and permanent exhibits, networking events, meals,
interviews with the media and more. To cater for these exhibits, events and activities, the Pavilion shall
consist of several dedicated spaces:

                                  The African Pavilion
    1. A 500 m2 space replicating a forest and other environments of Africa with a focus on what these
       ecosystems mean for climate change and development in Africa;
    2. A space for side events (that can hold 500 people and can be partitioned into 2);
    3. Four meeting rooms for organisers, African negotiators, Experts, Ministers and Heads of State;
    4. A media space for press interviews;
    5. A large social space for networking that facilitates mingle and discussion between delegates,
       observers and others. Food and drink can be served here; and,
    6. A development marketplace for innovation, where ideas and proposals towards addressing
       climate change can be discussed and submitted to the organisers of the African Pavilion.

4.3     African Pavilion Programme of Side Events
The Pavilion will host various African “Side Events” bringing together all interested participants to
address themes of fundamental importance to Africa. The draft programme of these side events will
have to be in sync with the time slots for the COP17 so that speakers and participants can easily
move between African Pavilion events and other events. The Pavilion will have 12 (6x2) time slots
blocked out for roundtable discussion panels in advance of the Africa Day, and 6 time slots are blocked
out for Africa Day. For the Regional Economic Communities side events, 7 time slots are pencilled. The
remaining time slots are available for other side events to be held by regional organisations such as
river basin organisations, countries and their ministries, Civil Society Organizations, universities and
others. Assuming the space for side events can be partitioned into at least 2 spaces, there may be
up to 70 (i.e. 35 X 2) additional side events facilitated at the African Pavilion. Time slots will be
allocated on a first-come-first-served basis. The organizers for each of these time slots will be
responsible for every aspect of the side event, such as the organisation of speakers etc.

All the events at the Pavilion are organized to culminate in a high level Africa Day event on 8th
December 2011,

4.3.1   Roundtable Thematic Discussions
The suggested themes for the Roundtables are:

    1. Climate finance for Africa: Under this theme, discussions are organised on African
       experiences with climate finance and development to date, and what Africa sees as the
       future for development in relation to climate finance, including the African Green Fund,
       versus other sources of finance and tax revenues used to invest in climate adaptation for
    2. Low carbon development and energy access for Africa: Under this theme, discussions are
       organised on current state of energy access in Africa, and the future for African low carbon
       energy development and wider energy access to energy services.
    3. Hydro-meteorological services and water resources for Africa: Under this theme,
       discussions will address the relationship between these issues and development in the
       context of NEPAD and the AUC Programmes on water and meteorology.
    4. Climate change and disaster risk management: Under this theme, discussions will include
       Programme of Action for the implementation of the African Regional Strategy on Disaster
       Risk Reduction.

                                 The African Pavilion
    5. Climate adaptation and investments in climate resilient development: Under this theme,
       discussions will be organised on what climate adaptation means for Africa’s development
       agenda, including sectoral investments in climate resilience (e.g. in infrastructure and
    6. Agriculture and food security across Africa: Under this theme, discussions will be organised
       on progresses made in Africa in the area of food security in the Comprehensive African
       Agricultural Development Program (CAADP), and the climate change challenges to be
       addressed to ensure future food security and development.
    7. REDD+, forests and development across Africa: Under this theme, discussions will be
       organised on the situation and prospects for REDD+ in Africa, in terms of contributing to
       development, attracting climate finance and required institutions and capacities.
    8. Climate change and security: Under this theme, discussions will be organised on the
       implications to human security of climate change and the required remedial and
       precautionary interventions.

Roundtable panellists will include African Heads of State and Government, Ministers, practitioners
and researchers including, for example, experts from governments, international agencies, non-
governmental organisations, scientists, and the private sector. Each roundtable lasting ½ to 2 hours
will consist of 7 panellists and a moderator:

       1 African climate change negotiator – who is the focal point, or is involved in the issues
        being discussed
       2 policy makers – for example Government Ministers or senior government officials, officials
        from RECs and NEPAD;
       2 practitioners – for example from civil society organisations, government departments,
        private sector, or community groups;
       2 researchers – for example from African Universities, NGOs or other research organisations;
       1 Moderator – a well respected individual with extensive policy, practice and research
        experience in the field being discussed, as well as excellent moderating skills.

Roundtable background material for discussions will be compiled from the papers being solicited in
preparation for the Climate and Development in African Conference being held in October, as well as
from the institutions leading the organization of each session. The papers for the CCDA will be
distilled into summaries (that will be available on the thumb drive being prepared for the Pavilion)
and made available on the materials table.

4.3.2   Africa Day
The roundtable thematic discussions organized in the African Pavilion culminate in Africa Day
scheduled during the high level segment of the COP17 and will be led by the organizing committee.

A series of issues will be discussed by African Heads of State and Government and other world
leading African policy makers, practitioners and researchers. These issues will be:

       Development 1st: Africa’s Future
       Climate finance for Africa Including the Design of the African Green Climate Fund;

                                  The African Pavilion
The opening session on Development 1st: Africa’s Future will address Africa’s development agenda
      Adaptation in Africa- Key Issues, Lessons Learned and Way Forward
            - Water Resources
            - Hydromet Services
            - Disaster Risk Reduction
        Agriculture and Food Security
 REDD+, forests and development across Africa;

            Mitigation Key Issues, Lessons Learned and Way Forward
                 - Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) including
                     the Congo Basin Initiative
                 - Low Carbon Development
                 - Energy Access

in the context of climate change, how African countries are leading this, and what this means for
Africa’s future and climate change negotiating position. The other session will address the issues
discussed in the roundtables but at a higher level.

Languages, interpretation and translation: All documents and events will be in English and French
languages to ensure the widest possible participation from African.

4.3.3       Other Side Events
The Pavilion Advisory Committee Secretariat will launch a call for side event proposals from African
stakeholders including regional organisations such as river basin organisations, countries and their
ministries, CSOs, universities, business sectors and others to determine interest in the themes being
examined during the roundtables, or alternatively, to introduce different, pertinent themes and

Themes could include African ownership of the process, creating and enhancing shared knowledge
assets, bridging the gap between policy makers, practitioners including the private sector and the
research community and addressing key sectors for development such as agriculture, water and
energy. Cross cutting themes may be used to bring together various elements of climate change and
development, for example climate resilience and low carbon development.

5.          Communication
As far as communication is concerned, COP17 should be an occasion to further:- (i) raise awareness
among Africans of the challenges climate change poses to the continent; and among development
partners of how Africans are grappling with those challenges; (ii) confer greater understanding of
Africa’s options on climate change in general and climate change negotiations in particular; and, (iii)
motivate actions by Africans, local communities and governments to make informed decisions on
the most common issues and the management of climate change risks and impacts. A
communication team will engage in a number of distinctive advocacies, communication and
outreach activities before, during and after COP17. The following communication tactics will be

                                  The African Pavilion
        Establishing COP discussion forum (E-Discussion);
        Launching E-newsletter;
        Inviting journalists to cover the entire event;
        Placing banners and billboards at key points around Durban;
        Preparing COP17 bags and folders, T-shirts and other advertisements;
        Setting up exhibition booths in the Pavilion;
        Carrying out media related activities, including issuing media advisories and press releases,
         preparing media briefings, and organizing press conferences on an agreed schedule;
        Distributing CD-ROMs and memory sticks; and
        Producing and distributing to the media audio-visual materials.

6.       Mobilization of Partners
Mobilising the support and involvement from and for the various African institutions is paramount to
the success of the events at the African Pavilion and the Africa Day. To maximise the reach of the
African Pavilion and the Africa Day, and the depth of knowledge, legitimacy and influence, it is
important to inform and engage as partners as wide range of organisations and individuals who can
bring insights on climate change and development in Africa, connections and networks and diversity to

Many organisations appear eager to anticipating Africa’s special presence at the COP17. Reflecting the
need to bring together policy, research and practice communities, and ensure African ownership of the
African Pavilion, organisations that should be canvassed as potential partners to the African Pavilion
include: leading African policy institutions, active research organisations, and Civil Society
Organisations (CSOs) from the field, that are addressing climate change adaptation and mitigation in

                                 The African Pavilion

Annex 1: Summary of roundtable themes and key questions

Climate finance for Africa
Financing climate mitigation and adaptation in developing countries represents a major challenge in
the outcome of a post-2012 international climate agreement. Many consider that the key is to
mobilise financial resources effectively to stabilise the climate, which requires significant reduction
in emissions. Large-scale investments in energy and other key infrastructures will be essential to
meet both development and climate objectives in Africa. Discussions will address the various sources
and disbursement levels of climate finance, and the potential benefits and limitations for
development in Africa. Discussions will also look closer at the potential for using climate finance to
stimulate and generate domestic resources for climate action – seen by some as a fundamental step
to move towards a positive and nationally owned sustainable development pathway.

Key questions may include:

  1. The African Green Fund is Africa’s preferred vehicle to dispersing climate finance, but under
     what rules, who decides these rules and what Measurement Reporting and Verification (MRV)
     will be required to access these funds?

  2. How will projects and activities be planned and structured so that they can access
     international climate finance in addition to other sources of finance (i.e. national budgets or
     the private sector)?

  3. What are the major impediments in Africa to date in accessing climate finance?

Low carbon development and energy access for Africa
2012 will be the Year of Sustainable Energy for All, during which energy access and poverty will
feature prominently. However, it is important to differentiate between energy access and cleaner
energy for the poor. Access to modern energy services is commonly understood as household
access to electricity and cleaner cooking facilities that can reduce energy poverty. Another aspect
includes providing access to electricity and mechanical power for income generating activities.
Reliable household energy and wider economy and affordability are dimensions that must be
addressed to eliminate energy poverty. By improving the understanding of the distinction and
interaction between energy access and poverty, it is possible to better target policy initiatives and
develop integrated approaches. Discussions will explore challenges associated with energy access
and poverty in African and provide recommendations.

Key questions may include:
  1. To achieve low carbon development, what balance is required between low carbon energy
     sources, other energy sources and the conservation of carbon in forests and land cover, soils
     and coastal zones?

  2. What are the affordable and reliable energy options for Africa’s rural and urban populations
     and what institutional arrangements can deliver universal energy access?

                                  The African Pavilion
Hydro-meteorological services, water resources and disaster risk management for African
The constructive power of water resources is essential for health, agriculture, food security and hydro-
power. Conversely, water’s destructive power is visible in many climate-related disasters in Africa. The
fundamental paucity of hydro-meteorological data, analysis, and use hampers effective information,
planning and management of water resources and disasters in Africa. There is an urgent need to scale-
up and share information from modern real-time Africa-wide hydro-meteorological networks (using
ground-based systems building on growing internet/GSM or other low-cost telemetry and existing
satellite products), forecasting and warning systems that make effective use of modern information
and communication technologies, and climate risk management decision support tools to improve
water resources and disaster management by feeding into policy and institutions.

Key questions may include:

  1. What can National Hydrological and Meteorological Services (NHMSs) do to increase the
     amount, and relevance of, data and information for researchers, policy makers, farmers, and

  2. How can organizations work together to improve or create reliable early warning systems that
     are acted on for the benefit of people, the economy and development?

  3. How does Africa's vast water resources capital be utilized to transform Africa's economy in
     energy and agricultural sectors?

  4. What are the major investment needs to contain water related disasters and risks?

  5. What are effective boundary and trans-boundary policy and institutional interventions
     enhance adaptation to climate risks in major river basins?

Climate Adaptation
The historical, current and projected contribution of Africa to the increasing concentrations of green
house gases, and hence to the consequent climate change is negligible. However, Africa stands to
bear the brunt of the consequences. Hence, adaptation should be the top priority of African
governments. To lessen the effects of climate change, Africa needs to build climate resilient,
economic, political and social systems. Discussions examine to what extent existing systems are
resilient to climate change and what remedial and precautionary measures could be taken.

Key questions may include:

  1. How resilient are current investments in infrastructure, planning and development to climate

  2. What investments will African countries, businesses, farmers and households make in climate

  3. What interventions and in which sectors are crucial for climate change adaptation in Africa?

Agriculture and food security across Africa
The nexus of agriculture and climate change is considerable both as it is affected by and affecting
climate change. Most Africans are highly dependent on rain-fed agriculture, which is highly

                                  The African Pavilion
dependent on the climate. Agriculture provides opportunities for higher yields, higher resilience,
reduced carbon emissions/ enhanced carbon storage but requires sustainable land-management,
hydrological resources (irrigation and water control), and fertilizers. This discussion will examine the
agricultural situation in Africa, how sustainable climate resilient and low carbon development of
agriculture in Africa could be achieved, land use change in forests policy framework/guidelines
based on success stories of existing technologies.

Key questions may include:

  1. What is the status and how does intensification can help Africa to adapt African agriculture to
     climate change?

  2. How do farming systems adapt to changing climate conditions in space and time through the
     development of improved choices and integration of crop, livestock, fish and natural
     resources management technologies? What capacities and investments are required?

  3. What roles do land tenure, soil quality, seed varieties and livestock productivity, pest and
     diseases control, technology, energy and human capacity play relative to climate change, in
     agricultural yields and food security?

  4. What steps can farmers, governments, and investors take to improve soil carbon (i.e. increase
     soil carbon stocks) while at the same time improving sustainable yields through land use and
     land use change practices?

REDD+ across Africa
Sustainable Forest management in Africa provides a tremendous opportunity for land-use change
related mitigation efforts, related to the REDD+ agenda. As forests are felled and land cover is
degraded, climate-smart sustainable forest management is essential. Meanwhile, this imperative
should be conditional on ensuring that REDD+ becomes operational, it must address the specificities
of African countries, particularly for establishing an acceptable level of reference emissions. The
roundtable will describe the progress made to date, bringing to bear the experience of the Congo
Basin Forest Fund and its contributions to pilot REDD work in DRC?.

Key question may include:

  1. Has REDD+ improved development, livelihoods and the conservation of carbon and ecosystem
     services from forests in Africa?

  2. What potential does REDD+ hold in terms of being scaled up to support development given
     challenges associated with Measurement Reporting and Verification (MRV), governance, and
     people’s expectations?

Climate governance and institutional arrangements
Climate change is a challenge of many dimensions, ‘the biggest market failure the world has ever
seen’. As such, the utility of existing institutions in overcoming such challenge is limited. African
countries should develop institutions and capacity which are uniquely suited to their local realities
and are able to address the particular impacts of climate change. Wholesale transplanting of
institutions from the North may not necessarily work. African countries should engage in

                                 The African Pavilion
institutional experimentation and innovation; there is no need to reinvent the wheel but one may
have to invent an altogether different wheel.

Key questions may include:

  1. Do the institutions in African countries reflect priority issues, including climate change, food
     security and development, to be addressed? Or do they reflect international institutions or
     the institutional arrangements of countries in the North?

  2. What institutional innovation can each African country take to better match institutions to the
     issues to be addressed?

  3. What policy, institutional arrangement and capacity gaps exist in terms of effectively
     addressing climate change in Africa?

Climate change and security
The implications of climate change to human security are profound. It is now accepted among
analysts that climate change is one of the key future drivers of insecurity and international and civil
conflicts. With increased temperature and frequently occurring extreme weather events,
populations might be forced to move in search of arable and grazing land, water, and generally
tolerably habitable environment. This will put groups of people in collision course, further fueling
the various historical and cultural divisions. Discussions explore the effects of climate change on
security and remedial and precautionary interventions required to deal with the problems.

Key questions may include:

  1. What influence does climate change have on security relative to politics, history, or socio-
     cultural divisions?

  2. What can be done to reduce the risk of climate change related security issues?

  3. What are the policy and security implications of changes in weather and climate, food and
     livelihood security, human mobility, and social factors?

                                                                       The African Pavilion
Table: Draft programme for the side events to be held in the African Pavilion.

 Dates November, 2011                 December, 2011

           28     29      30        1              2                   3               4      5                6                  7                8                    Thursday           9 Friday
           Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday       Friday              Saturday        Sunday Monday           Tuesday            Wednesday

                                                                                                                                                   Africa Day: Development First in the
                                                                                                                                                   Context of Climate Change

 11:30- Inaugural                                                                                                                                  Africa’s Future – (President Jacob
 13:00 session                                                                                                                                     Zuma and Prime Minister Meles

 13:20 -                 13:20 – 15:20 13:20 –     13:20 – 15:20       13:20 – 15:20         13:20 – 15:20     13:20 – 15:20      13:20 – 15:20    13:20 – 14:40 Climate Finance for
 14: 40                                15:20       Round Table: low    Round Table:          Round Table:      Round Table:       Round Table:     African Including the Design of the
                         Round Table: Round Table: Carbon              Hydromet              Agriculture and   REDD+ across       Climate Change   African Green Climate Fund
                         Disaster Risk Climate     Development and     services and          Food Security     Africa including   Adaptation in
 15:00 -                 Reduction     finance for energy access for   water                 across Africa     the Congo          Africa           15:00-18:00
 16:30                                 Africa      Africa              resources                               Basin Initiative                         -     Adaptation in Africa- Key
                                                                                                                                                              Issues, Lessons Learned
 16:45-                  RECs         RECs         RECs                RECs                  RECs              RECs               RECs                        and Way ForwardWater
 18:15                                                                                                                                                        Resources
                                                                                                                                                        -     Hydromet Services
                                                                                                                                                        -     Disaster Risk Reduction
                                                                                                                                                        -     Agriculture and Food
 18:30-                                                                                                                                            18:30 – 20:30 Mitigation Key Issues,
 20:00                                                                                                                                             Lessons Learned and Way Forward
                                                                                                                                                        -     Reduced Emissions
 20:15-                                                                                                                                                       fromDeforestation and
 21:45                                                                                                                                                        Forest Degradation
                                                                                                                                                              (REDD+) including the
                                                                                                                                                              Congo Basin Initiative Low
                                                                                                                                                              Carbon Development

                                                  The African Pavilion
                                                                         -   Energy Access
                                                                         -   Land Use Land-Use Change
                                                                             and Forestry (LULUCF)

Annex 2: Contact of Africa @ COP 17 Secretariat
Tel: +251 11 5517700
Web page:
B&B building
African Union Commission (AUC)
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


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