The Industrial Revolution Study Guide by 908jn13y


									                            The Industrial Revolution Study Guide
We will be having a short and hopefully painless quiz on the Industrial Revolution and its impact on the
people and societies of Western Europe. This quiz will cover both the foundations of the Industrial
Revolution as well as the economic solutions that various philosophers proposed in response to the evolution
of the factory. There will also be an art component. The format of the quiz is as follows: multiple choice;
matching; short answer. The quiz is designed to take 30 minutes to complete but you will have the entire
period to finish. Like last time, I will grant bonus points (2 points this time) for thoroughly completed study
guides. This means you have answered all of the unit questions and addressed each of the terms by defining
them and explaining their significance/connection to the Industrial Revolution. Partially completed study
guides will not be accepted for bonus points.

How should you study? First stop - our textbook (Chapter 9, Sections 1, 2, 4). For the economic theorists,
you can rely on our textbook (Ch. 9, Section 4), but you also have been given 6 awesome viewing/listening
guides from the TV vignette project with relevant info. Plus, I have posted all of the Power Points we have
covered on my website. A tip: form study groups and ask questions of each other. The best study groups
will include individuals from the different vignette groups. Use each others’ expertise to prepare!

Unit Questions:
 Why did it become inevitable that the economy would change from an agricultural economy to an
   industrial economy?
 Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Britain? What did Britain have that other places (like France)
   did not?
 What were the positive and negative effects of the Industrial Revolution? (Hint: Think about the cultural
   universals – especially economic, social, and political effects!)
 Why types of changes in government and economics did the Industrial Revolution spark? Consider
   reform movements dictated by the philosophies of the gentlemen below. You should know who they are
   and understand their economic “laws” or “values”.
                   Philosophers of Industrialization & Their Economic Philosophies
                                Philosopher                         Economic Philosophy
                              Adam Smith                         laissez-faire capitalism
                            Thomas Malthus                       laissez-faire capitalism
                             David Ricardo                       laissez-faire capitalism
                             Charles Fourier                             socialism
                            Jeremy Bentham                             utilitarianism
                            John Stuart Mill                           utilitarianism
                              Robert Owen                            utopian socialism
                               Karl Marx                               communism
 Why types of art movements developed as a result of industrial development and how did the work
   created reflect the time period? (Hint: Review the Art PPT on the website)

 Key Terms:
 Industrial Revolution                                            social classes during the I.R. (especially middle
 Agricultural Revolution                                           & working class)
 enclosure movement (enclosures)                                  invisible hand
 crop rotation                                                    laissez-faire
 Factors of Production (land, labor capital)                      capitalism v. socialism (chart on p. 303)
 mass production/factory system (working                          utilitarianism
   conditions)                                                     utopian socialism
 urbanization                                                     the proletariat
 typical day of a factory/mill worker                             communism (and Marx’s predictions)
 Manchester Mills (Ch. 9, Sect. 2)                                labor unions/strikes/reform movement

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