ELECTRONIC CONTROL DEVICES
18.1 POLICY: It is the policy of the Miami Police Department to utilize the least force
necessary when subduing or apprehending a subject. To that end, the Electronic
Control Device (ECD) is a less than lethal alternative available to officers. The ECD shall
be utilized under the conditions set forth in this order.
18.2 ORGANIZATION: The Training Unit shall be responsible for the overall
coordination of all matters pertaining to the ECD.
18.3 RESPONSIBILITY: It shall be the responsibility of the Training Unit to train and
certify all eligible officers on the proper techniques and use of the ECD. Additionally, the
Training Unit shall be responsible for compiling and analyzing data from incidents
involving the use of the ECD to identify training related needs and issues.
The Internal Affairs Division shall review all reports concerning the use of the ECD for
compliance to standards.
It shall be the responsibility of the respective chains of command of officers issued the
ECD to ensure proper supervision, managerial controls, and compliance with this order.
18.4.1 Training and Qualification Procedures: All eligible personnel who successfully
complete the department’s authorized training course and demonstrate the required
proficiency in the use of the ECD, shall be certified to carry the ECD. All training and
qualification for the ECD shall be conducted by certified instructors.
22.214.171.124 In-Service Training: In order to maintain proficiency in the use of the ECD, all
officers certified to carry the weapon shall receive mandatory in-service training at least
18.4.2 Carrying the ECD: Certified officers shall carry the ECD on their duty belts. The
ECD shall never be left unsecured.
18.4.3 Authorized Use of the ECD: The ECD may only be utilized in an arrest or a
custodial situation during which the person who is the subject of the arrest or custody
escalates resistance to the officer from passive physical resistance to active physical
resistance and the person;
(a) Has the apparent ability to physically threaten the officer or others; or
(b) Is preparing or attempting to flee or escape.
126.96.36.199 Use of the ECD may be appropriate in situations including, but not limited to,
situations involving a violent combative subject, an emotionally disturbed person, a
person suffering from the symptoms of Excited Delirium or a subject under the influence
of a mind-altering drug.
188.8.131.52 The ECD may be utilized to defend against attack from a dangerous animal. If
an animal is subdued with the ECD, Miami-Dade Animal Control shall be notified. The
officer will then properly document the circumstances in the Response to Resistance
184.108.40.206 Current handcuffing policies shall apply to subjects taken into custody with the
use of the ECD.
18.4.4 Special Considerations for the Deployment of the ECD:
220.127.116.11 Officers shall not discharge an ECD when flammable gases or liquids are
known to be in close proximity to the subject.
18.104.22.168 Officers shall not discharge an ECD when the elevated location of the subject
poses a real risk of serious injury or death to the subject from a fall. This includes
proximity to deep water.
22.214.171.124 Officers shall not discharge an ECD when the person:
(a) is known to be or is obviously pregnant;
(b) is known to be or physically appears to be younger than fourteen (14) years
(c) is known to be or is obviously elderly or infirm;
unless deadly force is justified.
126.96.36.199 Officers shall not discharge an ECD at a handcuffed prisoner(s), without the
express authority of a supervisor or exigent circumstances (such as to prevent the
subject from seriously injuring himself or others).
188.8.131.52 Officers shall not discharge an ECD when the subject is in physical control of a
motor vehicle while the engine is running.
184.108.40.206 Officers shall not discharge an ECD when the subject is visibly confined to a
wheelchair except when necessary to prevent serious injury to the subject or another
person including the officer or unless deadly force is justified.
18.4.5 Warnings: Prior to deploying the ECD, verbal warnings shall be issued to the
subject, whenever reasonable and practical, to allow the subject the opportunity to
comply with the officer’s commands.
220.127.116.11 Prior to deploying the ECD, the deploying officer shall announce the word
“Taser” to alert others of the impending use of the weapon.
18.104.22.168 The word “Clear” shall be announced by the deploying officer subsequent to
the use of the ECD and prior to affecting the arrest, so as to alert others that the weapon
is no longer being deployed.
18.4.7 Removal of Probes: ECD probes shall be removed as soon as possible. ECD
probes that are imbedded in a subject’s skin (as opposed to just clothing), shall only be
removed by Fire Rescue personnel, other medical personnel, or police personnel who
are trained in the removal of the probes. Police personnel shall not remove ECD probes
that have struck a subject’s head, throat, groin or any other sensitive area. ECD probes
that have penetrated a person’s skin shall be considered a biological hazard and shall
be handled with the appropriate care.
18.4.8 Reporting Requirements:
22.214.171.124 A supervisor shall be notified in all instances wherein the ECD has been
utilized. The supervisor shall respond to the scene and conduct an inquiry into the
incident. Said inquiry shall include, but not be limited to, a review of the evidence,
interviews of witnesses, and an interview of the subject. The supervisor shall also notify
a commanding officer of the incident and ensure that a Response to Resistance Report
and any other applicable reports, are properly and accurately completed in a timely
fashion. The supervisor and respective chain of command shall review the incident for
compliance to policy.
126.96.36.199.1 If three or more cycles are used on a subject the supervisor must send a
red-line memorandum to the Deputy Chief, through channels, explaining the necessity
for the additional cycles.
188.8.131.52 Fire Rescue shall be requested to respond to all instances wherein the ECD
has been deployed and the subject is injured or complains of being injured. In those
instances, the requesting officer shall monitor the subject until Fire Rescue personnel
184.108.40.206 A Response to Resistance Report shall be completed on all ECD incidents.
Members must clearly articulate and justify each and every cycle in the Response to
Resistance Report in the event that more than one cycle is used on a subject.
220.127.116.11 Photographs shall be taken in all instances wherein a subject is injured or
complains of being injured as a result of the use of the ECD. If there is no injury, it is
18.104.22.168 All ECD deployments or discharges, including test firings, shall be recorded in
a ECD log. A supervisor must sign the ECD log verifying that the information contained
therein is accurate. The presence of a supervisor during testing is not required.
22.214.171.124 Expended ECD cartridges shall be submitted to the Property Unit as
evidence. The officer shall then be provided with a replacement cartridge after showing
the property clerk a completed Response to Resistance Report signed by a supervisor.
18.4.9 ECD Report Routing: Originals of the ECD report shall be forwarded, through
channels, to the Internal Affairs Division. Copies shall be forwarded to the Training Unit,
the deploying officer’s unit, and to the City’s Risk Management Department (only in
instances wherein the subject is hospitalized).
18.4.10 Inspection: Supervisors shall, on a quarterly basis, inspect their officers ECD
dataport and log to determine if there have been any discharges since the previous
inspection. Any undocumented discharges shall require the officer to prepare a redline
memorandum, through channels, to the Internal Affairs Division explaining the
circumstances surrounding the discharge. The Internal Affairs Division shall maintain
and store the appropriate equipment for determining the number of discharges from a
18.4.11 Alternative Deployment Method: The ECD direct contact stun method may
be utilized as an alternative deployment method, under the following conditions: When
both probes fail to make contact with the subject and its effectiveness is reduced or the
regular deployment method is either not possible nor likely to be effective.
18.4.12 Holsters: Only holsters approved by the Training Unit will be utilized.
18.4.13 Maintenance and Care: Personnel issued the ECD shall be responsible for
the proper maintenance and care of the weapon. This shall include periodically
checking battery life and expiration date of air cartridges, wiping away dirt and dust, and
insuring the rubber stopper is secured on the data port.