stravinsky by wanghonghx

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									                  Ballet Russes
• Established 1909 by Serge Diaghilev
• Ballet company of Russian exiles
• Ballet Realism
• Immensely popular; responsible for some of
  the most important works of the 20th Century
• Vaslav Nijinsky- Dancer and choreographer.
    – Began relationship and moved to Paris to be the
      star of the Ballet Russes
                Ballet Russes
• Nijinsky’s choreography created
a scandal
  – Exceeded limitations and traditions
  of ballet
  – Caused riots (genuine?)
   Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun
• Premiered May 29, 1912
• Music by Debussy
• Choreography by Nijinsky
• Inspired by Stephane Mallarme’s
poem of the same name
  – Faun’s seduction of and rejection by
  water nymphs, whom he dreams about
  in a drunken stupor.
• Controversy:
  – First ‘modern’ ballet, rejection of classical ballet
  – Two dimensional choreography
  – Overtly sexual content ending in a masturbation scene
                   Igor Stravinsky
              June 17, 1882- April 6, 1971
• 1909- Working relationship with Serge Diaghilev
   – Commissioned arrangements for Ballet Russe
   – After success, new ballets commissioned:
      • Firebird (1910)
      • Petrushka (1911)
      • Rite of Spring (1913)
• 1910-Traveled for Firebird premier and relocated to Paris
   – At this time, wife sick with tuberculosis
   – Effected Stravinsky and daughter as well
               Igor Stravinsky
           June 17, 1882- April 6, 1971


•Three Stylistic Periods:
  •The Russian Period
  •The Neo-Classical Period
  •The Serial Period
                      Firebird
• 1910 ballet composed for Ballet Russe
  – First original score for Ballet Russe
• Ballet score different from concert
“Suites” which are most often performed
• Established Stravinsky as a famous
  composer
                Rite of Spring
• Premiered May 29, 1913 at the Théâtre des Champs-
  Élysées, Paris.
• Choreography by Vaslav Nijinski
   – Stravinsky and Nijinski did not work well
• Depicts Pagan Russia’s selection of the girl whom
  they will sacrifice to
  the God of Spring, and the
  praising of said God. (Act 1)
• The sacrifice dances herself
  to death before the eyes of the
  rest of the Pagan community.
                Rite of Spring
• Dancing
  – Sharp bodily bends
  – Focus on pelvis
  – Body curved inward, and down
  – Heavy steps
• Many unorthodox treatment of musical
  elements:
  – Instrumental range
  – Harmony
  – Rhythm
                Rite of Spring
• Content, dancing, and music, all focusing on
  the grotesque, combined with a heightened
  political atmosphere and focus on scandale:
  – Rioting!
  – Booing from initial bassoon solo (‘misuse’) growing
    with added complication of harmony
  – Arguments between supporters and objectors
    resulted in fistfights
  – Police arrived by intermission
                   Stravinsky
• Neo-Classical Period
  – Began around the end of WWI
  – First major work Pulcinella (1920)
  – Eventually moved towards smaller ensembles
During this time his wife and daughter passed away,
 moved to L.A.
• Serialism
  – Waited until Schoenberg’s death (1951)
  – Very experimental

								
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